Page semi-protected

Coins of the Swiss franc

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The current series of the Swiss franc.

The coins of the Swiss franc are the official coins used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The name of the subunit is Centime in French, Rappen in German, Centisimo in Italian and Rap in Romansh. There are coins in denominations of 5 centimes, 10 centimes, 20 centimes, ½ franc (50 centimes), 1 franc, 2 francs and 5 francs. In the past, there were also coins of 1 and 2 centimes.

History

A ten-centimes/rappen coin from 1879.

The country's name is on all the coins as Confoederatio Helvetica, the Latin name of the Swiss Confederation, or Helvetia.

The oldest Swiss coins valid today are the 10 centimes coins dating back to 1879. They are therefore among the world’s oldest coins still valid. To date, they have the same design and the same alloy, 75% copper and 25% nickel. Until 1967, the circulating coins with face values of ½ franc to 5 francs were of silver alloy. These were withdrawn from circulation because the value of the silver in the alloy exceeded its face value.

The 2 centimes coins were made invalid in 1978 and the 1 centime coins in 2007 long after they had fallen out of daily use.

Circulation

Since 2004 the pure nickel 20 centime coins of the years 1881–1938 have been withdrawn from circulation because machines cannot detect them. Today, all the coins except the 5 centime coin (aluminium-bronze since 1981) are in a copper-nickel (cupronickel) alloy. Seven coins are currently (1995) in circulation:

Image Value Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
Fünfrappen.jpg 5 centimes 17.15 mm 1.25 mm 1.8 g Aluminium bronze
92% Cu, 6% Al, 2% Ni
Plain Effigy of Libertas Value
10 Swiss Rappen 1995 10 centimes 19.15 mm 1.45 mm 3 g Cupronickel
75% Cu, 25% Ni
Plain Effigy of Libertas Value
20 Swiss Rappen 1995 20 centimes 21.05 mm 1.65 mm 4 g Cupronickel
75% Cu, 25% Ni
Plain Effigy of Libertas Value
50 Swiss Rappen 1995 ½ Franc (50 centimes) 18.20 mm 1.25 mm 2.2 g Cupronickel
75% Cu, 25% Ni
Milled Helvetia, shown standing Value
1 Swiss franc 1995 1 Franc 23.20 mm 1.55 mm 4.4 g Cupronickel
75% Cu, 25% Ni
Milled Helvetia, shown standing Value
2 Swiss francs 1995 2 Francs 27.40 mm 2.15 mm 8.8 g Cupronickel
75% Cu, 25% Ni
Milled Helvetia, shown standing Value
5 Swiss francs 1995 5 Francs 31.45 mm 2.35 mm 13.2 g Cupronickel
75% Cu, 25% Ni
Inscribed Representation of an alpine herdsman Value

Commemorative coins

Gallery

See also

Notes and references

External links