County Meath is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Mid-East Region, it is named after the historic Kingdom of Meath. Meath County Council is the local authority for the county. At the 2016 census, the population of the county was 195,044; the county town of Meath is Navan. Other towns in the county include Trim, Laytown, Ashbourne and Slane, it is one of only two counties outside the west of Ireland to have an official Gaeltacht and the only county in Leinster to have an official Gaeltacht. Meath is drained by the River Boyne; the county is the 14th-largest of Ireland's 32 counties in area, the ninth-largest in terms of population. It is the second-largest of Leinster's 12 counties in size, the third-largest in terms of population; the county town is Navan, where the county hall and government are located, although Trim, the former county town, has historical significance and remains a sitting place of the circuit court. County Meath has the only two Gaeltacht areas in the province of Leinster, at Ráth Chairn and Baile Ghib.
Meath has seven land borders and a small stretch of coastline stretching from Mornington to Gormanston beach. The counties bordering Meath are: Dublin, Louth, Kildare and Monaghan. There are eighteen historic baronies in the county, they include the baronies of Ratoath. While baronies continue to be defined units, they are no longer used for many administrative purposes, their official status is illustrated by Placenames Orders made since 2003, where official Irish names of baronies are listed under "Administrative units". There are 40 elected members of Meath County Council. Fine Gael holds 13 seats, Fianna Fáil holds 10, Sinn Féin holds 8, there are 9 independents. There are two Dáil constituencies, Meath West and Meath East, which together return 6 deputies to Dáil Éireann. Fianna Fáil holds 1 seat in each constituency, Fine Gael holds 2 in Meath East and 1 in Meath West, Sinn Féin holds 1 in Meath West. There was only one Meath constituency. Fianna Fáil held three seats out of five in the Meath constituency between 1987 and its abolition in 2007.
Meath East lies within the borders of the county. Part of the county along the Irish Sea coast, known as East Meath, which includes Julianstown and Laytown-Bettystown-Mornington, is included in the Louth constituency; the county is colloquially known by the nickname "The Royal County", owing to its history as the seat of the High King of Ireland. It formed from the eastern part of the former Kingdom of Mide but now forms part of the province of Leinster; the kingdom and its successor territory the Lordship of Meath, included all of counties Meath and Westmeath as well as parts of counties Cavan, Louth and Kildare. The seat of the High King of Ireland was at Tara; the archaeological complex of Brú na Bóinne is 5,000 years old, includes the burial sites of Newgrange and Dowth, in the north-east of the county. It is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site; the Hill of Tara, an ancient historical site - Ard Rí or high king of Ireland. Castles at Trim, Slane and Killeen. Religious ruins at Trim, Slane, Skryne.
2500-year-old mound structures of disputed origin at Teltown. Teltown is home to Ireland's pre-Olympic Games The Tailteann Games, which some records date back to 1869 BCE. Brú na Bóinne Unesco World Heritage Site includes an ancient historical site. Dangan Castle, the family home of Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS. Tayto Park, Ireland's only theme park, is located close to Ashbourne. Trim Castle is Ireland's largest Norman castle, was the setting for many Norman-Irish parliaments. Meath is home to Kells, with its round tower and monastic past, Ireland's only inland lighthouse, the 18th century Spire of Lloyd, it is the town in which the famous Book of Kells was purportedly finished and remained for a number of years. The Battle of the Boyne took place in Meath in 1690, close to the modern-day village of Donore. During World War One a British army unit ran a detention camp for prisoners of war outside the town of Oldcastle. In Margaret Mitchell's novel Gone With The Wind, it is mentioned that Gerald O'Hara, Scarlett O'Hara's father, was born in County Meath.
