Morton is a city and county seat of Cochran County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,006; this represented a 10.8% population decline since the 2000 Census. Famous cattle baron Christopher C. Slaughter died in 1919, in 1921, his heirs dissolved his cattle company. Slaughter's eldest daughter, Minnie Slaughter Veal, hired an agent to sell her share of the property, this agent - named Morton Smith - founded the town of Morton. In 1923, the townsite was platted, Smith's land office was on the east side of the square. In 1924, Morton became; the Slaughters were hoping that it would become county seat. Cochran County's western boundary is along the Texas - New Mexico border. Ranches continued to be sold as farmland throughout the 1920s. According to the Handbook of Texas, a family named Winder was so large that it doubled the population of Morton. Mrs. Mary Winder served as Morton's first postmistress. Since Cochran County was one of the last in the state to be broken out into farmland and settled, the motto for Morton became "The Last Frontier".
Morton was spared the fate of many Texas towns that shriveled and died after being bypassed by the railroad during the 1930s and 1940s. Morton being the county seat, plus having all that former rangeland newly broken out into farmland, attracted many new farming families to move in during that time, helped Morton not only survive, but to grow and thrive. In 1933, Morton was incorporated, with Henry Cox as the town's first mayor. Morton was the hometown of Lt. Col. George Andrew Davis, Jr. a World War II ace, killed in the Korean War. Morton is located in northeastern Cochran County at 33°43′30″N 102°45′34″W. At an altitude around 3,800 feet above mean sea level; the topography of the area is flat, with higher elevation to the western part of the county sloping downward to the east. Morton is located in what is known as the "Staked Plains" or Llano Estacado, in the southern portion of the Great Plains. Morton lies on the western extreme of the Central Time Zone, just over 16 miles east of the Mountain Time Zone.
It is 55 miles west of Lubbock and 79 miles southeast of New Mexico. The center of the city of Morton lies adjacent to the northwest corner of the intersection of State Highways 114 and 214. Morton has a semiarid climate. On average, Morton receives 18 inches of precipitation per year. Summers in Morton are hot, with high temperatures in the 90s °F and dropping into the 60s °F at nights; the highest recorded temperature was 110 °F in June 1994. Winter days in Morton are sunny and mild in the mid-50s °F, but nights are cold, with temperatures dipping to the mid-20s °F; the lowest recorded temperature was −12 °F in January 1963. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles, all of it land, except for Strickland Lake, a small, man-made pond located in the southwestern part of the city. About 20 miles to the north of Morton, along Texas State Highway 214 is the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, home to a large sandhill crane migration each autumn, year-round home to a sizable prairie dog town.
As of the census of 2010, 2,006 people, 717 households, 522 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,432.9 people per square mile. The 845 housing units averaged 603.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 61.1% Hispanic or Latino, 33.5% White alone, 4.4% Black, less than 1% other races. County-wide demographics are shown at. In 2010, of the 717 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were not families. About 11.3% were a man or woman living alone over the age of 65. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.33. In the city, the population was distributed as 25.6% under the age of 15, 8% from 15 to 19, 6.2% from ages 20–24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The city is served by the Morton Independent School District. The Morton High School mascot is the Indians; the school colors are black and gold, with white. Picture of Morton High School For many years, Morton was served by The Morton Tribune, a weekly newspaper that published on Thursdays, but went out of business sometime after 2010. Many of the townspeople are regular readers of the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, published in Lubbock and delivered to Morton daily; the Morton Memorial Cemetery is about 2 miles north of the city center on Highway 214, is a maintained final resting place for former members of the community. Remains of some Native Americans are buried there, with a large marker, on the western end of the cemetery. Cochran County website Handbook of Texas Online: Morton, Texas Map of Cochran County Photos of the Llano Estacado
Yoakum County, Texas
Yoakum County is a county located in the far western portion of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,879, its county seat is Plains. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1907, it is named for a Texas historian. Until the passage of a liquor sales referendum held on May 11, 2013, Yoakum had been one of nineteen remaining prohibition or dry counties within the state of Texas. Voters in Denver City approved a separate referendum to permit liquor sales within that community. In 1965, Recorded Texas Historic Landmark Number 5927 was placed at the county courthouse, acknowledging the creation of the county in 1876; until after 1900, the county contained nomadic buffalo hunters and a few scattered ranchers. Yoakum County was organized in 1907, the population increased to 602 because of the sale of state land deeds. Early tribes included Suma-Jumano, Comanche and Kiowa; the Texas legislature established Yoakum County from Bexar County in 1876. The county was organized in 1907, Plains became the county seat.
