Marv Earl Johnson was an American R&B and soul singer, notable for performing on the first record issued by Tamla Records, which became Motown. Johnson was born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1938, he began his career singing with the Serenaders, in the mid-1950s. With budding talents not only as a singer but as a songwriter and pianist, he was discovered by Berry Gordy while Johnson performed at a carnival. Gordy had decided to form his first record label and Johnson's recording of their song "Come to Me" was the label's first single, released in May 1959; the fledgling label did not have national distribution, so the song was released by United Artists. It reached number 30 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Johnson went on to co-write another four songs with Gordy. After he issued the first release for the Tamla label, Johnson was signed by United Artists, he released three albums and several singles for UA but continued to record in Motown’s homegrown studios at Hitsville USA. Between 1959 and 1961, Johnson issued nine Billboard Hot 100 singles, including two Top 10s.
The first of them was "You Got What It Takes", which reached number 10 in the US and number 7 in the UK Singles Chart. It was awarded a gold disc. In the United Kingdom, "You Got What It Takes" reached number 7 in 1960, both "I Love the Way You Love" and "Ain't Gonna Be That Way" made the UK chart. "I Love the Way You Love" reached number 9. Johnson had his final US Top 40 single in 1960 with " Move Two Mountains", it sold a million copies, giving him his second gold disc. Johnson had many hits in Australia, with a total of eight Top 40 hits, including three chart-toppers. "Come to Me" was released in Australia on EMI's London Records and reached number 16 on the 2UE Top 40 in Sydney. "You Got What It Takes" was his biggest Australian hit, topping the national charts for over 16 weeks in 1960. After "I Love the Way You Love" became a national Top 10 hit in mid-1960, Johnson flew to Australia to meet the entrepreneur Lee Gordon, the creator of the radio program Big Show, performed "Twist It Up" on the September Big Show.
At the top of the bill were Bobby Rydell, Chubby Checker, James Darren with Jackie Wilson and Barry Mann. They were supported by the Delltones and Col Joye. Lonnie Lee appeared on a Lee Gordon Australian tour in 1960 with Marv, Bobby Tyrell and The Everly Bros. Johnson's songs "Happy Days" and "Merry-Go-Round" were his last chart successes for the United Artists label. Although they did not reach the US Top 40, they performed well on the R&B charts, peaking at number 7 and number 26 in 1961. Further significant chart action proved elusive, his contract with United Artists was dropped, he re-signed with Motown in 1964, writing and producing as well as recording. "Why Do You Want to Let Me Go" was his first Motown single after he rejoined the company, released by Motown's Gordy subsidiary in May 1965. Johnson's final US chart appearance was "I Miss You Baby", a minor hit, reaching number 39 on the R&B chart in April 1966, his next release, issued in 1968, failed to chart. In the UK, however, "I'll Pick a Rose" became a hit after it reached the number 10 in early 1969, thanks to its popularity from the Northern soul scene.
Motown dug into its vaults for tracks to create an album for the British market, I'll Pick a Rose for My Rose, released by Tamla Motown in 1969, which contained many of Johnson's songs recorded since he had signed there in the mid-1960s, including "Why Do You Want to Let Me Go", "I'm Not a Plaything" and "I Miss You Baby". The latter was reissued as a single by Tamla Motown and was a hit in Britain, reaching number 25 on the UK charts in November 1969, he toured the UK with Martha Reeves & the Vandellas. Johnson remained with Motown, in the 1970s, he wrote songs for Tyrone Davis and Johnnie Taylor. He co-wrote the Dells’ R&B hit "Give Your Baby a Standing Ovation", which peaked at number 3 on the R&B chart and number 34 on the Hot 100 in 1973. Johnson continued to write songs at Motown way into the 1970s, he separated from the label. Johnson continued singing into the 1990s, releasing a solo album on the London-based Motorcity Records label, owned by Northern Soul DJ and Motown lover Ian Levine.
Johnson was one of the first and, according to Levine, one of "the most loyal and the most grateful" of all the former Motown artists he recorded. Two singles were released, "By Hook or by Crook" in 1988 and "Run Like a Rabbit" in 1989. Johnson died of a stroke on 16 May 1993, in Columbia, South Carolina, at the age of 54, he was interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in Detroit. His headstone reads "Motown Pioneer". In 2011, a compilation album featuring all songs recorded by Johnson during his second stay at Motown was released. I'll Pick a Rose for My Rose: The Complete Motown Recordings 1964–1971 was an authorised reissue of his Motown recordings, released under the Kent Soul label, an Ace Records subsidiary that releases Northern Soul music; the first eleven tracks are from his 1969 album, I'll Pick a Rose for My Rose, which includes the title track, its original B-side and "I Miss You Baby". It contains several unissued songs, such as "Farewell Is a Lonely Sound", mono mixes of his three Gordy singles.
