The hobby of collecting includes seeking, acquiring, cataloging, displaying and maintaining items that are of interest to an individual collector. Collections differ in a wide variety of respects, most in the nature and scope of the objects contained, but in purpose, so forth; the range of possible subjects for a collection is unlimited, collectors have realised a vast number of these possibilities in practice, although some are much more popular than others. In collections of manufactured items, the objects may be antique or collectable. Antiques are collectable items at least 100 years old, while other collectables are arbitrarily recent; the word vintage describes old collectables that are not yet antiques. Collecting is a childhood hobby for some people, but for others a lifelong pursuit or something started in adulthood. Collectors who begin early in life modify their aims when they get older; some novice collectors start purchasing items that appeal to them slowly work at learning how to build a collection, while others prefer to develop some background in the field before starting to buy items.
The emergence of the internet as a global forum for different collectors has resulted in many isolated enthusiasts finding each other. The most obvious way to categorize collections is by the type of objects collected. Most collections are of manufactured commercial items, but natural objects such as birds' eggs, butterflies and seashells can be the subject of a collection. For some collectors, the criterion for inclusion might not be the type of object but some incidental property such as the identity of its original owner; some collectors are generalists with broad criteria for inclusion, while others focus on a subtopic within their area of interest. Some collectors accumulate arbitrarily many objects that meet the thematic and quality requirements of their collection, others—called completists or completionists—aim to acquire all items in a well-defined set that can in principle be completed, others seek a limited number of items per category. Collecting items by country is common; the monetary value of objects is irrelevant to others.
Some collectors maintain objects in pristine condition. After a collectable has been purchased, its retail price no longer applies and its value is linked to what is called the secondary market. There is no secondary market for an item unless someone is willing to buy it, an object's value is whatever the buyer is willing to pay. Depending on age, supply and other factors, individuals and secondary retailers may sell a collectable for either more or less than what they paid for it. Special or limited edition collectables are created with the goal of increasing demand and value of an item due to its rarity. A price guide is a resource such as a website that lists typical selling prices. Products become more valuable with age; the term antique refers to manufactured items made over 100 years ago, although in some fields, such as antique cars, the time frame is less stringent. For antique furniture, the limit has traditionally been set in the 1830s. Collectors and dealers may use the word vintage to describe older collectables that are too young to be called antiques, including Art Deco and Art Nouveau items and Depression glass, etc.
Items which were once everyday objects but may now be collectable, as all examples produced have been destroyed or discarded, are called ephemera. Psychological factors can play a role in both the motivation for keeping a collection and the impact it has on the collector's life; these factors can be negative. The hobby of collecting goes hand-in-hand with an interest in the objects collected and what they represent, for example collecting postcards may reflect an interest in different places and cultures. For this reason, collecting can have educational benefits, some collectors become experts in their field. Maintaining a collection can be a relaxing activity that counteracts the stress of life, while providing a purposeful pursuit which prevents boredom; the hobby can lead to social connections between people with similar interests and the development of new friendships. It has been shown to be common among academics. Collecting for most people is a choice, but for some it can be a compulsion, sharing characteristics with obsessive hoarding.
When collecting is passed between generations, it might sometimes be that children have inherited symptoms of obsessive–compulsive disorder. Collecting can sometimes reflect a fear of scarcity, or of discarding something later regretting it, it has been speculated that the widespread appeal of collecting is connected to the hunting and gathering, once necessary for human survival. Collecting is associated with memory by association and the need for the human brain to catalogue and organise information and give meaning to ones actions. Collecting is a practice with a old cultural history. In Mesopotamia, collecting practices have been noted among royalty and elites as far back as the 3rd millennium BCE; the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty collected books from all over the known world at the Library of Alexandria. The Medici family, in Renaissance Florence, made the first effort to collect art by private patronage, this way artists could be free for the first time from the money given by the Church and Kings.
