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Climbing wall

A climbing wall is an artificially constructed wall with grips for hands and feet used for indoor climbing, but sometimes located outdoors. Some are brick or wooden constructions, but on most modern walls, the material most used is a thick multiplex board with holes drilled into it. Manufactured steel and aluminum have been used; the wall may have places to attach belay ropes, but may be used to practice lead climbing or bouldering. Each hole contains a specially formed t-nut to allow modular climbing holds to be screwed onto the wall. With manufactured steel or aluminum walls, an engineered industrial fastener is used to secure climbing holds; the face of the multiplex board climbing surface is covered with textured products including concrete and paint or polyurethane loaded with sand. In addition to the textured surface and hand holds, the wall may contain surface structures such as indentions and protrusions, or take the form of an overhang, underhang or crack; some grips are formed to mimic the conditions of outdoor rock, including some that are oversized and can have other grips bolted onto them.

The earliest artificial climbing walls were small concrete faces with protrusions made of medium-sized rocks for hand holds. Schurman Rock in Seattle, WA is believed to be the first artificial climbing structure in the United States, constructed in 1939; the modern artificial climbing wall began in the UK. The first wall was created in 1964 by Don Robinson, a lecturer in Physical Education at the University of Leeds, by inserting pieces of rock into a corridor wall; the first commercial wall was built in Sheffield, traditionally England's centre for climbing due to its proximity to the Peak District. The first indoor climbing gym in the U. S. was established by Vertical World in Seattle, WA in 1987. The simplest type of wall is of plywood construction, known colloquially in the climbing community as a'woody', with a combination of either bolt-on holds or screw on holds. Bolt-on holds are fixed to a wall with iron bolts which are inserted through the hold, which will have specific bolt points, fixed into pre-allocated screw-threaded holes in the wall.

Screw-on holds are, by contrast much smaller, owing to the nature of their fixing. These holds are connected to the wall by screws which may be fastened anywhere on the wall's surface; some other types of walls include slabs of granite, concrete sprayed onto a wire mesh, pre-made fiberglass panels, large trees, manufactured steel and aluminum panels, textured fiberglass walls and inflatables. A newer innovation is the rotating climbing wall: a mechanical, mobile wall which rotates like a treadmill to match you climbing up. Indoor climbing is an popular form of rock climbing performed on artificial structures that attempt to mimic the experience of outdoor rock; the first indoor climbing gym in the U. S. and Canada was established in Seattle in 1987 under the name of Vertical Club, Inc. now Vertical World, Inc. The first indoor climbing hall in the world was inaugurated in Bolzano, Italy in 1974; the proliferation of indoor climbing gyms has increased the accessibility, thus the popularity, of the sport of climbing.

Since environmental conditions can be more controlled in such a setting, indoor climbing is a safer and more friendly introduction to the sport. The first indoor walls tended to be made of brick, which limited the steepness of the wall and variety of the hand holds. More indoor climbing terrain is constructed of plywood over a metal frame, with bolted-on plastic hand and footholds, sometimes spray-coated with texture to simulate a rock face. Most climbing competitions are held in making them a part of indoor climbing. Indoor and outdoor climbing can differ in techniques and equipment. Climbing artificial walls indoors, is much safer because anchor points and holds are able to be more fixed, environmental conditions can be controlled. During indoor climbing, holds are visible in contrast with natural walls where finding a good hold or foothold may be a challenge. Climbers on artificial walls are somewhat restricted to the holds prepared by the route setter whereas on natural walls they can use every slope or crack in the surface of the wall.

Some typical rock formations can be difficult to emulate on climbing walls. The most common construction method involves bolting resin foot holds onto wooden boards; the boards can be of steepness with a mixture of holds attached. These can vary from small'crimps', and'pinches', slanted-surfaced'slopers', to'jugs', which are large and easy to hold; this variety, coupled with the ability for the climbs to be changed by moving the holds to new positions on the wall, has resulted in indoor climbing becoming a popular sport. Proper climbing equipment must be used during indoor climbing. Most climbing gyms lend harnesses and belay devices; some lend climbing shoes and chalk bags. Some climbing gyms require use of chalk balls to reduce chalk dust in the air and chalk spills when a chalk bag is tipped over or stepped on. Reducing chalk in the air helps to avoid clogging ventilation systems and reduces the dust that accumulates on less-than-vertical surfaces. Holds come in different colours, those of the same colour being used to denote a route, allowing routes of different difficulty levels to be overlaid on one another.