In 1900, the area had only twenty-six residents. There was only one ranch in the county that year devoted to cattle, rather than crops. Sale of state land after 1900 brought an increase in population. By 1910, there were 107 farms or ranches in the area, the population had increased to 602. By 1920, there were 109 ranches or farms in the area, but the population had fallen to 504. More than 21,000 cattle were reported that year. During the 1920s the county experienced a minor expansion of crop farming, cotton became the most important crop. There were 239 farms, the population had increased to 1,263; the first oil well in the county gushed in 1935. Denver City benefited with a resulting boom economy. By January 1, 1991 1,664,036,000 barrels of oil had been taken from county lands since 1936. Irrigation in the county led to more acres being planted on sorghum, alfalfa and castor beans. In 1982, 93 percent of the land in Yoakum County was in farms and ranches, 44 percent of the farmland was under cultivation.
Some 110,000 acres were irrigated. About 95 percent of agricultural revenue was derived from crops cotton, wheat and corn. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles all of, land. U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 380 State Highway 83 State Highway 214 Cochran County Terry County Gaines County Lea County, New Mexico As of the census of 2000, there were 7,322 people, 2,469 households, 2,007 families residing in the county; the population density was 9 people per square mile. There were 2,974 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.62% White, 1.39% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 25.48% from other races, 1.65% from two or more races. 45.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,469 households out of which 43.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.80% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.70% were non-families.
17.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.34. In the county, the population was spread out with 32.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,672, the median income for a family was $36,772. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $19,913 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,504. About 17.60% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.00% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over. Denver City Plains Allred Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Yoakum County Dry counties Youkum County government’s website Yoakum County from the Handbook of Texas Online TxGenWeb Yoakum County Memories Yoakum County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Texas State Highway 114
State Highway 114 is a state highway that runs from the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex westward across Texas to the state border with New Mexico, where it becomes New Mexico State Road 114, which ends at Elida, New Mexico at US 70 / NM 330. The route was designated on April 14, 1926 as connector between Dallas and Rhome. In June 1932, SH 114 extended to Bridgeport. On February 12, 1935, an extension northward from Chico to Sunset was added. On July 15, 1935, the section from Chico to Sunset was cancelled; this section was restored on August 1, 1938. On October 6, 1943, the section of SH 114 from US 77 in Dallas to US 67 was cancelled. On January 7, 1971, SH 114 was relocated in Bridgeport; this route remained little changed until November 3, 1972, when it was extended northward from Sunset to Bowie. Major rerouting was made on November 24, 1975, when the route was redirected west over U. S. Highway 380, U. S. Highway 281, former SH 199, U. S. Highway 82 from Bridgeport to Lubbock, with the stretch from Bridgeport to Bowie renumbered as SH 101.
On December 14, 1977, the route was extended to the New Mexico border, replacing SH 116. The connecting NM 116 was renumbered to NM 114. On August 2, 1985, Delta Air Lines Flight 191 crossed this route shortly before crashing on approach to Dallas/Fort Worth Airport. One of the aircraft's engines struck a car on the roadway killing its occupant. Highway 114 starts at the New Mexico border about 17 miles west of Texas; the route passes through Whiteface and Smyer as Levelland Highway before joining 19th Street in Lubbock. SH 114 crosses over Loop 289 and while crossing over US 82 joins with US 62, forming the southern edge of the Texas Tech University campus. After crossing US 84, the highway veers northeast, joining US 82 before crossing over Loop 289 and leaving Lubbock as Idalou Road. Past Lubbock, SH 114 passes through the rural towns of Idalou, Ralls, Dickens, Benjamin, Red Springs, Seymour, where US 82 splits north off of SH 114. From there, the highway passes through Megargal, Olney and Jermyn before entering Jacksboro with US 281.