In 2015, Marv Johnson was inducted into the Michigan Roll Legends Hall of Fame. Marvelous Marv Johnson - United Artists More Marv Johnson -
Ruth Alston Brown was an American singer-songwriter and actress, sometimes known as the "Queen of R&B". She was noted for bringing a pop music style to R&B music in a series of hit songs for Atlantic Records in the 1950s, such as "So Long", "Teardrops from My Eyes" and " He Treats Your Daughter Mean". For these contributions, Atlantic became known as "the house that Ruth built". Following a resurgence that began in the mid-1970s and peaked in the 1980s, Brown used her influence to press for musicians' rights regarding royalties and contracts, her performances in the Broadway musical Black and Blue earned Brown a Tony Award, the original cast recording won a Grammy Award. In 2017, Brown was inducted into National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame in Michigan. Born in Portsmouth, Brown was the eldest of seven siblings, she attended I. C. Norcom High School, legally segregated. Brown's father was a dockhand, he directed the local church choir at Emmanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, but the young Ruth showed more interest in singing at USO shows and nightclubs, rebelling against her father.
She was inspired by Sarah Vaughan, Billie Holiday, Dinah Washington. In 1945, aged 17, Brown ran away from her home in Portsmouth along with the trumpeter Jimmy Brown, whom she soon married, to sing in bars and clubs, she spent a month with Lucky Millinder's orchestra. Blanche Calloway, Cab Calloway's sister a bandleader, arranged a gig for Brown at the Crystal Caverns, a nightclub in Washington, D. C. and soon became her manager. Willis Conover, the future Voice of America disc jockey, caught her act with Duke Ellington and recommended her to Atlantic Records bosses Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson. Brown was unable to audition as planned because of a car crash, which resulted in a nine-month stay in the hospital, she signed with Atlantic Records from her hospital bed. In 1948, Ertegün and Abramson drove from New York City to Washington, D. C. to hear Brown sing. Her repertoire was popular ballads, but Ertegün convinced her to switch to rhythm and blues. In her first audition, in 1949, she sang "So Long", which became a hit.
This was followed by "Teardrops from My Eyes" in 1950. Written by Rudy Toombs, it was the first upbeat major hit for Brown. Recorded for Atlantic Records in New York City in September 1950 and released in October, it was Billboard's R&B number one for 11 weeks; the hit earned her the nickname "Miss Rhythm", within a few months, she became the acknowledged queen of R&B. She followed up this hit with "I'll Wait for You", "I Know", "5-10-15 Hours", " He Treats Your Daughter Mean", "Oh What a Dream", "Mambo Baby", "Don't Deceive Me", some of which were credited to Ruth Brown and the Rhythm Makers. Between 1949 and 1955, her records stayed on the R&B chart for a total of 149 weeks. Brown played many racially segregated dances in the southern states, where she toured extensively and was immensely popular, she claimed that a writer had once summed up her popularity by saying, "In the South Ruth Brown is better known than Coca-Cola."Her first pop hit came with "Lucky Lips", a song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller and recorded in 1957.
The single reached number 6 on the R&B chart and number 25 on the U. S. pop chart. The 1958 follow-up was "This Little Girl's Gone Rockin'", written by Bobby Darin and Mann Curtis, it reached number 24 on the pop chart. She had further hits with "I Don't Know" in 1959 and "Don't Deceive Me" in 1960, which were more successful on the R&B chart than on the pop chart. During the 1960s, Brown lived as a housewife and mother, she returned to music in 1975 at the urging of the comedian Redd Foxx, followed by a series of comedic acting jobs. These included roles in the sitcom Hello, the John Waters film Hairspray, the Broadway productions of Amen Corner and Black and Blue; the latter earned her a Tony Award as Best Actress in a Musical.. She is the aunt to legendary Hip-Hop MC Rakim. Brown's fight for musicians' rights and royalties in 1987 led to the founding of the Rhythm and Blues Foundation, she was inducted as a recipient of the Pioneer Award in its first year, 1989. She was inducted into the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame in 1992 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993.