Coloured tape placed under climbing holds is another way, used to mark different climbing routes. In attempting a given route

York House, St James's Palace

York House is a historic wing of St James's Palace, built for Frederick, Prince of Wales on his marriage in 1736. It is in the north-western part of the palace on the site of a former suttling-house for the Guards. Prince Frederick occupied it for about a year, until his quarrel with the his father drove him from Court. In 1795, Princess Caroline resided here before her marriage with the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV. Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, subsequently King of Hanover, lived here for a great many years. Occupants included the future George V, the late Duke and Duchess of Gloucester from 1936 to 1970, Princes Charles and Harry, who used it before moving to Clarence House, it was the birthplace of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, on 31 March 1900. As Edward, Prince of Wales, the future Edward VIII lived at York House, before his refurbishment of Fort Belvedere in Windsor Great Park; the plan of the building is as follows: a suite of somewhat low-pitched rooms on the ground-floor, several drawing-rooms on the first floor, a corridor in the rear, the servants' rooms on the top storey.

The ceilings of the top floor are low. The name York House has used at various times for other houses occupied by various Dukes of York, including those now known as Cumberland House, Dover House, Lancaster House and The Albany. Map sources for York House, St. James's Palace

Oleshky Sands

Oleshky Sands is a desert in Ukraine. It is situated inland from the Ukrainian coast of the Black Sea and consists of sand dunes or kuchuhury, which reach a height up to five meters. A sparse vegetation can be located across the sands; the sands are thought to be formed during the most recent ice age by aeolian processes accumulating and forming cliffs of lower parts of nearby river Dnieper. It is speculated that the number of vegetation was reduced by herds of sheep who were introduced there by Eduard von Falz-Fein who used the sands populated by weeds, as a pasture; the Oleshky Desert is located in Kherson Oblast, 30 km east of Kherson. Before the Russian annexation of the Crimean Khanate at the end of the 18th century, the territory belonged to the nomad Nogai Hordes the Djambuilut Horde. No detailed historical information about the region has survived; the closest populated settlement is seven kilometers away. In Soviet times the sands were used as an Air Force bombing range for pilots of the Warsaw Pact alliance.

To this day there is a possibility of finding some unexploded ordnance. Due to its temperature and the amount of precipitation these sands sometimes are qualified as a semi-desert. Oleshky Sands are 15 km across and they are surrounded by a dense forest planted to prevent dunes moving. Due to its density, the forest catches fire. Although a small sandy steppe, the Oleshky Sands have sandstorms, they occur due to the type of the sand in the area as it is fine and is picked up by a wind. The intensity of the sandstorms is rather weak. In the Oleshky sands at the depth of 30–40 m there is an underground lake, which forms an essential part of the local environment. Askania-Nova Cumania Deliblato Sands Oleshky Sands overview — Seven Wonders of Ukraine. Video footage of the desert, a video footage of the desert is provided by a blog-site of the local adventurers to familiarize the world with Ukraine. Desert, an excellent blog-site of Anna Stepankova with plenty of pictures and explanations; the problem might be with a language barrier as the site is in Russian, but the amount of pictures presented defeats that issue.

Odessa Club of the extreme automobile touring, all pictures with vehicles driving across country areas. Oleshky Sands, more pictures of sand dunes. Three days through a forest, two - across fields a travel story through the Oleshky Sands with pictures. Singing Sands by Vladimir Chivilikhin, a reflection story about the desert. Interviews with local scientists, historical research, other. An informational site about underground waters in the area

Didn't You Used to Be...

