Clydesdale Bank £20 note

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Twenty pounds
(United Kingdom)
Value£20
Width149 mm
Height80 mm
Security featuresRaised print, metallic thread, watermark, microlettering, UV feature, holographic feature, see-through registration device
Paper typeCotton
Years of printing1838–present
2009–present (current design)
Obverse
DesignRobert the Bruce
Design date2009
Reverse
DesignNew Lanark
Design date2009

The Clydesdale Bank £20 note is a banknote of the pound sterling. It is the third largest denomination of banknote issued by the Clydesdale Bank; the current cotton note, first issued in 2009 bears a portrait of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce on the obverse and an image of New Lanark on the reverse.

History[edit]

The Clydesdale Bank began issuing £20 notes in 1838, the same year as the bank's founding. Early banknotes were monochrome, and printed on one side only; the issuing of banknotes by Scottish banks was regulated by the Banknote (Scotland) Act 1845 until it was superseded by the Banking Act 2009.[1] Though strictly not legal tender in Scotland, Scottish banknotes are nevertheless legal currency and are generally accepted throughout the United Kingdom. Scottish banknotes are fully backed such that holders have the same level of protection as those holding genuine Bank of England notes;[2] the £20 note is currently the third largest denomination of banknote issued by the Clydesdale Bank.[3]

The Famous Scots issue of the £20 note featuring the Scottish king Robert the Bruce was introduced in 1971.[4] On the reverse of this note are several images representing a statue of Robert the Bruce, the Monymusk reliquary, Stirling Castle, and a William Wallace monument; the note was updated in 2005 with the bank's new logo on the front, an image of the bank’s new Exchange building. A commemorative issue of the £20 note was produced in 1999 to celebrate Glasgow's designation as that year's UK City of Architecture and Design; this note has a portrait of the architrave Alexander Thomson on the front and an image of Charles Rennie Mackintosh's Lighthouse on the back alongside a representation of the dome of Holmwood House. Another commemorative note was issued in 2006 to celebrate the 700th anniversary of the coronation of Robert the Bruce; this note has Robert the Bruce's coat of arms on the front and a vignette celebrating the anniversary on the back.[5] The current World Heritage series £20 note was introduced in 2009; this note also features a portrait of Robert the Bruce on the front, and an image of the model industrial settlement of New Lanark on the back.[6]

Designs[edit]

Note First issued Colour Size Design Additional information
Famous Scots 1971 Pink 149 × 80 mm Front: Robert the Bruce; Back: Various images
World Heritage 2009 Pink 149 × 80 mm Front: Robert the Bruce; Back: New Lanark

Information taken from The Committee of Scottish Bankers website.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Banknote History". The Committee of Scottish Bankers. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Scottish and Northern Ireland Banknotes Factsheet" (PDF). Association of Commercial Banknote Issuers. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Current Banknotes : Clydesdale Bank". The Committee of Scottish Bankers. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  4. ^ "The Clydesdale Bank's "Famous Scots" Series 1971–2007". Coin News. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Banknote Design Features : Clydesdale Bank Famous Scots Series". The Committee of Scottish Bankers. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Banknote Design Features : Clydesdale Bank World Heritage Series". The Committee of Scottish Bankers. Retrieved 14 June 2016.

External links[edit]