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Coleraine

Coleraine is a town and civil parish near the mouth of the River Bann in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is 55 miles northwest of Belfast and 30 miles east of Derry, both of which are linked by major roads and railway connections, it is part of Glens district. Coleraine had a population of 24,634 people in the 2011 Census. Disposable income is well above the Northern Ireland average; the North Coast area has the highest property prices in Northern Ireland, higher than those of affluent South Belfast. Golf courses and leisure facilities and attractions are to be found, it contains a marina. Coleraine during the day is a busy town, however, at night the town is quiet, with much of the nightlife in the area located in the nearby seaside towns of Portrush and Portstewart. Coleraine is home to one of the largest Polish communities in Northern Ireland. Coleraine is situated at the lowest bridgeable point of the River Bann, where the river is 90 metres wide; the town square is the location of the Town Hall.

St. Patrick's Church of Ireland is situated nearby; the University of Ulster campus was built in the 1960s and has brought a theatrical space to the town in the form of the Riverside Theatre. Coleraine has been designated as a major growth area in the Northern Ireland Development Strategy. Although the population of the town is only 25,000, Coleraine has a large catchment area. In 2002, Coleraine won the Best Kept Ulster in Bloom awards. In 2003, it was selected to represent Northern Ireland in the prestigious Britain in Bloom competition. In the 2010 SuperValu Best Kept Awards, Coleraine was named the Best Kept Large Town in Northern Ireland, it has its own local radio station: Q97.2FM Coleraine has a long history of settlement. The Mesolithic site at Mount Sandel, which dates from 5935 BC is some of the earliest evidence of human settlement in Ireland; the 9th-century Hagiography Tripartite Life of Saint Patrick records. When Patrick arrived in the neighbourhood, he was received with great honour and hospitality by the local chieftain, who offered him a piece of ground on which to build a church.

The spot was next to the river Bann and was overgrown with ferns, which were being burned by some boys to amuse themselves. This incident led to the area being called Cúil Raithin, anglicised as Colrain and Coleraine, it was translated by Colgan into Latin as Secessus Filicis. The town was one of the two urban communities developed by the London Companies in County Londonderry in the Plantation of Ulster at the start of the 17th century; the skewed street pattern of Coleraine's town centre is legacy of that early exercise in town planning, along with traces of the lines of the ramparts that provided the Plantation town with its defences. In 1637 the Surveyor General of Customs issued a report compiled from accounts of customs due from each port and their "subsidiary creeks". Of the Ulster ports on the list, Carrickfergus was first, followed by Bangor and Strangford. Carlingford and Coleraine each had equal ranking. During the War of the Two Kings Coleraine was a centre of Protestant resistance to the rule of James II.

Richard Hamilton's Irish Army was repulsed. The Protestants withdrew to Derry; the same year, following the failed Siege of Derry, Sir Charles Carney and his Jacobite garrison fled the town on receiving news of the advance of Percy Kirke's Enniskillen forces and the landing at Carrickfergus of Marshal Schomberg. The Williamites controlled Coleraine for the remainder of the war. With some industrialisation, the expansion of the river port, the development of the railway, the town expanded throughout the 19th century and into the early part of the 20th century after the Second World War; the population doubled due to a number of factors: major industrial development on extensive suburban sites. There has been a steady expansion of the urban area from the mid 20th-century compact town of less than 2¼ square miles, to the present much more dispersed area of about 7 square miles. During the Northern Irish Troubles 13 people were killed in or near Coleraine, ten of them in two separate car bomb explosions.

Since 1980 growth has continued but at a more modest pace. In the twenty years to 2001 the town's population increased by 22% to 25,000 but the rate of increase fell from 12% in the 1980s to 8% in the 1990s; the poem The Coleraine Salmon Leap of 1835 by Letitia Elizabeth Landon refers to an abundance of salmon in the river here in those times, to a considerable sport derived therefrom. Coleraine was the headquarters of the former Coleraine Borough Council, before this was amalgamated in 2015 to form the Causeway Coast and Glens District Council, now based in the former Coleraine Borough Council headquarters; the Borough Council area together with the neighbouring district of Limavady, forms the East Londonderry constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly, despite some of the borough being in County Antrim. Up until 2014 there was a separate Coleraine Borough Council but the district now forms

Jordi López

Jordi López Felpeto is a Spanish former footballer who played as a defensive midfielder. Born in Granollers, Catalonia, López played for both FC Barcelona and Real Madrid's reserves to start his senior career. After appearing with the latter's first team in two matches in the 2003–04 season, he represented Sevilla FC during two years. With the Andalusians, he took part in ten games during the 2005–06 victorious campaign in the UEFA Cup and scored the only goal in an away win against FC Lokomotiv Moscow, netting his first La Liga one in a 3–1 victory at RCD Espanyol on 10 April 2005. López played with RCD Mallorca in 2006–07, being loaned the following season to fellow league club Racing de Santander, where he was used from the bench as the Cantabrians achieved a first-ever UEFA Cup qualification, he was subsequently released by the latter, started training with Portsmouth. However, on 19 August 2008, it was revealed he was having a trial with Blackburn Rovers from the English Premier League.

