Collector of the Port of New York

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The Collector of Customs at the Port of New York, most often referred to as Collector of the Port of New York, sometimes also as Collector of Customs for the Port of New York or (erroneously) Collector of Customs for the District of New York, was a federal officer who was in charge of the collection of import duties on foreign goods that entered the United States by ship at the Port of New York.

The most well-known individual to hold the position was Chester A. Arthur, who served as collector from 1871–1878 and who later served as the 21st President of the United States.

History[edit]

The first Collector, John Lamb, was appointed by the Congress of the Confederation in 1784. Afterwards, the Collectors were appointed by the U.S. President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.

The office was described as "the prize plum of Federal patronage not only in this State but perhaps in the country, outside of positions in the Cabinet."[1] The annual salary in 1920 was $12,000 plus about $8,000 in fees.[2]

The position was abolished in 1966 when the structure of the United States Customs Service was changed, the last Collector, Joseph P. Kelly, was kept on as a consultant some time after.[3]

Others[edit]

The customs collection districts include the Collector of the Port of Newark and Collector of the Port of Perth Amboy, they became the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey.

List of Collectors[edit]

Portrait Number Collector Nominated by Start date End date Comments
General John Lamb.jpg 1 John Lamb Congress of the
Confederation
1784 1797 [4]
Joshua Sands.jpg 2 Joshua Sands John Adams 1797 1801 Confirmed May 19, 1797[4]
David Gelston, 1744 - 1828.jpg 3 David Gelston Thomas Jefferson 1801 1820 [4]
4 Jonathan Thompson James Monroe 1820 1829 [4]
5 Samuel Swartwout Andrew Jackson 1829 1838 Confirmed March 29, 1830.[4]
6 Jesse Hoyt Martin Van Buren 1838 1841 [4]
7 John J. Morgan Martin Van Buren 1841 1841 [4]
8 Edward Curtis William Henry Harrison 1841 1844 [4]
N/A Charles G. Ferris John Tyler - - Rejected by the U.S. Senate[4]
Cornelius P Van Ness.jpg 9 Cornelius P. Van Ness John Tyler 1844 1845 [4]
Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence.jpg 10 Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence James K. Polk 1845 1849 [4]
11 Hugh Maxwell Zachary Taylor 1849 1853 [4]
Daniel Dickinson NY.jpg N/A Daniel S. Dickinson Franklin Pierce - - Declined nomination[4]
GreeneCBronson.jpg 12 Greene C. Bronson Franklin Pierce 1853 1853 [4]
Heman J. Redfield.jpg 13 Heman J. Redfield Franklin Pierce 1853 1857 Resigned July 1, 1857[4]
Augustus Schell.jpg 14 Augustus Schell James Buchanan 1857 1861 [4]
Hiram Barney.jpg 15 Hiram Barney Abraham Lincoln 1861 1864 Resigned[4]
Simeon Draper, Collector of the Port of New York.jpg 16 Simeon Draper Abraham Lincoln 1864 1865 [4]
Preston King.png 17 Preston King Andrew Johnson 1865 1865 Committed suicide[4]
N/A Charles P. Clinch N/A 1865 1866 Acting[4]
18 Henry A. Smyth Andrew Johnson 1866 1869 [4]
Moses H. Grinnell.jpg 19 Moses H. Grinnell Ulysses S. Grant 1869 1870 [4]
Thomas Murphy (Collector of the Port of New York).jpg 20 Thomas Murphy Ulysses S. Grant 1870 1871 [4]
20 Chester Arthur 3x4.jpg 21 Chester A. Arthur Ulysses S. Grant 1871 1878 [4]
Theodore Roosevelt Sr.gif N/A Theodore Roosevelt Sr. Rutherford B. Hayes - - Rejected by U.S. Senate
Edwin Atkins Merritt.png 22 Edwin Atkins Merritt Rutherford B. Hayes 1878 1881
WilliamHRobertson.jpg 23 William H. Robertson James Garfield 1881 1885 Nominated March 24, 1881
24 Edward L. Hedden Grover Cleveland 1885 1886
Daniel Magone.jpg 25 Daniel Magone Grover Cleveland 1886 1889
Joel B. Erhardt.jpg 26 Joel Erhardt Benjamin Harrison 1889 1891
J. S. Fassett.jpg 27 Jacob Sloat Fassett Benjamin Harrison 1891 1891
FrancisHendricks.jpg 28 Francis Hendricks Benjamin Harrison 1891 1893 [5][6]
29 James T. Kilbreth Grover Cleveland 1893 1897 Died in office[7][a]
30 George R. Bidwell William McKinley 1897 1902 [8]
Nevada N. Stranahan.jpg 31 Nevada Stranahan Theodore Roosevelt 1902 1907 Resigned due to ill health
N/A Henry C. Stuart N/A 1907 1907 Acting
32 Edward S. Fowler Theodore Roosevelt 1907 1909
William Loeb Jr cph.3a01288 (cropped).jpg 33 William Loeb, Jr. William Howard Taft 1909 1913
John Purroy Mitchel on May 11, 1914 at the memorial for the Veracruz dead.png 34 John Purroy Mitchel Woodrow Wilson 1913 1913 Elected Mayor of New York City[9][10]
Dudley Field Malone.jpg 35 Dudley Field Malone Woodrow Wilson 1913 1917 [11]
Byron Rufus Newton in 1917.jpg 36 Byron Rufus Newton Woodrow Wilson 1917 1921 [12]
37 George W. Aldridge Warren G. Harding 1921 1922 Died in office[1]
