Sevierville is a city in and the county seat of Sevier County, located in Eastern Tennessee. The population was 14,807 at the 2010 United States Census and 16,355 according to the 2014 census estimate. Native Americans of the Woodland period were among the first human inhabitants of what is now Sevierville, they arrived some time around 200 A. D. and lived in villages scattered around the area known as Forks-of-the-River. Between 1200 and 1500 A. D. during the Dallas Phase of the Mississippian period, a group of Native Americans established McMahan Mound Site, a large village centered on a platform mound and surrounded by a palisade just above the confluence of the West Fork and the Little Pigeon River. This mound was 16 feet high and 240 feet across. An excavation in 1881 unearthed burial sites, arrowheads, a marble pipe, glass beads and engraved objects. At the time of this first excavation, the mound was located on a farm owned by the McMahan family, was thus given the name "McMahan Indian Mound."
By the early 18th century, the Cherokee controlled much of the Tennessee side of the Smokies and had established a series of settlements along the Little Tennessee River. A section of the Great Indian Warpath forked at the mouth of Boyd's Creek, just north of Sevierville; the main branch crossed the French Broad and continued along Dumplin Creek to the Nolichucky basin in northeastern Tennessee. The other branch, known as the Tuckaleechee and Southeastern Trail, turned south along the West Fork of the Little Pigeon River; this second branch forked again at modern-day Pigeon Forge, with the main trail turning east en route to Little River and the other branch, known as Indian Gap Trail, crossing the crest of the Smokies to the south and descending into the Oconaluftee area of North Carolina. The various Cherokee trails crossing Sevier County brought the first Euro-American traders and settlers to the area. European long hunters and traders arrived in the Sevierville area in the mid-18th century.
Isaac Thomas, the most notable of these early traders, was well respected by the Cherokee and may have lived at the Overhill town of Chota at one time. Europeans like Thomas were in the area in search of animal furs, which they exchanged for manufactured goods; as settlers began to trickle into East Tennessee, relations with the Cherokee began to turn hostile. During the Revolutionary War, the Cherokee, who had aligned themselves with the British, launched sporadic attacks against the sparse settlements in the Tennessee Valley. In December 1780, Col. John Sevier, fresh off a victory against the British at King's Mountain, launched a punitive expedition against the Cherokee. Sevier defeated the Cherokee at the Battle of Boyd's Creek and proceeded to destroy several Cherokee settlements along the Little Tennessee. A temporary truce secured by James White in 1783 led to an influx of Euro-American settlers in the French Broad valley. Hugh Henry erected a small fort near the mouth of Dumplin Creek in 1782 known as Henry's Station.
He was joined the following year by Samuel Newell, who established Newell's Station along Boyd's Creek, Joshua Gist, who settled near the creek's mouth. Other early forts in the area included Willson's Station at the confluence of the East and Middle Fork of the Little Pigeon and Wear's Fort at the junction of the Southeastern and Tuckaleechee Trail and Indian Gap Trail; the Cherokee signed away all rights to what is now Sevier County in the 1785 Treaty of Dumplin, negotiated at Henry's Station. In 1783, Isaac Thomas established a farm, trading post, tavern at the confluence of the West Fork and the Little Pigeon River, he was joined shortly thereafter by Spencer Clack and James McMahan, a community known as "Forks of the Little Pigeon" developed around them. In 1789, Reverend Richard Wood established Forks-of-the-River Baptist Church, which reported a congregation of 22 in 1790. By 1795, the congregation had 94 members. Sevier County was named after John Sevier. At a meeting at Thomas' house the following year, the Forks-of-the-Little-Pigeon area was chosen as the county seat and renamed "Sevierville."
