Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area, of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area, held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture, is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops.
York was incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation; the city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. More than 50 percent of residents belong to a visible minority population group, over 200 distinct ethnic origins are represented among its inhabitants. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, over 160 languages are spoken in the city. Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, television production, is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets, its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year.
Toronto is known for its many skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks, the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations, its economy is diversified with strengths in technology, financial services, life sciences, arts, business services, environmental innovation, food services, tourism. When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Iroquois, who had displaced the Wyandot people, occupants of the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is derived from the Iroquoian word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water"; this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. However, the word "Toronto", meaning "plenty" appears in a 1632 French lexicon of the Huron language, an Iroquoian language.
It appears on French maps referring to various locations, including Georgian Bay, Lake Simcoe, several rivers. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, known as the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, led to widespread use of the name. In the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, with most returning to their base in present-day New York. French traders abandoned it in 1759 during the Seven Years' War; the British defeated the French and their indigenous allies in the war, the area became part of the British colony of Quebec in 1763. During the American Revolutionary War, an influx of British settlers came here as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario; the Crown granted them land to compensate for their losses in the Thirteen Colonies.
The new province of Upper Canada was being needed a capital. In 1787, the British Lord Dorchester arranged for the Toronto Purchase with the Mississauga of the New Credit First Nation, thereby securing more than a quarter of a million acres of land in the Toronto area. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto. In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, believing that the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the United States; the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street and Front Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by United States forces.
The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation; because of the sacking of York, British troops retaliated in the war with the Burning of Wa
Sarah Ann McLachlan, is a Canadian singer and songwriter known for her emotional ballads and mezzo-soprano vocal range. As of 2009 she had sold over 30 million albums worldwide. McLachlan's best-selling album to date is Surfacing, for which she won two Grammy Awards and four Juno Awards. In addition to her personal artistic efforts, she founded the Lilith Fair tour, which showcased female musicians on an unprecedented scale; the Lilith Fair concert tours took place from 1997 to 1999, resumed in the summer of 2010. On May 6, 2014, she released her first album of original music in four years, titled Shine On. McLachlan was born on January 28, 1968, in Halifax, Nova Scotia and placed with the McLachlan family who legally adopted her, she played music from a young age, beginning with the ukulele at age four. She would go on to study classical guitar, classical piano, voice at the Maritime Conservatory of Music through the curriculum of The Royal Conservatory of Music; when she was 17 years old and still a student at Queen Elizabeth High School in Halifax, she fronted a short-lived rock band called The October Game.
One of the band's songs, "Grind", credited as a group composition, can be found on the independent Flamingo Records release Out of the Fog and the CD Out of the Fog Too. It has yet to be released elsewhere, her high school yearbook predicted that she was "destined to become a famous rock star". Following The October Game's first concert at Dalhousie University opening for Moev, McLachlan was offered a recording contract with Vancouver-based independent record label Nettwerk by Moev's Mark Jowett. McLachlan's parents insisted she finish high school and complete one year of studies at the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design before moving to Vancouver and embarking on a new life as a recording artist, she signed to Nettwerk two years before having written a single song. A mutual acquaintance introduced her to her birth mother. McLachlan was ambivalent about meeting her. In 1994 McLachlan was sued by Uwe Vandrei, an obsessed fan from Ottawa, who alleged that his letters to her had been the basis of the single "Possession".
The lawsuit was challenging for the Canadian legal system: Vandrei was an admitted stalker whose acknowledged goal in filing the lawsuit was to be near McLachlan. Precautions were taken to ensure McLachlan's safety if she had to be in the same location as Vandrei. Before the trial began however, Vandrei was found dead in an apparent suicide. Vandrei's preoccupation with McLachlan was explored at length in Canadian author Judith Fitzgerald's book, Building a Mystery: The Story of Sarah McLachlan & Lilith Fair. In 1997, McLachlan married Ashwin Sood, in Jamaica. While she was pregnant with her first child, her mother died from cancer in December 2001. While working on her next album, she gave birth to daughter India Ann Sushil Sood in Vancouver on April 6, 2002. On June 22, 2007, she gave birth to Taja Summer Sood, in Vancouver. McLachlan announced her separation from Ashwin Sood in September 2008 and they divorced the same year; the signing with Nettwerk prompted McLachlan to move to British Columbia.
There she recorded her first album, Touch, in 1987, which received both critical and commercial success and included the song "Vox". During this period she contributed to an album by Moev, provided vocals on Manufacture's "As the End Draws Near," and embarked on her first national concert tour as an opening act for The Grapes of Wrath, her 1991 album, was her mainstream breakthrough in Canada, spawning the hit singles "The Path of Thorns" and "Into the Fire". Solace marked the beginning of her partnership with Pierre Marchand. Marchand and McLachlan have been collaborators since, with Marchand producing many of McLachlan's albums and co-writing songs. 1993's Fumbling Towards Ecstasy was an immediate hit in Canada. From her Nettwerk connection, her piano version of the song "Possession" was included on the first Due South soundtrack in 1996. Over the next two years, Fumbling Towards Ecstasy became McLachlan's international breakthrough as well, scaling the charts in a number of countries. In 1993, Darryl Neudorf filed a lawsuit against McLachlan and her label, alleging that he had made a significant and uncredited contribution to the songwriting on Touch, alleging that he was not paid properly for work done on Solace.
The judge in this suit ruled in McLachlan's favour on the songs. The judge ruled in Neudorf's favour on the payment issue. Following the success from Fumbling Towards Ecstasy, McLachlan returned in 1997 with Surfacing, her best-selling and best-known album to date; the album earned her two 1998 Grammy Awards, one for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance and one for Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance, four Juno Awards, including Album of the Year for Surfacing and Song of the Year and Songwriter of the Year for "Building a Mystery". The album has since sold over 16 million copies worldwide and brought her much international success. Still in the spotlight from the album, McLachlan launched the popular Lilith Fair tour, her song "Angel"—inspired by the fatal overdose of Smashing Pumpkins touring keyboardist Jonathan Melvoin—made sales skyrocket. One of the songs from Surfacing, Full of Grace, features in the season 2 finale of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Becoming. Fellow adoptee Darryl McDaniels was so touched by "Angel" that it inspired him to reassess his life and career.
He credits McLachlan and
Dawn Joanne Langstroth is a Canadian singer and painter. Raised in Toronto, she has released two EPs, self-titled Dawn Langstroth and No Mercy, released her debut album Highwire in 2009. Langstroth is the daughter of former CBC television producer Bill Langstroth. Langstroth has worked with Grammy Award winning producers Phil Ramone, George Massenburg, Ed Cherney, notable acts such as Jann Arden, The Rankin Family, Shelby Lynne and John McDermott. Langstroth is known for a playful, semi-cubist illustration style and the inclusion of family pets in her paintings. "Dark and Twisted" 2009 "Mother's Child" - Live at Blackbird, Studio C, July 2007 DawnLangstroth.com – Official website. Emotional Rescue - People Magazine article
Junkhouse are a Canadian alternative rock band formed in 1989 in Hamilton, Ontario. Formed in 1989 in Hamilton, the band consisted of vocalist and guitarist Tom Wilson, guitarist Dan Achen, bassist Russ Wilson and drummer Ray Farrugia; the band got its first widespread exposure opening for Crash Vegas on that band's tour to support their debut album, Red Earth. Crash Vegas member Colin Cripps was one of Junkhouse's early supporters. In 1993, the band signed to Sony Records, released a Sony Music publishing demo Here Lies Happiness, a collection of their early recordings. In September 1993 they released their official debut and promoted the album by touring as an opening act for The Waltons and Soul Asylum; that album was produced by Malcolm Burn, produced radio hits for the band with "Out of My Head", "Prayin' for the Rain" and "Big Brown Turtle". The band was featured on the soundtrack to the television show Due South, their cover of the song "Oh, What a Feeling" is on the first of the two soundtracks from the Paul Haggis show.
In 1995, they released Birthday Boy, which included a duet with Sarah McLachlan on the song "Burned Out Car". Russ Wilson left the band in 1996, was replaced by Grant Marshall. In 1997 Colin Cripps joined the band after the dissolution of Crash Vegas. Junkhouse released their final album, Fuzz, written by Wilson and Cripps. Following that album, the band members went their separate ways. Tom Wilson has released two solo albums, Planet Love in 2001 and Dog Years in 2006, has collaborated with Stephen Fearing and Colin Linden in the supergroup Blackie and the Rodeo Kings. Although no longer recording, the band still performs together occasionally, they played on a bill with Finger Eleven at a tsunami benefit in Hamilton on February 2, 2005. and reunited on November 7, 2009 to celebrate its 20th anniversary with a concert at Toronto's Horseshoe Tavern. Dan Achen owned Catherine North Studio in Hamilton. Several internationally known artists have recorded at Catherine North over the past 10 years, including Achen’s niece Feist.
At a 2008 concert at Hamilton Place, the Grammy-nominated singer held up her favourite red guitar and proudly announced that it was a gift from "Uncle Dan". In 2008, Achen co-produced a Juno-winning album Bring Me Your Love, a solo project by Dallas Green of the platinum-selling rock band Alexisonfire. Dan Achen died on March 2010 of a heart attack while playing hockey. On March 20, 2010, Ron McLean profiled Dan Achen and Junkhouse with a segment prior to the Leafs-Canadiens game on Hockey Night in Canada. 1993 Strays 1995 Birthday Boy 1997 Fuzz 2003 Rounders: The Best Of Junkhouse Junkhouse at CanadianBands.com Junkhouse at BillBoard.com Junkhouse at allmusic
Justin Rutledge is a Toronto-based alternative country singer-songwriter signed to Outside Music. Rutledge's musical style is compared to that of American alt-country singer Ryan Adams, his influences, both of the literary and music world, include Leonard Cohen, Hank Williams, Richard Brautigan and E. E. Cummings. In 2006, Justin Rutledge was named Toronto singer-songwriter of the year by NOW magazine. Rutledge has toured Canada, the UK, the United States and Europe, has played shows with Kathleen Edwards, Jim Cuddy, Blue Rodeo, Hawksley Workman, Luke Doucet and Dolly Parton, his critically acclaimed lyrics are sometimes linked by music writers to his time as a university English major. Rutledge was born and grew up in the Junction neighbourhood in Toronto, a working class community centered around an intersection of four railway lines, he grew up with aspirations of becoming a writer. To that end he studied English literature, with a major in modern poetry, at the University of Toronto, he dropped out after three years of school.