N/A Henry C. Stuart N/A 1922 1923 Acting[13]
38 Philip Elting Calvin Coolidge 1923 1933 [14]
39 Harry M. Durning Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933 1953 [b]
40 Robert Wharton Dill Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953 1961
41 Joseph P. Kelly John F. Kennedy 1961 1966 [15]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A private act of the 58th United States Congress in March, 1904, indemnified James T. Kilbreth (posthumously), George R. Bidwell, and Nevada N. Stranahan as collectors of customs for the district and port of New York for the losses through embezzlement by Byram W. Winters, a customs service clerk. Stranahan received a refund in the sum of $8,821.44 from the federal government, having personally settled the entire amount of the fraud.
  2. ^ Harry M. Durning was the defendant in the case of Dioguardi v. Durning, 139 F.2d 774 (2d Cir. 1944), which is frequently used in Civil Procedure courses as a starting point to teach pleadings under the modern approach of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Sources
  1. ^ a b "George W. Aldridge Dies As He Golfs At Westchester Club – Collector of Port, 65, and Seemingly Hale, Stricken With Apoplexy – Sinks Without a Word – Charles D. Hilles and George Sweeny Near Rochester Leader as Death Comes – Ends Picturesque Career – Last Survivor of Big Three, Including Platt and Hendricks – Body to Be Taken Home Today" (PDF). New York Times. June 14, 1922. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Open Season Now For Job Hunters – Local Republican Leaders Preparing to Fill Offices Under New Administration – Many Fine Federal Plums – Scores of Places Under State Rule Will Also Fall to Faithful Party Workers" (PDF). New York Times. November 9, 1920. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Bamberger, Werner (June 19, 1966). "New Chief Cites Customs Aim Here – Stramiello Declares He Will Strive to Improve Service". New York Times. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "NEW-YORK'S CUSTOMS OFFICERS.; THE COLLECTORS, NAVAL OFFICERS, AND SURVEYORS SINCE THE FOUNDATION OF THE GOVERNMENT". The New York Times. July 20, 1878. Retrieved 23 February 2018. 
  5. ^ "Collector Hendricks Now; Mr. Fassett's Successor Sworn In And In Charge, he Looks Through The Departments Intent On "Learning The Business" - Rumors Of Changes - Other Custom House Matters" (PDF). New York Times. September 29, 1891. 
  6. ^ "Francis Hendricks, Politician, Dies At 86 - Former Republican Leader of Central New York and ex-State Senator" (PDF). New York Times. June 10, 1920. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "New-York Offices Filled - James T. Kilbreth Collector , Walter H. Bunn Appraiser" (PDF). New York Times. July 29, 1893. p. 1. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Appointments By Bidwell – New Collector of the Port Begins Work – Joseph J. Couch Is Special Deputy" (PDF). The New York Times. July 15, 1897. 
  9. ^ "Monthly Bulletin – The Federal Service". Good Government: Official Journal of the National Civil Service Reform League. 30 (11): 99. November 1913. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Mitchel In Office As Port Collector Loeb, Retiring, Wishes Him Well – McAneny and Steers There as He Is Sworn In – Still in Mayoralty Fight – Politicians Say His Federal Appointment Can't Keep Him Out and Will Help Him". New York Times. June 8, 1913. p. C4. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Malone Nominated As Port Collector – O'Gorman's Son-in-Law to Succeed Mitchel – Senator, Avoiding Comment, Tells a Story – Wilson's Personal Choice – Appointment Thought to Show Satisfaction at Tammany's Defeat – Splendid Selection, Says Mitchel" (PDF). The New York Times. November 11, 1913. 
  12. ^ "Growth Of New York Port; Collector Newton Says This Is World's Greatest Commerce Centre" (PDF). New York Times. June 28, 1918. 
  13. ^ "Henry C. Stuart, Customs Aide – Assistant Collector of Port of New York for 15 Years Is Dead Here at 73 – In U.S. Service 47 Years – Considered Authority on Laws of His Department – Honored on Retirement in '37". New York Times. May 14, 1938. p. 15. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Philip Elting, Once Collector of Port – Chairman of Ulster County Republicans Since 1904 Held Post Here, 1923 to 1933 – Dies in Kingston at 77 – Descendant of 9 Generations of Ulster County Residents – Leader at Conventions". New York Times. July 21, 1941. p. 15. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  15. ^ NEW IMPOST CHIEF; Kelly Sworn as Port's 41st Collector of Customs in the New York Times on July 6, 1961 (subscription required)

External links[edit]