Many of the world's popular museum
Lorenzo João Gordinho is a South African professional footballer who plays as a defender for Premier Soccer League side Bidvest Wits and the South Africa national team. An academy graduate of Chiefs, Gordinho made his senior professional debut in 2013 and, either side of a year-long loan at Bloemfontein Celtic in 2018, represented the club on 71 occasions. Two years he joined fellow PSL side Bidvest Wits. Gordinho is a full international with South Africa, having made his senior debut in 2017, has to date earned three caps with the national team. Gordinho is the son of Manny Faria. In his early years, he and his brother Anthony played for Easterns in Benoni and in Balfour, before being invited to train with Orlando Pirates’ development team. From there Gordinho was signed by Kazier Chiefs at the age of 15 after being put into contact with development coach, Lucky Stylianou by close friend Masalealo Seanego, his brother trialled in Brazil before joining Ajax Cape Town's academy. Having progressed through the club's academy, Gordinho made his Kaizer Chiefs debut in the 2013–14 PSL season under coach Stuart Baxter.
He made only two appearances across all competitions the following season as the club claimed a domestic double, winning the PSL and MTN 8 titles. Following Baxter's departure, Steve Komphela's arrival in 2015, he was chosen to be part of the club's captains committee and became a regular within the starting line-up, he was voted PSL Player of the Month for August and September 2016. In January 2017, Gordinho was one of four Chiefs players who travelled to England to train with Fulham as part of a relationship-building exercise between the two clubs; that month, he was invited to trial with Danish Superliga side AaB and featured for the side in a friendly against Hoffenheim. A permanent move failed to materialize and upon his return to South Africa he signed a new three-year contract with Chiefs. On 31 October 2017, he made his 50th league appearance for the club, it was his final appearance for Kaizer Chiefs for the season, in January the following year he joined fellow PSL side Bloemfontein Celtic on loan.
On 3 January 2018, Gordinho signed for Bloemfontein Celtic on a one-year loan as part of a deal which saw Celtic captain Kabelo Mahlasela join Kaizer Chiefs permanently. He made his debut four days when he started in a 2–1 league win over Golden Arrows and was well received by the club's supporters who were recorded chanting his name throughout the match. On 4 March, he earned the man of the match award for his performance in Celtic's 1–0 league win over Ajax, he scored his first goal for the club one month netting in a 2–1 defeat to Orlando Pirates. He was later sent off during the match for a professional foul on Luvuyo Memela, he made 16 appearances across all competitions in his debut season with the club. Ahead of the following season, he was reunited with Komphela after the manager had taken over the club following Veselin Jelušić's resignation and his own sacking by Chiefs earlier in the year, he made 14 appearances during the first half of the 2018–19 campaign before returning to Chiefs, despite Celtic attempting to retain his services for the remainder of the season.
Following his return to Naturena, Gordinho managed just eight appearances over the course of the next year, before securing a permanent move to PSL rivals, Bidvest Wits on 14 January 2020, where he signed a two-and-a-half-year deal. Though born in Benoni, South Africa, Gordinho was eligible to represent Portugal prior to making his international debut as his father is Portuguese. In March 2017, Gordinho received his first call-up to the South African national side by interim-coach Owen Da Gama before making his debut under Stuart Baxter in a 2–1 friendly loss to Zambia in June; as of match played 14 January 20201 Includes Nedbank Cup matches. 2 Includes. 4 Includes. As of 4 September 2017 Kaizer ChiefsPremier Soccer League: 2014–15 PSL Player of the Month: August 2016.
Harvey Golub is an American businessman. Born to a Jewish family, Golub attended Cornell University and received a Bachelor of Science from the New York University, he worked as a senior partner with Company. From 1993 to 2001, he was chief executive officer of American Express, he served as Chairman of the board at the Campbell Soup Company from November 2004 to July 2009. He served as chairman of the American International Group, his resignation as AIG chairman was announced on July 16, 2010. He sits on the boards of directors of Marblegate Asset Management, the Campbell Soup Company, Ripplewood Holdings. In 2016, Golub was appointed to chair boutique energy company, he serves as the chairman of Miller Buckfire. He sits on the board of trustees of the American Enterprise Institute, the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts