Springfield Road station (SEPTA Route 102)
Springfield Road station is SEPTA Route 102 trolley station in Clifton Heights, Pennsylvania. It is located at Madison Avenue. Further north in Springfield, Springfield Road has a trolley stop along the SEPTA Media line. Trolleys arriving at this station travel between 69th Street Terminal in Upper Darby and Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania; the trolley line itself goes from its own right-of-way across from the end of Madison Avenue to Springfield Road. The station has a pre-fabricated shed along the right-of-way. A parking lot exists on the opposite side of the shed, but it does not belong to SEPTA. SEPTA - Springfield Road SHL Station SEPTA Routes 101 and 102 map Station from Google Maps Street View
The Pennsylvania Railroad was an American Class I railroad, established in 1846 and was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was so named; the PRR was the largest railroad by traffic and revenue in the U. S. for the first half of the 20th century. Over the years, it acquired, merged with or owned part of at least 800 other rail lines and companies. At the end of 1925, it operated 10,515 miles of rail line, its only formidable rival was the New York Central, which carried around three-quarters of PRR's ton-miles. By 1882 it had become the largest railroad, the largest transportation enterprise, the largest corporation in the world. With 30,000 miles of track, it had longer mileage than any other country in the world, except Britain and France, its budget was second only to the U. S. government. The corporation still holds the record for the longest continuous dividend history: it paid out annual dividends to shareholders for more than 100 consecutive years. In 1968, PRR merged with rival NYC to form the Penn Central Transportation Company, which filed for bankruptcy within two years.
The viable parts were transferred in 1976 to Conrail, itself broken up in 1999, with 58 percent of the system going to the Norfolk Southern Railway, including nearly all of the former PRR. Amtrak received the electrified segment of the Main Line east of Harrisburg. With the opening of the Erie Canal and the beginnings of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, Philadelphia business interests became concerned that the port of Philadelphia would lose traffic; the state legislature was pressed to build a canal across Pennsylvania and thus the Main Line of Public Works was commissioned in 1826. It soon became evident that a single canal would not be practical and a series of railroads, inclined planes, canals was proposed; the route consisted of the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad, canals up the Susquehanna and Juniata rivers, an inclined plane railroad and tunnel across the Allegheny Mountains, canals down the Conemaugh and Allegheny rivers to Pittsburgh on the Ohio River. Because freight and passengers had to change cars several times along the route and canals froze in winter, it soon became apparent that the system was cumbersome and a better way was needed.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania granted a charter to the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1846 to build a private rail line that would connect Harrisburg to Pittsburgh. The Directors chose John Edgar Thomson, an engineer from the Georgia Railroad, to survey and construct the line, he chose a route that followed the west bank of the Susquehanna River northward to the confluence with the Juniata River, following its banks until the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains were reached at a point that would become Altoona, Pennsylvania. To traverse the mountains, the line climbed a moderate grade for 10 miles until it reached a split of two mountain ravines which were cleverly crossed by building a fill and having the tracks ascend a 220-degree curve known as Horseshoe Curve that limited the grade to less than 2 percent; the crest of the mountain was penetrated by the 3,612-foot Gallitzin Tunnels and descended by a more moderate grade to Johnstown. At the end of its first year of operation, it paid a dividend, continued the dividend without interruption until 1946.
The western end of the line was built from Pittsburgh east along the banks of the Allegheny and Conemaugh rivers to Johnstown. PRR was granted trackage rights over the Philadelphia and Columbia and gained control of the three short lines connecting Lancaster and Harrisburg, instituting an all-rail link between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh by 1854. In 1857, the PRR purchased the Main Line of Public Works from the state of Pennsylvania, abandoned most of its canals and inclined planes; the line was double track from its inception, by the end of the century a third and fourth track were added. Over the next 50 years, PRR expanded by gaining control of other railroads by stock purchases and 999-year leases. Thomson was the entrepreneur who led the PRR from 1852 until his death in 1874, making it the largest business enterprise in the world and a world-class model for technological and managerial innovation, he served as PRR's first Chief Engineer and third President. Thomson's sober, technical and non-ideological personality had an important influence on the Pennsylvania Railroad, which in the mid-19th century was on the technical cutting edge of rail development, while nonetheless reflecting Thomson's personality in its conservatism and its steady growth while avoiding financial risks.
