Evans Deakin and Company
Evans Deakin & Company was an Australian engineering company and shipbuilder. Based in Brisbane, the company was formed in 1910 by Arthur Joseph Deakin; the company started out as a supplier of engineering equipment. The first workshop was acquired in 1913; the company became Evans Deakin Industries. In 1980 EDI purchased Maryborough rolling stock manufacturer Walkers Limited. In July 1996 EDI purchased locomotive manufacturer Clyde Engineering. In March 2001 EDI was acquired by Downer & Company, with the resulting merger being renamed Downer EDI. Between World War I and World War II, Evans Deakin was involved in the fabrication of 300 railway wagons for Queensland Government Railways, the manufacture of steel components for the Story Bridge, the introduction of oxy-acetylene and electric arc welding to Queensland. At the start of World War II, the company established a shipyard at Kangaroo Point on the Brisbane River taking over the Queensland Government's lease of Moar's Slipway beside Cairns Street.
The company developed the site for the construction of merchant vessels. In January 1940 the first ship to be built at the Evans Deakin shipyard was announced; the ship was the first 1200-ton oil fuel lighter for the Royal Australian Navy, using 500-ton oil fuel lighters. Named the Rocklea, it cost pumps to enable the rapid re-fuelling of warships. A major expansion at the Kangaroo Point site when the Frank Nicklin Dry Dock was constructed costing A$3.4 million of which A$1.5 million was contributed by the Queensland Government. The dock was 800 feet long, 115 feet wide and 21 feet deep and could handle vessels up to 60,000 tons; the dock could be emptied in 23 hours. The dock was opened in July 1967 by Queensland Premier Frank Nicklin after whom the dock was named. In his speech, Nicklin said it was important that Australian developed greater shipbuilding capabilities as Australia had been isolated from large shipbuilding countries during the two world wars, compounded by Britain's withdrawal from the Far East.
Nicklin pressed a button allowing the water from the Brisbane River to flow into the dock. The company built the largest ship made on the Brisbane River, the oil tanker Robert Miller, its construction was nearly complete when it broke free of its mooring during the 1974 Brisbane flood. The final vessel constructed at Kangaroo Point was the oil rig, Southern Cross in 1976; the Evans Deakin shipyard constructed 81 ships between 1940 and its closure in 1976, including eleven Bathurst-class corvettes, a Bay-class frigate, several Attack-class patrol boats. They built trawlers, bulk carriers and tugs. After being left vacant for a number of years, in 1988 the shipyard was redeveloped as a hotel and apartment complex called Dockside. One of the dry docks was retained as a marina. There is a monument to the Evans Deakin shipyards in Captain Burke Park on the tip of Kangaroo Point. Deakin, Jane. Man of steel: A J Deakin and the story of Evans Deakin industries. Ashgrove, QLD Jane Deakin. ISBN 978-0-9943421-0-2.
"Frank Nicklin Dock Opened". British Pathé. 30 July 1969
New South Wales C38 class locomotive
The C38 class was a class of steam locomotive built for the New South Wales Government Railways in Australia. Constructed between January 1943 and November 1949, the 30 locomotives in the class were designed to haul express passenger services throughout New South Wales, they were the only New South Wales locomotives to use the popular Pacific 4-6-2 wheel arrangement and were the last steam locomotives in the state to be built for passenger train operation, all subsequent deliveries being for freight haulage. The 38 class were first conceived in the 1930's, being influenced by American and other streamlined locomotives of the time; the NSWGR needed a locomotive to eliminate the complications of double heading required on a number of fast interstate passenger trains. The design team was headed by Harold Young, the Principal Design Engineer of the NSWGR; the conditions of trackwork with frequent sharp curvature to be traversed at high speed would require six-coupled driving wheels in a'Pacific' 4-6-2 configuration.