In January 2009, López was expected to sign during the transfer window with Birmingham City of the Football League Championship, but failed his medical. In the following month, he joined another club in the country and its second division, Queens Park Rangers, for the final 15 fixtures of the campaign, making his debut as a 69th-minute substitute for Matteo Alberti at Barnsley, he scored his first and only goal for QPR in a 2–1 home win against Bristol City, on 21 March. After some speculation, López agreed terms to join former Queens Park Rangers boss Paulo Sousa at Swansea City on 16 July 2009, subject to a medical. Four days he agreed to a two-year deal. López failed to win a first-team berth during his two-season spell in Wales struggling with injury. On 13 January 2011, he terminated his contract by mutual consent and, the following day, signed with Eredivisie's Vitesse Arnhem coached by countryman Albert Ferrer, leaving five months later. Sevilla UEFA Cup: 2005–06 Jordi López at BDFutbol Jordi López at Futbolme Jordi López at Soccerbase Jordi López at Soccerway

Opera Software

Opera Software AS is a Norwegian software company known for its desktop Opera web browser, its mobile counterpart Opera Mini. It was demerged from its parent company Otello Corporation as part of the latter's divestiture of its web browser business. Opera browsers have more than 350 million users worldwide across multiple platforms. Opera is involved in promoting Web standards through participation in the W3C; the company has its headquarters in Oslo and has offices in Sweden, China, South Korea, Russia, Iceland, Singapore and the United States. The company changed ownership when Otello sold its web-browser and consumer businesses along with the Opera brand to a Chinese group of investors in 2016, with the deal completing in November of that year. On July 27, 2018, Opera Software went public on the NASDAQ stock exchange, raising $115 million in its initial public offering. Opera Software was founded as an independent company in Norway in 1995 by Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner and Geir Ivarsøy; the company was created to continue what was a research project at Telenor, the largest Norwegian telecommunications company.

Opera Software's first product, the Opera web browser version 2.10 for Windows, was publicly released in 1996. Opera Software had an IPO in February 2004, first released on March 11, 2004. In an attempt to capitalize on the emerging market for Internet-connected handheld devices, a project to port the Opera browser to more platforms was started in 1998. Opera 4.0, released in 2000, included a new cross-platform core that facilitated creation of editions of Opera for multiple operating systems and platforms. Up to this point, the Opera browser was trialware and had to be purchased after the trial period ended, however this ended with version 5.0, released in 2000. Instead, Opera became ad-sponsored, displaying advertisements to users without a license, criticized as a barrier to gaining market share. In newer versions, the user was allowed a choice of generic graphical banners or text-based targeted advertisements provided by Google based upon the page being viewed. In 2004, Opera Software settled a lawsuit with an "international corporation" paying $12.75 million USD to Opera.

It was speculated that the "international corporation" named in the statement announcing the settlement was Microsoft, which had blocked Opera users from viewing MSN.com. On 12 January 2005, Opera Software announced that it would offer free licenses to higher education institutions — a change from the previous cost of US$1,000 for unlimited licenses. Schools that opted for the free license included Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University, University of Oxford, Georgia Institute of Technology, Duke University. With version 8.5 the advertisements were removed and primary financial support came through revenue from Google. In August 2005, the company introduced Opera Mini, a new Java ME based web browser for mobile phones marketed not to end users but to mobile network operators to pre-load on phones or offer for their subscribers. In 2007, Opera filed a complaint against Microsoft in the European Commission, alleging that bundling Internet Explorer with Microsoft Windows is harmful to both the consumer and to other web browser companies.

The complaint resulted in the creation of BrowserChoice.eu. In 2012, Opera Software and Bharti Airtel signed an agreement to provide Opera Mini browsers to Airtel mobile customers. In 2013 Opera Software decided to not use their in-house rendering engine for the Desktop Browser anymore. From Version 15, the Opera browser for computers would be using the Blink rendering engine, a fork of Webkit developed together with Google. In March 2015 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Opera won Global Mobile Award of Best Mobile Product, Initiative or Service in Emerging Markets for Opera Web Pass and Sponsored Web Pass. In April Opera Software decided to centre development of the Opera Desktop browser in Poland. On April 12, Opera TV AS was established to separate TV-related business from all other assets, which became part of Opera Software AS. In September, the company announced a rebrand with a new three-dimensional “O” logo and brand identity. In the process, the company logotype changed from "Opera Software" to “Opera”.

On 10 February 2016, a group of Chinese investors offered US$1.2 billion to buy Opera Software ASA, though the deal did not meet regulatory approval. On 18 July 2016, Opera Software ASA announced it had sold its browser and performance apps, the Opera brand to Golden Brick Capital Private Equity Fund I Limited Partnership for an amount of US$600 million; the transaction for sale of Opera's consumer business was approved on 31 October 2016 by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States. On 4 November 2016, Golden Brick Capital Private Equity Fund I L. P. completed the acquisition. After divesting itself off the Opera browser and brand, Opera Software ASA changed its name to Otello Corporation ASA. In January 2017, the company introduced Opera Neon, a new concept browser, intended as an exploration of browser design alternatives; the browser is built on top of the Blink engine similar to the original Opera browser, it is available for Windows and macOS. In January 2018, Opera launched an AI-driven news app dedicated to African users.

It reached more than a million downloads in less than a month. In April 2018, the company released a new mobile browser called