His Pennsylvania Railroad was in his day the largest railroad in the world, with 6,000 miles of track, was famous for steady financial dividends, high quality construction improving equipment, technological advances, innovation in management techniques for a large complex organization. In 1861 the PRR gained control of the Northern Central Railway, giving it access to Baltimore, Maryland, as well as points along the Susquehanna River via connections at Columbia, Pennsylvania or Harrisburg. On December 1, 1871, the PRR leased the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Company, which included the original Camden and Amboy Railroad from Camden, New Jersey to South Amboy, New Jersey, as well as a newer line from Philadelphia to Jersey City, New Je
Clifton Heights, Pennsylvania
Clifton Heights is a borough in Delaware County, United States, located on Darby Creek 5 miles west of downtown Philadelphia. As of the 2010 census the population was 6,652; the Lower Swedish Cabin was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. The population of the borough was 1,820 in 1890, 3,155 in 1910, reached a maximum of 10,268 in 1960. Clifton Heights is the birthplace of the glam rock band Cinderella. Clifton Heights is located in eastern Delaware County at 39°55′45″N 75°17′45″W, it is bordered to the northeast by the borough of Lansdowne, to the southeast by the borough of Aldan, to the west and north by Upper Darby Township. The community of Drexel Hill in Upper Darby Township is to the north of Clifton Heights, across Darby Creek; the main road through the borough is Baltimore Avenue, which leads northeast into Philadelphia and southwest 5 miles to Media. Clifton Heights is bordered by Darby Creek to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.62 square miles, all of it land.
As of a Census 2015 estimate, the racial makeup of the borough was 67.6% non-Hispanic White, 21.4% African American, 6.9% Asian, 2.1% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population. 14.5% of the borough's population was foreign-born. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,779 people, 2,714 households, 1,696 families residing in the borough; the population density was 10,882.5 people per square mile. There were 2,883 housing units at an average density of 4,628.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 94.22% White, 2.92% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.50% Asian, 0.38% from other races, 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population. There were 2,714 households, out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.5% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.20. In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $39,291, the median income for a family was $48,919. Males had a median income of $36,534 versus $32,210 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $20,534. About 11.2% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. Clifton Heights borough is served by the Upper Darby School District. Lena Blackburne, baseball player, inventor Eric Brittingham, bassist of the glam rock band Cinderella Jim Goad, author Tom Keifer, singer-songwriter of the glam rock band Cinderella Dan Morgan, professional football player Tom Savage, professional football player Borough of Clifton Heights official website
Temple University station
Temple University station is an above-ground SEPTA Regional Rail station located at the eastern edge of the Temple University campus at 915 West Berks Street between 9th and 10th Streets, in the Cecil B. Moore section of Lower North Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the station is in the Center City fare zone, although the station itself is located in North Philadelphia. There is a small ticket kiosk located at the base of the stairs on the street level. Temple University maintains a security kiosk at street level. Stairways and two elevators lead up to the high-level platforms at track level. There are two island platforms serving four tracks; each platform is 380 feet long, long enough to platform four cars with only the end doors being used. The platforms have a canopy overhead and some wind-breaking walls, but are otherwise exposed to the weather; this station is located 2.6 track miles from Suburban Station. In FY 2005, Temple University station was the fourth busiest station in SEPTA's Regional Rail system, with 2,448 average total weekday boardings and 2,593 average weekday alightings.
The station has two large bicycle racks that both have roofs above them to protect bikes against the weather. The station can accommodate 30+ bicycles; the racks are in full view of the 24-hour security guard. Built in 1911, the old Temple U station achieved infamy in November 1984 when SEPTA was forced to shut down the Reading side of the railroad above North Broad Street Station. A few days after the Center City Commuter Connection and Market East Station opened, some of the girders supporting the tracks in the platform area on the bridge over the avenue were discovered to be in imminent danger of collapse; the emergency repairs, completed early in 1985, included demolishing the station and replacing it with temporary wooden low-level platforms and steel stairs which served until the new station opened. This event helped draw attention to the deterioration of North American railroad and transit infrastructure; the station was opened in 1992 and was built for $37 million as part of SEPTA's RailWorks project to rebuild the Reading Railroad viaduct in North Philadelphia.