Maintenance suggested a two-cylinder simple steam locomotive. The design was carried out by the NSWGR Locomotive Section of the Design Office and incorporated the latest developments in locomotive design from Australia and overseas; the incorporation of as many Australian manufactured components as possible was a requirement at the design stage. To the earlier D57 class the massively proportioned locomotive incorporated a cast steel chassis; the design sported cast Boxpok coupled wheels for better rotational balance, a Delta trailing truck. In May 1939 an order for five 38 class locomotives was placed with Clyde Engineering, they suffered many delays during construction due to resource shortages caused by World War II and the Great Depression. The first five locomotives were built by Clyde Engineering and had distinctive semi-streamlined boiler casing; the locomotive, however, as with many others, did possess a teething trouble: no fireman could maintain steam in her 245 psi boiler. Early trials on the Southern line saw 3801, the class leader, appointed 2 firemen, the now-late travelling inspector Jack Bowen recalled that "some gun passenger firemen brought in from Eveleigh in February 1943 tried using long-handle shovels."
Mr Bowen recalled that the problem was solved when an imported Bathurst fireman insisted on inspecting the loco's blast pipe. He demonstrated how the blast pipe's shape made it impossible for steam to cleanly clear the chimney's apron, which affected the smokebox's vacuum action on the fire grate, making her more demanding to fire. After the blast pipe was adjusted, 3801 erupted; as the last of the 5 initial locomotives were leaving the shop in 1945, a decision was made to purchase more. This order of 25 locomotives were built at the New South Wales Government Railways' Eveleigh Railway Workshops and Cardiff Locomotive Workshops; these locomotives were non-streamlined to improve maintenance. The Clyde Engineering built. Following the cessation of the war, all were repainted green as were the 25 unstreamlined locomotives from new. All except 3813 were repainted black in the 1950s. 3801 and 3830 had their green livery restored due to pressure from heritage groups in the 1960's. Among the services they hauled were the Central West Express, Newcastle Flyer, Melbourne Limited Express, Riverina Express and South Coast Daylight Express as well as the overnight mail trains.
Because of their axle load they were confined to operating between Sydney and the following extremities of operation: Port Kembla, Albury and Maitland, although they worked the North Coast passenger trains to Brisbane until track problems surfaced. Following the arrival of the 42, 43 and 44 class diesel locomotives in the 1950s, these began to take over some express services, but the 38 class continued to haul many passenger and freight trains. After the electrification of the Main Western line to Lithgow in 1957 and the Main North line to Gosford in January 1960, using 46 class electric locomotives, the 38s still operated the Central West Express between Lithgow and Orange into the 1960s and the Newcastle Flyer between Gosford and Newcastle until December 1970; the 38 class returned to the former Melbourne Limited Express route in April 1962, when 3830 and 3813 hauled the inaugural standard gauge Spirit of Progress from Albury to Sydney. The first 38 class locomotive was withdrawn in 1961 with the last withdrawn in December 1970.
In August 1970, 3801 hauled the Western Endeavour to Perth following the completion of the standard gauge Trans-Australian Railway with 3813 assisting as far as Port Pirie. In April 1988, 3801 again operated to Perth during the Australian Bicentenary.3801 featured in the 1974 short film A Steam Train Passes. Media related to New South Wales C38 class locomotives at Wikimedia Commons
A builder's plate is a metal plate, attached to rolling stock, construction equipment, automobiles, large household appliances, bridges and more. It gives such information as the name of the manufacturer, the place and country of manufacture, the model number, the serial number, as well as the date of manufacture or date of fabrication of the item or unit. Thompson, Keith. "Builder's plates: A locomotive's birth certificate". Kalmbach Publishing. Retrieved 2008-02-08
V/Line A class
The A class are a class of diesel locomotives rebuilt from B class locomotives by Clyde Engineering, Rosewater for V/Line in 1984-1985. The class were rebuilt from B class locomotives constructed in the 1950s, as part of the New Deal reforms of passenger rail operations in Victoria; the rebuild contract was let in January 1983 to Clyde Engineering, Rosewater with the first locomotive entering service in May 1984, but the project was abandoned in mid 1985 after rising costs due to structural fatigue, with the 11th rebuild delivered in August 1985. It was decided to instead built more of the N class locomotives, mechanically similar to the A class; the major difference was the addition of head end power generators, as it was believed this was a more efficient way of supplying power for air-conditioning and lighting than power vans or individual generator sets under carriages. Four locomotives were named after Australian rules football players in September 1984, while A60 was named after former railway commissioner Harold Clapp.