In Jacksboro, SH 114 joins US US 281 splits off to the south as SH 114 continues east. Past Jacksboro, SH 114 passes through Runaway Bay, where SH 114 splits off of US 380, Boyd, Rhome running concurrent with US 81 and US 287 before entering Fort Worth and passing the Texas Motor Speedway and crossing I-35W. In the DFW Metroplex, SH 114 goes through Roanoke, crossing US 377 and becoming a freeway, the Northwest Parkway; the highway passes through Westlake and Grapevine. There, SH 114 forms the northern edge of the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport with SH 121; the highway becomes the John W. Carpenter Highway as it travels southeast to its eastern terminus at SH 183. A road was designated on February 21, 1938, from SH 114 to SH 121; this was renumbered as Loop 10 on September 26, 1939. SH 114 has four current business routes. Business State Highway 114-B is a Business Loop that runs from SH 114 on the west side of Levelland south along West Street east through the downtown area on Houston Street to an intersection with US 385.
The road turns left, concurrent with US 385, until intersecting once again at SH 114. The road was designated as Loop 44 on September 26, 1939 as a renumbering of SH 24 Spur, but was changed to Business SH 114-B on January 26, 1993, is 1.594 miles long. Business State Highway 114-J is a Business Spur that goes east into Rhome from the intersection of US 81/US 287 and SH 114 west; the route runs along Rhome Avenue to an intersection with Business US 81-E. It is part of a previous route of SH 114; the Business route was designated on May 31, 1972 as Texas State Highway Spur 440, but was changed to its current designation on June 21, 1990 and is 0.329 miles long. Note that an earlier Spur 440 was designated on October 3, 1966 as a spur of SH 34 in Ennis; this was cancelled on or before the day the Spur 440 was designated. Business State Highway 114-K is a business loop; this route runs on Byron Nelson Boulevard, along a previous route of SH 114. The business route was created in 2001 when SH 114 was rerouted further east around town.
The route is 1.787 miles long. Business State Highway 114-L is a business loop; this route runs east on Northwest Highway to an intersection with Texan Trail turns right to go southbound there. The road continues until it reaches SH 114/SH 121; the portion of the business route along Texan Trail is concurrent with SH 26. The route was designate on April 18, 1963, as Texas State Highway Loop 382, until June 21, 1990, when the road's designation as Loop 382 was discontinued; the route is 2.074 miles long. There is one former Business Route along SH 114. Business State Highway 114-H was located in Bridgeport between June 21, 1990 and March 29, 2007 and was 1.3 miles long. The route went east along Halsell Avenue from an intersection with SH 114, to an intersection with 13th Street turned right until another intersection with SH 114; this route had been designated Loop 373 on November 1, 1962.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, are most classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat, for milk, for hides, which are used to make leather, they are used as riding animals and draft animals. Another product of cattle is dung, which can be used to create fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. Cattle small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets. Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a mapped genome; some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, cattle raiding one of the earliest forms of theft. Cattle were identified as three separate species: Bos taurus, the European or "taurine" cattle.
The aurochs is ancestral to both taurine cattle. These have been reclassified as one species, Bos taurus, with three subspecies: Bos taurus primigenius, Bos taurus indicus, Bos taurus taurus. Complicating the matter is the ability of cattle to interbreed with other related species. Hybrid individuals and breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu, but between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos – yaks and gaur. Hybrids such as the beefalo breed can occur between taurine cattle and either species of bison, leading some authors to consider them part of the genus Bos, as well; the hybrid origin of some types may not be obvious – for example, genetic testing of the Dwarf Lulu breed, the only taurine-type cattle in Nepal, found them to be a mix of taurine cattle and yak. However, cattle cannot be hybridized with more distantly related bovines such as water buffalo or African buffalo; the aurochs ranged throughout Europe, North Africa, much of Asia. In historical times, its range became restricted to Europe, the last known individual died in Mazovia, Poland, in about 1627.
