Club Med SAS known as Club Med and known as Club Méditerranée SA, is a Chinese-owned company headquartered in France, specializing in all-inclusive holidays. The company is owned by Fosun Group and either wholly owns or operates over seventy all-inclusive resort villages in holiday locations around the world; the Club was started in 1950 by Belgian entrepreneur Gérard Blitz. Blitz had opened a low-priced summer colony of tents on the Spanish island of Majorca. Gilbert Trigano supplied the tents, in 1953 Blitz wooed him into a partnership; the first official Club Med was built the next year in Salerno Italy. The original villages were simple: Members stayed in unlit straw huts on a beachfront, sharing communal washing facilities; such villages have been replaced with modern huts with ensuite facilities. In 1961, the company was purchased by the 35-year-old Baron Edmond de Rothschild after he had visited a resort and enjoyed his stay. With Rothschild financing, the number of villages increased under Trigano's leadership from 1963 to 1993.
Winter villages, providing skiing and winter sports tuition, were introduced in 1956 at Leysin, Switzerland. In 1965, the first club outside the Mediterranean was opened in Tahiti. Club Med broadened its reach by opening villages in the Caribbean and Florida where English rather than French was the main language. Attracting singles and young couples, the Club became a destination for families, with the first Mini Club opening in 1967; the Club has ceased to be a club in the legal sense, changing from a not-for-profit association to a for-profit public limited company in 1995. However, each new customer is still charged a membership fee upon joining, returning customers are charged an annual fee as well. In the 1990s, the Club's fortunes declined because competitors copied its concepts and holidaymakers demanded more sophisticated offerings. Serge Trigano took over from his father but was replaced in 1997 by Philippe Bourguignon, former CEO of EuroDisney. Bourguignon aimed to change the Club "from a holiday village company to a services company".
The club took over a chain of French gyms, launched bar/restaurant complexes known as Club Med World in Paris and Montreal, commenced a budget resort concept aimed at young adults. Oyyo was the first such resort, opened at Monastir in Tunisia. Thirteen new villages were planned for the new century; the change in strategy was not successful, the Club fell into a deep loss following the 11 September 2001 attacks in the U. S. In 2002, a new CEO, Henri Giscard d'Estaing, was appointed, his strategy was to attract upmarket vacationers. Oyyo, Club Med World Montreal and many villages those in North America or with more basic facilities, were closed; the Club returned to profitability in 2005. In 2004, the hotel group Accor became the largest shareholder, but it sold most of its stake in 2006, announcing that it wished to refocus on its core businesses. From 2001 onward, the resort company worked to rebrand itself as family-oriented. In 2006 and 2007, Club Med and its partners dedicated a total of $530 million to renovate several resorts.
In February 2015, Fosun International Ltd.'s Gaillon Invest II and The Silverfern Group finalized a takeover deal of Club Méditerranée S. A; the acquisition culminated a bidding war that began in May 2013, conducted by Gaillon, a special investment vehicle used by Fosun, to execute its bidding for Club Med. The two-year-long war boosted the price of the company from the initial €541 million "friendly bid" in 2013 up to the final sale price of €939 million. Gaillon Invest's chairman, Jiannong Qian, believes that Chinese ownership of the company is crucial to tap into China's huge population of potential tourists. Following the takeover and President of Club Méditerranée SA, Henri Giscard d'Estaing, was named President of Club Med SAS; each resort provides a list of activities in one single package. This includes lodging, use of facilities, sports activities and shows. Certain items such as premium alcoholic beverages required the use of beads or tickets as a form of payment. Club Med staff are called "GOs", or Gentils Organisateurs.
Clients Gentils Membres. The resort is known as a village; the resort manager is called the Chef de Village. Chefs de Villages are responsible for the ambiance of the resort, well-being of guests, coordinate with the corporate offices, oversee the general day-to-day operations of the resorts. Chefs de Villages are seen doing daily tours of the resort that involves checking in with guests. Resort managers are responsible for announcing the evening program and leading a few'crazy signs', before passing the microphone to the Assistant Chef de Village, Events Manager, or Sports Manager; each village contains a team of managers, ranging from Events Manager, Sports Manager, Leisure Manager, Restaurant Manager, Bar Manager, Reception Manager, etc... The special feature of Club Med is that the GOs and GMs play, dine and dance together every day and night. Daytime and evening sport-playing, evening shows with audience participation, are part of the holiday experience. A particular institution is the communal dance or crazy signs led by the GOs at varying intervals during the day and evening.
The dance steps for each song are standard across the organization with some new ones introduced each year. The evening shows requiring detailed choreography, are standardized and include both new and establ
The Pecos Classification is a chronological division of all known Ancestral Puebloans into periods based on changes in architecture, art and cultural remains. The original classification dates back to consensus reached at a 1927 archæological conference held in Pecos, New Mexico, organized by the United States archaeologist Alfred V. Kidder; the original Pecos Classification contained eight stages of Southwestern prehistory, but it did not specify dates. Basketmaker I, or Early Basketmaker II Basketmaker II, or Late Basketmaker II Basketmaker III, or Post-Basketmaker Pueblo I Period, or Proto-Pueblo Pueblo II Period Pueblo III Period, or Great Pueblo Pueblo IV Period, or Proto-Historic Pueblo V Period, or Historic Although the original classification has been debated and sometimes modified over the years, the split into Basketmaker and Pueblo period still serves as a basis for discussing the culture of the Ancestral Puebloans of the Four Corners area; the following classification in based in part of the Revised Pecos Classification for the Mesa Verde Region.
The pre-Anasazi culture that moved into the modern-day Southwestern United States after the big game hunters departed are called Archaic. Little evidence for extensive habitation before 8000 BC exists. From evidence near Navajo Mountain, they were nomadic people, hunter-gatherers traveling in small bands, they gathered wild foods when in season, hunted with stone-tipped spears and darts. Game included rabbits, deer and bighorn sheep; the original classification postulated a Basketmaker I Period, subsequently discredited due to lack of physical evidence. It was combined with the Archaic Period; this period was called Oshara Tradition. There was a trend toward a sedentary lifestyle, with small-scale cultivation of plants beginning 1000 BC; the early Anasazi lived in caves seasonally. During this period, they began to cultivate gardens of squash, but no beans, they used manos and metates to grind corn, the women made baskets for numerous uses. They had no pottery; the people constructed primitive storage bins and shallow pit-houses.
At this stage, evidence suggests that the beginning of a religious and decision-making structure had developed. Shamanistic cults existed, petroglyphs and other rock art indicate a ceremonial structure as well. Groups appear to be linked into larger-scale decision-making bodies. Deep pithouses were developed, along with some above-ground rooms; the bow and arrow replace the spear. Plain bisque and some painted black-on-white pottery is made. Cultivation begins of beans, available due to trade from Central America, edible due to slow cooking in pottery vessels. Wild amaranth and pinyon pine were staples. People of this period may have domesticated turkeys; the prototype kivas were large and subterranean. The Pueblo I Period saw increasing populations, growing village size, social integration, more complicated and complex agricultural systems typified this Period; the construction and year-round occupation of pueblos begins. Large villages and great kivas appear. Above-ground construction is of crude masonry.
Plain gray bisque predominates in pottery, though some red bisque and pottery decorated in black and white appears. By AD 1050, Chaco Canyon was a major regional center, with a population of 1,500–5,000 people, it is surrounded by standardized planned towns, or great houses, built from the wood of more than 200,000 trees. Thirty-foot-wide roads, flanked by berms, radiate from Chaco in various directions. Small blocks of above-ground masonry rooms and a kiva make up a typical pueblo. Great kivas were up to 50–70 feet in diameter. Pottery consists of corrugated gray bisque and decorated black-on-white in addition to some decorated red and orange vessels; the people imported shells and turquoise from other cultures through trading. During the 12th century, populations began to grow after a decline at the end of the Pueblo II Period. More intense agriculture was characteristic, with irrigation common. Settlements consist of large pueblos, cliff dwellings and turkey pens. Most villages in the Four Corners area are abandoned by AD 1300.
The distinction between the Hohokam and Ancient Pueblo people becomes. Large pueblos are centered around a plaza; this was a period of more conflict than cooperation, thought to have led to abandonment of settlements at Mesa Verde. The people began making kachinas for religious and ritual purposes. Plain pottery supplants corrugated. Red and yellow pottery is on the rise as the black-on-white declines. Cotton is grown as a commodity; the Puebloans are joined by other cultures. As early as the 15th century, the Navajo were in the process of migrating into the region from the north. In the next century, the Spanish colonists first came in the 1540s from the south; the Spanish take over sites such as the Acoma Pueblo. Their arrival sends Pueblo subcultures underground. Mesa Verde National Park Canyons of the Ancients National Monument Bandelier National Monument Chaco Canyon in Chaco Culture National Historical Park Canyon de Chelly National Monument Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Keet Seel in Navajo National Monument Chimney Rock National Monument List of dwellings of Pueblo peoples Hohokam Hopi Tiwa Zuni people John Wesley Powell Richard Wetherill Antiquities Act Catherine M. and H. Wolcott Toll.
"Deciphering the Organization of Production in Chaco Canyon (Organization of Production a
Revenge of The Gladiators is a 1964 Italian peplum film written and directed by Luigi Capuano and starring Mickey Hargitay and José Greci. The film depicts the Western Roman Empire in the 450s; the city of Rome itself is besieged by his Vandals. The empire is depicted as weak and corrupt, while under the control of the ineffectual emperor Valentinian III and his wife Calpurnia; the Roman general Aetius manages to temporarily halt the advance of the Vandals. Fabius, a son of Aetius, falls in love with a daughter of the imperial couple. Genseric plans to marry his own son in a plot to take over the Roman throne. Genseric fails to capture Priscilla, he uses torture. Priscilla surrenders herself to Genseric in exchange for Fabius' freedom. Genseric agrees to her terms, but double-crosses Priscilla. On her wedding day, Genseric offers Priscilla a crucified Fabius. Fabius' Roman allies soon arrive to defeat the Vandals. Mickey Hargitay as Fabius José Greci as Priscilla Livio Lorenzon as Geiserik Renato Baldini as General Aetius Roldano Lupi as Valentinianus III Andrea Checchi as Gabinus Nerio Bernardi as Tidone Andreina Paul as Calpurnia Mirko Ellis as Wilfried Giulio Tomei as Priest Dante Maggio as Drinker at the Tavern Giovanni Cianfriglia as Fulvius Amedeo Trilli as Master the Fortress Bruno Scipioni Revenge of The Gladiators on IMDb