In July 1986, A85 was regeared for 160 km/h operation, tested between Glenorchy and Lubeck, to test an H type carriage set fitted with high speed bogies, but was returned to the standard 133 km/h gearing soon after. In preparation for the privatisation of V/Line, four were allocated to passenger services and seven to freight services. V/Line withdrew their fleet with A60 operating the final service, the 16:15 Southern Cross to Bacchus Marsh on 24 April 2013. V/Line subsequently returned A66 and A70 with the both since withdrawn. Pacific National withdrew its last examples in May 2014. Between 7 and 18 January 2019, Pacific National units A73, A77, A81 and A85 were dismantled and disposed of at South Dynon broad gauge turntable; the class were delivered in the V/Line tangerine scheme. In February 1988 A66, painted in a green and gold livery to celebrate the Australian Bicentenary appearing in a second special livery to advertise the Melbourne bid for the 1996 Olympic Games. Today the class appears in either the 1995 red and blue or 2008 red and yellow V/Line Passenger liveries, or the green and yellow Freight Australia livery with Pacific National logos.
Media related to V/Line A class at Wikimedia Commons
3000 class railcar
The 3000/3100 class are a class of diesel railcars operated by the State Transport Authority and its successors in Adelaide. They were built by Comeng and Clyde Engineering between 1987 and 1996. In March 1985, the State Transport Authority awarded a tender for 20 diesel railcars to Comeng, Dandenong; the design was based on the stainless steel shell of the Comeng electric train in production for Melbourne's Public Transport Corporation, but 2.3 metres longer and with only two doors per side. Because of a contractual requirement to maximise local content, the fit out was conducted at Comeng's Dry Creek facility; the first commenced testing in May 1987, entering service in November 1987. The eight 3000s were built first with the first 3100 class completed in mid-1988. In the original contract, there was an option to order 76 further examples; however Comeng came back to the STA with a higher price, so the work was put out to tender and a contract for 50 awarded to Clyde Engineering in November 1989.
Comeng concluded a deal to sell the 3000 class tooling. However by the time construction commenced, Comeng had sold its Dandenong plant to ABB who backed away from an agreement to hand over the jigs and tooling, so they were built between 1992 and 1996 by Clyde Engineering's Somerton factory. All were delivered with unpainted stainless steel offset by orange stripes. In April 2002 the first was repainted by Bluebird Rail Operations in Adelaide Metro's yellow and red, they operated on all Adelaide suburban lines, however since the electrification of the Seaford and Tonsley lines in 2014, they have been confined to the Belair, Gawler and Outer Harbor lines. On rare occasions during Seaford and Tonsley maintenance or emergencies they may replace 4000 class EMUs, they have on occasions ventured beyond the Adelaide metropolitan area, operating special services to Nuriootpa on the Barossa Valley line and Riverton on the Roseworthy-Peterborough line. These tours stopped in the mid 2000s; the Comeng builts railcar feature an underfloor mounted Mercedes Benz OM444LA 475 hp V12 twin turbo direct injection diesel engine, operating at a constant 1500 RPM, directly coupled to a Reliance 400kVA alternator.
Drive is provided by two Stromberg traction motors, rated at a continuous 130 kW each, mounted on a single bogie. The railcars feature an auxiliary transformer providing 3 phase 50 Hz at 415 V which supplies air-conditioning and other ancillary power needs; the Clyde built. The 3000 class bogies are built by feature airbag secondary suspension. All 3000 class railcars are fitted with electro-magnetic track brakes, which are comparatively rare on trains, though they are found on trams; these are operated separately from the normal dynamic braking. Trains are equipped with automatic Scharfenberg couplers. Coupling operations are sometimes performed at Adelaide station, requiring an extra staff member to flag the driver as well as to connect the safety chains; this feature allows sets of up to six cars to be formed. Two headlights are mounted at the top of the car in the centre on driver's cab ends. There are no marker lights at the front. There are metal steps up the side of the car to each door, they are illuminated by lights at night.
