click links in text for more info


Coesite is a form of silicon dioxide SiO2, formed when high pressure, moderately high temperature, are applied to quartz. Coesite was first synthesized by Loring Coes Jr. a chemist at the Norton Company, in 1953. In 1960, a natural occurrence of coesite was reported by Edward C. T. Chao, in collaboration with Eugene Shoemaker, from Barringer Crater, in Arizona, US, evidence that the crater must have been formed by an impact. After this report, the presence of coesite in unmetamorphosed rocks was taken as evidence of a meteorite impact event or of an atomic bomb explosion, it was not expected. In metamorphic rocks, coesite was described in eclogite xenoliths from the mantle of the Earth that were carried up by ascending magmas. In metamorphic rocks, coesite is now recognized as one of the best mineral indicators of metamorphism at high pressures; such UHP metamorphic rocks record subduction or continental collisions in which crustal rocks are carried to depths of 70 km or more. Coesite is formed at pressures above about 2.5 GPa and temperature above about 700 °C.

This corresponds to a depth of about 70 km in the Earth. It can be preserved as mineral inclusions in other phases because as it reverts to quartz, the quartz rim exerts pressure on the core of the grain, preserving the metastable grain as tectonic forces uplift and expose these rock at the surface; as a result, the grains have a characteristic texture of a polycrystalline quartz rim. Coesite has been identified in UHP metamorphic rocks around the world, including the western Alps of Italy at Dora Maira, the Erzgebirge of Germany, the Lanterman Range of Antarctica, in the Kokchetav Massif of Kazakhstan, in the Western Gneiss region of Norway, the Dabie-Shan Range in Eastern China, the Himalayas of Eastern Pakistan, the Vermont Appalachian Mountains. Coesite is a tectosilicate with each silicon atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedron; each oxygen atom is bonded to two Si atoms to form a framework. There are two crystallographically distinct Si atoms and five different oxygen positions in the unit cell.

Although the unit cell is close to being hexagonal in shape, it is inherently monoclinic and cannot be hexagonal. The crystal structure of coesite is similar to that of feldspar and consists of four silicon dioxide tetrahedra arranged in Si4O8 and Si8O16 rings; the rings are further arranged into chains. This structure is metastable within the stability field of quartz: coesite will decay back into quartz with a consequent volume increase, although the metamorphic reaction is slow at the low temperatures of the Earth's surface; the crystal symmetry is monoclinic C2/c, No.15, Pearson symbol mS48. Stishovite, a higher-pressure polymorph Seifertite, forming at higher pressure than stishovite Coesite page Barringer Meteor Crater science education page

Harlem Beat

Harlem Beat is a Japanese manga series created by Yuriko Nishiyama. It was published by Tokyopop in the United States; the series contain 29 volumes in Japan. However, in the U. S. the manga goes up to 9 volumes under the name Harlem Beat, while volumes 12+ are published under the series title Rebound. As of August 31, 2009, the Rebound volumes are out of print. Harlem Beat details the struggles of young Nate Torres to go from a benchwarmer to a street-ball player; the story's scope expands as he makes friends and becomes a member of his high school basketball team. Nate Torres - main character of Harlem Beat. In the original Japanese version, Tohru Naruse goes by his nickname Naruchiyo and is associated with a monkey, serving as a mascot to the team. Nate is a perennial bench-warmer. Lacking in both coolness and talent, he is the most unlikely basketball player, but through persistence and support from his friends, Nate teaches himself the art of basketball. In the process, he builds up his confidence and begins to realize his dream of success on the high school basketball court.

He develops feelings for Mizzy Kusuda, an ex-classmate, but falls for another girl named Tomomi Koizumi. His signature move in basketball is known as the airwalk. Nate incorporated many flashy moves into his game, such as his signature airwalk, evolved lay-up miracle J, his invincible lay-ups; every single one of these skills are pulled off subconsciously, indicating a preternatural natural talent for the sport. Mizzy Kusuda - Mizuki is Nate's ex-classmate and close friend when he was in the primary school, she helps Nate succeed, teaching him the down and dirty side to street ball: no rules, no fouls, no crying, she teaches him how to win. She revealed to Shurman that she was in love with him since she first met him under his street name, Shoe, her love was not returned, with Shurman saying that Shoe was gone. Kyle "Oz" Ozman - Kyle is a tough kid, high school drop-out with an axe to grind with everyone, but his bark is worse than his bite. He and Nate are the only two players in the history of street hoops to score on the powerhouse team, 3-Slam.

When they get together with Mizzy, Team Scratch is born. Oz is a hoodlum from the streets, he hangs with a rough crowd, he brings the same attitude to the courts. Nate, his own teammate, is scared of him. Throughout the series, Kyle has a crush on Mizzy, which develops into love, he is not good when it comes to girls. Masahiro Sawamura - He is a member of Scratch, he is Naruse's best friend. Sawamura plays street basketball to earn money, he likes money much and as a result turns towards gambling. His affinity to risk explains his constant attempts to sink only the three-point shots, he stole a score from Three Men by his tricks. He is the best three-point shooter and called a "Miracle Shooter", he is not good in stamina, but he is good at tricks. His famous nickname is Fox Guy, as he is tricky and loves gambling, he is a clever guy too. His only weaknesses are money and ghosts. In a flashback, it is revealed that Sawamura's father abandoned him and he was soon picked up by a Yakuza member named Fujita.

Fujita taught him, including the ways of the streets. After Fujita was shot by one of his own, he was captured and confined, leaving Sawamura to live on his own. Shurman Shuji - Shurman is considered to be a "big brother" in the Johnan team, he secretly leads a double life as Shoe, the leader of the streetball team House of Three Slam. Hiroaki Umakure - The captain of the Johnan varsity basketball team. Sumisugi Kobayashi - A member of the Johnan team, Kobayashi is described by the Tokyopop website as "samurai-like." He is good at reading books. Tamotsu Suzuki - A member of the Johnan Team. Hijiri Imagawa - A member of the Johnan Team. Nobuyuki Saito - A member of the Johnan Team. Iwao Takakura - A member of the Johnan Team, he is nicknamed "Gun". Kim Yabe - The manager of the Johnan team, Yabe is described by the Tokyopop website as a "kick-ass girl who doesn't take crap from anyone." Yuta Higa - Higa leads the Kyan Marine Industry High School basketball team. Yamahiko Kojiya and Umihiko Kojiya - Twins who play on the Kyan team.

Tetsuya Kemp Sugeran - Sugeran, a member of Kyan, is considered to be the strong player on the team. Takao Tamanaha - A member of the Kyan team, Tamanaha has long, dark hair; the Tokyopop website describes him as having "a pleasant personality." The Coach of the Kyan team Bud Okuda (Okuda - Okuda is a writer for "Hoop Town Tokyo," which documents the streetball culture in Tokyo. Mr. Morita - A basketball journalist Masahiro Takagi - Takagi, the star player of the Kanakita Northern Industry High School basketball team, is considered to be a "shoo-in" for the Olympic team. Tomomi Koizumi - A member of the Felicia Girls School team, Koizumi is a good player on the court, but is dizzy and accident-prone off of the court Hiroko Ikeda - A teammate of Koizumi, Ikeda is described by the Tokyopop site as "far more practical" than her "daffy

Boniface de Castellane

Esprit Victor Elisabeth Boniface de Castellane, comte de Castellane, was a French military officer and a Marshal of France. Boniface de Castellane entered the French army on the day of the coronation of Napoléon I of France as an enlisted soldier in the 5th Light Infantry Regiment. In February 1806 he was promoted to 2nd lieutenant in the 7th Dragoons; the same month he was transferred to the 24th Dragoons with. In 1808 de Castellane followed general Georges Mouton into Spain as an aide-de-camp; when Napoléon returned to Germany in 1809, de Castellane followed and he fought in that campaign at Abensberg, Eckmühl, Aspern-Essling and Wagram. Promoted to captain in 1810 he further served Mouton, by now count of Lobau, as aide-de-camp and he accompanied him into Russia where he served at Vitebsk and Borodino. In October 1812 he was made aide-de-camp of general Narbonne and was present at Krasnoi and the crossing of the Beresina. Promoted to major, he served in the personal protection detail of the emperor during the retreat.

De Castellane was promoted to command of the 1st Regiment Garde d'Honneur in June 1813. During the German campaign he fought at Dresden. In 1822 de Castellane was given command of a regiment of hussars of the Royal Guard. In 1823 he was serving in Spain but he was recalled in 1827 for his opposition to Ferdinand VII's politics of revenge. In 1824 he was made maréchal de camp. In 1829 he was made an inspector-general of infantry. De Castellane was part of the French army sent to secure Belgium's new found independence. In this campaign he commanded the 1st brigade of the 2nd division, he served in the siege of Antwerp in 1832. In 1833 de Castellane was promoted lieutenant-general and given command of the division of the Pyrénées-Orientales and in 1835 of the 21st military division. Appointed a Peer of France in 1837, de Castellane was sent to Algeria as inspector-general. In 1838 he returned to his old post in the Pyrenees. In February 1850, de Castellane was given command of the 42nd military division at Bordeaux.

