Barbara Stanwyck was an American actress and dancer. She was a film and television star, known during her 60-year career as a consummate and versatile professional with a strong, realistic screen presence, deMille, Fritz Lang, and Frank Capra. After a short but notable career as an actress in the late 1920s, she made 85 films in 38 years in Hollywood. Orphaned at the age of four and partially raised in foster homes and she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress four times, for Stella Dallas, Ball of Fire, Double Indemnity and Sorry, Wrong Number. For her television work she won three Emmy Awards, for The Barbara Stanwyck Show, The Big Valley and The Thorn Birds, the Thorn Birds won her a Golden Globe. She received an Honorary Oscar at the 1982 Academy Award ceremony and she was the recipient of honorary lifetime awards from the American Film Institute, the Film Society of Lincoln Center, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association and the Screen Actors Guild. Stanwyck received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1960, Barbara Stanwyck was born Ruby Catherine Stevens on July 16,1907, in Brooklyn, New York.
She was the child of Byron E. and Catherine Ann Stevens. Her father was a native of Massachusetts and her mother was an immigrant from Nova Scotia, Ruby was of English and Scottish ancestry, by her father and mother, respectively. When Ruby was four, her mother died of complications from a miscarriage after a drunken stranger accidentally knocked her off a moving streetcar, two weeks after the funeral, Byron Stevens joined a work crew digging the Panama Canal and was never seen again. Ruby and her brother, were raised by their elder sister Mildred, when Mildred got a job as a showgirl and Byron were placed in a series of foster homes, from which young Ruby often ran away. Ruby toured with Mildred during the summers of 1916 and 1917, watching the movies of Pearl White, whom Ruby idolized, influenced her drive to be a performer. At the age of 14 she dropped out of school, to take a job wrapping packages at a department store in Brooklyn, Ruby never attended high school, although early biographical thumbnail sketches had her attending Brooklyns famous Erasmus Hall High School.
Soon afterward, she took a job filing cards at the Brooklyn telephone office for a wage of $14 a week and she disliked both jobs, her real goal was to enter show business, even as her sister Mildred discouraged the idea. She took a job cutting dress patterns for Vogue magazine and her next job was as a typist for the Jerome H. Remick Music Company, a job she reportedly enjoyed. However, her ambition was to work in show business. In 1923, a few months before her 16th birthday, Ruby auditioned for a place in the chorus at the Strand Roof, a night club over the Strand Theatre in Times Square. A few months later, she obtained a job as a dancer in the 1922 and 1923 seasons of the Ziegfeld Follies, I just wanted to survive and eat and have a nice coat, Stanwyck said
Central West (New South Wales)
The Central West is a region of New South Wales, Australia. The region is geographically in eastern New South Wales, in the area west of the Blue Mountains and it has an area of 63,262 square kilometres. Major population and service centres in the Central West include the cities of Bathurst and Orange and Orange are home to campuses of Charles Sturt University, the only main provider of university education for the region. The Central Wests east is higher and hillier and supports orchards, vegetable-growing, the west is flatter and drier and supports grain crops and pastoralism. The Central West region is traversed by the Great Western Highway, the Mid-Western Highway, the Mitchell Highway, the Newell Highway and the Castlereagh Highway. Other electronic media are represented by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation with both television and radio broadcasting, and by television stations Prime7, WIN, and Southern Cross Nine, the Central Western Daily newspaper is published in Orange. The Central West area was inhabited by the Wiradjuri people.
The first white explorer, George Wilson Evans, entered the Lachlan Valley in 1815 and he named the area the Oxley Plains after his superior the surveyor-general, John Oxley. In 1817 he deemed the area unfit for white settlement, a Military Depot was established not long after at Soldiers Flat near present-day Billimari. Arthur Ranken and James Sloan, from Bathurst, were amongst the first white settlers on the Lachlan and they moved to the area in 1831. In the 1850s many gold prospectors passed through headed for gold fields at Lambing Flat, NSW Forecast Areas map Department of Local Government page for the region listing links to council pages Open Directory listing
The Ladies of Missalonghi
Set in the small town of Byron in the Blue Mountains of Australia in the years just before World War I, the novel is the story of Missy Wright and the Hurlingford family. In the years before World War I in Byron and those Hurlingford women without a man due to spinsterhood or widowhood lead cramped lives of hard work and little money on scraps of land or in businesses that just barely support them. With limited funds and suffering bouts of ill health, Missys only consolation are her trips to the library where her distant cousin Una Hurlingford works. Una, a society beauty, has returned to Byron after a life in Sydney. Under Unas tutelage and bolstered by the novels she sneaks home, Missy begins to dream of the world outside Byron. The book had a full cover art and interior illustrations by Peter Chapman. The book closely resembles The Blue Castle, a 1926 novel by L. M. Montgomery, the plot and character details are nearly identical. Gillian Whitlock and Mary Jean DeMarr have described the history of the allegations of plagiarism, the Ladies of Missalonghi ISBN 0-09-170600-9 First edition The Ladies of Missalonghi ISBN 0-06-015739-9 First US edition Les dames de Missalonghi ISBN 2-7144-1998-4 First French edition.
Translated by Marianne Véron The Ladies of Missalonghi ISBN 0-09-953640-4 First paperback edition
New South Wales
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south and it has a coast line with the Tasman Sea on its east side. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state, New South Wales state capital is Sydney, which is Australias most populous city. In March 2014, the population of New South Wales was 7.5 million. Just under two-thirds of the population,4.67 million. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen, the Colony of New South Wales was founded as a penal colony in 1788. It originally comprised a more than half of the Australian mainland with its western boundary set at 129th meridian east in 1825, in addition, the colony included the island territories of New Zealand, Van Diemens Land, Lord Howe Island, and Norfolk Island. During the 19th century, most of the area was detached to form separate British colonies that eventually became New Zealand. However, the Swan River Colony has never administered as part of New South Wales.
Lord Howe Island remains part of New South Wales, while Norfolk Island has become a federal Territory, as have the now known as the Australian Capital Territory. The prior inhabitants of New South Wales were the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia about 40,000 to 60,000 years ago, before European settlement there were an estimated 250,000 Aboriginal people in the region. The Wodi Wodi people are the custodians of the Illawarra region of South Sydney. The Bundjalung people are the custodians of parts of the northern coastal areas. The European discovery of New South Wales was made by Captain James Cook during his 1770 survey along the eastern coast of the Dutch-named continent of New Holland. In his original journal covering the survey, in triplicate to satisfy Admiralty Orders, Cook first named the land New Wales, however, in the copy held by the Admiralty, he revised the wording to New South Wales. After years of chaos and anarchy after the overthrow of Governor William Bligh, macquaries legacy is still evident today.
During the 19th century, large areas were separated to form the British colonies of Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria. Responsible government was granted to the New South Wales colony in 1855, following the Treaty of Waitangi, William Hobson declared British sovereignty over New Zealand in 1840
Royal North Shore Hospital
The Royal North Shore Hospital is a major public teaching hospital in Sydney, located in St Leonards. It serves as a hospital for Sydney Medical School at the University of Sydney and has approximately 600 beds. It is the hospital for Northern Sydney. Its primary referral area accommodates 5. 7% of the Australian population or 17% of the NSW population, the Royal North Shore Hospital is a leading tertiary teaching hospital of The University of Sydney, the Sydney University of Technology, and the Australian Catholic University. It is a major Trauma Centre which provides specialised services in the areas of severe burns, neonatal care, spinal cord injury. The Kolling Institute of Medical Research is a health and medical centre with a focus on research training. It began as a hospital located in Willoughby Rd, Crows Nest. The foundation stone was laid by Sir Henry Parkes,18 June 1887, the hospital was opened with accommodation for fourteen patients, with the requisite office and rooms for the medical and nursing staff.