Brown sang with the rhythm-and-blues singer Charles Brown. She toured with Bonnie Raitt in the late 1990s, her 1995 autobiography, Miss Rhythm, won the Gleason Award for music journalism. She appeared on Bonnie Raitt's 1995 live DVD Road Tested, singing "Never Make Your Move Too Soon", she was nominated for another Grammy in the Traditional Blues category for her 1997 album, R + B = Ruth Brown. In the 2000 television miniseries Little Richard, she was portrayed by singer Tressa Thomas, she hosted the radio program Blues Stage, carried by more than 200 NPR affiliates, for six years, starting in 1989. Brown was still touring at the age of 78, she had completed preproduction work on the Danny Glover film, which she did not live to finish, but her recording of "Things About Comin' My Way" was released posthumously on the soundtrack CD. Her last interview was in August 2006. Brown died in a Las Vegas–area hospital on November 17, 2006, from complications following a heart attack and stroke she suffered after surgery in the previous month.
She was 78 years old. A memorial concert for her was held on January 22, 2007, at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, New York. Brown is buried a
The Clovers are an American rhythm and blues/doo-wop vocal group who became one of the biggest selling acts of the 1950s. They had a top thirty US hit in 1959 with the Leiber and Stoller song "Love Potion No. 9". The group was formed at Armstrong High School, Washington, D. C. in 1946 by Harold Lucas, Billy Shelton and Thomas Woods. A trio, they expanded to a quartet with the addition of John "Buddy" Bailey and began calling themselves The Four Clovers. Billy Shelton was replaced by Matthew McQuater in 1948; as The Four Clovers, the group started to appear at local amateur music shows including the WWDC amateur hour show hosted by Jack Lowe Endler at the Republic Theatre. This brought them to the attention of a wider audience including Harold Winley who, after hearing them on WWDC, decided to introduce himself to the group. By the end of 1948 Woods had been replaced by Winley. An introduction to Lou Krefetz, a record sales distributor who became their manager, led to their first recording session for New York's Rainbow Records and the release of one single in November 1950, "Yes Sir, That's My Baby" / "When You Come Back to Me".
By the end of 1950 Bill Harris had joined as their guitarist. Krefetz brought them to the attention of Atlantic Records, which signed them in February 1951; the Clovers were booked by the Shaw Artists agency to perform at the Apollo Theater in Harlem starting on February 15. A week on February 22, they went into the studio for their first recording session for Atlantic, which included the Ahmet Ertegun composition "Don't You Know I Love You", their second recording session resulted in the release of "Fool, Fool" in August 1951, which by September had reached #1 on the R&B chart. The Clovers' lead vocalist, Buddy Bailey, was drafted into the army at the end of August 1951 and John Phillip was brought in to replace him. Philip was soon replaced by Charlie White, in the vocal groups The Dominoes and The Checkers; the tracks "One Mint Julep" and the Ertegun composition "Middle of the Night" were both top ten hits on the R&B chart of May 1952. Their next release, "Ting-A-Ling", peaked at #2 on the Billboard R&B chart and reached #1 on the Billboard Juke Box R&B chart.
They followed up this early success with a string of R&B hits, including "Hey Miss Fannie" / "I Played The Fool", "Good Lovin'" and "Little Mama" / "Lovey Dovey". By the end of 1953 White had been replaced by Billy Mitchell. Buddy Bailey rejoined the group; the releases "I've Got My Eyes On You" and "Your Cash Ain't Nothin' But Trash" featured in the top 30 best-selling R&B records of 1954, with "Lovey Dovey" proving to be the most successful Clovers release of that year. The Clovers continued to record with Mitchell now sharing lead vocal duties; the single "Blue Velvet" / "If You Love Me" was released in February 1955. In April the groupl recorded four tracks. "Devil or Angel" was entered the top five of the R&B chart in February. Their next release, "Love, Love", charted in the R&B top ten of June and reached the top 50 of the national chart in August. In April 1957 Quincy Jones arranged five tracks for the group, of which two—"So Young" and "I I I Love You"—were released as a double A-sided single, while "Pretty Pretty Eyes", "Baby Darling" and "Shakin'" were not issued.