James McMahan donated a 25-acre tract of land for erecting a town square. This tract was parceled out into lots of 0.5 acres that purchasers were required to build brick, framed, or stone structures on. The first Sevier County Courthouse was built in 1796. According to local legend, court was held in a flea-infested abandoned stable before its construction; the lore suggests that irritated lawyers paid an unknown person a bottle of whiskey to burn down the stable, forcing the new county to build an actual courthouse. As the county grew, several large farms were established in the fertile Boyd's Creek area. In 1792, Andrew Evans purchased a tract of land near the mouth of Boyd's Creek and built a ferry near the site of the old ford. In 1798, he sold the farm to John Brabson, it became known as Brabson's Ferry Plantation. In the early 1790s, Thomas Buckingham established a large farm between Sevierville, he went on to become the county's first sheriff. In the early 19th century, Timothy Chandler and his son, John Chandler, established the Wheatlands plantation in Boyd's Creek.
As towns situated along the French Broad are connected via waterway to New Orleans, flatboat trade flourished along the river in the early 19th century. In 1793, James Hubbert, who lived along Dumplin Creek, established Hubbert's Flat Landing to trade with flatboats moving up and down the river. In the early 19th century and Asheville were connected via Route 17, a crude road that followed the banks of the French Broad; this new road gave Tennessee's cattle drovers greater acc
Pigeon River (Tennessee–North Carolina)
The Pigeon River of western North Carolina and east Tennessee rises above Canton, North Carolina, is impounded by Walters Dam, enters Tennessee, flows into the French Broad River, just past Newport, Tennessee. The river traverses the Pisgah National Forest and the Cherokee National Forest, drains much of the northeastern Great Smoky Mountains National Park; the river takes its name from the passenger pigeon, an extinct bird whose migration route once included the river valley in North Carolina. The Pigeon River arises in southeastern Haywood County, North Carolina, flows northwest for most of its length. However, near Pressley Mountain it turns northeast for about four miles and in town of Canton, where it is utilized by the local paper mill, it turns north. After Canton it turns due west for about five miles, before resuming its northwest trend at about Clyde. From Canton, the Pigeon River flows parallel to Interstate 40 for many miles, it is impounded by the Walters Dam of Progress Energy creating the narrow Waterville Lake.
It enters Tennessee just after the village of Waterville, continues with I-40 in the same valley northwestward through Hartford to Newport, where I-40 heads west, the Pigeon River flows north into the French Broad River. The Pigeon River dam was started in 1927 and was completed in 1930; the project was started by Carolina Power & Light and was completed by its affiliate Phoenix Electric Co. The concrete dam is 180 ft high by 800 ft long; the brick power plant is 6.2 miles from the dam. A tunnel 6.2 miles long stretches from the dam to the power plant. The floods following the series of storms spawned by Hurricanes Frances and Ivan in September 2004 have changed the character of the river; the rains lasted. Portions of the towns of Canton and Clyde were underwater, there was significant damage to a large portion of both towns. Farther upstream. Part of Interstate 40 collapsed into the river gorge because of the force of the floodwaters; this began when trees on the hill beside the highway fell in the river, followed by the soil the trees had held in place.
The shoulder gave way, a guardrail ended up just hanging. A large paper mill in Canton was the primary source of considerable dioxin and particulate matter pollution discharged into the Pigeon River; the pollution situation in the river became a minor issue in the campaign for the 1988 Presidential election. As Al Gore started his first run for the Presidency, Newsweek magazine reported that Gore was pressured by North Carolina Senator Terry Sanford and Congressman Jamie Clarke to ease up on his campaign against Champion's wastewater discharges into the Pigeon River. According to Newsweek, Gore complied with their request, writing to the United States Environmental Protection Agency to oppose tighter water pollution control requirements; this issue came up again during the 2000 Presidential election. Recreational rafting is popular in two sections of the Upper and the Lower. Both sections are found in Tennessee; the Upper section features Class III-IV whitewater rapids. The Lower section features "more modest" waves.