Medical staff numbered four honorary doctors and nursing staff numbered five, the site of the original hospital was bounded by Willoughby Rd. Albany and Holterman Streets and Zig Zag Lane. The old site is now a part of the commercial centre of Crows Nest. In 1902, it opened on its current site at St Leonards, New departments and wards were added over the next fifty years, reflecting the increasing diversity and professionalisation of health care. Between 1935 and 1940, Polio treatment pioneer Sister Kenny Kenny travelled extensively throughout Australia helping to set up clinics, in the mid-thirties, she set up one of her pioneering clinics at RNSH. In 1940, the New South Wales government sent Kenny to America to present her clinical method for treating polio victims to American doctors, doctors in Minnesota were with her work and convinced her to stay. Her treatments, which revolutionised the care of polio, caused as much controversy in the United States, Royal North Shore became a teaching hospital of the University of Sydney in 1947.
RNSH provides care to the community, the Northern Sydney Health area, New South Wales. There is currently 5,000 staff working at RNSH, Royal North Shore Hospital is a major teaching hospital located in the Northern Sydney Local Health District. RNSH provides local services to four local government areas north of Sydney Harbour – Lane Cove, North Sydney and Willoughby. RNSH has statewide responsibilities in the provision of healthcare and it is one-of-seven major trauma centres in NSW and is the only trauma centre capable of providing care for major burns, spinal injuries, and serious injuries during pregnancy
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes. It examines the nature, the tasks, and the functions of cognition, Cognitive scientists study intelligence and behavior, with a focus on how nervous systems represent and transform information. The typical analysis of cognitive science spans many levels of organization, from learning and decision to logic and planning, the fundamental concept of cognitive science is that thinking can best be understood in terms of representational structures in the mind and computational procedures that operate on those structures. The cognitive sciences began as a movement in the 1950s often referred to as the cognitive revolution. A central tenet of science is that a complete understanding of the mind/brain cannot be attained by studying only a single level. An example would be the problem of remembering a phone number, one approach to understanding this process would be to study behavior through direct observation, or naturalistic observation. A person could be presented with a number and be asked to recall it after some delay of time.
Then, the accuracy of the response could be measured, another approach to measure cognitive ability would be to study the firings of individual neurons while a person is trying to remember the phone number. Neither of these experiments on its own would fully explain how the process of remembering a phone number works, thus, an understanding of how these two levels relate to each other is imperative. ”This can be provided by a functional level account of the process. Studying a particular phenomenon from multiple levels creates a better understanding of the processes that occur in the brain to give rise to a particular behavior, Cognitive scientists work collectively in hope of understanding the mind and its interactions with the surrounding world much like other sciences do. Similarly to the field of psychology, there is doubt whether there is a unified cognitive science. Many, but not all, who consider themselves cognitive scientists hold a functionalist view of the view that mental states and processes should be explained by their function - what they do.
According to the multiple realizability account of functionalism, even non-human systems such as robots, the term cognitive in cognitive science is used for any kind of mental operation or structure that can be studied in precise terms. The earliest entries for the word cognitive in the OED take it to mean roughly pertaining to the action or process of knowing, the first entry, from 1586, shows the word was at one time used in the context of discussions of Platonic theories of knowledge. Most in cognitive science, presumably do not believe their field is the study of anything as certain as the knowledge sought by Plato, Cognitive science is a large field, and covers a wide array of topics on cognition. However, it should be recognized that science has not always been equally concerned with every topic that might bear relevance to the nature. Among philosophers, classical cognitivists have largely de-emphasized or avoided social and cultural factors, consciousness, animal cognition, with the decline of behaviorism, internal states such as affects and emotions, as well as awareness and covert attention became approachable again.
For example and embodied cognition theories take into account the current state of the environment as well as the role of the body in cognition
Great Ormond Street Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital is a childrens hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust. The Hospital is known internationally for receiving from J. M. Barrie the copyright to Peter Pan in 1929, which has provided significant funding for the institution. After a long campaign by Dr Charles West, the Hospital for Sick Children was founded on 14 February 1852 and was the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in England, the Nurses League was formed in February 1937. Diana, Princess of Wales, served as president of the Hospital from 1989 until her death, a plaque at the entrance of the hospital commemorates her services, as well as a bust in the lobby of the hospital chapel. The Charles West School of Nursing transferred from Great Ormond Street to London South Bank University in 1995, in 2002 Great Ormond Street Hospital commenced a redevelopment programme which is budgeted at £343 million and the next phase of which was scheduled to be complete by the end of 2016.