Breeders have attempted to recreate cattle of similar appearance to aurochs by crossing traditional types of domesticated cattle, creating the Heck cattle breed. The noun cattle encompasses both sexes; the singular, technically means the female, the male being bull. The plural form cows is sometimes used colloquially to refer to both sexes collectively, as e.g. in a herd, but that usage can be misleading as the speaker's intent may indeed be just the females. The bovine species per se is dimorphic. Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals, it was borrowed from Anglo-Norman catel, itself from medieval Latin capitale'principal sum of money, capital', itself derived in turn from Latin caput'head'. Cattle meant movable personal property livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property; the word is a variant of chattel and related to capital in the economic sense. The term replaced earlier Old English feoh ` property', which survives today as fee; the word "cow" came via Anglo-Saxon cū, from Common Indo-European gʷōus = "a bovine animal", compare Persian: gâv, Sanskrit: go-, Welsh: buwch.
The plural cȳ became ki or kie in Middle English, an additional plural ending was added, giving kine, but kies and others. This is the origin of the now archaic English plural, "kine"; the Scots language singular is coo or cou, the plural is "kye". In older English sources such as the King James Version of the Bible, "cattle" refers to livestock, as opposed to "deer" which refers to wildlife. "Wild cattle" may refer to undomesticated species of the genus Bos. Today, when used without any other qualifier, the modern meaning of "cattle" is restricted to domesticated bovines. In general, the same words are used in different parts of the world, but with minor differences in the definitions; the terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British-influenced parts of the world such as Canada, New Zealand and the United States. An "intact" adult male is called a bull. A wild, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia. An unbranded bovine of either sex is called a maverick in the Canada.
An adult female that has had a calf is a cow. A young female before she has had a calf of her own and is under three years of age is called a heifer. A young female that has had only one calf is called a first-calf heifer. Young cattle of both sexes are called calves until they are weaned weaners until they are a year old in some areas. After that, they are referred to as stirks if between one and two years of age. A castrated male is called a steer in the United States.
Bailey County, Texas
Bailey County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,165; this county is east from the New Mexico state line. Its county seat is Muleshoe; the county was created in 1876 and organized in 1919. It is named for a defender of the Alamo. Bailey County was one of 30 prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas, but is now a wet county. Bailey County history is highlighted in the Muleshoe Heritage Center located off U. S. Highways 70 and 64 in Muleshoe; the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, located in the county, was founded in 1935 and is the oldest such refuge in Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 827 square miles, of which 827 square miles are land and 0.7 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 84 State Highway 214 Parmer County Lamb County Cochran County Roosevelt County, New Mexico Curry County, New Mexico Grulla National Wildlife Refuge Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, 7,165 people resided in the county.
About 75.3% were White, 1.4% Native American, 1.2% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 19.6% of some other race, 2.0% of two or more races. As of the census of 2000, 6,594 people, 2,348 households, 1,777 families resided in the county; the population density was eight people per square mile. The 2,738 housing units averaged three per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 66.68% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 28.60% from other races, 2.65% from two or more races. Of the 2,348 households, 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were not families. About 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.28. In the county, the population was distributed as 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,901, for a family was $32,898. Males had a median income of $25,150 versus $18,309 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,979. About 13.50% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over. Most of Bailey County is served by the Muleshoe Independent School District, which extends into neighboring counties. Farwell Independent School District and Sudan Independent School District, which are based in nearby counties, extend into Bailey County and serve small portions of it. Muleshoe Bula Circle Back Enochs Maple Needmore Virginia City Dry counties Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Bailey County Official website Bailey County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Bailey County from the Texas Almanac Bailey County from the TXGenWeb Project Bailey County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Lea County, New Mexico
Lea County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,727; because of oil lease sales in September 2018, the population is expected to double. Its county seat is Lovington, it is both north of the Texas state line. Lea County comprises NM Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,394 square miles, of which 4,391 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water. Lea County is located in the southeast corner of borders Texas to the south and east; the Permian Basin, 250 miles wide and 350 miles long, underlies Lea County and adjacent Eddy County as well as a big piece of West Texas. It produces 500,00 barrels of crude a day, this number was expected to double in 2019; the shale in this basin lies 3,000 to 15,000 feet below the surface, below a salt bed and a groundwater aquifer. As of the 2000 census, there were 55,511 people, 19,699 households, 14,715 families residing in the county.