To this was added the 44th and 45th divisions centered at Nantes and Rennes. That year, he was sent to the 6th military division at Lyon. In January 1852, he was named a governor of Lyon. In December of that year, he was given the dignity of Marshal of France. Marshal de Castellane died in Lyon on September 16, 1862

Naoko Watanabe (actress)

Naoko Watanabe is a Japanese actress and model, born in Kanagawa Prefecture on July 30, 1984. Watanabe made her film debut in Tatsuya Egawa manga-based movie Tokyo University Story in February 2006 and the next year, in September 2007, she had a brief nude scene in the film Silk. In September 2009, Shinchosha Publishing released a photobook in "mook" format {{nihongo|Monthly Naoko Watanabe featuring Watanabe. Watanabe appeared in the TBS TV series Yakuza Panther Shin Akira, based on the Sega game for the PlayStation Portable, which began airing in May 2010, she had only a small role in the 2008 parallel worlds thriller Riaru Onigokko but a much larger one as a nurse/woman warrior in the June 2010 sequel Riaru Onigokko 2. In May 2010, it was announced that Watanabe would have her first starring role in the movie adaptation of AV idol Mihiro's autobiographical work Nude; the movie, directed by Yuichi Onuma, started shooting in May and was released in September 2010. Watanabe met with Mihiro about the role and revealed that she watched some of her videos to study the character — to which Mihiro replied that it was “very embarrassing”.

That year, Watanabe was one of the regular stars of the Yakuza drama TV series Kurohyō: Ryu ga gotoku shinshō broadcast October 5 to December 21, 2010 on TBS. She had a recurring role in the Mainichi Broadcasting System suspense drama Quartet which aired January to March 2011. Watanabe created a stir when she released a nude photobook titled Dawn, published by Wani Books in February 2012, with photos taken by Japanese fashion photographer Leslie Kee. In May 2014, Watanabe starred as aspiring rock singer Kanna in the Eiji Uchida directed Dead Banging, a comedy horror film about an all-female band and a metal-head zombie; the film featured real Japanese rock band Gacharic Spin. She had a supporting role in another Eiji Uchida horror comedy Grateful Dead in November 2014. Sources: Tokyo University Story, February 2006 Noriko's Dinner Table, September 2006 Silk, September 2007 Riaru Onigokko, February 2008 Shaolin Girl, April 2008 Ueshima Jēn, May 2009 Outrage, June 2010 Riaru Onigokko 2, June 2010 nude, September 2010 Strangers in the City, November 2010 An Assassin, October 2011 Dead Banging, May 2014 Grateful Dead, November 2014 Lost in Wrestling Naoko Watanabe on IMDb

Apostolic Nunciature to France

The Apostolic Nunciature to France is an ecclesiastical office of the Catholic Church in France. It is a diplomatic post of the Holy See, whose representative is called the Apostolic Nuncio with the rank of an ambassador; the early twentieth century was a difficult time in France-Vatican relations because of tensions over Church-State separation and anticlericalism, which were condemned by Pius X, which led to the freezing of relations. However, relations were renewed after the First World War and had much improved, after the Second World War, under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle. There was controversy over relations under the Vichy regime, because the regime rewarded the Church though some bishops sometimes opposed antisemitism. Relations with the Sarkozy government were good, given the fact that the government has announced an end to the ban on recognition of higher Christian institutions. On 30 September 2019, it was revealed that nuncio Luigi Ventura, under investigation for sex abuse, was no longer living in France and now resides in Rome, Italy.

On December 17, 2019, Pope Francis accepted Ventura's resignation, which he submitted upon turning 75 on December 9. On January 11, 2020, Pope Francis appointed recent Russian nuncio Celestino Migliore nuncio to France. France-Holy See relations "Nunciature to France". Catholic-Hierarchy. "Apostolic Nunciature France". GCatholic

Christine Hume

Christine Hume is an American poet and essayist. Christine Hume is the author of three books of poetry, Musca Domestica and Shot and six prose chapbooks, Lullaby: Speculations on the First Active Sense, Hum, Atalanta: an Anatomy, Question Like a Face, a collaboration with Jeff Clark and Red: A Different Shade for Each Person Reading the Story; the Saturation Project, three long interlinked essays in the form an experimental memoir, will be published in 2019 by Solid Objects Press. She is faculty in the Creative Writing Program at Eastern Michigan University. Hume received her BA, MFA, PhD degrees from Penn State University, Columbia University School of the Arts, University of Denver, respectively, she has taught at Stuyvesant High School, Illinois Wesleyan University, The School of the Art Institute in Chicago and is a Professor of English at Eastern Michigan University, where she has worked since 2001. Hume has written and lectured on sound poetry, audio documentary poetics and radio from a feminist perspective.

