Dromiskin is a village and townland in County Louth, Ireland. It is situated 10 km south of Dundalk, about 1 km inland from the Irish Sea coast, is located in one of Louth's most historical areas; the village was home to a monastery for hundreds of years, once visited by Saint Patrick. The first bishop of Dromiskin was Lughaidh, son of Aengus mac Nadfraoch the first Christian king of Munster. St. Patrick reputedly pierced Aengus's foot with his pastoral staff during the baptism.Áed Findliath monarch of Ireland, son of Niall Caille, retired to and died at Dromiskin. The Chronicon Scotorum records his death at 879. O'Donovan records his death as 876 and the Annals of Ulster place it at 878; the next few hundred years would be turbulent times for Dromiskin. The constant plundering by both Viking and Irish would disperse the monks. Annudh macRuaire rampaged through the territory in 1043 and Dromiskin was destroyed; the ecclesiastical site was abandoned and the monks took refuge in the neighbouring Abbey of St.
Mochta's, the possessions of this ancient church being placed in the hands of the Prior of Louth Abbey. Dromiskin served as the home to the Archbishops of Armagh for a time; the Archbishops of Armagh lived at Dromiskin House. Archbishop Milo Sweetman is buried here; the old ninth century round tower and parts of the Abbey still remain. From the tower there is a view of all of the surrounding countryside; the village is part of the Darver and Dromiskin parish, Darver being a neighbouring village. The parish is bounded by the Fane River by the Glyde River on the south. Since the mid-1990s, like many areas in County Louth, has seen a marked increase in population. In 2006, 992 people were living in Dromiskin with 1,932 living in the electoral division; the local Gaelic Football club, St. Joseph's, covering the entire parish of Darver & Dromiskin, won the Senior county championship in 1996 and 2006; the club is now playing Intermediate level championship as well as Division 2 league football in 2011, having been relegated from League Division 1 in 2010.
The club's Minor team won the county championship for the first time in 2009 and retained the championship in 2010. There is an athletics club based on the outskirts of the village. Bus Éireann route 168, Annagassan to Dundalk serves Dromiskin Mondays to Fridays inclusive providing one journey in each direction. List of abbeys and priories in Ireland List of towns and villages in Ireland St. Peter's National School Website St Joseph's Gaelic Football Club St Peter's AC
Church of Ireland
The Church of Ireland is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion. It is organised on an all-Ireland basis and is the second largest Christian church on the island after the Roman Catholic Church. Like other Anglican churches, it has retained elements of pre-Reformation practice, notably its episcopal polity, while rejecting the primacy of the Bishop of Rome. In theological and liturgical matters, it incorporates many principles of the Reformation those espoused during the English Reformation; the church self-identifies as being both Reformed. Within the church, differences exist between those members who are more Catholic-leaning and those who are more Protestant-leaning. For historical and cultural reasons, the Church of Ireland is identified as a Protestant church; the Church of Ireland describes itself as that part of the Irish Church, influenced by the Reformation, has its origins in the early Celtic Church of St Patrick. The Church of Ireland considers itself Catholic because it is in possession of a continuous tradition of faith and practice, based on scripture and early traditions, enshrined in the Catholic creeds, together with the sacraments and apostolic ministry.
However, the Church of Ireland is Protestant, or Reformed, since it opposes doctrines and ways of worshipping that it considers contrary to scripture and which led to the Reformation. The Church of Ireland, as a Reformed and Protestant Church, doth hereby re-affirm its constant witness against all those innovations in doctrine and worship whereby the Primitive faith hath been from time to time defaced or overlaid, which at the Reformation this Church did disown and reject; when the English Parliament declared that the Holy See had no power over the Church in England, the Church in Ireland conformed, assuming possession of most church property and so retaining a great repository of religious architecture and other items, though some were destroyed. The church explains its possession of so many of the ancient church buildings of Ireland by reference to the precedent set by Emperor Constantine the Great in the 4th century:Since the days of the Emperor Constantine in the 4th century European states saw themselves as having a central role in the government of the Church.