List of rivers of Tennessee Bartlett, Richard A.. Troubled Waters: Champion International and the Pigeon River Controversy. University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 978-0-87049-888-6. Retrieved July 20, 2015
U.S. Route 25E
U. S. Route 25E is the eastern branch of U. S. Route 25 from Newport, where US 25 splits into US 25E and US 25W, to North Corbin, where the two highways rejoin; the road, continues as US 25E for 2 miles until it joins Interstate 75 in North Corbin. All of US 25E in Tennessee is now a National Scenic Byway. A portion of US 25E in Tennessee is designated as Appalachian Development Corridor S; the corridor follows US 25E between I-81 in White State Route 63 in Harrogate. US 25E has been included in the U. S. Highway System since the system's inception in 1926. US 25E is concurrent with unsigned Tennessee State Route 32 for its entire length in Tennessee. Northbound US 25 and westbound US 70 leave Newport concurrent with one another. At an intersection west of town, US 25 splits into two highways: US 25E, which heads north from this point, US 25W, which continues west along US 70. US 25E crosses over Douglas Lake south of Baneberry. Between White Pine and Witt, the highway has an interchange with Interstate 81.
North of the Interstate, the road widens out to four lanes, receives the Appalachian Development designation "Corridor S". US 25E intersects US 11E east of Morristown, it crosses Cherokee Lake. Near Bean Station, US 25E joins US 11W; the two roads split 3 miles west of Bean Station, US 25E continues northwest to Tazewell. Northwest of Tazewell, the road bridges the Powell River, passes through Harrogate. In the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, US 25E serves as the western terminus of US 58. US 25E used that highway en route to the Cumberland Gap prior to 1996, however, it now uses a new highway leading to the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, freeing up a portion of road that US 58 now uses. US 25E passes through the tunnel, emerging on the other side in Kentucky. US 25E remains a multilane divided highway for its entire extent in Kentucky. Upon departing the tunnel, the road heads west to the town of Middlesboro, where it intersects KY 74. US 25E turns north at Middlesboro toward the county seat of Bell County.
In Pineville, the route is the western terminus of US 119. US 25E departs Pineville and heads northwest, indirectly serving Tinsley via KY 92, crossing into Knox County, bypassing Flat Lick to the west; the route makes an S-shaped curve, dipping south turning back northwest as it approaches Barbourville. After serving the east side of Barbourville, the highway passes near Heidrick and runs through Baileys Switch. Between Baileys Switch and Gray, US 25E turns more east–west. After running through Gray, the route serves as the northern terminus of KY 3041; the road reunites with US 25W north of Corbin, the unsuffixed US 25 continues to points north. However, the US 25E designation continues west to Interstate 75, where it ends at Exit 29. Before the Cumberland Gap Tunnel was opened in 1996, US 25E passed through the Cumberland Gap in Virginia. Prior to the U. S. highway system's arrival, Virginia's State Highway 10 began at the Cumberland Gap and proceeded to Bristol. A short spur south to Tennessee was soon added, becoming State Route 107 in the 1923 renumbering and State Route 100 in the 1928 renumbering.
Early U. S. Highway planning assigned the number U. S. Route 411 to SR 10 through Cumberland Gap to Kentucky, no number to SR 107. By the final 1926 plan, US 411 was truncated to Cumberland Gap, US 25E ran from Tennessee to Kentucky along SR 10 and SR 107; the State Route numbers were dropped in the 1933 renumbering. The Cumberland Gap Tunnel opened in 1996 bypassing Cumberland Gap and Virginia. U. S. Route 58 was moved to a new alignment, meeting US 25E in Tennessee, US 25E was decommissioned through Virginia; as it lay within the boundaries of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, the National Park Service now controls the former road, decided to return it to its pre-pavement state. The pavement was torn up, old US 25E is now a dirt path; the northern section of US 25E from the Kentucky State line to Tazewell, along with the junctioning Tennessee SR-33 between Tazewell and Knoxville, were the inspiration for the song "The Ballad of Thunder Road", in which a moonshiner runs illegal whiskey from Kentucky to Tennessee along this route.