From 2006-2010 she hosted an internet radio program, Poetry Radio, featuring contemporary and historic performance arts, sound poetry, audio narratives, sound art, collaborations between writers and musicians. She has collaborated on sonic arrangements for her work with Stephen Vitiello, Gregory Whitehead, Ben Miller, other musicians. In the last decade, Hume’s creative interests have shifted to creative nonfiction. In 2002, she was one of two Americans invited to an international festival, “Days of Poetry and Wine” in Slovenia. Barnard Women Poets Prize 1999 Green Rose Award 2005 Best Book of the Year Award, Small Press Traffic Fine Arts Work Center Fellow 1998-99 Wurlitzer Foundation 2000 Fund For Poetry 2002 MacDowell Colony residency 2003 Musca Domestica, Hume's first book of poetry and winner of the Barnard New Women Poets Prize, was published in 2000 by Beacon Press, her second book, winner of the Green Rose Award and Small Press Traffic's Best Book of 2004 Award, was published in 2004 by New Issues.

Her most recent book, was published in 2010 by Counterpath Press. Her chapbook, a text image collaboration with her partner, Jeff Clark, Question Like a Face was one of The Brooklyn Rail's"Best Nonfiction Book of 2017." Her prose and criticism have appeared in Harper's, Architecture and Culture, Denver Quarterly, Contemporary Literature, Disability Studies Quarterly, Rain Taxi, Chicago Review, How2, Constant Critic, Womens Studies Quarterly as well as three volumes of a series by Wesleyan University Press, Poets in the 21st Century. In 2019, she introduced a #MeToo focus of American Book Review. "Halloween and Stranger Danger," Boston Review"LUNAR HALO", Typo 6 "Noctilucent Elegy". Beacon Press. 2000. ISBN 978-0-8070-6859-5. Alaskaphrenia. Western Michigan University. 2004. ISBN 978-1-930974-40-1. Lullaby, Ugly Duckling Presse, 2007 James Tate, David Lehman, eds.. "Helicopter on a Hill". Best American Poetry 1997. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-81452-0. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Gerald Costanzo, Jim Daniels, eds..

American Poetry: the Next Generation. Carnegie Mellon University Press. ISBN 978-0-88748-343-1. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter No Crossing Guards Brett Fletcher Lauer, Aimee Kelley, ed.. Isn't It Romantic: 100 Love Poems by Younger American Poets. Wave Books. ISBN 978-0-9746353-1-6. Brian Henry, Andrew Zawacki, eds.. The Verse Book of Interviews: 27 Poets on Language, Craft & Culture. Wave Books. ISBN 978-0-9746353-5-4. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Michael Dumanis, Cate Marvin, ed.. Legitimate Dangers: American Poets of the New Century. Sarabande. ISBN 978-1-932511-29-1. Catherine Wagner, Rebecca Wolff, eds.. Not for Mothers Only: Contemporary Poems on Child-Getting and Child-Rearing. Fence. ISBN 978-0-9771064-8-6. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Christina Mengert, Joshua Marie Wilkinson, eds.. 12x12. University of Iowa Press. ISBN 978-1-58729-791-5. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Christine Hume’s first collection, Musca Domestica, presented a remarkably coherent set of motifs and themes that articulate a governing aesthetic.

Her second book Alaskaphrenia offers readers another ambitious articulation of philosophical insight and rich meditation on human consciousness. Chris Champanioni writes of Question Like a Face: "This is the oft-stated because of the book, the function of Hume insisting—beginning in the preface—that we might be the cause, implicating ourselves but suggesting that we might take up the occasion, for resistance and remonstration, a reason or motive for human action, and it is these nuances, this unflinching desire to get out of the reduction of right and wrong and bad, dualities and binaries, to probe deeper, drill farther, reveal the horizon between settling and unsettling, the ways in which we try to find a form for these facts or how we fail to that make me stay with this book..."Joe Sacksteder on Question Like a Face: "Philosopher Emmanuel Levinas famously wrote that every face says "Don't kill me".