Coldplay are a British rock band formed in London in 1996. Vocalist and pianist Chris Martin, guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman, drummer Will Champion met at University College London and began playing music together from 1996 to 1998, first calling themselves Pectoralz and Starfish before changing their name to Coldplay. Creative director and former manager Phil Harvey is referred to as the fifth member by the band. After changing their name to Coldplay, they recorded and released two EPs: Safety in 1998 and The Blue Room in 1999; the latter was their first release on a major record label, after signing to Parlophone. Coldplay achieved worldwide fame with the release of the song "Yellow" in 2000, followed in the same year by their debut album Parachutes, nominated for the Mercury Prize; the band's second album, A Rush of Blood to the Head, was released to critical acclaim and won many awards, including NME's Album of the Year. Their next release, X&Y, the best-selling album worldwide in 2005, received positive reviews, though some critics felt it was inferior to its predecessor.
Their fourth studio album, Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends, the best-selling album worldwide of 2008, was produced by Brian Eno and released to positive reviews, earning three Grammy Awards. In October 2011, Coldplay released their fifth studio album, Mylo Xyloto, which topped the charts in over 34 countries, was the UK's best-selling rock album of 2011, received moderately positive reviews, their sixth album, Ghost Stories, released in 2014, received mixed reviews and topped several national album charts. The following year the band released their seventh album, A Head Full of Dreams, which reached the top two in most major markets, but received mixed reviews. Four years in November 2019, they released their eighth album, Everyday Life, which received positive reviews. Coldplay have won numerous awards throughout their career, including nine Brit Awards, six MTV Video Music Awards, seven MTV Europe Music Awards and seven Grammy Awards from 29 nominations, they have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists.
Three of their albums—Parachutes, A Rush of Blood to the Head, X&Y—are among the best-selling albums in UK chart history. In December 2009, Rolling Stone readers voted the group the fourth-best artist of the 2000s. Coldplay have supported various social and political causes, such as Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign and Amnesty International, they have performed at charity projects, including Band Aid 20, Live 8, Global Citizen Festival, Sound Relief, Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief, One Love Manchester, The Secret Policeman's Ball, Sport Relief and the UK Teenage Cancer Trust. Chris Martin and Jonny Buckland first met during their orientation week at University College London in September 1996; the pair spent the rest of the university year planning a band forming a group called Pectoralz. Guy Berryman, a classmate of Martin and Buckland joined the group. By 1997, the group, who had renamed themselves Starfish, performed gigs for local Camden promoters at small clubs.
Martin had recruited his longtime school friend Phil Harvey, studying classics at the University of Oxford, to be the band's manager. Coldplay have since accepted Harvey as the fifth member of the group; the band's line-up was completed. Champion had grown up playing piano, guitar and tin whistle; the band settled on the name "Coldplay", suggested by Tim Crompton, a local student, using the name for his group. By 1997, Martin had met Classics student Tim Rice-Oxley. During a weekend in the English village Virginia Water in Surrey they asked each other to play their own songs on the piano. Martin, finding Rice-Oxley to be talented, asked him to be Coldplay's keyboard player but Rice-Oxley refused as his own band, was active. Days after, this event would shape the second line-up of Keane and keep Coldplay's unaltered, thus leaving both bands as quartets. In 1998, the band released 500 copies of the EP Safety. Most of the discs were given to record friends. In December of that year, Coldplay signed to the independent label Fierce Panda.
Their first release was the single "Brothers & Sisters", which they had recorded over four days in February 1999. After completing their final examinations, Coldplay signed a five-album contract with Parlophone in early 1999. After making their first appearance at Glastonbury, the band went into the studio to record a second EP, titled The Blue Room. Five thousand copies were made available to the public in October, the single "Bigger Stronger" received BBC Radio 1 airplay; the recording sessions for The Blue Room were tumultuous. Champion was fired from the band, but Martin pleaded with him to return after kicking him out, because of his guilt, went on a drinking binge; the band worked out their differences and put in place a new set of rules to keep the group intact. Inspired by bands like U2 and R. E. M. Coldplay decided. Additionally, the band determined; the band planned to record their debut album in the space of two weeks. However and other live performances caused the recording to spread out between September 1999 and April–May 2000.
Spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością, abbreviated sp. Z o.o. is the legal title of a limited liability company in Poland. The necessary steps for establishing a Sp. Z o.o. are determined by Article 163 KSH. It first requires the notarization of the articles of incorporation, it must take place in Poland. The conclusion of the articles of incorporation creates a legal capacity subject, the company prior registration; the second step requires the full payment of the share capital as codified by the articles of incorporation. Where required the payment includes the agreed surplus over the nominal value of the company share; the share capital may be covered by contribution in kind. Inalienable rights, e.g. work or services cannot place as a deposit in a Sp. Z o.o. The third step is the appointment of the board and other organs of the Sp. Z o.o.. The Board of Directors or the first board members can be appointed at formation. Once all deposits are paid in full, the board may register for entry into the business register.
The application is inter alia accompanied by a statement of all board members that the deposits were placed to cover the common stock in full by all shareholders in the company. The registration of the company in the business register takes about two to four weeks. By registering the company in the business register, the company becomes a legal entity. After registration in the business register, the Board of Directors has to request the so-called REGON number at the statistics agency; this is issued within one to two days. Subsequently the Board of Directors has to register the company at the company's financial authorities and obtain the so-called "NIP"-Number and the VAT number; the granting of the NIP requires the submission of a lease or other proof that the company has any accommodation a bank account contract is required. For these reasons it is recommended that with formation the Board of Directors is appointed. In this way, in the start-up phase before registration in the business register the company is able to open a bank account and sign a lease agreement.
The minimum content to be regulated the articles of incorporation determines Article 157 KSH. The articles of incorporation must contain information about the name of the company, place of business, the subject of the activity, the amount of registered capital, an indication of whether a shareholder is allowed to take over one or more company shares, the number and the nominal value of the company shares of each of the shareholders are taken and the duration of the company, if it is determined. Beyond the minimum content the shareholders are free to regulate their relationship to each other or to the company more extensive. Notable costs are first of all the notary fees, which are calculated in dependence to the share capital. If the share capital amounts e.g. 8000 zloty, the maximum amount to pay is 100 zloty plus 3% on the difference between share capital and 3000 zloty 3% of 5000 zloty. In result of this the total costs for the notary would be 250 zloty. In addition the value added. Furthermore, costs incur associated with registering the company in the business register and the publication in for this responsible "monitor Gospodarczy i Sądowy" in the amount of 1500 zloty.
Within 14 days after formation of the articles of incorporation, the so-called tax on civil law transactions is to pay. This is 0.5% of the share capital. The share capital amounts to at least 5,000 zloty; the shares can either be depending on the articles of incorporation. If a shareholder can have more than one share, the shares must be indivisible; the minimum nominal value of a share amounts to 50 zloty. The Polish legislator has various instruments to ensure the protection of creditors; the share capital must be maintained throughout the life of the company. It may be reduced only in the manner allowed by e.g. through a capital reduction. The ban applies to the hidden distribution of profits. A payment from the required share capital covering the company's assets is not possible for the shareholders under any title; the shareholders are prohibited from referring to or from the assets contributed their rightful share interest. Claims of the shareholder from a granted loan of the Sp. Z o.o. applies as a contribution to the company if the loan was granted within two years before the insolvency of the Sp.
Z o.o.. In addition, Article 14 §; the access rights of the shareholders at the company's assets are restricted to the distribution of certain portion of the profits. The capital increase is governed by Articles 255 ff. KSH; the increase in share capital demanded the change of the articles of incorporation. This requires a notarized resolution of the shareholders' meeting and the entry into the business register. Without changing the articles of incorporation, the capital increase can be carried out only if this is expressly permitted by the articles of incorporation; the exact height to which the share capital can be raised and the exact date to which the increase take place is a requirement have to be regulated. The capital increase is carried out either by increasing the nominal value of existing shares or by issuing new shares. In case of the ordinary capital increase the company's assets is increased by the new deposits, provided from the old or new shareholders. In prin
A Sea of Faces is an album by avant-garde jazz saxophonist Archie Shepp recorded in Milan, Italy, on August 4 & 5, 1975, released on the Italian Black Saint label. It features performances by Shepp with Charles Greenlee, Dave Burrell, Cameron Brown, Beaver Harris, Rafi Taha and Bunny Foy. "Hipnosis" – 26:10 "Song for Mozambique/Poem: A Sea of Faces" – 8:12 "I Know'Bout the Life" – 5:20 "Lookin' for Someone to Love" – 9:34 Recorded in Milan, August 4 & 5, 1975 Archie Shepp - tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone, vocals Charles Greenlee - trombone, vocals Dave Burrell - piano Cameron Brown - bass Beaver Harris - drums, vocals Rafi Taha - vocals Bunny Foy - vocals, percussion