Tara is the name of the Georgia plantation. Famous Anglo-Irish MP Charles Stewart Parnell was elected member of parliament for Meath in Westminster in 1875 until 1880. Today he is locally commemorated by a small courtyard in Kells town centre; the population of Co. Meath suffered significant decline between 1861 and 1901 halving; this increase was due to a baby boom locally. The population continued to increase at a constant rate, before increasing at an explosive rate between 1996 and 2002, from 109,732 to 134,005; this is due to economic factors, with the return of residents to live in the county, an echo effect of the 1970s baby boom. The census of 2011 gives a figure of 184,135, including a dramatic increase i
The Weerdinge men were two naked bog bodies found in Drenthe, the Netherlands, in the southern part of Bourtanger Moor in 1904. Radiocarbon dating shows that the two died between ca.160 BC to ca.220 AD. At first, it was believed that one of the two bodies was female, which led to the name "Weerdinge couple", or, more popular, "Mr. and Mrs. Veenstra", veen being the Dutch term for bog and "Veenstra" being a common Dutch surname; the more complete Weerdinge man had a large wound on his chest, through which his intestines spilled out. Some observers believe. Strabo, a Roman historian, recounts tales of Iron Age Europeans attempting to divine the future by "reading entrails." The cause of death of the other Weerdinge Man is unknown
Ballivor is a village in County Meath, Ireland. It had a population of 1,809 at the 2016 census, it is located on the R156 regional road. It's between the towns of Trim. Bus Éireann route 115A provides a commuter link from Ballivor to Dublin via Summerhill and Maynooth with one journey in the morning and an evening journey back every day except Sunday; until 24 August 2013 Bus Éireann route 118 provided a daily commuter service from to/from Dublin via Dunboyne and a daily service to/from Mullingar. As of 2017 there is no public transport for Ballivor bus Bus Eireann cancelled all routes. There are two primary schools in the Ballivor region. In the town of Ballivor, there is St. Columbanus National School and Scoil Mhuire Coolronan is located five minutes from the village. There are no secondary schools in Ballivor but close by there is one in Athboy and Longwood and two in Trim. Nazi Germany spy Hermann Görtz parachuted into Ballivor in the summer of 1940; every June since 1971, the Ballivor Horse Show has been on.
In 2003, the bog body, the "Clonycavan Man" was found in Ballivor, Co.. Meath, it is now shown in the exhibition and Sacrifice at the National Museum of Ireland. Mary Brück, astronomer Thomas Poynton catholic missionary F. R. Higgins and manager of the Abbey Theatre List of populated places in Ireland Ballivor Horse Show
A bog body is a human cadaver, mummified in a peat bog. Such bodies, sometimes known as bog people, are both geographically and chronologically widespread, having been dated to between 8000 BCE and the Second World War; the unifying factor of the bog bodies is that they have been found in peat and are preserved. Unlike most ancient human remains, bog bodies retain their skin and internal organs due to the unusual conditions of the surrounding area; these conditions include acidic water, low temperature, a lack of oxygen which combine to preserve but tan their skin. While the skin is well-preserved, the bones are not, due to the acid in the peat having dissolved the calcium phosphate of bone; the oldest known bog body is the skeleton of Koelbjerg Man from Denmark, dated to 8000 BCE, during the Mesolithic period. The oldest fleshed bog body is that of Cashel Man; the overwhelming majority of bog bodies – including examples such as Tollund Man, Grauballe Man and Lindow Man – date to the Iron Age and have been found in northwest European lands Denmark, the Netherlands, the UK and Ireland.
Such Iron Age bog bodies illustrate a number of similarities, such as violent deaths and a lack of clothing, leading archaeologists to believe that they were killed and deposited in the bogs as a part of a widespread cultural tradition of human sacrifice or the execution of criminals. The newest bog bodies are those of soldiers killed in the Russian wetlands during the Second World War; the German scientist Alfred Dieck published a catalog of more than 1,850 bog bodies that he had counted between 1939 and 1986 but most were unverified by documents or archaeological finds. The preservation of bog bodies in peat bogs is a natural phenomenon, not the result of human mummification processes, it is caused by the unique physical and biochemical composition of the bogs. Different types of bogs can affect the mummification process differently: raised bogs best preserve the corpses, whereas fens and transitional bogs tend to preserve harder tissues such as the skeleton rather than the soft tissue. A limited number of bogs have the correct conditions for preservation of mammalian tissue.
Most of these are located in colder climates near bodies of salt water. For example, in the area of Denmark where the Haraldskær Woman was recovered, salt air from the North Sea blows across the Jutland wetlands and provides an ideal environment for the growth of peat; as new peat replaces the old peat, the older material underneath rots and releases humic acid known as bog acid. The bog acids, with pH levels similar to vinegar, conserve the human bodies in the same way as fruit is preserved by pickling. In addition, peat bogs form in areas lacking drainage and hence are characterized by completely anaerobic conditions; this environment acidic and devoid of oxygen, denies the prevalent subsurface aerobic organisms any opportunity to initiate decomposition. Researchers discovered that conservation required that they place the body in the bog during the winter or early spring when the water temperature is cold—i.e. Less than 4 °C; this allows bog acids to saturate the tissues. Bacteria are unable to grow enough for decomposition at temperatures under 4 °C.
The bog chemical environment involves a saturated acidic environment, where considerable concentrations of organic acids and aldehydes are present. Layers of sphagnum and peat assist in preserving the cadavers by enveloping the tissue in a cold immobilizing matrix, impeding water circulation and any oxygenation. An additional feature of anaerobic preservation by acidic bogs is the ability to conserve hair and leather items. Modern experimenters have been able to mimic bog conditions in the laboratory and demonstrate the preservation process, albeit over shorter time frames than the 2,500 years that Haraldskær Woman's body has survived. Most of the bog bodies discovered else were not properly conserved; when such specimens are exposed to the normal atmosphere, they may begin to decompose rapidly. As a result, many specimens have been destroyed; as of 1979, the number of specimens that have been preserved following discovery was 53. The oldest bog body, identified is the Koelbjerg Man from Denmark, dated to 8000 BCE, during the Mesolithic period.
Around 3900 BCE, agriculture was introduced to Denmark, either through cultural exchange or by migrating farmers, marking the beginning of the Neolithic in the region. It was during the early part of this Neolithic period that a number of human corpses that were interred in the area's peat bogs left evidence that there had been resistance to its introduction. A disproportionate number of the Early Neolithic bodies found in Danish bogs were aged between 16 and 20 at the time of their death and deposition, suggestions have been put forward that they were either human sacrifices or criminals executed for their deviant behaviour. An example of a Bronze Age bog body is Cashel Man, from 2000 BCE; the vast majority of the bog bodies that have been discovered date from the Iron Age, a period of time when peat bogs covered a much larger area of northern Europe. Many of these Iron Age bodies bear a number of similarities, indicating a known cultural tradition of killing and depositing these people in a certain manner.
These Pre-Roman Iron Age peoples lived in sedentary communities, who had built villages, whos
The Iberian Peninsula known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe. The peninsula is principally divided between Portugal, comprising most of their territory, it includes Andorra, small areas of France, the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. With an area of 596,740 square kilometres ), it is both the second largest European peninsula by area, after the Scandinavian Peninsula, by population, after the Balkan Peninsula; the word Iberia is a noun adapted from the Latin word "Hiberia" originated by the Ancient Greek word Ἰβηρία by Greek geographers under the rule of the Roman Empire to refer to what is known today in English as the Iberian Peninsula. At that time, the name did not describe a single political entity or a distinct population of people. Strabo's'Iberia' was delineated from Keltikē by the Pyrenees and included the entire land mass southwest of there. With the fall of the Roman Empire and the establishment of the new Castillian language in Spain, the word "Iberia" appeared for the first time in use as a direct'descendant' of the Greek word "Ἰβηρία" and the Roman word "Hiberia".
