Colden Common

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Colden Common
Colden Common is located in Hampshire
Colden Common
Colden Common
Location within Hampshire
Area2.667 sq mi (6.91 km2)
Population3,857 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU475225
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townEastleigh
Postcode districtSO21
Dialling code01962
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteColden Common Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°59′52″N 1°18′51″W / 50.9979°N 1.3141°W / 50.9979; -1.3141Coordinates: 50°59′52″N 1°18′51″W / 50.9979°N 1.3141°W / 50.9979; -1.3141

Colden Common is a civil parish in the Winchester District of Hampshire, England, approximately 5 miles south of the city of Winchester, covering an area of 690.74 hectares (2.6670 sq mi)[2] with a resident population of approximately 4,000 people. It includes the village of Colden Common and the hamlets of Hensting, Fisher's Pond, Nob's Crook, Highbridge and Brambridge. Part of the parish lies within the South Downs National Park.

History[edit]

Known in the 13th Century as Colvedene, the origin of the name is uncertain but may come from Old English clofa (cleft) and denu (valley).[3]

The area was a major centre of palaeolithic flint tool manufacture, with evidence of a "factory" covering 400 square metres discovered during a 1915 excavation in Highbridge.[4][5]

The parish was originally part of the manors of Twyford and Owslebury; the Ecclesiastical Parish of Colden Common was formed in 1843,[6] with Holy Trinity Church built the following year on the southern boundary of the parish. It then became an independent civil parish in 1932.

A number of brickworks were formerly located in Colden Common, including Charles Mitchell's Works which until its closure in 1957 was the last brickworks in Hampshire to make hand-made bricks by the clamp method.[7]

Colden Common grew significantly over the 20th Century, from a population of 748 in 1901 to 3,681 in 2001.[8]

Brambridge House[edit]

Brambridge House is a Grade II* listed building - a three storey former country house on the bank of the River Itchen, it was originally built in 1762, remodelled after an 1872 fire, and was converted to residential flats in the 1950s.[9]

Geography[edit]

  • There are two major roads in Colden Common—the B3354 and the B3335. The B3354 is known as the Main Road whilst it passes through the village, and the B3335 is called Highbridge Road.
  • Southampton Airport is 5 miles (8 km) south of the village.
  • The M3 Motorway is 3 miles (5 km) west of the village. Junction 11, which is north of the village, down the B3354 and B3335 roads, is in Twyford Down which is south of Winchester; the other junction, closer to the village, is Junction 12, west of the village, north of Eastleigh and near Allbrook; the junction is down the B3335 and A335 (Highbridge Road), Allbrook Hill (B3335) and Allbrook Way (A335) (tall vehicles can't go this way because there is a relatively low bridge in Allbrook, under the railway line to London).

Demography[edit]

The parish has a 97% white population, with a median age of 45. 78% of households own their house. 40% of employed people are employed in managerial or professional occupations.[10]

Culture and Community[edit]

The Non-League football club Colden Common F.C. play at Colden Common Recreation Ground.

Colden Common has both Anglican and Methodist churches. There is a community centre located at the centre of the village; the school is Colden Common primary school.

The pubs within the boundaries of the Parish are The Rising Sun, The Queens Head, The Fishers Pond, and The Dog and Crook.

The main entrance of Marwell Zoo is situated on the boundary with Colden Common and Owslebury.

Colden Common is twinned with Saint-Vigor-le-Grand, France[11]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  2. ^ "http://geoportal.statistics.gov.uk/datasets/standard-area-measurements-2017-for-parishes-and-non-civil-parished-areas". geoportal.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-06-09. External link in |title= (help)
  3. ^ Coates, Richard. (1989). The place-names of Hampshire : based on the collection of the English Place-Name Society. English Place-Name Society. London: B.T. Batsford. ISBN 0713456256. OCLC 21079523.
  4. ^ Simpson, Sue (2018). Colden Common: A Village History. Colden Common Community Association. p. 10.
  5. ^ Godden, Alex (November 2017). "Eastleigh Strategic Archaeology and Heritage Report" (PDF). Eastleigh Council. Retrieved 9 Jun 2019.
  6. ^ Cox, J Charles (1903). Hampshire. p. 102. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  7. ^ White, WCF. "A GAZETTEER OF BRICK AND TILE WORKS IN HAMPSHIRE" (PDF). Hantsfield Club.
  8. ^ Simpson, Sue (2018). Colden Common: A Village History. Colden Common Community Association. p. 135.
  9. ^ England, Historic. "Brambridge House, Kiln Lane, Colden Common, Winchester - South Downs (NP) | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  10. ^ "Custom report - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics". Nomis Official Labour Market Statistics. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  11. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-11.