The redevelopment is needed to expand capacity, deliver treatment in a comfortable and modern way. In July 2012, Great Ormond Street Hospital was featured in the ceremony of the London Summer Olympics. The hospital’s archives are available for research under the terms of the Public Records Act 1958, Admission records from 1852 to 1914 have been made available online on the Historic Hospital Admission Records Project. St Christophers Chapel is a chapel decorated in the Byzantine style and it was built in elaborate Franco-Italianate style. The dome depicts a pelican pecking at her breast in order to feed her young with drops of her own blood, a traditional symbol of Christs sacrifice for humanity. Along the rear of the chapel is a row of teddy bears and other toys, provided by families of ill children. In addition, the chapel has a tree where messages of hope and support can be written for sick children at the hospital. When the old hospital was being demolished in the late 1980s, the stained glass and furniture were temporarily removed for restoration and repair.
It was reopened along with the new Variety Club Building on 14 February 1994 by Diana, Princess of Wales, president of the hospital. In April 1929 the hospital was the recipient of playwright J. M. Barries copyright to the Peter Pan works and this gave the institution control of the rights to these works, and entitled it to royalties from any performance or publication of the play and derivative works. Four theatrical feature films were produced, innumerable performances of the play have been presented and its trustees commissioned a sequel novel, Peter Pan in Scarlet, which was published in 2006 and received mixed reviews, with a film adaptation planned. The terms of the Copyright and Patents Act now prevail in the UK, the hospital has relied on charitable support since it first opened. One of the sources for this support is Great Ormond Street Hospital Childrens Charity
University of Sydney
The University of Sydney is an Australian public research university in Sydney, Australia. Founded in 1850, it is Australias first university and is regarded as one of the leading universities. The university comprises 16 faculties and schools, through which it offers bachelor, master, in 2011 it had 32,393 undergraduate and 16,627 graduate students. The university is known as one of Australias sandstone universities. Five Nobel and two Crafoord laureates have been affiliated with the university as graduates and faculty, the university has educated six prime ministers and 24 justices of the High Court of Australia, including four chief justices. Sydney has produced 24 Rhodes Scholars and several Gates Scholars and it would take two attempts on Wentworths behalf, before the plan was finally adopted. The university was established via the passage of the University of Sydney Act, two years later, the university was inaugurated on 11 October 1852 in the Big Schoolroom of what is now Sydney Grammar School.
The first principal was John Woolley, the first professor of chemistry, by 1859, the university had moved to its current site in the Sydney suburb of Camperdown. Most of the estate of John Henry Challis was bequeathed to the university and this was thanks in part due to William Montagu Manning who argued against the claims by British Tax Commissioners. The following year seven professorships were created, zoology, history, law and mental philosophy, the New England University College was founded as part of the University of Sydney in 1938 and separated in 1954 to become the University of New England. During the late 1960s, the University of Sydney was at the centre of rows to introduce courses on Marxism and feminism at the major Australian universities, prior to 1981, the Sydney Institute of Education was the Sydney Teachers College. In January 2005, the University of Sydney transferred the OAC to Charles Sturt University, in February 2007, the university agreed to acquire a portion of the land granted to St Johns College to develop the Sydney Institute of Health and Medical Research.