All cars are air-conditioned. In the 2008/09 State Budget it was announced that five out of six of Adelaide's railway lines were to be electrified commencing with the Noarlunga and Gawler lines; this was to have resulted in 58 of the 3000/3100 class railcars being converted to electric operation with the remaining 12 to be retained as diesels for operation on the Belair line. However with the electrification project scaled back, the conversions were cancelled. Since April 2018, 3000/3100 series trains have begun a life extension program, which includes engine upgrades and a new red livery similar to the 4000 class units; this upgrade will mean that these trains can continue to operate on the network for many years to come until network electrification is completed. Further information on the 3000 and 3100 series railcar, including several interior photographs Media related to 3000 class railcars at Wikimedia Commons
New South Wales D53 class locomotive
The D53 class was a class of 2-8-0 steam locomotives built for the New South Wales Government Railways of Australia. This class of locomotive was designed by the New South Wales Government Railways as an improved version of the T class. All the coupled wheels had flanges and a certain amount of side movement was given to the middle pairs with a laterally operating knuckle joint being provided in the middle section of the coupling rods. Clyde Engineering delivered the first locomotive in April 1912 and by November 1917, a total of 190 were in service. Most were fitted with superheaters when built and some fitted at a date. There was a problem with the locomotives being unbalanced, causing speed restrictions to be imposed to avoid rough riding and track damage. Following further investigations, 24 of the class received balanced coupled wheels and these were permitted to operate at higher speed on mail and fruit trains; when introduced, most of the class were fitted with a standard bogie tender, similar as those attached to the 50 class, although some saw service with large capacity "Wampu" tenders.
In the period of their lives, the majority were fitted with larger turret type tenders. In years some were used as heavy shunting locomotives and from 1963 on some of these had automatic couplers fitted to the front. Following the removal of the knuckle joints from the coupling rods, flanges from the second coupled and driving wheels and the fitting of boilers standard for 50 class; the 24 not fitted with superheaters were scrapped in the 1930s. The first superheated example was withdrawn in January 1957 with the fleet down to 39 by July 1969 with the last withdrawn in January 1973; the Commonwealth Railways used the design of these locomotives for their 26 strong KA class for the Trans-Australian Railway. Three have been preserved: 5353 by Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum www.dsrm.org.au. 5353 was built by the N. S. W. Government Railways in 1913, Builder's number 80 and was withdrawn from service in December 1972, it travelled over 1.8 million miles. It was Superheated, it was the last 53 class to be overhauled, a contributing reason why it was chosen for preservation by Dorrigo Steam Railway and Museum.
It has a Turret Tender. 5367 by the Lachlan Valley Railway and returned to service 1980, withdrawn 1988, overhauled and returned to service September 1995 out of service at Cowra Locomotive Depot waiting repair 5367 was built by Clyde Engineering in 1914, Builder's Number 122 and was withdrawn during July 1972. 5367 was the last steam locomotive to be allocated to Parkes, in 1971 and was given the nickname'Rosie,', why it was chosen for preservation. It has a Turret Tender. 5461 by the New South Wales Rail Transport Museum, operational until at least June 1975 before being overhauled and returned to service in October 1981, withdrawn in December 1985 and transferred to Valley Heights Locomotive Depot Heritage Museum by 1999 5461 was built by Clyde Engineering in 1916, Builder's Number 210) and was withdrawn from service in May 1967. 5461 was the infamous TF 1174 of post W. W. I notoriety, why it was chosen for preservation. 5461 has a Wampu Tender. NSWGR steam locomotive classification
Granville, New South Wales
Granville is a suburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Granville is located 22 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, split between the local government areas of Cumberland Council and the City of Parramatta. South Granville is a separate suburb with the distinguishing feature of a light industrial area. Lisgar, Redfern and Mona Streets form the approximate border between Granville and South Granville; the Duck River provides a boundary with Auburn, to the east. Granville was named in 1880, after the British Foreign Secretary, the Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville; the area evolved after 1855, when it became the final stop of the first railway line of New South Wales. The Sydney-Parramatta Line ran from Sydney terminus, just south from today's Central railway station to the Granville area, known as'Parramatta Junction'; this led to the development of this area, which attracted some local industries. In the early days of European settlement, timber was harvested to fuel the steam engines in Sydney and Parramatta.
By the 1860s, the supply of timber was exhausted. The remainder was used by scavengers. Wattle bark found use with tanners and the bark from stringybark trees was used for roofing of huts. In 1862, a major estate, became subject to a mortgagee sale and subdivided for villa homes, small agricultures. At the end of the decade a Tweed Mill was established, steam powered using water from the Duck River. In 1878, the locality received its own post office, part of the stationmasters house. In 1880 Parramatta Junction was renamed to Granville, after the British Colonial Secretary, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville; the place had a population of 372, of which 176 were male and 196 female. In this era some German settlers, Joseph Klein and P W Merkell, tried to establish vineyards in the area, but found the land was not suited for this type of agriculture. More farmers discovered the limitations of the local soils and fruit growers complained about the damage from flying foxes. Thus, the only practical use for the grasslands, which replaced the original bushland, was for dairy cattle.
The Granville Municipality was formed in 1885 and the council carried on the local government of the area until 1948, when it became part of an enlarged City of Parramatta. On Anzac Day of 1974, Granville was severed by flooding of the Duck Creek stormwater channel due to torrential rain that fell over the area. 135 millimetres of rain fell between 11.30 pm and 12.30 pm at Guildford, with the ensuing flood doing major damage through Granville. The nearby RSL underwent damage and many of the club's old photographs and honour boards were destroyed. Granville is the location of the Granville railway disaster, which occurred on 18 January 1977 when a commuter train derailed just before the Bold Street overpass and hit the staunchion, causing the bridge to collapse. 83 people perished. Granville has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 10 Carlton Street: Granville Town Hall 157 Blaxcell Street: Crest Theatre Granville has a mixture of residential and industrial developments; the commercial and residential developments are around Granville railway station and Parramatta Road.
Granville is dominated by freestanding weatherboard and unrendered brick buildings. The area is no longer "typical" quarter acre block territory, but 500 to 600 m2 blocks are reasonably common. Terraced houses are rare. Apartment blocks three to four storeys in height, are becoming more common in the vicinity of the railway station. Buildings that deserve some attention are: Granville Town Hall, built in 1888 The Royal Hotel corresponds with the architecture of the Town Hall about 200 m away The Brianna's function centre building just north of the railway station on Good Street St. Marks Anglican Church dates back to 1882 St. Aphanasius Church, a Ukrainian Autocephalic Orthodox with onion domes, adds some interest to William Street, it dates back to 1956. The White Palace in South Street has an exterior with Art Deco features; the building was gutted and redeveloped in 2007. The intersecting circles of Granville RSL Sub-Branch Building serves as an interesting example of modern architecture, it was designed by Frank Associates.
The Crest building on the corner of Blaxcell and Redfern Streets, was built by Hoyts in 1948 as a movie theatre and was used for screening films up until 1963. The structure of the building is of a Quonset hut design, while the facade and interior is of a post-Art Deco and post-Moderne eclectic style, influenced by the "Picture Palace" architecture popularly used for movie theatres, it is now used as a function hall. The Crest Theatre is now listed in the NSW State Heritage Register as being of "State significance", being one of the few cinemas built in Australia in the 1940s. Externally and internally the building remains intact, though the signage on the external decorative pier now reads "B-L-O-U-Z-A", rather than the original "H-O-Y-T-S". Granville railway station is a major station on the Inner West & Leppington Line and Western Line of the Sydney Trains network; the station is wheelchair accessible. Granville railway station is located on the Main Suburban line, it is served by Sydney Trains T1 Northern and Western Lines and T2 Inner West & Leppington Line services.
Granville's newly built bus interchange, as well as a car park, are located adjacent to its train station. Bike racks and lockers are located nearby. Taxi ranks can be found just south of the tr