The station sits on the Reading side of the system and all trains stop here. The new station replaced the older Temple U station, named Columbia Avenue; the old station, located at 39.977465°N 75.149835°W / 39.977465. Media related to Temple University at Wikimedia Commons SEPTA - Temple University Station Berks Street entrance from Google Maps Street View Norris Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
Gladstone station (SEPTA)
Gladstone station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in Lansdowne, Pennsylvania. Located at Walsh and Madison Roads, it serves the Media/Elwyn Line. In 2013, it saw 275 alightings on an average weekday; the station includes a 108-space parking lot, additional parking can be found on the opposite side of the tracks off Scottdale Road, which itself runs along Darby Creek, both of which are under a train trestle west of the station. Prior to being named Gladstone, this station was known as Burmont, before that Kellyville. Gladstone has two low-level side platforms with a connecting pathway across the tracks. SEPTA – Gladstone Station Station from Google Maps Street View
SEPTA Routes 101 and 102
SEPTA Routes 101 and 102 known as the Media–Sharon Hill Line, are light rail lines operated by the Suburban Transit Division of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, serving portions of Delaware County. The routes' eastern terminus is 69th Street Transportation Center in Pennsylvania. Altogether, the two lines operate on 11.9 miles of route. The lines were interurbans. Along with the Norristown High Speed Line the Philadelphia and Western Railroad, the routes are the remaining lines of the Red Arrow Trolley System once operated by the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company; this route uses 29 Kawasaki Heavy Industries Rolling Stock Company K cars similar to those used on the SEPTA Subway–Surface Trolley Lines. However, unlike the city cars, the K cars on Routes 101 and 102 are double-ended and use pantograph collection instead of trolley poles; the 101 and 102 run together on their exclusive right-of-way from Upper Darby to Drexel Hill Junction for 2 miles, at which point they diverge.
Route 101 continues on its own right-of-way traveling west and southwest through Drexel Hill and Springfield with an important stop at the Springfield Mall before entering the street in Media. The 101 has double tracks to Woodland Avenue a single track to just before Pine Ridge enters the street at Providence Road in Media and runs on a single track the rest of the way. Cars in the street must yield to the trolley; the line terminates in the middle of the street just west of the Delaware County Courthouse. Route 102 runs southeast from Drexel Hill Junction through Drexel Hill and Clifton Heights and goes into the street in Aldan. After Aldan, it returns to its own right-of-way passes through Collingdale before terminating at Chester Pike in Sharon Hill; the 102 has double tracks until up to North Street in Collingdale, where the 102 returns to its own right-of-way, after North Street, there is a single track until the end of the line. Springfield Road contains two stops along both lines. Route 101 stops at Springfield Road in Springfield.
Route 102 stops at Springfield Road in Clifton Heights joins this street until it moves onto Woodlawn Avenue through Aldan. The Sharon Hill Line was built by the Philadelphia and West Chester Traction Company on March 15, 1906, the Media Line was built by the same company on April 1, 1913; the lines were bought by the Philadelphia Suburban Transit Company in 1954. Besides Routes 101 and 102, there were two other, now defunct, Red Arrow trolley lines; the direct ancestor of the SEPTA Route 104 bus line went to West Chester, splitting off from the rest of the system right after 69th Street Transportation Center onto West Chester Pike. The tracks continued all the way up West Chester Pike. West Chester trolleys were replaced by buses in 1954 due to widening of West Chester Pike. Tracks remained in use for access to the Red Arrow's carbarn in Llanerch until SEPTA closed the barn in 1971; the other now-defunct Red Arrow trolley line went to Ardmore until December 1966. It continued on its own exclusive right-of-way.