This church-state link was vigorously applied. Bishops were required to do homage to the king for their lands, just like earls and barons, who were vassals of the crown, it was therefore accepted, both during and after the Reformation, that the Crown should continue to exercise that authority over the church, in which it continued to play a central role. In this way, church property that existed at the time of the Reformation, buildings included, was retained by the Reformed, Established Church of Ireland. In Ireland, a considerable majority of the population continued to adhere to Roman Catholicism despite the political and economic advantages of membership in the state church. Despite its numerical minority, the Church of Ireland remained the official state church until the Irish Church Act 1869 disestablished it on 1 January 1871, under Queen Victoria and her Liberal government led by William Ewart Gladstone; the Church of Ireland claimed that in breaking with Rome the reformed established church was reverting to a condition that had obtained in the church in Ireland prior to the 12th century – the independent character of Celtic Christianity.
Modern scholarship, sees the early Irish church as different to but still a part of Roman Christianity, with the result that the Church of Ireland and the Irish Roman Catholic church can both claim descent from St Patrick. Claims of legitimacy for the Norman invasion of Ireland were derived from a Papal Bull of 1155 – Laudabiliter, although the governing structures in Ireland had never acknowledged any external authority over Ireland; the bull claimed to give King Henry II of England the right to invade Ireland, ostensibly as a means of reforming the church in Ireland more directly under the control of the Holy See. The authorisation from the Holy See was based upon the putative Donation of Constantine which claimed to make every Christian island in the western Roman Empire the property of the Papacy, though as Ireland was never a part of the Roman Empire, it had no real relevance. By the time of the English Reformation, the Donation had been exposed as a forgery, Henry VIII sought to undo by enforcing laws regarding praemunire the historic royal homage to the Papacy, delivered by John, King of England before him.
The Church of Ireland is the second largest church in Ireland and the third largest in Northern Ireland, after the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian churches. In 1155, Adrian IV granted Henry II the Lordship of Ireland; the reformed Church of Ireland was founded in 1536 when the Irish Parliament accepted Henry VIII as its head, rather than the Pope, confirmed when Henry became King of Ireland in 1541. The church was restricted to Dublin, driven by its bishop, George Browne; the pace of reform in quickened after 1547 under Edward VI, ended when his sister Mary I restored Catholicism in 1558. When Elizabeth replaced Mary in 1558, only five Irish bishops accepted the 1560 Elizabethan Settlement. Replacing them was complicated by the relative poverty of the Church compared to its Catholic predecessor, its lack of Irish-speaking clergy and the poor reputation of others. For example, Hugh Curwen backed the reforms of Henry and Edward, was appointed Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin in 1555 by Mary, became a Protestant
Greenore is a small town and deep water port on Carlingford Lough in County Louth, Ireland. The population of Greenore and the surrounding rural area was 898 in the 2002 Irish census. Greenore has the only owned port in Ireland, it can handle vessels of up to 39,999 gross tons. In 1964, the disused port was used to fit out the ships used for the pirate radio stations Radio Caroline and Radio Atlanta; the port was owned by Aodogan O'Rahilly -father of Radio Caroline founder Ronan O'Rahilly from 1958 until 2000. In the 1970s there was regular freight shipping from the port to Bristol. In 2005 Greenore was Irelands's 10th largest port in terms of tonnage handled with 649,000 tonnes of goods handled. Greenore is a brand of whiskey produced by the nearby Cooley Distillery. On the 21st July 2018 a new Ferry Service commenced operations from Co.. Louth to Greencastle Co. Down Scenic Carlingford Ferry operates a year round service using its vessel the Frazer Aisling Gabrielle. A lighthouse was built on Greenore Point in 1830.
