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Clifton Down

Clifton Down is an area of public open space in Bristol, north of the village of Clifton. With its neighbour Durdham Down to the northeast, it constitutes the large area known as The Downs, much used for leisure including walking and team sports. Clifton Down is the part of the Downs south of Stoke Road. There is an Iron Age hill fort at Clifton Camp on Observatory Hill on the down, there are remnants of an Iron Age or Roman field system between Ladies Mile and Bristol Zoo; the Roman road from Bath to Sea Mills crossed the Downs near Stoke Road, a short length is visible as a raised grassy bank. In the Middle Ages Clifton Down was the commons of pasture for the manor of Clifton. In 1676 and 1686 the manor of Clifton was purchased by the Society of Merchant Venturers. During the 18th century Clifton became a fashionable summer spa, Clifton Down was used for recreation. There were lead mines in the 18th century, which account for the bumpy surface in the area by Upper Belgrave Road known as the Dumps.

A gibbet was erected opposite the top end of Gallows Acre Lane. By the mid-19th century Clifton Down ceased to be used for grazing. Clifton became a desirable place to live, large houses were built close to Clifton Down. Bristol Corporation became concerned at the threat to this public amenity, in 1861 promoted an Act of Parliament, under which the Society of Merchant Venturers undertook to secure Clifton Down for public enjoyment free of charge. Since 1861 Clifton Down has been managed, with Durdham Down, by the Downs Committee, a joint committee of the Society of Merchant Venturers and Bristol City Council, which owns Durdham Down; the committee appoints a Downs Ranger to oversee the Downs. On 20 September 1908 there was a meeting across the road near the water tower to support the Suffragette movement: some 10,000 people were there. Stone cairns were placed on all open spaces to deter landings of enemy aircraft: the cairns were removed in 1944. In May 1941, 32 acres were requisitioned on the east side of Ladies Mile to store military vehicles in six canvas hangars.

There was a tank repair area near the Sea Walls. An area of 42 acres to the west of Ladies Mile was used from February 1944 to store heavy army equipment; the downs and Durdham, are separated by the busy commuter road of Stoke Road, passing the prominent'concrete elephant' water tower and adjoining tea room. At right angles to Stoke Road runs the dead straight'Ladies Mile', to the South West corner of the Downs and Bridge Valley Road. In Victorian and Edwardian times this was a promenading and horse-riding spot for the affluent, similar to Rotten Row in London. After the Great War, it now on a more commercial basis. From the southwest corner of Clifton Down, in an area known as the Sea Wall, there are panoramic views of the Avon Gorge and the Clifton Suspension Bridge. Near Clifton village is the site of a small tower with a camera obscura at the top. Located close to the observatory is an open face of rock, used as a slide by generations of Bristolians and students; this "rock slide" is now an attraction to visitors.

A railway tunnel, Clifton Down Tunnel, passes underneath Clifton on the line from Temple Meads to Severn Beach. One portal is in Clifton near Clifton Down railway station. There are three air shafts for the tunnel: two in vertical tower form with the third being a horizontal tunnel on the Portway. Part of Clifton Down is used by gay men as a cruising ground. In 2008, there were concerns by some gay men at the removal of vegetation as part of the Avon Gorge Management Plan, on the grounds that this was discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. Victoria Hughes, lavatory attendant at Stoke Road and autobiographer. Map of Clifton Down circa 1900

A Hall of Mirrors

A Hall of Mirrors is a 1966 novel by the novelist Robert Stone. Set in 1960s New Orleans, the book depicts "the dark side of America that erupted in the sixties" and follows a number of characters who are tied to a right-wing radio station, the civil rights movement, 1960s counterculture; the book won the 1967 William Faulkner Foundation Award for notable first novel, a predecessor of the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction, the Houghton Mifflin Literary Fellowship Award. Rheinhardt, an alcoholic former virtuoso clarinetist, arrives in New Orleans, where he meets Geraldine, an attractive former prostitute with a distinctive facial scar and an appealingly easygoing demeanor. Desperate for money and booze, Rheinhardt takes a job as a disc jockey and radio commentator for a new right-wing radio station called WUSA, whose unironic taglines include "The Voice of an American's America" and "The Truth Shall Make You Free." Though Rheinhardt wholeheartedly embraces his role at the station and delivers its toxic and divisive messages with gusto, his eccentric friends, general outlook, lifestyle of drinking and smoking marijuana belie his affinity for the socially-liberal counterculture of the 1960s.