Much of the right-of-way still remains between Schauffele Plaza in Ardmore and Eagle Road in Havertown, although the tracks were removed and the right-of-way paved for dedicated use by the replacement bus line, now SEPTA Route 103. The 103 still uses this private right-of-way; until the 1970s, Routes 101 and 102 were interurbans. U. S. Urban Rail Transit Lines Opened From 1980 Rt. 101/102 – Media/Sharon Hill.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century. Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria, called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. However, many elements of what is termed "Victorian" architecture did not become popular until in Victoria's reign; the styles included interpretations and eclectic revivals of historic styles. The name represents the British and French custom of naming architectural styles for a reigning monarch. Within this naming and classification scheme, it followed Georgian architecture and Regency architecture, was succeeded by Edwardian architecture. During the early 19th century, the romantic medieval Gothic revival style was developed as a reaction to the symmetry of Palladianism, such buildings as Fonthill Abbey were built. By the middle of the 19th century, as a result of new technology, construction was able to incorporate steel as a building component.
Paxton continued to build such houses as Mentmore Towers, in the still popular English Renaissance styles. New methods of construction were developed in this era of prosperity, but the architectural styles, as developed by such architects as Augustus Pugin, were retrospective. In Scotland, the architect Alexander Thomson who practiced in Glasgow was a pioneer of the use of cast iron and steel for commercial buildings, blending neo-classical conventionality with Egyptian and oriental themes to produce many original structures. Other notable Scottish architects of this period are Archibald Simpson and Alexander Marshall Mackenzie whose stylistically varied work can be seen in the architecture of Aberdeen. While Scottish architects pioneered this style it soon spread right across the United Kingdom and remained popular for another 40 years, its architectural value in preserving and reinventing the past is significant. Its influences were diverse but the Scottish architects who practiced it were inspired by unique ways to blend architecture and everyday life in a meaningful way.
Jacobethan Renaissance Revival Neo-Grec Romanesque Revival Second Empire Queen Anne Revival Scots Baronial British Arts and Crafts movement While not uniquely Victorian, part of revivals that began before the era, these styles are associated with the 19th century owing to the large number of examples that were erected during that period. Victorian architecture has many intricate window frames inspired by the famous architect Elliot Rae. Gothic Revival Italianate Neoclassicism During the 18th century, a few English architects emigrated to the colonies, but as the British Empire became established during the 19th century, many architects emigrated at the start of their careers; some chose the United States, others went to Canada and New Zealand. They applied architectural styles that were fashionable when they left England. By the latter half of the century, improving transport and communications meant that remote parts of the Empire had access to publications such as the magazine The Builder, which helped colonial architects keep informed about current fashion.
Thus, the influence of English architecture spread across the world. Several prominent architects produced English-derived designs around the world, including William Butterfield and Jacob Wrey Mould; the Victorian period flourished in Australia and is recognised as being from 1840 to 1890, which saw a gold rush and population boom during the 1880s in the state of Victoria. There were fifteen styles that predominated: The Arts and Crafts style and Queen Anne style are considered to be part of the Federation Period, from 1890 to 1915. During the British colonial period of British Ceylon: Sri Lanka Law College, Sri Lanka College of Technology and the Galle Face Hotel. In the United States,'Victorian' architecture describes styles that were most popular between 1860 and 1900. A list of these styles most includes Second Empire, Stick-Eastlake, Folk Victorian, Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, Shingle; as in the United Kingdom, examples of Gothic Revival and Italianate continued to be constructed during this period, are therefore sometimes called Victorian.
Some historians classify the years of Gothic Revival as a distinctive Victorian style named High Victorian Gothic. Stick-Eastlake, a manner of geometric, machine-cut decorating derived from Stick and Queen Anne, is sometimes considered a distinct style. On the other hand, terms such as "Painted Ladies" or "gingerbread" may be used to describe certain Victorian buildings, but do not constitute a specific style; the names of architectural styles varied between countries. Many homes combined the elements of several different styles and are not distinguishable as one particular style or another. In the United States of America, notable cities which developed or were rebuilt during this era include Alameda, Albany, Troy, Boston, the Brooklyn Heights and Victorian Flatbush sections of New York City, Rochester, Columbus, Eureka, Galveston, Grand Rapids, Jersey City/Hoboken, Cape May, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, New Orleans, Richmond, Saint Paul, Midtown in Sacramento, Angelino Heigh