The ancient Greeks reached the Iberian Peninsula, of which they had heard from the Phoenicians, by voyaging westward on the Mediterranean. Hecataeus of Miletus was the first known to use the term Iberia, which he wrote about circa 500 BC. Herodotus of Halicarnassus says of the Phocaeans that "it was they who made the Greeks acquainted with... Iberia." According to Strabo, prior historians used Iberia to mean the country "this side of the Ἶβηρος" as far north as the river Rhône in France, but they set the Pyrenees as the limit. Polybius respects that limit, but identifies Iberia as the Mediterranean side as far south as Gibraltar, with the Atlantic side having no name. Elsewhere he says that Saguntum is "on the seaward foot of the range of hills connecting Iberia and Celtiberia." Strabo refers to the Carretanians as people "of the Iberian stock" living in the Pyrenees, who are distinct from either Celts or Celtiberians. According to Charles Ebel, the ancient sources in both Latin and Greek use Hispania and Hiberia as synonyms.
The confusion of the words was because of an overlapping in geographic perspectives. The Latin word Hiberia, similar to the Greek Iberia translates to "land of the Hiberians"; this word was derived from the river Ebro. Hiber was thus used as a term for peoples living near the river Ebro; the first mention in Roman literature was by the annalist poet Ennius in 200 BC. Virgil refers to the Ipacatos Hiberos in his Georgics; the Roman geographers and other prose writers from the time of the late Roman Republic called the entire peninsula Hispania. As they became politically interested in the former Carthaginian territories, the Romans began to use the names Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior for'near' and'far' Hispania. At the time Hispania was made up of three Roman provinces: Hispania Baetica, Hispania Tarraconensis, Hispania Lusitania. Strabo says that the Romans use Hispania and Iberia synonymously, distinguishing between the near northern and the far southern provinces. Whatever language may have been spoken on the peninsula soon gave way to Latin, except for that of the Vascones, preserved as a language isolate by the barrier of the Pyrenees.
The Iberian Peninsula has always been associated with the Ebro, Ibēros in ancient Greek and Ibērus or Hibērus in Latin. The association was so well known. Pliny goes so far as to assert that the Greeks had called "the whole of Spain" Hiberia because of the Hiberus River; the river appears in the Ebro Treaty of 226 BC between Rome and Carthage, setting the limit of Carthaginian interest at the Ebro. The fullest description of the treaty, stated in Appian, uses Ibērus. With reference to this border, Polybius states that the "native name" is Ibēr the original word, stripped of its Greek or Latin -os or -us termination; the early range of these natives, which geographers and historians place from today's southern Spain to today's southern France along the Mediterranean coast, is marked by instances of a readable script expressing a yet unknown language, dubbed "Iberian." Whether this was the native name or was given to them by the Greeks for their residence on the Ebro remains unknown. Credence in Polybius imposes certain limitations on etymologizing: if the language remains unknown, the meanings of the words, including Iber, must remain unknown.
In modern Basque, the word ibar means "valley" or "watered meadow", while ibai means "river", but there is no proof relating the etymology of the Ebro River with these Basque names. The Iberian Peninsula has been inhabited for at least 1.2 million years as remains found in the sites in the Atapuerca Mountains demonstrate. Among these sites is the cave of Gran Dolina, where six hominin skeletons, dated between 780,000 and one million years ago, were found in 1994. Experts have debated whether these skeletons belong to the species Homo erectus, Homo heidelbergensis, or a new species called Homo antecessor. Around 200,000 BP, during the Lower Paleolithic period, Neanderthals first entered the Iberian Peninsula. Around 70,000 BP, during the Middle Paleolithic period, the last glacial event began and the Neanderthal Mousterian culture was established. Around 37,000 BP, during the Upper Paleolithic, the Neanderthal Châtelperronian cultural period began. Emanating from Southern France, this culture extended into the north of the p
National Geographic is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society. It has been published continuously since its first issue in 1888, nine months after the Society itself was founded, it contains articles about science, geography and world culture. The magazine is known for its thick square-bound glossy format with a yellow rectangular border and its extensive use of dramatic photographs. Controlling interest in the magazine has been held by The Walt Disney Company since 2019; the magazine is published monthly, additional map supplements are included with subscriptions. It is available through an interactive online edition. On occasion, special editions of the magazine are issued; as of 2015, the magazine was circulated worldwide in nearly 40 local-language editions and had a global circulation of 6.5 million per month according to data published by The Washington Post or 6.7 million according to National Geographic. This includes a US circulation of 3.5 million. The current Editor-in-Chief of the National Geographic Magazine is Susan Goldberg.
Goldberg is Editorial Director for National Geographic Partners, overseeing the print and digital expression of National Geographic’s editorial content across its media platforms. She is responsible for news, National Geographic Traveler magazine, National Geographic History magazine and all digital content with the exception of National Geographic Kids. Goldberg reports to CEO of National Geographic Partners; the first issue of National Geographic Magazine was published on September 22, 1888, nine months after the Society was founded. It was a scholarly journal sent to 165 charter members and nowadays it reaches the hands of 40 million people each month. Starting with its January 1905 publication of several full-page pictures of Tibet in 1900–1901, the magazine changed from being a text-oriented publication closer to a scientific journal to featuring extensive pictorial content, became well known for this style; the June 1985 cover portrait of the presumed to be 12-year-old Afghan girl Sharbat Gula, shot by photographer Steve McCurry, became one of the magazine's most recognizable images.
National Geographic Kids, the children's version of the magazine, was launched in 1975 under the name National Geographic World. From the 1970s through about 2010 the magazine was printed in Corinth, Mississippi, by private printers until that plant was closed. In the late 1990s, the magazine began publishing The Complete National Geographic, a digital compilation of all the past issues of the magazine, it was sued over copyright of the magazine as a collective work in Greenberg v. National Geographic and other cases, temporarily withdrew the availability of the compilation; the magazine prevailed in the dispute, in July 2009 it resumed publishing a compilation containing all issues through December 2008. The compilation was updated to make more recent issues available, the archive and digital edition of the magazine are available online to the magazine's subscribers. On September 9, 2015, the National Geographic Society announced a deal with 21st Century Fox that would move the magazine to a new partnership, National Geographic Partners, in which 21st Century Fox would hold a 73 percent controlling interest.
In December 2017, Disney announced that it would acquire 21st Century Fox, including the latter's interest in National Geographic Partners. The magazine had a single "editor" from 1888–1920. From 1920–1967, the chief editorship was held by the president of the National Geographic Society. Since 1967, the magazine has been overseen by its own "editor-in-chief"; the list of editors-in-chief includes three generations of the Grosvenor family between 1903 and 1980. John Hyde Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor John Oliver LaGorce Melville Bell Grosvenor Frederick Vosburgh Gilbert Melville Grosvenor Wilbur E. Garrett William Graves William L. Allen Chris Johns Susan Goldberg During the Cold War, the magazine committed itself to presenting a balanced view of the physical and human geography of nations beyond the Iron Curtain; the magazine printed articles on Berlin, de-occupied Austria, the Soviet Union, Communist China that deliberately downplayed politics to focus on culture. In its coverage of the Space Race, National Geographic focused on the scientific achievement while avoiding reference to the race's connection to nuclear arms buildup.
There were many articles in the 1930s, 40s and 50s about the individual states and their resources, along with supplement maps of each state. Many of these articles were written by longtime staff such as Frederick Simpich. There were articles about biology and science topics. In years, articles became outspoken on issues such as environmental issues, chemical pollution, global warming, endangered species. Series of articles were included focusing on the history and varied uses of specific products such as a single metal, food crop, o
Falbygden is a geographical area, centered at the town of Falköping in Västergötland, in southern Sweden, covered by farmland. Most of the area belongs to the west part of Tidaholm Municipality. In mediaeval times the area belonged to the hundreds Frökind, Gudhem and Vilske, it is known for its geology and megalithic culture. The Falbygden area has many mediaeval churches, since every parish in the area had a Romanesque church built in the late 11th, 12th, or early 13th century. Falbygdens Hembygds- och Fornminnesförening, Falbygden periodical. Falbygdens museum, Forntid på Falbygden. Falbygdens museum, se spåren på Falbygden -....och tusen år till - fortsätter i landskapet