U. S. Roads portal Kentucky portal Tennessee portal US 25 at KentuckyRoads.com Kentucky Transportation Cabinet Tennessee Department of Transportation
Knoxville is a city in the U. S. state of Tennessee, the county seat of Knox County. The city had an estimated population of 186,239 in 2016 and a population of 178,874 as of the 2010 census, making it the state's third largest city after Nashville and Memphis. Knoxville is the principal city of the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which, in 2016, was 868,546, up 0.9 percent, or 7,377 people, from to 2015. The KMSA is, in turn, the central component of the Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette Combined Statistical Area, which, in 2013, had a population of 1,096,961. First settled in 1786, Knoxville was the first capital of Tennessee; the city struggled with geographic isolation throughout the early 19th century. The arrival of the railroad in 1855 led to an economic boom. During the Civil War, the city was bitterly divided over the secession issue, was occupied alternately by both Confederate and Union armies. Following the war, Knoxville grew as a major wholesaling and manufacturing center.
The city's economy stagnated after the 1920's as the manufacturing sector collapsed, the downtown area declined and city leaders became entrenched in partisan political fights. Hosting the 1982 World's Fair helped reinvigorate the city, revitalization initiatives by city leaders and private developers have had major successes in spurring growth in the city the downtown area. Knoxville is the home of the flagship campus of the University of Tennessee, whose sports teams, called the "Volunteers" or "Vols", are popular in the surrounding area. Knoxville is home to the headquarters of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Tennessee Supreme Court's courthouse for East Tennessee and the corporate headquarters of several national and regional companies; as one of the largest cities in the Appalachian region, Knoxville has positioned itself in recent years as a repository of Appalachian culture and is one of the gateways to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The first people to form substantial settlements in what is now Knoxville arrived during the Woodland period.
One of the oldest artificial structures in Knoxville is a burial mound constructed during the early Mississippian culture period. The earthwork mound is now surrounded by the University of Tennessee campus. Other prehistoric sites include an Early Woodland habitation area at the confluence of the Tennessee River and Knob Creek, Dallas Phase Mississippian villages at Post Oak Island, at Bussell Island. By the 18th century, the Cherokee had become the dominant tribe in the East Tennessee region, although they were at war with the Creek and Shawnee; the Cherokee people called the Knoxville area kuwanda'talun'yi, which means "Mulberry Place." Most Cherokee habitation in the area was concentrated in the Overhill settlements along the Little Tennessee River, southwest of Knoxville. The first white traders and explorers were recorded as arriving in the Tennessee Valley in the late 17th century, though there is significant evidence that Hernando de Soto visited Bussell Island in 1540; the first major recorded Euro-American presence in the Knoxville area was the Timberlake Expedition, which passed through the confluence of the Holston and French Broad into the Tennessee River in December 1761.
Henry Timberlake, en route to the Over hill settlements along the Little Tennessee River, recalled being pleasantly surprised by the deep waters of the Tennessee after having struggled down the shallow Holston for several weeks. The end of the French and Indian War and confusion brought about by the American Revolution led to a drastic increase in Euro-American settlement west of the Appalachians. By the 1780's, white settlers were established in the Holston and French Broad valleys; the U. S. Congress ordered all illegal settlers out with little success; as settlers continued to trickle into Cherokee lands, tensions between the settlers and the Cherokee rose steadily. In 1786, James White, a Revolutionary War officer, his friend James Connor built White's Fort near the mouth of First Creek, on land White had purchased three years earlier. In 1790, White's son-in-law, Charles McClung—who had arrived from Pennsylvania the previous year—surveyed White's holdings between First Creek and Second Creek for the establishment of a town.