This caused concern among some groups, who argued that it would interfere with scientific medical research, at the start of 2010, the university controversially adopted a new logo. It retains the same university arms, however it takes on a modern look. The original Coat of Arms from 1857 continues to be used for ceremonial and other formal purposes, concerns about public funding for higher education were reflected again in 2014 following the federal governments proposal to deregulate student fees. In order to enhance its competitiveness locally and internationally, the university has introduced plans to consolidate existing degrees to reduce the overall number of programs. In 2001, the University of Sydney chancellor, Dame Leonie Kramer, was forced to resign by the governing body. In 2005, the Public Service Association of New South Wales, action initiated by Spence to improve the financial sustainability of the university has alienated some students and staff
George Richard Chamberlain is an American stage and screen actor and singer, who became a teen idol in the title role of the television show Dr. Kildare. Since then, he has appeared in several such as Shōgun and The Thorn Birds, and many successful films. Chamberlain was born in 1934 in Beverly Hills, the son of Elsa Winnifred and Charles Axiom Chamberlain, in 1952, Chamberlain graduated from Beverly Hills High School and attended Pomona College. Chamberlain co-founded a Los Angeles–based theatre group, Company of Angels and he was cast as Lt. Dave Winslow in Chicota Landing, a 1960 episode of the NBC western series, Riverboat. In the story line, Juan Cortilla, a Mexican bandit played by Joe De Santis, is stormed from jail, Chamberlain, as United States Army Lieutenant Winslow, asks Grey Holden to transport Cortilla and his men to a military garrison. Instead, Cortilla takes over Holdens vessel, the Enterprise, connie Hines appears with Chamberlain as Lucy Bridges, and Ted de Corsia is cast as another bandit.
Less than a later, in 1961, Chamberlain gained widespread fame as the young intern, Dr. Kildare, in the NBC/MGM television series of the same name. Dr. Kildare ended in 1966, after which Chamberlain began performing on the theatre circuit, decades he returned to Broadway in revivals of My Fair Lady and The Sound of Music. At the end of the 1960s, Chamberlain spent a period of time in England where he played in theatre and in the BBCs Portrait of a Lady adaptation. In 1969, he starred opposite Katharine Hepburn in the film The Madwoman of Chaillot and he received excellent notices and reprised the role for television in 1970 for the Hallmark Hall of Fame. In The Slipper and the Rose, a version of the Cinderella story, co-starring Gemma Craven. A television film, William Basts The Man in the Iron Mask and that same year, he starred in Peter Weirs film The Last Wave. In the 1980s, he appeared as leading man with King Solomons Mines opposite newcomer Sharon Stone, since the 1990s, Chamberlain has appeared mainly in television movies, on stage, and as a guest star on such series as ABCs The Drew Carey Show and Will & Grace.
He starred as Henry Higgins in the 1993–1994 Broadway revival of My Fair Lady, in the fall of 2005, Chamberlain appeared in the title role of Ebenezer Scrooge in the Broadway National Tour of Scrooge, The Musical. In 2006, Chamberlain guest-starred in an episode of the British drama series Hustle as well as season 4 of Nip/Tuck, in 2007, Chamberlain guest-starred in episode 80 of Desperate Housewives as Glen Wingfield, Lynette Scavos stepfather. In 2008 and 2009, he appeared as King Arthur in the tour of Monty Pythons Spamalot. In 2010, he appeared as Archie Leach in season 3, episode 3 of the series Leverage, Chamberlain has appeared in several episodes of Brothers & Sisters, playing an old friend and love-interest of Sauls. He appeared in the independent film We Are the Hartmans in 2011, in 2012, Chamberlain appeared on stage in the Pasadena Playhouse as Dr. Sloper in the play, The Heiress
Elizabeth Bennet is the protagonist in the 1813 novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen. She is often referred to as Eliza or Lizzy by her friends, Elizabeth is the second child in a family of five daughters. Though the circumstances of the time and environment push her to seek a marriage of convenience for economic security, Elizabeth is regarded as the most admirable and endearing of Austens heroines. She is considered one of the most beloved characters in British literature because of her complexity, Austen herself described Lizzy as as delightful a creature as ever appeared in print. Elizabeth is the second eldest of the five Bennet sisters of the Longbourn estate, situated near the market village of Meryton in Hertfordshire. She is 20 years old at the beginning of the novel, Elizabeth is described as an intelligent young woman, with a lively, playful disposition, which delighted in anything ridiculous. She often presents a playful good-natured impertinence that does not offend, early in the novel she is depicted as being personally proud of her wit and her accuracy in judging the social behaviour and intentions of others.