Krefetz left Atlantic and formed Poplar Records in June 1957. The Clovers' Atlantic contract expired in July 1957 and Krefetz signed Mitchell in September as a solo artist to his Poplar label. In February 1958 Krefetz confirmed that Mitchell would continue recording with The Clovers as well as pursuing his solo career on Poplar. Krefetz signed The Clovers to Poplar Records in May 1958. Poplar was purchased by United Artists Records in 1959; the Clovers, now part of the United Artists' roster of acts, entered the studio for their first UA recording session in June 1959, which resulted in the July release of "Love Potion No. 9" featuring Billy Mitchell on lead vocals. "Love Potion No. 9" became the biggest hit of their career, peaking at #23 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart of November 1959. In 1961 their United Artists contract expired and they moved to Winley Records; the label was started in 1956 by brother of The Clovers' bass Harold Winley. Paul Winley had written songs for Big Joe Turner and Ruth Brown.
Winley Records had released songs featuring the former Clovers' vocalist Charlie White, "Nobody's Fault But Mine" / "Dearest To Me". However, their sojourn on Winley Records didn't prove successful, they disbanded in 1961; the break-up resulted in the creation of two new groups. John "Buddy" Bailey continued recording for Winley Records, releasing in 1961 "They're Rockin Down the Street"/"Be My Baby" credited to The Fabulous Clovers featuring Bailey. Harold Lucas and Billy Mitchell formed a new quartet with James "Toy" Walton and Robert Russell, recording four tracks for Atlantic in October 1961 which resulted in the December release of a dou
Music recording certification
Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by nation or territory. All countries follow variations of the RIAA certification categories, which are named after precious materials; the threshold required for these awards depends upon the population of the territory where the recording is released. They are awarded only to international releases and are awarded individually for each country where the album is sold. Different sales levels, some 10 times lower than others, may exist for different music media; the original gold and silver record awards were presented to artists by their own record companies to publicize their sales achievements. The first silver disc was awarded by Regal Zonophone to George Formby in December 1937 for sales of 100,000 copies of "The Window Cleaner"; the first gold disc was awarded by RCA Victor to Glenn Miller and His Orchestra in February 1942, celebrating the sale of 1.2 million copies of single "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
Another example of a company award is the gold record awarded to Elvis Presley in 1956 for one million units sold of his single "Don't Be Cruel". The first gold record for an LP was awarded by RCA Victor to Harry Belafonte in 1957 for the album Calypso, the first album to sell over 1,000,000 copies in RCA's reckoning. At the industry level, in 1958 the Recording Industry Association of America introduced its gold record award program for records of any kind, albums or singles, which achieved one million dollars in retail sales; these sales were restricted to U. S.-based record companies and did not include exports to other countries. For albums in 1968, this would mean shipping 250,000 units; the platinum certification was introduced in 1976 for the sale of one million units for albums and two million for singles, with the gold certification redefined to mean sales of 500,000 units for albums and one million for singles. No album was certified platinum prior to this year. For instance, the recording by Van Cliburn of the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto from 1958 would be awarded a platinum citation, but this would not happen until two decades after its release.
In 1999, the diamond certification was introduced for sales of ten million units. In the late 1980s, the certification thresholds for singles were dropped to match that of albums; the first official designation of a "gold record" by the Recording Industry Association of America was established for singles in 1958, the RIAA trademarked the term "gold record" in the United States. On 14 March 1958, the RIAA certified its first gold record, Perry Como's hit single "Catch a Falling Star"; the Oklahoma! Soundtrack was certified as the first gold album four months later. In 1976, RIAA introduced the platinum certification, first awarded to the Eagles compilation album Their Greatest Hits on 24 February 1976, to Johnnie Taylor's single "Disco Lady" on 22 April 1976; as music sales increased with the introduction of compact discs, the RIAA created the Multi-Platinum award in 1984. Diamond awards, honoring those artists whose sales of singles or albums reached 10,000,000 copies, were introduced in 1999.
In the 20th century, for a part of the first decade of the 21st, it was common for distributors to claim certifications based on their shipments – wholesale to retail outlets – which led to many certifications which outstripped the actual final retail sales figures. This became much less common once the majority of retail sales became paid digital downloads and digital streaming. In most countries certifications no longer apply to physical media but now include sales awards recognizing digital downloads. In June 2006, the RIAA certified the ringtone downloads of songs. Streaming from on-demand services such as Apple Music, Spotify and Napster has been included into existing digital certification in the U. S since 2013 and the U. K. and Germany since 2014. In the U. S. and Germany video streaming services like YouTube, VEVO, Yahoo! Music began to be counted towards the certification, in both cases using the formula of 100 streams being equivalent to one download. Other countries, such as Denmark and Spain, maintain separate awards for digital download singles and streaming.