McClung drew up 64 0.5-acre lots. The waterfront was set aside for a town common. Two lots were set aside for a graveyard. Four lots were set aside for a school; that school was chartered as Blount College and it served as the starting point for the University of Tennessee, which uses Blount College's founding date of 1794, as its own. In 1790, President George Washington appointed North Carolina surveyor William Blount governor of the newly created Territory South of the River Ohio. One of Blount's first tasks was to meet with the Cherokee and establish territorial boundaries and resolve the issue of illegal settlers; this he accomplished immediately with the Treaty of Holston, negotiated and signed at White's Fort in 1791. Blount wanted to place the territorial capital at the confluence of the Clinch River and Tennessee River, but when the Cherokee refused to cede this land, Blount chose White's Fort, which McClung had surveyed the previous year. Blount named the new capital Knoxville after Revolutionary War general and Secretary of War Henry Knox, who at the time was Blount's immediate superior.
Problems arose from the Holston Treaty. Blount believed that he had "purchased" mu
Interstate 40 in Tennessee
Interstate 40 traverses the entirety of the state of Tennessee from west to east, running from the Mississippi River at the Arkansas border to the northern base of the Great Smoky Mountains at the North Carolina border. The road connects Tennessee's three largest cities—Memphis and Knoxville—and crosses all of Tennessee's physiographical provinces and Grand Divisions—the Mississippi Embayment and Gulf Coastal Plain in West Tennessee, the Highland Rim and Nashville Basin in Middle Tennessee, the Cumberland Plateau, Appalachian Valley and Ridge Province, Blue Ridge Province in East Tennessee; the Tennessee section of I-40 is 452 miles long, the longest of any state. I-40 enters Tennessee from Arkansas via the six lane Hernando de Soto Bridge, which spans the Mississippi River at river mile 736. Within the city of Memphis, the interstate passes across the southern half of Mud Island before crossing the Wolf River Harbor into downtown Memphis. Throughout Memphis, the highway contains a minimum of six through lanes, except through major interchanges.
About one mile from the state line is an interchange with the western terminus of Interstate 240, where I-40 abruptly turns north, following a route designated as part of I-240. About one mile the highway has an interchange with State Route 300, a connector to US 51 and the future Interstate 69. At this interchange, the interstate turns east and enters a stretch designated as the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Expressway. I-40 crosses the Wolf River three times in Memphis as the road passes near the neighborhoods of Frayser and Raleigh and turns southeast. A few miles I-40 has an interchange with I-240 southbound and Sam Cooper Boulevard eastbound, turns sharp northeast, leaving Memphis. For the next several miles the highway is known as the Isaac Hayes Memorial Highway and is eight lanes, the left lanes functioning as HOV lanes during rush hour, passing through several major suburbs of Memphis, including Bartlett and Lakeland. At exit 18, with US 64, the highway narrows to six lanes, to four lanes a short distance beyond.
Several miles near Arlington, is a cloverleaf interchange with I-269. East of Arlington, I-40 crosses the Loosahatchie River and leaves the Memphis area, traversing through the Gulf Coastal Plain in a flat and straight stretch of farmland with some rural woodlands, bypassing most cities and communities. South of Brownsville, about 40 miles east of Memphis, the highway turns north and enters the Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge and crosses the Hatchie River. Upon exiting the refuge, I-40 passes just southeast of Brownsville; the interstate continues for the next 20 miles though further agricultural terrain, at mile marker 78, the crosses the South Fork of the Forked Deer River into Jackson. Passing through the northern half of the city, I-40 has a total of six exits in Jackson. From Jackson, I-40 continues east northeast through a sparsely populated area of farmland and woodlands, near the community of Parkers Crossroads, has an interchange with SR 22, a major north-south connector route in west Tennessee.
Several miles I-40 proceeds for several miles through the northern half of the Natchez Trace State Park, has an interchange with US 641/SR 69, another major north-south corridor, at milepost 126. The route descends about 400 feet on a steep grade over the course of a mile before crossing the Tennessee River into Middle Tennessee on the Jimmy Mann Evans Memorial Bridge. East of the Tennessee River, I-40 traverses through vast woodlands in the rugged hills of the Western Highland Rim for a considerable distance; this section is characterized by several noticeable upgrades and downgrades, with minor curves. About 35 miles the highway passes southeast of Dickson, now within the Nashville metropolitan area. A few miles approximately 35 miles west of Nashville, is the western terminus of Interstate 840, the outer southern beltway around Nashville; the highway continues through woodlands and descends into the Nashville Basin between mile markers 186 and 188. Around Bellevue, the route widens to six lanes.
About ten miles I-40 has an interchange with the western terminus of State Route 155, the northern controlled-access beltway around Nashville. About two miles is the western terminus of I-440, the southern loop around central Nashville. Two miles I-40 enters Downtown Nashville, has interchanges with several major highways and surface roads. In Nashville, I-40 shares brief concurrences first with I-65 and I-24, before splitting off; the eastern terminus of I-440 is directly accessible from the easternmost interchange with I-24. About 1.5 miles I-40 has an interchange with SR 155 near the Nashville International Airport. The route continues east for the next 20 miles through a still-developing area with eight lanes, the left lanes functioning as HOV lanes during rush hour, passing near the suburbs of Mount Juliet and Gallatin. At mile 219, I-40 crosses the Stones River just downstream from the Percy Priest Dam. About 25 miles east of Nashville, the route narrows back to four lanes and has an interchange with the eastern terminus of I-840 a few miles east of Lebanon.
The interstate continues for 50 miles across open farmland, passing near small communities. In Smith County between mileposts 263 and 266, I-40 crosses the meandering Caney Fork River five times before ascending the Eastern Highland Rim, reaching 1,000 feet for the first time in the state near Silver Point; the interstate remains flat across the plateau, beginning at the edge of the table-top rim at mile marker 27
U.S. Route 411
U. S. Route 411 is an alternate parallel-highway associated with US 11. US 411 extends for about 313 miles from US 78 in Leeds, Alabama, to US 25W/US 70 in Newport, Tennessee. US 411 travels through northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, southeastern Tennessee. Notable towns and cities along its route include Alabama. US 411 and US 11 never intersect with one another, though they come close in Leeds, Gadsden and Maryville, Tennessee. US 411 spends much of its route close to the Interstate Highway System: Interstate 40, I-75, I-59, though it never has an interchange with I-59. Most of the terrain through which US 411 passes is rural countryside, with no major metropolitan areas directly along its route. However, it does pass near the major cities of Birmingham, Chattanooga and Knoxville, Tennessee. In Sevier County, south of Knoxville, US 411 is used by many tourists as a route to the northern side of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. US 411 passes 20 miles north of the national park, but intersects with US 441, which goes through this park.
Although US 411 has a south–north designation, it contains long stretches that are west–east, its overall direction is southwest–northeast. US 411 is a two-lane highway through the countryside. However, it has long been a four-lane, divided highway connecting Rome and Cartersville, it is a multi-lane highway connecting Cartersville with I-75. For part of its route in the Cartersville area, US 411 shares a four-lane, divided highway with US 41. Furthermore, the Tennessee Department of Transportation completed a project to widen the highway to four lanes between Maryville and Ocoee, Tennessee. US 411 begins at US 78 in the city of Leeds in far eastern Jefferson County. SR 25, the U. S. Highway's companion route, continues south as a signed highway that follows US 78 east before splitting south toward Harpersville. US 411 heads north along two-lane 9th Street, which has a pair of at-grade crossings of Norfolk Southern Railway rail lines; the street's name changes to Whitmire Street, which the U. S. Highway follows to Ashville Road.
US 411 follows Ashville Road, a two-lane road with center turn lane, northeast into St. Clair County, where the highway expands to four lanes; the U. S. Highway meets I-20 at a partial cloverleaf interchange. US 411 continues as two-lane Moody Parkway northeast through the Cahaba Valley formed by the Little Cahaba River between Pine Ridge to the west and Oak Ridge to the east; the highway has a brief concurrency with SR 174 through Odenville, where the highways pass under a CSX rail line. US 411 continues northeast through the Beaver Creek Valley between Pine Ridge and the Beaver Creek Mountains; the highway leaves the valley after it joins US 231 to pass through Pine Ridge to the city of Ashville. The U. S. Highways enter town along 5th Street and proceed to the county courthouse, where they meet the eastern end of SR 23. Both highways turn east onto 6th Avenue US-231 turns north onto Court Street East. US 411 leaves Ashville along Rainbow Drive, which heads northeast between Big Canoe Creek and Canoe Creek Mountain to the south.
The U. S. Highway crosses the mountain and enters Etowah County where it crosses the Big Canoe Creek branch of Neely Henry Lake. US 411 follows the western flank of Dunaway mountain to Rainbow City, where the route intersects SR 77. US 411 expands to a four-lane divided highway; the highway crosses the Big Wills Creek branch of Neely Henry Lake and meets the eastern end of I-759 at a partial cloverleaf interchange. US 411 veers onto Albert Rains Boulevard, which follows the right bank of the Coosa River through downtown Gadsden; the highway passes by the Spirit of American Citizenship Monument and under Broad Street, a CSX rail line, US 278 and US 431, which access US 411 via a partial cloverleaf interchange. US 411 leaves Gadsden along a newly constructed four-lane divided highway that passes between Shinbone Ridge to the west and several loops of the Coosa River; the U. S. Highway drops to two lanes before it enters Cherokee County expands again to a four-lane divided highway, Weiss Lake Boulevard.
US 411 curves east along the northern edge of Weiss Lake and intersects SR 68 in the town of Leesburg, east of which US 411 and SR 68 cross the lake, an impoundment of the Coosa River. Shortly after entering the city of Centre, the U. S. Highway and state highway turn onto the Clarence E. Chestnut Jr. Bypass, a four-lane road with center turn lane. SR 68 diverges from the U. S. Highway at Cedar Bluff Road, which carries SR 283 southwest toward downtown. SR 283 becomes US 411's companion route on the bypass, which next intersects SR 9, which intersects SR 68 to the north. US 411 drops to two lanes east of SR 9 and curves south to collect the east end of US 411 Business and SR 25 on the eastern edge of Centre. US 411 continues east and crosses Cowan Creek before reaching the Alabama–Georgia state line and the northern terminus of SR 25 east of the hamlet of Forney. US 411 enters Georgia at the western terminus of its companion SR 53 in the southwestern corner of Floyd County; the two-lane highway, named Gadsden Road, has a brief concurrency with SR 100, which heads north as Fosters Mill Road and south as Mill Street, on the west side of
Newport is a city in and the county seat of Cocke County, United States. The population was 6,945 at the 2010 census, down from 7,242 at the 2000 census; the estimated population in 2014 was 6,880. It is located along the Pigeon River; the Great Indian Warpath passed through what is now Newport en route to the ancient Cherokee hunting grounds of northeastern Tennessee. The Warpath crossed the Pigeon River at a point 0.2 miles east of the McSween Memorial Bridge, in an area where the river is low enough to walk across. The first European traders to the area, arriving in the mid-18th century, called this point along the Pigeon River the "War Ford". During the American Revolution, the Cherokee aligned themselves with the British, launched sporadic attacks against early Euro-American settlers in the Holston valley. In the waning months of the conflict in 1782, a detachment led by Gen. Charles McDowell of North Carolina crossed the mountains into what is now Tennessee to join up with Col. John Sevier's local forces and initiate an aggressive campaign against the hostile Cherokee.
In August of that year, Sevier crossed the Pigeon at War Ford and killing several Cherokee camped along the river's banks. This assault was one of the final engagements of the Revolution. At the close of the Revolution, the first Euro-American settlers arrived in the Newport area, ensconcing themselves in the vicinity of the strategic river fords. Peter Fine established a ferry on the north bank of the French Broad in the early 1780s, in 1783 John Gilliland settled opposite Fine's Ferry in what is now Oldtown. Shortly thereafter, Emanuel Sandusky, a Polish immigrant, established a farm on the land where the Cocke County Memorial Building now stands, Samuel O'Dell settled at the junction of the Pigeon River and Cosby Creek. Sometime in the 1790s, the Gilliland family donated 50 acres of land for a town square and courthouse to be situated opposite Fine's Ferry on the banks of the French Broad, the town of New Port was born. For nearly a quarter-century, the residents of the Newport area lived under constant threat of attack from Cherokee crossing the mountains from North Carolina.
Shortly after the arrival of the first Euro-American settlers, Peter Fine sought to quell this threat by leading a punitive expedition against the Cherokee town of Cowee in North Carolina, which Fine captured and burned. The Cherokee responded by stealing Fine's livestock and attempting to herd them back to North Carolina. Fine gave chase and managed to retrieve the livestock, but on the return march he was ambushed and his brother, was killed; the Cherokee were in pursuit, Vinet's body was hidden in a hole in a frozen creek for retrieval. The creek melted and the body was lost; the creek was named Fines Creek. Shortly thereafter, two O'Dells were killed, one of Sandusky's daughters was kidnapped, several others settlers were killed or scalped. To provide defense against these sporadic attacks, the early settlers erected a series of forts in the area. Wood's Fort guarded the Forks-of-the-River just downstream from Newport, McCoy's Fort and Whitson's Fort defended the area to the south. Other installations included Huff's Fort at.
With Sevier's victory at the Battle of Boyds Creek and the ensuing Treaty of Dumplin in 1785, Cherokee influence in the area began to wane. In the 1790s, the Cherokee signed a series of treaties which ceded most of the land on the Tennessee side of the Great Smokies to the U. S. government. By 1800, Cherokee attacks in the Newport area had been drastically reduced; the French Broad River passes 1 mile north of the current city limits. As the French Broad empties into the Tennessee River, towns along its banks are connected via waterway to New Orleans and the Gulf of Mexico. In the early 19th century, William Faubion, who lived just northeast of New Port, managed to reach New Orleans with a flatboat shipment and return safely. In early 19th-century East Tennessee, riddled with poor roads and hilly terrain, river travel was a convenient mode of transportation. "New Port", situated on the French Broad near Forks-of-the-River developed into a flatboat trading hub. William Garrett arrived in New Port in the late 1790s and built a plantation, known as Beechwood Hall, just south of Fine's Ferry.
Many early travelers, including several circuit riders and religious leaders, were entertained at Garrett's mansion. During the War of 1812, Garrett shipped eight large flatboats stocked with food and whiskey to the U. S. Navy in New Orleans. Among those entertained at Beechwood Hall in the early 19th century was Bishop Francis Asbury, a circuit rider credited with spreading Methodism to the Southern Appalachian region. Asbury wrote in his journal: We rode through New-Port, the capital of Cocke County, forded French Broad at Shine's Ferry, came cold and without food for man or beast to John O'Haver's but oh, the kindness of our open-hearted friends. In 1812, a large Methodist revival was held at New Port's crude log courthouse, the Zion Methodist Church was established that same year; the Presbyterians erected a church on Graveyard Hill in the 1820s. The residents of New Port established one of the first schools in the area, Anderson Academy, in 1820. New Port was incorporated on October 19, 1812.
While New Port had strong religious beginnings, its situation as a river trading hub on the edge of the Appalachian frontier led to a certain lawlessness. Saloons were a mainstay in the town throughout the 19th century. Henry Ker, a traveler who visited New Port in 1816, recalled: I set out for Newport, a small town on the French Broad River. At sunset I arrived, having muc