Didn't You Used to Be... is the only album David Cassidy released on Scotti Brothers Records. The album was released in 1992. Titled, Didn't You Used to be?, is David Cassidy's ninth studio album. The album features ten tracks which are all written or co-written by David Cassidy's wife, Sue Shifrin; the song "I'll Never Stop Loving You" was recorded by Heart on a Japanese special edition bonus CD for their album Brigade in 1990, the following year, by Cher on her album Love Hurts. "I'll Never Stop Loving You" was recorded by the rock band Heart and released on a 3-inch limited edition disc with the Japanese red velvet Brigade box set, the song was titled "Never Stop Loving You". It was released by the EMI Japan label for the Heart compilation Ballads: The Greatest Hits in 1997 and with the reissue in 2001. All tracks composed by Sue Shifrin.

Noboru Ando

Noboru Ando was a Japanese actor and former yakuza. He is known for utilizing his experiences as a criminal in his many roles in yakuza films, he had a large knife scar on his left cheek, the result of a brawl with a Korean gangster as a young man. Noboru Ando was born in Higashi, Ōkubo, the oldest of four children to a father of samurai descent. After going to primary school in Yokohama he entered junior high in Manchuria, where his father was working, but returned to Tokyo to live with relatives when he was expelled, he was expelled from another school after only three months and began running with other delinquents, before being sent to a reformatory school for theft. He entered the military for pilot training in 1943 and in 1945 volunteered for a suicide frogman unit, though the war ended before he saw action; when he returned to Tokyo, he entered Hosei University, although he continued his gangster behavior and dropped out in 1948. Ando formed his own yakuza family in 1952, composed of bad-boy former college kids.

With more than 300 members at its peak, the group operated in the Shibuya district. They had legitimate real entertainment companies such as night clubs. In June 1958, a hitman sent by Ando shot businessman Hideki Yokoi. Yokoi had insulted Ando. Ando was served six years in prison; when he was released in December 1964, he formally dissolved his yakuza family citing the death of one of his friends. Soon after disbanding his gang, Ando was approached by a producer from Shochiku, he had Rules, a film about himself. According to Ando, acting came to him as a result of his underworld life: "In Japanese, the only difference between yakuza and yakusha is one hiragana character," he has been quoted as saying. "All yakuza have to be actors to survive." He starred in three films by Tai Kato. In 1967, Koji Shundo, a producer at Toei and former yakuza himself, lured Ando to Toei, he appeared in a total of 51 Toei films including Teruo Ishii's Abashiri Bangaichi: Fubuki no Toso and Gendai Ninkyoshi as well as Kinji Fukasaku's Japan Organized Crime Boss, Sympathy for the Underdog, Street Mobster, New Battles Without Honor and Humanity and Graveyard of Honor.

Through the years he starred in several more films detailing his and his yakuza family's history, including Ando Noboru no Waga Tobou to Sex no Kiroku, which depicted his sexual escapades while on the run from police. After appearing in Sadao Nakajima's The Big Boss's Head in 1979, Ando retired from acting, he served as producer, such as on 1988's Bruise by Shunichi Kajima, wrote novels. He resumed acting in this time in straight to video films. In 2002, he served as supervisor on Takashi Miike's Deadly Outlaw: Rekka, loosely based on the actor's experiences, he died of pneumonia in a Tokyo hospital at the age of 89. Noboru Ando on IMDb

Enniscoffey (civil parish)

Enniscoffey is a civil parish in County Westmeath, Ireland. It is located about 8.5 kilometres south–south–east of Mullingar. Enniscoffey is one of 10 civil parishes in the barony of Fartullagh in the Province of Leinster; the civil parish covers 4,454.4 acres. Enniscoffey civil parish comprises 9 townlands: Ballintlevy, Bellfield aka Brannockstown, Blackislands aka Windmill, Brannockstown aka Bellfield, Caran aka Enniscoffey, Claremount aka Cummingstown, Cummingstown aka Claremount, Enniscoffey aka Caran, Gaybrook Demesne, Lemongrove aka Rathcam, Rathcam aka Lemongrove and Windmill aka Blackislands; the neighbouring civil parishes are Lynn to the north, Killucan to the east, Kilbride to the south and Pass of Kilbride and Moylisker to the west. Enniscoffey civil parish at the IreAtlas Townland Data Base Enniscoffey civil parish at Enniscoffey civil parish at the Placenames Database of Ireland