The population density was 13 people per square mile. There were 23,405 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 67.13% White, 4.37% Black or African American, 0.99% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 23.81% from other races, 3.27% from two or more races. 39.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 19,699 households out of which 39.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.30% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.20. In the county, the population was spread out with 30.10% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from 45 to 64, 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years.
For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,799, the median income for a family was $34,665. Males had a median income of $32,005 versus $20,922 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,184. About 17.30% of families and 21.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 14.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 64,727 people, 22,236 households, 16,260 families residing in the county; the population density was 14.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 24,919 housing units at an average density of 5.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 75.0% white, 4.1% black or African American, 1.2% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 16.6% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 51.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 9.3% were German, 7.6% were Irish, 7.2% were English, 6.3% were American.
Of the 22,236 households, 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families, 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.30. The median age was 31.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $43,910 and the median income for a family was $48,980. Males had a median income of $44,714 versus $25,847 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,637. About 15.2% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over. The following public-use airports are located in the county: Lea County Regional Airport – Hobbs Lea County-Jal Airport – Jal Lea County-Zip Franklin Memorial Airport – Lovington Tatum Airport – Tatum In the 2004 Presidential election, Lea County was the top New Mexico county, as far as percentage, for Republican George W. Bush.
He beat John Kerry 79%-20%. In 2008, the Republican candidate John McCain beat Democratic candidate Barack Obama by a wide but smaller margin, 72% to 27%. Eunice Hobbs Jal Lovington Tatum Monument Nadine North Hobbs Caprock Crossroads Maljamar McDonald Lea County had produced several National Rodeo Champions starting with Jake McClure starting back in 1930. Troy Fort. More recent Champions are from the Cooper family and Roy; this family is from southwest of Hobbs. All of these men have been National Champions. Several golfers have made it to the PGA and most famous is Kathy Whitworth, an LPGA Hall of Famer; the men Golfers include Sean Murphy and Chris Blocker. Ronnie and Sean were from Chris from Hobbs and Kathy from Jal. Brian Urlacher, Chicago Bears football linebacker, represented Lea County in the National Football League. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lea County, New Mexico
Texas's 19th congressional district
Texas' Nineteenth Congressional District of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves the upper midwestern portion of the state of Texas The district includes portions of the State from Lubbock to Abilene. The current Representative from the 19th District is Republican Jodey Arrington. District 19's current boundaries were drawn up during the controversial 2003 Texas State Legislature Redistricting made famous by the Texas Eleven; the district was redrawn in such a way that two Congressional incumbents and Democrat Charlie Stenholm, were pitted against one another in the 2004 Congressional elections. Neugebauer won with over 58% of the vote; the border runs along the western boundary with New Mexico, runs along county borders to include far reaching cities. The area is predominantly rural, with the exceptions of Abilene and Lubbock, includes many state parks and farms; this is one of the most conservative districts in the nation. It has not supported a Democratic presidential candidate since 1964.
Republicans have held the seat since 1985. In the last three decades, a Democrat has only won 40 percent of the vote in this district twice, in 1984 and 2004. Much of this region continued to elect conservative Democrats to local offices and the Texas Legislature until 1994. Since the mid-1990s, Republicans have dominated every level of government. There are no elected Democrats left above the county level, Republicans win most races by 70 percent or more of the vote; the district voted 77% for George W. Bush in 2004 and 71% for John McCain in 2008. List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present "Current Election History". Office of the Secretary of State of Texas. Archived from the original on November 8, 2006.
Retrieved November 20, 2012