College basketball today is governed by collegiate athletic bodies including the United States's National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the United States Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Junior College Athletic Association, the National Christian College Athletic Association. Governing bodies in Canada include the Canadian Collegiate Athletic Association; each of these various organizations are subdivided into from one to three divisions based on the number and level of scholarships that may be provided to the athletes. Each organization has different conferences to divide up the teams into groups. Teams are selected into these conferences depending on the location of the schools; these conferences are put in due to the regional play of the teams and to have a structural schedule for each to team to play for the upcoming year. During conference play the teams are ranked not only through the entire NCAA, but the conference as well in which they have tournament play leading into the NCAA tournament.
The history of basketball can be traced back to a YMCA International Training School, known today as Springfield College, located in Springfield, Massachusetts. The sport was created by a physical education teacher named James Naismith, who in the winter of 1891 was given the task of creating a game that would keep track athletes in shape and that would prevent them from getting hurt; the date of the first formal basketball game played at the Springfield YMCA Training School under Naismith's rules is given as December 21, 1891. Basketball began to be played at some college campuses by 1893; the first known college to field a basketball team against an outside opponent was Vanderbilt University, which played against the local YMCA in Nashville, Tennessee, on February 7, 1893, which Vanderbilt won 9–6. The second recorded instance of an organized college basketball game was Geneva College's game against New Brighton YMCA on April 8, 1893, in Beaver Falls, which Geneva won 3–0; the first recorded game between two college teams occurred on February 9, 1895, when Hamline University faced Minnesota A&M. Minnesota A&M won the game, played under rules allowing nine players per side, 9–3.
The first intercollegiate match using the modern rule of five players per side is credited as a game between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa, in Iowa City, Iowa, on January 18, 1896. The Chicago team won the game 15-12, under the coaching of Amos Alonzo Stagg, who had learned the game from James Naismith at Springfield YMCA. However, some sources state the first "true" five-on-five intercollegiate match was a game in 1897 between Yale and Penn, because although the Iowa team that played Chicago in 1896 was composed of University of Iowa students, it did not represent the university, rather it was organized through a YMCA. By 1900, the game of basketball had spread to colleges across the country; the Amateur Athletic Union's annual U. S. national championship tournament featured collegiate teams playing against non-college teams. Four colleges won the AAU tournament championship: NYU, Butler and Washburn. College teams were runners-up in 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1932 and 1934.
The first known tournament featuring college teams was the 1904 Summer Olympics, where basketball was a demonstration sport, a collegiate championship tournament was held. The Olympic title was won by Hiram College. In March 1908, a two-game "championship series" was organized between the University of Chicago and Penn, with games played in Philadelphia and Bartlett, Illinois. Chicago swept both games to win the series. In March 1922, the 1922 National Intercollegiate Basketball Tournament was held in Indianapolis – the first stand-alone post-season tournament for college teams; the champions of six major conferences participated: Pacific Coast Conference, Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association, Western Pennsylvania League, Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association and Indiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association. The Western Conference and Eastern Intercollegiate League declined invitations to participate. Wabash College won the 1922 tournament.
The first organization to tout a occurring national collegiate championship was the NAIA in 1937, although it was surpassed in prestige by the National Invitation Tournament, or NIT, which brought six teams to New York's Madison Square Garden in the spring of 1938. Temple defeated Colorado in the first NIT tournament championship game, 60–36. In 1939, another national tournament was implemented by the National Collegiate Athletic Association; the location of the NCAA Tournament varied from year to year, it soon used multiple locations each year, so more fans could see games without traveling to New York. Although the NIT was created earlier and was more prestigious than the NCAA for many years, it lost popularity and status to the NCAA Tournament. In 1950, following a double win by the 1949–50 CCNY Beavers men's basketball team, the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments, indicated that a team eligible for the NCAA tournament should play in it. Not long afterward, assisted by the 1951 scandals based in New York City, the NCAA tournament had become more prestigious than before, with conference champions and the majority of top-ranked teams competing there.
The NCAA tournament overtook the NIT by 1960. Through the 1960s and 1970s, with UCLA leading
Jeffrey Addison Nuttall was an English poet, actor, sculptor, jazz trumpeter and social commentator, a key part of the British 1960s counter-culture. He was the brother of literary critic A. D. Nuttall. Nuttall was born in Clitheroe and grew up in Herefordshire, he studied painting in the years after the Second World War and began publishing poetry in the early 1960s. Together with Bob Cobbing, he founded writers' workshop, he associated with many of the American beat generation writers William Burroughs. Nuttall's self-published My Own Mag mimeographed newsletter provided Burroughs with an important outlet for his experimental literature in the early 1960s. In 1966 he was one of the founders of the People Show, an early and long-lasting performance art group and was involved in the founding of the UK underground newspaper International Times. In 1967 two of his illustrations appeared in the counter-cultural tabloid newspaper The Last Times published by Charles Plymell, his book Bomb Culture was one of the key texts of the countercultural revolution of the time, a work which drew links between the emergence of alternatives to mainstream societal norms and the threatening backdrop of potential nuclear annihilation.