Her father is a landowner, but his daughters cannot inherit because the estate is entailed upon the male line. Upon his death, Longbourn will therefore be inherited by his cousin and nearest male relation, Mr. William Collins and this future provides the cause of Mrs. Bennets eagerness to have her daughters married off to wealthy men. Elizabeth is her fathers favourite, described by him as having something more of quickness than her sisters, in contrast, she is the least dear to her mother, especially after Elizabeth refuses a marriage proposal from Mr Collins. Her mother tends to contrast her negatively with her sisters Jane and Lydia, whom she considers superior in beauty and disposition, Elizabeth is often upset and embarrassed by the impropriety and silliness of her mother and three younger sisters. Within her neighbourhood Elizabeth is considered a beauty and a young woman with fine eyes. From the beginning, opinions have been divided on the character, Anne Isabella Milbanke gave a review of the novel.
The character of Elizabeth Bennet, marked by intelligence and independent thinking, helen Fieldings novel Bridget Joness Diary, as well as the film series of the same name, is a modern adaptation of Pride and Prejudice, with Elizabeth as Renée Zellwegers title character. In Gurinder Chadhas Bollywood adaptation and Prejudice, Aishwarya Rai plays the Elizabeth character, in the 2008 television film Lost in Austen, actress Gemma Arterton plays a version of Lizzy who switches places with a modern-day young woman. Lily James starred as the zombie-slaying Elizabeth Bennet in the version of Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. The most notable of performances has been that of Keira Knightley in, Pride and Prejudice, Knightley received a Best Actress Oscar Nomination for her portrayal of the heroine. Those Elegant Decorums, The Concept of Propriety in Jane Austens Novels, State University of New York Press
Gary Sweet is an Australian film and television actor known for his roles in Alexandras Project, Police Rescue, Big Sky, Bodyline and House Husbands. He grew up in Warradale, South Australia, and attended Brighton High School in Adelaide and he obtained a teaching degree and whilst at Sturt Teachers College took up drama. His first role was in horror film Nightmares. In the early 1980s, Sweet became recognisable through the role of Leslie Magpie Maddern in the Crawfords television series The Sullivans. In 1984, Sweet had his first major role as Donald Bradman in the Network Ten miniseries Bodyline, in 1994, he appeared in The Battlers. Between 1990 and 1996, Sweet starred in the drama series Police Rescue as Sgt, because of his popularity in Police Rescue, rumours swirled in 1993 he was going to switch to the Seven Network for a seven figure contract but this never eventuated. Between 1997 and 1999, Sweet starred in Big Sky as Chris Manning, in 2001, he appeared in a fourth series episode of the British comedy-drama Cold Feet.
In 2002, he took on the role of Inspector Luke Harris in the police drama series Stingers until the shows conclusion in 2004. He went on to star in the Australian Broadcasting Corporations Dogs Head Bay, in 2006, Sweet was a contestant on Dancing with the Stars and made it to the final seven. His partner was dancer Eliza Campagna, in 2007, Sweet appeared on several shows. He starred in the SBS miniseries The Circuit, he co-hosted Channel Nines Things To Try Before You Die, in 2008, he narrated the Australian observational documentary TV series Sudden Impact, broadcast on the Nine Network. In 2009, he had a guest role in Channel Nines Rescue, Special Ops, in 2011, he had a role on Rescue, Special Ops as Shane Gallagher, the father of Dean and Chase Gallagher. Since 2012, Sweet has starred in the Nine Networks drama/comedy House Husbands, though most recognised for his television roles, Sweet has appeared in numerous stage productions. These include David Williamsons The Club, and in 2001, Tony McNamaras play The Recruit for the Melbourne Theatre Company and he has appeared in the Frankie Valli-tribute musical Oh, What a Night.
In 2013, he performed in Trevor Ashleys musical comedy Little Orphan trAshley with Rhonda Burchmore, Sweet dabbled in the Australian music scene with limited success in the early 1990s. Sweet released a cover of Billy Thorpes Most People I Know in 1994 through Polygram Records Australia, the single peaked at #52 on the ARIA singles chart, and spent 7 weeks in the top 100. Sweet has won awards in his acting career. He has won two Logie Awards, one in 1982 for his role in The Sullivans and one in 1994 for his role on Police Rescue