The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry was founded in 1996, grants the IFPI Platinum Europe Award for album sales over one million within Europe and the Middle East. Multi-platinum Europe Awards are presented for sales in subsequent multiples of one million. Eligibility is unaffected by time, is not restricted to European-based artists; the Independent Music Companies Association was founded in 2000 to grow the independent music sector and promote independent music in the interests of artistic and cultural diversity. IMPALA sales awards were launched in 2005 as the first sales awards recognising that success on a pan-European basis begins well before sales reach one million; the award levels are Silver, Double Silver, Double Gold, Diamond and Double Platinum. Below are certification thresholds for the United States, United Kingdom and France; the numbers in the tables are in terms of "units", where a unit represents one sale or one shipment of a given medium. Certific
Brook Benton was an American singer and songwriter, popular with rock and roll and blues, pop music audiences during the late 1950s and early 1960s, with hits such as "It's Just a Matter of Time" and "Endlessly", many of which he co-wrote. He made a comeback in 1970 with the ballad "Rainy Night in Georgia." Benton scored over 50 Billboard chart hits as an artist, wrote hits for other performers. When Benton was young, he enjoyed gospel music, wrote songs and sang in a Methodist church choir in Lugoff, South Carolina, where his father, Willie Peay, was choir master. In 1948, he went to New York to pursue his music career, going in and out of gospel groups, such as The Langfordaires, The Jerusalem Stars and The Golden Gate Quartet. Returning to his home state, he joined a R&B singing group, The Sandmen, went back to New York to get a big break with his group; the Sandmen had limited success and their label, Okeh Records, decided to push Peay as a solo artist, changing his name to Brook Benton at the suggestion of label executive Marv Halsman.
Brook earned a good living by writing co-producing albums. He wrote songs for artists such as Clyde McPhatter and Roy Hamilton, he released his first minor hit, "A Million Miles from Nowhere", before switching to the Mercury label, which would bring him major success. He appeared in the 1957 film, Mr Rock And Roll with Alan Freed. In 1959, he made his breakthrough with hits like "It's Just a Matter of Time" and "Endlessly". "It's Just a Matter of Time" peaked at #3 on the United States Billboard Hot 100 chart, sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. "Endlessly" made it to #12. Both of the first two hits were written by Benton with Clyde Otis, they were offered to Nat King Cole, but when Otis became an A&R manager and producer at Mercury, he convinced Benton to sign with the label and record them himself, while asking Cole not to record the songs as planned. Benton followed this success with a series of hits, including "So Many Ways", "Hotel Happiness", "Think Twice", "Kiddio", "The Boll Weevil Song".
In 1960, he had two top 10 hit duets with Dinah Washington: "Baby" and "A Rockin' Good Way". In the mid 1960s, Benton recorded for RCA Records and Reprise Records with minimal commercial success. In 1968, he signed with Cotillion Records, a subsidiary of Atlantic Records, the following year, he enjoyed his last major hit with "Rainy Night in Georgia", written by Tony Joe White and produced and arranged by Arif Mardin. A million-seller which topped the Billboard R&B chart. Benton recorded a total of five albums with Mardin, including a gospel album, during his stay at Cotillion. Benton charted a total of 49 singles on the Billboard Hot 100, with other songs charting on Billboard′s rhythm and blues, easy listening, Christmas music charts; the last album made by Benton was Fools Rush In, released posthumously in 2005. He had records released on various other labels, including All-Platinum, Olde Worlde and Groove Records. Weakened from spinal meningitis, Brook died of pneumonia in Queens, New York City, at the age of 56 on April 9, 1988.
He was survived by his wife, Mary Benton, five children, Brook Jr. Vanessa, Roy and Benjamin, all of Queens. 1. "Brook Benton Today" hit #4 on the US RnB LP charts in 1970. Soulwalking.co.uk – Brook Benton Fan Page VH1.com – Artist Listing Tsimon.com – Brook Benton Fan Page http://www.shewins.com/bio.htm Brook Benton at Discogs Brook Benton at Find a Grave
A military discharge is given when a member of the armed forces is released from his or her obligation to serve. Each country's military has different types of discharge, they are based on whether the person completed their training and fully and satisfactorily completed their term of service. Other types of discharge are based on factors such as the quality of the person's service, whether their service had to be ended prematurely due to humanitarian or medical reasons, whether the person had been found to have drug or alcohol dependency issues and whether they were complying with treatment and counseling, or whether the person had demerits or punishments for infractions or were convicted of any crimes; these factors affect whether they will be asked or allowed to re-enlist and whether they qualify for benefits after their discharge. There are several reasons why someone may be discharged from the military, including expiration of enlistment, disability and hardship. Members of the British Armed Forces are to complete their service obligations before they may be considered for discharge.