The Dundalk and Greenore Railway Act of 1863 authorised the construction of the railway. The port was constructed in 1867 to provide links to Fleetwood; the village was constructed to provide homes for the dock and railway workers of the Dundalk and Greenore Railway. From 1873 to 1951 there was a ferry service between Holyhead; the London and North Western Railway constructed a substantial hotel and railway station to serve passengers using the ferry. The original railway line ran from Dundalk to Greenore and the first service was 1 May 1873 when the station opened. In 1876 the railway line was extended to Newry. In the 19th century there was a ferry from Greencastle to Greenore; the railway and the station closed on 1 January 1952 and was replaced by bus services to Dundalk and Newry. Bus Éireann route 161 links Greenore to Dundalk, Carlingford and Newry. There are four weekday journeys to Dundalk and four to Carlingford, three of which extend to Omeath and Newry. On schooldays there is an additional morning journey to Newry.
There is no service on Sundays. In 1896 the Greenore Golf Club was founded; as of 2009 it is a 6,647 yard course, with a par of 71. Jimmy Magee, sports commentator List of towns and villages in Ireland Statistics of Port Traffic, Central Statistics Office / An Phriomh-Oiig Staidrimh, 29 June 2006 Census 2002, Volume 1 Population Classified by Area. Central Statistics Office, July 2003. ISBN 0-7557-1507-1
Ardee is a town and townland in County Louth, Ireland. It is located at the intersection of the N2, N52, N33 roads; the town shows evidence of development from the thirteenth century onward but as a result the continued development of the town since much of the fabric of the medieval town has been removed. Ardee is on the banks of the River Dee and is equidistant between the county's two biggest towns - 20 km from Dundalk and Drogheda, while it is close to Slane and Carrickmacross. Ardee has seen a large growth in population from 2002 to 2010 with an increase of a thousand, the town has an estimated population of 5,000. Called Atherdee, the towns name is from the Irish Áth Fhirdia which itself is derived from the fabled four-day battle between Cúchulainn and Ferdia, for the defense of Ulster from Queen Maeve of Connacht, it is said Ferdia fell after four days of battle, is buried on the southern banks of the river alongside the Riverside Walk. A depiction of the pair is located on Bridge Street in the town as a bronze statue.
Ardee is a prime example of a medieval ` walled town'. With its distinctive, central Main Street and long narrow properties extending away from the main street on either side, it holds many of the properties associated with the type; the town itself is situated in the southern part of the ancient territory known as the Plain of Muirheimhne. The town lies along the 15th century Pale frontier between Kells; the town comprises the townlands or townparks – the greater portion of, made up of Ardee bog, a small portion of Dawson's Demesne, which takes in the southeastern quadrant of the town on the northern side of the River Dee. This identity of a walled town is further enhanced by surviving medieval buildings and some of the features that survive within the town, notably the intact medieval street pattern and Ardee Castle. Ardee Castle known as St. Leger's Castle is the largest fortified medieval tower house in Ireland. Built circa 15th century, the castle was used as a prison during the 17th and 18th centuries, before going on to become Ardee's district courthouse until June 2006 when a specialized facility was built as it.
The ruins of the Jumping Church of Kildemock formally known as Millockstown Church is a tourist attraction in Ardee which claims to be an "unsolved mystery." Myth has it that a non-Christian was buried inside the Church walls, that that night the Church jumped to leave his remains outside of the sacred ground. A philanthropic trust founded by Erasmus Smith in the 17th century funded the establishment of a boys' school in 1806 and a girls' school in 1817. Both Protestant and Catholic children were allowed to attend. At the time there were other schools but in 1824 they became the sole schools in the area; the Smith schools amalgamated into a combined-sex establishment by 1858, by which time the National School movement was leading to the creation of denominational schools there. The school remained a non-denominational institute but the school decreased in numbers and in 1868 had a roll of only 16 Protestant boys, it was integrated into the National School system in 1954, when it became known as Saint Mary's Church of Ireland National School.
Ardee today has only one secondary school called Ardee Community School. The school in 2014 celebrated its 40th year; the school was an amalgamation of three schools that had existed independently- St. Anne's Convent of Mercy, De La Salle Brothers’ School and the Vocational School, it has a student body of around 750. Alumni include MEP Mairead McGuinness, Irish Independent soccer correspondent Daniel McDonnell, The Irish Times political reporter Sarah Bardon and former Republic of Ireland Under 21 footballer Ross Gaynor. Among the facilities at Ardee Community School are an autism class; the room was opened in 2007 with enhanced facilities opened in 2018. Work was completed on a secondary for Ardee CS. There are three primary schools located in the town: Monastery Boys National School, Scoil Mhuire na Trocaire Girls School and Ardee Educate Together. Ardee Educate Together is a multi-cultural primary school for both boys. Ballapousta National School is located just outside the town and has just under 250 pupils.
The Boys School has 267 pupils enrolled while the Girls School and the Educate Together School have 261 and 124 pupils respectively. Newspapers include the Mid-Louth Independent, a regional edition of the Drogheda Independent newspaper, published weekly, it is distributed and sold in Ardee, Collon and Tallanstown. The Dundalk Democrat is the regional edition of the weekly newspaper, which covers Ardee and its surrounds. LMFM Radio is the local radio station for the North East covering Ardee as well as the rest of Louth, Meath and North Dublin. LMFM broadcasts on 95.8FM or 95.5FM but its broadcasts are streamed online. Ardee had a local website called "ThisIsArdee", that would describe local happenings and broadcast news from the Louth area, quite popular among the local area, but while it was popular locally the team did not benefit monetarily from its increased status and in an attempt to continue the site and utilize its increased viewer base it launched a crowdfunding campaign through Patreon, the low take-up contrib
Time in the Republic of Ireland
Ireland uses Irish Standard Time in the summer months and Greenwich Mean Time in the winter period. In Ireland, the Standard Time Act 1968 established that the time for general purposes in the State shall be one hour in advance of Greenwich mean time throughout the year; this act was amended by the Standard Time Act 1971, which established Greenwich Mean Time as a winter time period. Ireland therefore operates one hour behind standard time during the winter period, reverts to standard time in the summer months; this is defined in contrast to the other states in the European Union, which operate one hour ahead of standard time during the summer period, but produces the same end result. The instant of transition to and from daylight saving time is synchronised across Europe. In Ireland, winter time begins at 02:00 IST on the last Sunday in October, ends at 01:00 GMT on the last Sunday in March; the following table lists recent past and near-future starting and ending dates of Irish Standard Time or Irish Summer Time: Before 1880, the legal time at any place in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was defined as local mean time, as held by the appeal in the 1858 court case Curtis v. March.
The Statutes Act, 1880 defined Dublin Mean Time as the legal time for Ireland. This was the local mean time at Dunsink Observatory outside Dublin, was about 25 minutes 21 seconds behind Greenwich Mean Time, defined by the same act to be the legal time for Great Britain. After the Easter Rising, the time difference between Ireland and Britain was found inconvenient for telegraphic communication and the Time Act, 1916 provided that Irish time would be the same as British time, from 2:00 am Dublin Mean Time on Sunday 1 October 1916. Summer time had been introduced in May 1916 across the United Kingdom as a temporary efficiency measure for the First World War, the changeover from Dublin time to Greenwich time was simultaneous with the changeover from summer time to winter time. John Dillon opposed the first reading of the Time Bill for having been introduced without consultation of the Irish Parliamentary Party. T. M. Healy opposed the second reading on the basis that "while the Daylight Saving Bill added to the length of your daylight, this Bill adds to the length of your darkness".
After the Irish Free State became independent in 1922, subsequent developments tended to mirror those in the United Kingdom. This avoided having different times on either side of the border with Northern Ireland. Summer time was provided on a one-off basis by acts in 1923 and 1924, on an ongoing basis by the Summer Time Act, 1925; the 1925 act provided a default summer time period. Double summer time was considered but not introduced during the Emergency of World War II. From 1968 standard time was observed all year round, with no winter time change; this was an experiment in the run-up to Ireland's 1973 accession to the EEC, was undone in 1971. In those years, time in Ireland was the same as in the six EEC countries, except in the summer in Italy, which switched to Central European Summer Time. One artefact of the 1968 legislation is that "standard time" refers to summer time. From the 1980s, the dates of switch between winter and summer time have been synchronised across the European Union; the statutory instruments that have been issued under the Standard Time Acts are listed below, in format year/SI-number, linking to the Irish Statute Database text of the SI.
Except where stated, those issued up to 1967 were called "Summer Time Order <year>", while those issued from 1981 are "Winter Time Order <year>". 1926/, 1947/71, 1948/128, 1949/23, 1950/41, 1951/27, 1952/73, 1961/11, 1961/232, 1962/182, 1963/167, 1964/257, 1967/198, 1981/67, 1982/212, 1986/45, 1988/264, 1990/52, 1992/371, 1994/395, 1997/484, 2001/506 Possible adjustments to the Irish practice were discussed by the Oireachtas joint committee on Justice and Equality in November 2011, but the government stated it had no plans to change. In November 2012, Tommy Broughan introduced a private member's bill to permit a three-year trial of advancing time by one hour, to CET in winter and CEST in summer. Debate on the bill's second stage was adjourned on 5 July 2013, when Alan Shatter, the Minister for Justice and Equality, agreed to refer the matter to the joint committee for review, suggested that it consult with the British parliament and devolved assemblies. In July 2014, the joint committee issued an invitation for submissions on the bill.
On 8 February 2018, the European Parliament voted to ask the European Commission to re-evaluate the principle of Summer Time in Europe. After a web survey showing high support for not switching clocks twice annually, on 12 September 2018 the European Commission decided to propose that an end be put to seasonal clock changes In order for this to be valid, the European Union legislative procedure must be followed that the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament must both approve the proposal; the United Kingdom is due to have left the EU by and, if the UK does not follow the reform and contin
Knockbridge is a small village within the townland of Ballinlough in County Louth, Ireland. The village is centred on a crossroads, where there is a shop. There are a Roman Catholic church and a large primary school in the village. Stephenstown House, a large ruined Georgian house, once owned by a branch of the Fortescue family, stands beside the River Fane about a mile outside the village. Stephenstown Pond, about a hundred metres from the house, was redeveloped in the mid-1990s and is a public amenity. Stephenstown Pond has an 8,000 sq ft community enterprise space, it is a habitat for a large number of animals. Fishing permits for the pond can be obtained in the village from Brodigan's Shop. Knockbridge Church has a number of Harry Clarke designed stained-glass windows; the village takes its name from "Cnoic Bhríde" - Bridget's Hill - reputed to be a site connected with local Saint Bridget. Nearby is Clochafarmore, where the legendary hero Cú Chulainn is reputed to have died; the village's Gaelic football team was founded by Seamus Quinn, the parish priest in 1927.
The club plays in "Páirc an Chuinnigh", bought as a memorial to Quinn who died in 1952. The grounds were opened on 1 May 1955; the club competes in the Louth Senior Division. The village is situated 6.5 km south-west of the county town. The village is 75 km north of Dublin Airport. Bus Éireann provides bus routes to and from Knockbridge. List of towns and villages in Ireland Census 2006 Knockbridge National School, Co. Louth Knockbridge Vintage Club Knockbridge Home Page St. Brides GFC
Castlebellingham is a village and townland in County Louth, Ireland. The village has become a lot quieter since the construction of the new M1 motorway which bypasses the village; because of its proximity to Dublin and Dundalk, the village has seen an influx of new inhabitants and construction. The castle of Castlebellingham has served as one of the ancestral homes for Bellinghams since the 17th century; the Bellingham family originated in the small town of Kendal, Westmorland in England, the original ancestor of the Irish Bellinghams, Alan Bellingham hailed from here. Henry Bellingham, a descendant of Alan was a cavalry officer who first came to Ireland during the English Civil War; the lands of Gernonstown were granted to Henry during the Cromwellian Settlement, in which a large amount of native Irish lands were given to Englishmen in reward for their service. Henry is named in the list of grantees under the Acts of Explanation of Charles II s. In 1666, Charles II formally granted the lands to him for his ‘faithful service as a good soldier in the late wars’There is some variation on the spelling of Gernonstowne.
On various maps and other documents it is spelled Gernonstowne, Gernon's-Town, Germanstown, Garland, etc. Irish road signs show the English as Castlebellingham while the Irish translation still refers to baile an Ghearlanaigh - or Gernonstown, it was not called Castlebellingham for at least forty years after the purchase. The name does not appear on any document before the year 1700. About 1710 it began to appear in other sources to be called Castlebellingham; the castle was occupied by troops and burned down in the autumn of 1689 by King James II in revenge for Colonel Thomas Bellingham being a guide for William III, prior to the Battle of the Boyne. It is said that King William's armies camped the night before the Battle of the Boyne in the grounds of the castle. Over time Castlebellingham became known as an important gathering point in the county. Fairs were held there every year. A church was constructed next door to the castle and graveyard with a family vault was built; the Bellinghams became one of the most influential family in the county.
From 1880-85 Henry Bellingham held a seat in Parliament for County Louth. In the 1800s the family converted to Roman Catholicism. Records note Castlebellingham for having "the best malt liquor" in Ireland. A brewery was built on site about 1770 and belonged to an O'Bryen Bellingham. For a number of years a brewery partnership ran their liquor business; the brewery now houses the "button factory" or Smallwares Ltd.. The brewery was the main supplier of drink to the Boer War troops. A history of the parish, dated 1908, states that the impressive Calvary standing close to the Castle was erected by Sir Henry Bellingham as a monument to the memory of his first wife Lady Constance. A collection of inset religious panels is to be seen on the upper facades of many of the village buildings; these are a reflection of Sir Henry's religious sentiments, they are unique in Ireland. In addition to the many panels, there are biblical quotations cut into the stone window sills of some buildings. North of the castle is a preserved group of "widows dwellings", built from charitable motives by Sir Henry.
The war memorial in the village was built in the Celtic style in 1920 and was unveiled by Cardinal Logue. Castlebellingham was the ancestral home of the eponymous Bellingham baronets until the late 1950s; the last Bellingham to live there was Brigadier General Sir Edward Bellingham, born in 1879, the last Lord Lieutenant of Louth in 1921, Guardian of the Rolls. He was elected to the Irish free State Senate in 1925-36, it was purchased by Dermot Meehan in 1958 from the Irish Land Commission for £3,065.00. Meehan spent several years converting the house into the Bellingham Castle Hotel, which remains today. Meehan sold the hotel and 17 acres in 1967 for £30,636.61. The hotel, including the 17 acres, was offered for sale at €1,500,000 in 2011. In December 2012, it was announced that the Corscadden family, who own and run Cabra Castle Hotel in Kingscourt, Co Cavan and Ballyseede Castle Hotel in Tralee, Co Kerry, purchased Bellingham Castle, they are renovating the property and will transform the 19-bedroom castle into an exclusive hotel and wedding venue, to open for business in January 2014.
Bellingham Castle is a wedding venue since 1905. The town is home to the Gaelic football team the O'Connell's. In 2012, the team had resounding success winning their first Intermediate Championship. After victories over Laois and Meath opposition, they narrowly lost to Monasterevin of Kildare in the Leinster final. Castlebellingham railway station opened on 1 April 1851, but closed on 6 September 1976. Castlebellingham motorway service area on the M1 opened on 29 September 2010. Eiretrains - Castlebellingham Station Bellingham Castle O'Connell's GFC website TripAdvisor - Bellingham Castle List of towns and villages in Ireland