Nonetheless, his affiliation with WUSA brings him into contact with a group of powerful, manipulative ultra-conservatives and race baiters who plan to use the radio station to racially divide the city and combat the civil rights movement, goals of which Rheinhardt is oblivious. Meanwhile, Morgan Rainey, a dour former social worker, takes a job conducting site visits for City Hall's survey of welfare recipients. Though Rainey believes he's engaged in a noble effort to improve services for the poor, he realizes that the people dubiously assisting him in his efforts are part of a cynical plot to remove blacks from the state's welfare rolls. Rainey solemnly vows to fight back against the politicians of City Hall and its enablers at WUSA, he first tries to enlist Reinhardt, his neighbor, to help, but he vows to take decisive action to derail a major public event that WUSA sees as its coming out party. Rheinhardt – A down-and-out alcoholic with a tendency to talk too much and antagonize people, Rheinhardt arrives in New Orleans after abandoning a promising career as a Juilliard-trained clarinetist and a failed marriage.

He takes a job as a radio personality at far-right radio station WUSA, despite his political ambivalence and nihilism. Geraldine – A pretty former prostitute with a pimp-inflicted scar across side of her face, she falls in love with Rheinhardt after arriving in New Orleans and vainly tries to balance his self-destructive behavior while creating a new life and identity for herself. Morgan Rainey – A disillusioned social worker from a political family in south Louisiana who learns that he's been a pawn in a City Hall plot to remove blacks from welfare roles and endeavors to fight back. Farley the Sailor / Brother Jensen – A Nova Scotian former sailor, actor, diet consultant, "cosmic philosopher," Farley fleas New York and again crosses paths with Rheihardt after assuming the character of Brother Jensen, a far-right Evangelical proselytizer on WUSA. Mr. Clotho - An African-American property owner and political fixer operating in the predominantly black Backatown neighborhood, Mr. Clotho aids Rainey in surveying welfare recipients as part of a politically-motivated hustle called "the Big Store" aimed at achieving City Hall's racist goal of removing blacks from the welfare rolls.

Roosevelt Berry - A journalist with the African American newspaper The Delta Advance who, despite liquor and skepticism, helps Morgan Rainey see through the plots of Mr. Clotho and City Hall. Matthew Bingamon - Owner of the radio station WUSA, which inflames racial tensions and hatred through fear-mongering, racially-tinged news items and radical right-wing commentary. Jack Noonan - WUSA's station manager and Rheihardt's counterpart, he is insecure about his job and mistreated by his boss and Bingamon's hangers-on. King Walyoe – A lecherous, washed-up former Hollywood actor and cowboy who helps Bingamon promote the WUSA rally. Woody – A violent pimp who cuts Geraldine's face. In addition to winning the 1967 William Faulkner Foundation Award for notable first novel and the Houghton Mifflin Literary Fellowship Award, the book has been called "one of the two best first novels I have read" by Wallace Stegner, "fantastic and fast-paced" by Joyce Carol Oates, a "prodigiously talented piece of writing" by the New York Times' Christopher Lehmann-Haupt.

In 1970, A Hall of Mirrors was adapted into a movie, WUSA, with a screenplay by Stone and starring Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Anthony Perkins, Laurence Harvey. Stone was admitted to the Stanford's Creative Writing Program after submitting part of A Hall of Mirrors in manuscript form with his application. Counterculture of the 1960s Civil rights movement Right-wing populism

Laurel and Hardy

Laurel and Hardy were a comedy duo act during the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema. The team was composed of American Oliver Hardy, they became well known during the late 1920s to the mid-1940s for their slapstick comedy, with Laurel playing the clumsy and childlike friend of the pompous bully Hardy. The duo's signature tune is known variously as "The Cuckoo Song", "Ku-Ku", or "The Dance of the Cuckoos", it was played over the opening credits of their films and has become as emblematic of the duo as their bowler hats. Prior to emerging as a team, both actors had well-established film careers. Laurel had appeared in over 50 films as an actor; the two comedians had worked together as cast members on the film The Lucky Dog in 1917. However, they were not a comedy team at that time and it was not until 1926 that they appeared in a short movie together, when both separately signed contracts with the Hal Roach film studio. Laurel and Hardy became a team in 1927 when they appeared together in the silent short film Putting Pants on Philip.

They remained with the Roach studio until 1940 and appeared in eight "B" movie comedies for 20th Century Fox and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer from 1941 to 1945. After finishing their movie commitments at the end of 1944, they concentrated on performing in stage shows and embarked on a music hall tour of England and Scotland, they made their last film in 1950, a French-Italian co-production called Atoll K. They appeared as a team in 107 films, starring in 32 short silent films, 40 short sound films, 23 full-length feature films, they made 12 guest or cameo appearances, including the Galaxy of Stars promotional film of 1936. On December 1, 1954, the pair made their one American television appearance, when they were surprised and interviewed by Ralph Edwards on his live NBC-TV program This Is Your Life. Since the 1930s, the works of Laurel and Hardy have been released in numerous theatrical reissues, television revivals, 8-mm and 16-mm home movies, feature-film compilations, home videos. In 2005, they were voted the seventh-greatest comedy act of all time by a UK poll of fellow comedians.