Service personnel who attempt to leave before completing their length of service, without going through the appropriate channels, may be subject to criminal conviction. At the end of service in the Regular Forces, personnel have a compulsory reserve liability; the length of this liability depends on the Service and type of commission or engagement in which they entered and whether they are subject to the Reserve Forces Act 1980 or 1996. Types of dischargeNormal Service Leaver: personnel who A) are leaving on completion of engagement. Early Service Leaver: personnel who have been discharged either A) compulsorily from the trained or untrained strength, or B) at his/her own request from the trained strength or untrained strength having completed less than 4 years of service. Medical Discharge / Retirement: service is being terminated on medical grounds. Personnel would have attended a Medical Board that recommended the person's services be terminated on medical grounds. Army officers and other ranks must be interviewed by at least one of the following: Unit Welfare Officer Regimental Career Management Officer Regimental Sergeant Major Regimental Administrative Officer Commanding Officer Unit Resettlement Information Staff Individuals in the Royal Navy and Royal Marines who are not due for compulsory retirement but who wish to leave the Service, for whatever reason, before reaching the end of their Commission/Career/Engagement may apply for Early Termination, provided the conditions outlined in Chapter 54 of BR 3 - Naval Personnel Management are met.
Within the Naval Service, the term "retirement" applies to officers who complete the period of service required by their respective commissions. For officers of the trained strength, recommendations for termination of a commission must be reviewed by the Admiralty Board. Early Termination: Officers may apply to leave up until their Premature Termination of Career Training point, before the day they pass out of Britannia Royal Naval College, depends on their speciality. Ratings and Other Ranks have a "statutory right of discharge" after six months' service or after they turn 18. Invaliding: Personnel may be "invalided out" if they are found "permanently unfit for full naval service" by the Naval Service Medical Board of Survey. Resignation: This is a common civilian term used to refer to the termination of one's commission but in the Naval Service, the term "resignation" has a "special meaning". Despite common usage of the term, officers do not have the right to resign their commission. However, they may be permitted to do so under extenuating circumstances, at the discretion of their CO and with permission from the Admiralty Board.
Resignation is appropriate. Circumstances that would warrant resignation rather than the other types of discharge are where an individual holds actions or beliefs/attitudes that fundamentally conflict with the concept of military service; the primary consideration of the Admiralty Board's acceptance of resignation is the best interests of the Service. Officers who resign their commissions are not liable to serve in the Reserves but certain benefits such as retired pay and resettlement grant may be affected. Other types of discharges include: Compulsory Withdrawal from Training: When an officer's performance – whether professional, character or leadership – falls below the standard required after all appropriate warnings have been applied, this type of discharge may be invoked. Young Officers at the Britannia Royal Naval College or Commando Training Centre Royal Marines and Officer Candidates promoted from the Lower Deck who fail to complete initial training can be subjected to a CWFT. Pilots undergoing professional training would be suspended from flying duties.
Administrative Discharge: Officers whose performance or conduct falls below the standard required may be discharged from the Active List. Incapacity Due to Causes beyond the Officer's Control Unsuitability Due to Causes within the Officer's Control: service personnel may be discharged on grounds of "temperamental unsuitability"; the RN BR3 handbook defines TU as "a persistent and obvious failure by the individual to adapt to the basic, but unique demands of Service life". Misconduct Dismissal: Officers charged with offences under the Military Discipline Legislation. In exceptional cases, officers may be "dismissed with disgrace". Compassionate discharge: There are several types of compassionate disch
Tom Jones (singer)
Sir Thomas John Woodward, known professionally as Tom Jones, is a Welsh singer. His career has spanned six decades, from his emergence as a vocalist in the mid-1960s with a string of top hits, regular touring, appearances in Las Vegas, career comebacks—to coaching on The Voice UK from 2012. Jones's powerful voice has been described as a "full-throated, robust baritone", his performing range has included pop, R&B, show tunes, dance and gospel. In 2008, the New York Times called Jones a musical "shape shifter", who could "slide from soulful rasp to pop croon, with a voice as husky as it was pretty". Jones has sold over 100 million records with thirty-six Top 40 hits in the United Kingdom and nineteen in the United States, including "It's Not Unusual", "What's New Pussycat", the theme song for the 1965 James Bond film Thunderball, "Delilah", "Green, Green Grass of Home", "She's a Lady", "Kiss" and "Sex Bomb". Jones made his acting debut playing the leading role in the 1979 television film Pleasure Cove as well as playing himself in Tim Burton's 1996 film Mars Attacks!