Rutledge told Maclean's in an interview that his backup plan would be to finish his university studies in English "if this music thing doesn't work." No Never Alone is Rutledge's first album. In order to pay for the recording he worked as a bartender. Rutledge has remarked that "I would do a studio session during the day, head straight to work until 4 or 5 in the morning"; the album earned Rutledge considerable praise in the UK, where he was compared to Ryan Adams by Comes With a Smile, who proclaimed that "A major new talent has landed". Additional UK praise came from Uncut magazine, who referred to Rutledge as "a master of gothic understatement", NME describing the album as "an incredible breakthrough", it was only receiving this attention in the UK that No Never Alone was released in Rutledge's native Canada. Rutledge's second album, The Devil on a Bench in Stanley Park was released through Six Shooter Records on October 6, 2006. Devil on a Bench is Rutledge's second attempt at a second album.
He was unsatisfied with the album, has explained, "I thought a sophomore album should have just a bit more of an assured sense about it. A second step forward should be a step up the ladder as opposed to just asserting your presence. You’re not just saying, ‘hey, I’m still here. You’re saying, ‘hey I’m here and I’ve challenged myself and I’ve done something that I haven’t done already.’ In order to challenge himself and create the album he wanted, Rutledge wrote a new batch of songs and recorded them in eight days with his band, opting for a more live recording style. The Devil on a Bench in Stanley Park was nominated for a Juno Award in the category "Roots & Traditional Album of the Year: Solo" and received the Galaxie Rising Star Award at the Edmonton Folk Music Festival. Rutledge's third album, Man Descending was released on April 2008 through Six Shooter Records; the album is named after a 1982 collection of short stories by Guy Vanderhaeghe called Man Descending. Rutledge was inspired by a line from Vanderhaeghe's book, "A man descending is propelled by inertia.
He says of the line, "It resonated with me. As I continued to read the stories, I realized that all these characters in the book were dealing with the same kind of static or inertia in their lives. I kind of took little threads and wove them into songs." The album features guest performances by Ron Sexsmith, Jenn Grant, Catherine MacLellan, Hawksley Workman, Melissa McClelland, Joey Wright and Jim Bryson. Man Descending was longlisted for the Polaris Music Prize. Other praise for Man Descending in 2008 included the No. 5 spot on Exclaim!'s Wood, Wires & Whiskey top 10 and a nomination for Contemporary Album of the Year at the Canadian Folk Music Awards. According to an interview, "Compared to 2006’s The Devil on a Bench in Stanley Park, Rutledge feels Man Descending is a much more patient and mature album, despite recording it in just three days."The songs "Alberta Breeze" and "San Sebastian" were written for In the Fall, the album that Rutledge scrapped in 2006, were rerecorded for Man Descending.
In 2009 Rutledge took. The series, which featured 20 Toronto artists, had him reflecting on his time performing at the Cameron House; the Early Widows is Rutledge's fourth album, released May 2010 on Six Shooter Records. Rutledge wrote several songs with a single character in mind from author Michael Ondaatje's novel Divisadero after collaborating with Ondaatje on a theatrical adaptation of the novel. Ondaatje co-wrote several of the songs, receiving official credit for the single "Be a Man"; the album was produced by Canadian singer-songwriter Hawksley Workman and features Canadian singer-songwriter Oh Susanna and an additional co-writer credit to Nashville singer-songwriter Darrell Scott. Valleyheart is Rutledge's fifth album, released February 2013 on his new label Outside Music, it is produced by Justin Rutledge himself. Rutledge is a member of the band Early Winters, a collaboration with Canadian musician/producer Dan Burns, American musician Zac Rae and British singer-songwriter Carina Round.
In addition to his recording career, Rutledge has acted on stage, including in productions of Ondaatje's Divisadero and Sarah Ruhl's Eurydice. He composed music, worked as musical director, for a production of Max Frisch's The Arson
Skyscraper Soul is the third album by Jim Cuddy. It was released on September 27, 2011. All songs written by Jim Cuddy. "Skyscraper Soul" — 5:02 "Regular Days" — 3:55 "Everyone Watched The Wedding" — 5:32 "Still Want You" — 4:31 "Wash Me Down" — 4:51 "Watch Yourself Go Down" — 5:33 "Don't Know That Much" — 1:48 "Banks of the 49" — 5:12 "What Is So Wrong" — 4:36 "Ready To Fall" — 4:43 "Water's Running High" — 4:24 "How In The World" — 3:41 "City Birds" — 2:05 "With You" — 5:03 "Everyone Watched The Wedding" was inspired by the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton