Almas is a genus of troodontid theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. It contains a single species, Almas ukhaa, named in 2017 by Pei Rui and colleagues, based on a partial articulated skeleton; the only known specimen was found in the Djadochta Formation, late Campanian in age. In 1993, a joint expedition by the American Museum of Natural History and the Mongolian Academy of Sciences discovered near Ukhaa Tolgod, the Flaming Cliffs, a skeleton of a small theropod, it was prepared by Amy Davidson. Though in subsequent years its traits were inserted in some data matrices of phylogenetic analyses, a description of the fossil was never published. In 2017, the type species Almas ukhaa was named and described by Pei Rui, Mark Norell, Daniel Barta, Gabriel Bever, Michael Pittman and Xu Xing; the generic name refers to the almas, "wild man" in Mongolian, a man-like creature from Mongolian folklore. The specific name refers to its provenance; the holotype, IGM 100/1323, was found in a layer of the Djadochta Formation dating from the late Campanian.
It consists of a partial skeleton with skull. The skull, better preserved, was found disarticulated from the postcrania, but was considered to have belonged to the same individual. Parts of the skull roof, as well as the lower jaws, were found disconnected from the remainder of the head; the postcranial skeleton contains three sacral vertebrae, eleven front tail vertebrae, belly ribs, parts of the pelvis and parts of the hindlimbs, which lack the toes. It represents a subadult individual. Near the skeleton egg shells have been found of the Prismatoolithidae type; such eggs have earlier been referred to Troodontidae. 2017 in archosaur paleontology
This is a list of the rulers of Greenland: The Norse Colony of Greenland The Kingdom of Norway The personal union of Norway and Sweden The personal union of Norway and Denmark The personal union of Norway and Denmark The Kalmar Union The personal union of Norway and Denmark The Kingdom of Denmark The Home Rule of Greenland Greenland as an integral part of Norway under the Monarchy of Norway From the 1260s, the Norse colony on Greenland recognised the King of Norway as their overlord. Norway entered into a personal union with Denmark in 1380 and from 1397 was part of the Kalmar Union. From 1536, after Sweden had broken out of the union, Norway entered into a closer dependency with Denmark in the kingdom of Denmark–Norway, which existed until 1814. From the Middle Ages up until 1814, official Danish documents made clear that Greenland was a part of Norway. 1261–1263: Haakon IV Haakonsson 1263–1280: Magnus VI Haakonsson 1280–1299: Eric II Magnusson 1299–1319: Haakon V Magnusson 1319–1343: Magnus VII Eriksson 1343–1380: Haakon VI Magnusson 1380–1387: Olaf IV Haakonsson 1387–1412: Margaret I 1412–1442: Eric of Pomerania 1442–1448: Christopher of Bavaria 1449–1450: Charles I 1450–1481: Christian I 1481–1513: John I 1513–1523: Christian II 1523–1533: Frederick I 1534–1559: Christian III 1559–1588: Frederick II 1588–1648: Christian IV 1648–1670: Frederick III 1670–1699: Christian V 1699–1730: Frederick IV 1730–1746: Christian VI 1746–1766: Frederick V 1766–1808: Christian VII 1808–1814: Frederick VI Greenland as a dependency of the Kingdom of Denmark In 1814, Denmark-Norway found itself on the losing side of the Napoleonic Wars.
In gratitude to Sweden for its assistance in defeating Napoleon, mainland Norway and certain Norwegian territories were transferred to Sweden — thus, the personal union of Norway and Denmark ended. The dependencies of Greenland and the Faroe Islands, remained part of the reorganised Kingdom of Denmark. Unlike Iceland, recognised as a sovereign monarchy united with Denmark under the same monarch in 1918, Greenland has remained a Danish dependency under the reigning monarch Margrethe II of Denmark. 1814–1839: Frederick VI 1839–1848: Christian VIII 1848–1863: Frederick VII 1863–1906: Christian IX 1906–1912: Frederick VIII 1912–1947: Christian X 1947–1972: Frederick IX 1972–present: Margrethe II