The official Laurel and Hardy appreciation society is known as The Sons of the Desert, named after a fictitious fraternal society featured in the film of the same name. Stan Laurel was born Arthur Stanley Jefferson in Ulverston, England into a theatrical family, his father, Arthur Joseph Jefferson, was a theatrical entrepreneur and theatre owner in northern England and Scotland who, with his wife, was a major force in the industry. In 1905, the Jefferson family moved to Glasgow to be closer to their business mainstay of the Metropole Theatre, Laurel made his stage debut in a Glasgow hall called the Britannia Panopticon one month short of his 16th birthday. Arthur Jefferson secured Laurel his first acting job with the juvenile theatrical company of Levy and Cardwell, which specialized in Christmas pantomimes. In 1909, Laurel was employed by Britain's leading comedy impresario Fred Karno as a supporting actor, as an understudy for Charlie Chaplin. Laurel said, he had no equal. His name was box-office."In 1912, Laurel left England with the Fred Karno Troupe to tour the United States.

Laurel had expected the tour to be a pleasant interval before returning to London. S. In 1917, Laurel was teamed with Mae Dahlberg as a double act for film; the same year, Laurel made his film debut with Dahlberg in Nuts in May. While working with Mae, he began using the name "Stan Laurel" and changed his name in 1931. Dahlberg demanded roles in his films, her tempestuous nature made her difficult to work with. Dressing room arguments were common between the two. In 1925, Laurel joined the Hal Roach film studio as a writer. From May 1925 until September 1926, he received credit in at least 22 films. Laurel appeared in over 50 films for various producers before teaming up with Hardy. Prior to that, he experienced only modest success, it was difficult for producers and directors to write for his character, with American audiences knowing him either as a "nutty burglar" or as a Charlie Chaplin imitator. Oliver Hardy was born Norvell Hardy in Georgia. By his late teens, Hardy was a popular stage singer and he operated a movie house in Milledgeville, the Palace Theater, financed in part by his mother.

For his stage name he took his father's first name, calling himself "Oliver Norvell Hardy", while offscreen his nicknames were "Ollie" and "Babe". The nickname "Babe" originated from an Italian barber near the Lubin Studios in Jacksonville, who would rub Hardy's face with talcum powder and say "That's nice-a baby!" Other actors in the Lubin company mimicked this, Hardy was billed as "Babe Hardy" in his early films. Seeing film comedies inspired him to take up comedy himself and, in 1913, he began working with Lubin Motion Pictures in Jacksonville, he started by helping around the studio with lights and other duties learning the craft as a script-clerk for the company. It was around this time that Hardy married Madelyn Salosihn. In 1914, Hardy was billed as "Babe Hardy" in Outwitting Dad. Between 1914 and 1916 Hardy made 177 shorts as Babe with the Vim Comedy Company, which were released up to the end of 1917. Exhibiting a versatility in playing heroes, villains and

Texas Highway Patrol Association

Texas Highway Patrol Association and Museum is a charity group with its administrative offices in Austin, Texas. It maintains a museum in San Antonio and raises a small amount of money, relative to the amounts donated, for deceased patrol officers, it is not affiliated with the Texas Department of Public Safety. According to the THPA website, the organization began in 1991; the papers filed with the Texas Attorney General state that the date of incorporation was July 8, 1992, with the organization doing business beginning on the following day. KPRC-TV stated that it was founded in 1993. Lane Denton, the founder, used to be the executive director of the DPS Officer's Association. A jury ruled that Denton used $67,211 of the money from that association to give to a personal friend; this resulted in two felony convictions. Denton was given a six-year probation sentence. During that period he started the THPA family of organizations; the charity consists of three components: The Texas Highway Patrol Association, the Texas Highway Patrol Museum, THPA Services, Inc.

The association is a 501c6 group, a membership association for highway patrol officers. It has its headquarters in a house in Texas; the museum is a non-profit organization based in Texas. THPA Services is a private for profit company that sells advertisements. All three groups have the same board of directors. Most employees are shared between the entities; the group has five offices in the state of Texas. The group has a telemarketing division. From 2004 to 2009, the telemarketing generated $12 million. On December 14, 2011 the Texas Attorney General filed on behalf of the State of Texas a Temporary Restraining Order, a Temporary Injunction, Permanent Injunction against the Texas High Patrol Association, Texas Highway Patrol Association, THPA Services, Inc. Timothy Tierney, Kenneth Lane Denton, Mark Lockridge, Steve Jenkins, Ruben Villalva, Jr. Ted Riojas, Fred Riojas, Gregg Greer, James Colunga, Robert Bernard, Jr; the Attorney General alleges in their lawsuit that the Texas Highway Patrol Association misled the public regarding the relationships between the Association, Museum and THPA Services Inc.

The Texas Highway Patrol Association Hall of Fame and Museum is a 501 public charity, but the Texas Highway Patrol Association is a 501 non-profit labor or trade group organization. THPA Services Inc. is a for profit corporation that provides membership and other services to police membership associations and other private law enforcement organizations. The museum is located in a one-story brick building at St. Mary's Street and South Alamo Street, in proximity to Downtown San Antonio; the museum is located in near the San Antonio Riverwalk. In 2011 John Tedesco of the San Antonio Express-News said that the museum does not have many visitors. In 2006 the group received $1,876,637 in donations. $1,135,631 was given to employees. Leah Napoliello, an employee of the Houston Better Business Bureau, said that this was "very excessive, that's a high salary for a low income." The Better Business Bureau of Houston recommended against donating to the charity. The State of Texas Attorney General further alleges that THPA makes claims regarding the services and benefits provided by their organization to their members and to the public that are overstated, false, or misleading.

It is the conclusion of the Texas Attorney General that the defendants named in the suit engaged in false and deceptive acts and practices in the solicitation and acceptance of funds from the public representing that such funds would be used for the specific designated charitable purposes. Charitable funds were instead fraudulently used for Defendants' personal gain. It's further alleges that members of THPA staff and Board of Directors have failed to exercise a degree of care in the conduct of their fiduciary duties, breached their statutory fiduciary duties and their common law charitable trust fiduciary duties. Texas Highway Patrol Association Texas Department of Public Safety Texas Highway Patrol "museum" photos "Fundraising Reports THPAM 2010." "Fundraising Reports THPAM 2009." "."

Carnation (album)

Carnation is the second album from the singer songwriter Astrid Williamson released on her own label, Incarnation Records, in 2002. It was reissued under the title Astrid Williamson in 2003, adding 4 acoustic demos to the track listing. In comparison to her debut, Boy For You, it was "a decidedly more stripped down affair, based on acoustic guitar or piano". Both producer Robert White & musician Terry Bickers were members of the psyche rock band, Levitation plus Robert's Milk & Honey Band recruited Astrid to play with them for live dates in the 2000s Never Enough Love To Love You Bye & Bye Blood Horizon Calling Girlfriend Tumbling Into Blue Lucky Call For BeautyOnly on 2003'Astrid' reissue Superman This Is How It's Done Here Blood Horizon Close My Eyes Produced and mixed by Astrid Williamson and Robert White Astrid Williamson – vocals, E-bow, synthesizer, electric guitar Satin Singh – percussion Terry Bickers – electric guitar, harmonica Mik Tubb – 12 string electric guitar Robert White – bass guitar, electric organ, arrangements, tambourine.

Electric guitar

Bob McPhail

Robert Lowe McPhail was a Scottish professional footballer, who played for Airdrieonians and represented Scotland. Born in Barrhead, McPhail started his career at Glasgow Junior side Pollok, he signed for Airdrieonians forming a potent partnership with Hughie Gallacher at Broomfield Park. They won the Scottish Cup in 1924 beating Hibernian 2–0 when McPhail was aged 18. McPhail said, "The terror-like attitude of Gallacher caused havoc with the Hibs defenders, he and Russell were our best forwards". McPhail was signed by Rangers in 1927 for a substantial fee of £5,000 and went on to become one of the most prolific strikers to play for the club, scoring 261 goals in 408 appearances, he made his first appearance for Rangers on 13 August 1927 in a 3–2 win over Aberdeen at Pittodrie. He netted his first goals on 3 September 1927, a double in a 5–1 win over St Johnstone at Ibrox. Rangers won both the League title and the Scottish Cup in McPhail's first season with the club and he scored a total of 23 goals in 42 appearances, including a goal in the 4–0 win over Celtic in the Scottish Cup Final.

McPhail continued to be an important member of Rangers' team in what was a successful period for the club. During McPhail's 12 years at Ibrox, he won nine League championships and six Scottish Cups – a joint record number of Scottish Cup wins for a Rangers player and a record shared with former Celtic stars Jimmy McMenemy and Billy McNeill, he scored a total of 230 League goals in 354 league appearances for the club, a record which stood for over 50 years before being broken by Ally McCoist in 1997. McPhail had a successful Scotland career, winning 17 caps and scoring 7 goals, most notably a double in a 3-1 win over England at Hampden on 17 April 1937 in front of a Hampden record crowd of 149,415, he represented the Scottish League XI. McPhail died in 24 August 2000, he was the last surviving member of the Rangers team of the late 1920s / early 1930s. Scores and results list Scotland's goal tally first. Bob McPhail at the Scottish Football Association International stats at Rangers Hall of Fame profile