Nuttall was one of the pioneers of the happening in Britain. Nuttall served as Chairman of the National Poetry Society from 1975 to 1976, a period when the Society served as a home for the British Poetry Revival, he was poetry critic for several national newspapers and was the Poetry Society nominee for Poet Laureate but was overlooked in favour of Ted Hughes. Nuttall worked as an art teacher; as an actor, he appeared in over television programmes. His Selected Poems was published by Salt Publishing in 2003, he had 4 children, Sarah and Timothy Poems, with Keith Musgrove The Limbless Virtuoso, with Keith Musgrove The Change, with Allen Ginsberg My Own Mag Poems I Want to Forget Come Back Sweet Prince: A Novelette Pieces of Poetry The Case of Isabel and the Bleeding Foetus Songs Sacred and Secular Bomb Culture, cultural criticism Penguin Modern Poets 12, with Alan Jackson and William Wantling Journals Love Poems Mr. Watkins Got Drunk and Had to Be Carried Home: A Cut-up Piece Pig Jeff Nuttall: Poems 1962–1969 Oscar Christ and the Immaculate Conception George, Son of My Own Mag The Foxes' Lair Fatty Feedemall's Secret Self: A Dream The Anatomy of My Father's Corpse Man Not Man The House Party Snipe's Spinster Objects Common Factors, Vulgar Factions, with Rodick Carmichael King Twist: a Portrait of Frank Randle, biography of music hall comedian The Gold Hole What Happened to Jackson Grape Notes, Apple Music Performance Art and scripts, two volumes 5X5, with Glen Baxter, Ian Breakwell, Ivor Cutler and Anthony Earnshaw Muscle Visual Alchemy, with Bohuslav Barlow The Bald Soprano.
A Portrait of Lol Coxhill Art and the Degradation of Awareness Selected Poems Scandal – Percy Murray, Club Owner Robin Hood – Friar Tuck Just like a Woman – Vanessa Damage – Trevor Leigh Davies MP The Baby of Mâcon – The Major Domo The Browning Version – Lord Baxter Captives – Harold Paparazzo – Lionel Beaumarchais – Benjamin Franklin Crimetime – Doctor Monk Dawson – Sir Hugh Stanten Plunkett & Macleane – Lord Morris The World Is Not Enough – Dr. Mikhail Arkov, a Russian nuclear physicist whom Bond goes undercover as. Octopus – Henry Campbell Michael Horovitz, "Jeff Nuttall – Author of 1968's Bomb Culture", The Guardian, 12 January 2004 Biography and a poem Selected Poems listing People Show The Life and Works of Jeff Nuttall John May interviews Nuttall at the Chelsea Arts Club, 1985 Jeff Nuttall on IMDb Off Beat: Jeff Nuttall and the International Underground
Yellowknife FC is a football club from Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. The club sends a senior men's and senior women's team to represent the Northwest Territories at the Challenge Trophy and the Jubilee Trophy respectively; the Yellowknife FC Senior men's squad made its first appearance at the finals in 2011. The senior women entered in 2012; every year the teams compete for a top-eight spot in the 12-team competition for men and the 10-team competition for women. Such a finish would give the Northwest Territories a better seeding the following year; the current squads are preparing for the National Club Championships in Halifax, Nova Scotia 2013. The Men will be featured in group B which includes the champions from Alberta and Nova Scotia; the women are in group A featuring the champions from Ontario, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. It was announced after last year's finals that Isaac Ayiku would retire as a player and would take over from Mark LeDrew as manager of the senior men. Ryan Fequet remains at the helm of the senior women's squad.
For the first time, the Northwest Territories sent a women's squad to the Canadian Soccer Association National Championships Jubilee Trophy competition. Ryan Fequet became the first head coach of the Yellowknife FC Women's Senior squad. Fequet is President of Northwest Territories Soccer Association and sits on the Board of Directors at the Canadian Soccer Association; the senior men and women traveled to Winnipeg, MB in early October to participate in the competition. Matthew Jason returned to the senior men's starting lineup and the injured Mark LeDrew took over as head coach. LeDrew hopes to again be at the heart of the defense for the National Club Championships in Halifax, Nova Scotia. For the first time, the Northwest Territories sent a men's squad, represented by Yellowknife FC, to the National Championships Challenge Trophy competition in Brossard, QC; the select team featured players from several clubs in the territory. Matthew Jason, a regular in the starting eleven, sustained a potential career ending knee injury and became head coach of the Senior Men's Squad.
Jason created Yellowknife FC. Isaac Ayiku enters his first year as head coach for the senior men. Ryan Fequet returns for his second year as the head coach of the senior women. Yellowknife FC is the only competitive team in NT. In order to stay fit and prepare for the Canadian Challenge Cup and Jubilee Trophy, players compete on various teams in the Yellowknife Adult Soccer League. Halifax, Nova Scotia 14/10/2013