In 2012, he played a dramatic role in an episode of Playhouse Presents. Jones received a Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 1966, an MTV Video Music Award in 1989, two Brit Awards: Best British Male in 2000 and the Outstanding Contribution to Music award in 2003. Jones was awarded an OBE in 1999 and in 2006 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for services to music. Jones was born Thomas John Woodward, at 57 Kingsland Terrace, Pontypridd, in Glamorgan, South Wales, his parents were Thomas Woodward, a coal miner, Freda Jones. Three of his grandparents were of English origin: his paternal grandfather, James Woodward, was an ironmonger's haulier from Gloucestershire, his paternal grandmother, Anne Woodward, was from Wiltshire, his maternal grandfather, Albert Jones, was Welsh, his maternal grandmother, Ada Jones, was born in Pontypridd, to parents from Somerset and Wiltshire. Jones attended Wood Road Infants School, Wood Road Junior School and Pontypridd Central Secondary Modern School, he began singing at an early age: he would sing at family gatherings, weddings and in his school choir.
Jones gained confidence through his singing talent. At 12 he was diagnosed with tuberculosis. Many years he said: "I spent two years in bed recovering, it was the worst time of my life." During convalescence he listen to music and draw. Jones's bluesy singing style developed out of the sound of American soul music, his early influences included blues and R&B singers Little Richard, Solomon Burke, Jackie Wilson and Brook Benton, as well as Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewis. In March 1957 Jones married his high school girlfriend, Linda Trenchard when they were expecting a child together, both aged 16; the couple's son, was born in the month following their wedding. To support his young family Jones took a job working in a glove factory and was employed in construction. Jones's voice has been described as a "full-throated, robust baritone", he became the frontman in 1963 for Tommy Scott and the Senators, a Welsh beat group. They soon gained a local reputation in South Wales. In 1964, the group recorded several solo tracks with producer Joe Meek, who took them to various labels, but they had little success.
That year, Decca producer Peter Sullivan saw Tommy Scott and the Senators performing in a club and directed them to manager Phil Solomon, but the partnership was short-lived. The group continued working men's clubs in South Wales. One night at the Top Hat in Cwmtillery, Jones was spotted by Gordon Mills, a London-based manager who originally hailed from South Wales. Mills became Jones's manager, took the young singer to London, renamed him "Tom Jones", to exploit the popularity of the Academy Award-winning 1963 film. Mills got Jones a recording contract with Decca, his first single, "Chills and Fever", was released in late 1964. It did not chart, but the follow-up, "It's Not Unusual", became an international hit after offshore pirate radio station Radio Caroline promoted it; the following year was the most prominent of Jones's career, making him one of the most popular vocalists of the British Invasion. In early 1965, "It's Not Unusual" reached No. 1 in the United Kingdom and the top ten in the United States.
During 1965, Mills secured a number of film themes for Jones to record, including the theme songs for the film What's New Pussycat? and for the James Bond film Thunderball. Jones was awarded the Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 1966. In Hollywood, Jones met Elvis Presley for the first time who he recalls singing his song as he walked towards him on set. In 1966, Jones's popularity began to slip somewhat, causing Mills to reshape the singer's image into that of a crooner. Jones began to sing material that appealed to a wider audience, such as the big country hit "Green, Green Grass of Home"; the strategy worked, Jones returned to the top of the charts in the UK and began hitting the Top 40 again in the US. For the remainder of the decade, he scored a string of hits on both sides of the Atlantic, including "I'll Never Fall in Love Again", "I'm Coming Home", "Delilah", each of which reached No. 2 in the UK chart. In 1967, Jones performed in Las Vegas for the first time at the Flamingo, his performances and style of dress became part of his stage act, featured his open, half-unbuttoned shirts and tight trousers.
He soon chose instead concentrating on his lucrative club performances. His shows at Caesars Palace