Colo was a western gorilla known as the first gorilla to be born in captivity anywhere in the world and as the oldest known gorilla in the world. Colo was born at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium to Millie Christina and Baron Macombo, lived there for her entire life, she was called "Cuddles" before a contest was held to name her. Colo's name was derived from the place of her birth, Ohio; as she was rejected at birth by her mother, zookeepers had to hand-raise Colo. They hand-raised her much like a human child, by dressing her in clothes and giving her bottles of formula. At the age of two years, Colo was introduced to a 19-month-old male from Africa called Bongo. Colo and Bongo had the first on February 1, 1968, Emmy, a female. Colo and Bongo had two more offspring: Oscar, born July 18, 1969, Toni, on December 28, 1971. On April 25, 1979, Columbus Zoo had its first third generation birth; the infant was named Cora, short for Central Ohio Rare Ape. On January 27, 1997, Colo's great-grandson Jantu was born.
A birth at the Henry Doorly Zoo made Colo a great-great-grandmother in 2003. Although Colo did not raise any of her own offspring, she reared her twin grandsons, Macombo II and Mosuba, from birth. Colo acted as a guardian for her grandson, named J. J. after "Jungle" Jack Hanna with whom he shares a birthday. Colo resided at the Columbus Zoo longer than any other animal in the zoo's collection. Colo and her progeny, five of which still reside at the Columbus Zoo, comprised about one-third of Columbus Zoo's gorilla collection of 17 as of 2015. Colo was the oldest living gorilla in captivity, following the death of 55-year-old Jenny in September 2008. Colo celebrated her 60th birthday on 22 December 2016; the Columbus Zoo announced that Colo died in her sleep on January 17, 2017. Colo was a mother to three, a grandmother to 16, a great-grandmother to 12, a great-great-grandmother to three. Oldest apes#Gorillas Colo's family tree on Flickr Documentary about geriatric zoo animal care through the story of Colo on her 55th birthday
The 2019–20 Chattanooga FC season is the club's first season playing in the National Independent Soccer Association, a newly established third division soccer league in the United States, first professional season since being established in 2009. Chattanooga FC was admitted into the National Independent Soccer Association on August 15, 2019 and latter accepted by the U. S. Soccer Federation on December 11, 2019, will start competing in the 2020 Spring season; the team had spent its entire eleven-year history in the National Premier Soccer League, a semi-pro league considered the fourth tier of U. S. Soccer, reached its National Final on four separate occasions, a shared record for the most finals appearance with Sonoma County Sol. Prior to joining NISA, Chattanooga hosted two international friendlies. On May 25, the team hosted La Liga side Real Betis in the latter's first game in the United States; the home side scored twice in the final ten minutes in the 4–3 loss in front of 6,115 fans at Finley Stadium.
The next month, the team took part in 30-time Guatemalan league champion C. S. D. Municipal during its pre-season tour of the U. S. drawing 1–1 at Ridgeland High School in Rossville, Georgia. As of February 24, 2020 Chattanooga did not take part in the 2019 NISA Fall season in an official capacity. On August 15, the NISA Board of Governors announced the team, along with Detroit City FC and Oakland Roots SC, had been accepted into the league but would not begin full league play until Spring 2020. During the fall, Chattanooga did play a friendly home-and-away series against NISA side Stumptown Athletic with both games ending in a draw. Details for the 2020 NISA Spring season were announced January 27, 2020. For the first time in its history, Chattanooga will automatically qualify for the U. S. Open Cup tournament; the team will enter the 2020 tournament with the rest of the National Independent Soccer Association teams in the Second Round. It was announced on January 29 that their first opponent would be USL Championship side Memphis 901 FC.
As of Match played 29 February 2020 2019–20 NISA season
The South African National Space Agency is South Africa's government agency responsible for the promotion and development of aeronautics and aerospace space research. It fosters cooperation in space-related activities and research in space science, seeks to advance scientific engineering through human capital, as well as the peaceful use of outer space, supports the creation of an environment conducive to the industrial development of space technologies within the framework of national government. SANSA was established on 9 December 2010 by the National Space Agency Act. SANSA's main focusses include using data obtained from remote sensing through satellites and other projects to provide assessment on flooding, resource management and environmental phenomena in South Africa and the African continent. SANSA was formed after an act of parliament was passed by acting President Kgalema Motlanthe in 2009; the agency was formed with the intent of consolidating space-related research and research in South Africa and to assume the role as a regional center for space research in Africa.
Throughout the 1950s to 1970s lunar and interplanetary missions conducted by NASA had been supported from a tracking station at Hartebeesthoek where the first images of Mars were received from the Mariner IV spacecraft in the first successful flyby of the planet. Other South African facilities assisted in tracking satellites to determine the effects of the upper atmosphere on their orbits. In 1980s work on the development of a launcher and a satellite had been in progress but was discontinued after 1994. In 1999, South Africa launched its first satellite, SUNSAT from Vandenberg Air Force Base in the US. A second satellite, SumbandilaSat, was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in 2009. SANSA's mission is to use space science and technology to: Deliver space-related services and products to the citizens of South Africa and the region. Support and conduct research and development in space science and engineering and the practical application of the innovations they generate. Stimulate interest in science and develop human capacity in space science and technologies in South Africa.
Create an environment that promotes industrial development. Nurture space-related partnerships to enhance South Africa's standing in the community of nations. SANSA is a key contributor to the South African Earth Observation Strategy, for which the primary objective is "to coordinate the collection and dissemination of Earth observation data, so that their full potential to support policy, decision-making, economic growth and sustainable development in South Africa can be realised." SANSA will provide space-based data platforms that focus on in-situ Earth observation measurements in collaboration with entities such as the South African Earth Observation Network. SANSA Space Science is host to the only Space Weather Regional Warning Centre in Africa, which operates as part of the International Space Environment Service; the Space Weather Centre provides an important service to the nation by monitoring the sun and its activity to provide information, early warnings and forecasts on space weather conditions.
The space weather products and services are required for communication and navigation systems, in the defence, aeronautics and communication sectors. SumbandilaSat, South African built satellite SUNSAT, first South African satellite to be launched SANSA Space Science SAASA, South Africa Amateur Space Administration: The Rocketry Association of SA National Astrophysics and Space Science Programme List of aerospace engineering topics List of government space agencies South African Space Portal Official homepage of SANSA SA Amateur Space Administration
The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks resulted in 2,977 victim fatalities, over 25,000 injuries, caused at least $10 billion in infrastructure and property damage. Additional people have died of 9/11-related cancer and respiratory diseases in the months and years following the attacks. Four passenger airliners operated by two major U. S. passenger air carriers —all of which departed from airports in the northeastern United States bound for San Francisco and Los Angeles—were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers of the World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan. Within an hour and 42 minutes, both 110-story towers collapsed. Debris and the resulting fires caused a partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the World Trade Center complex, including the 47-story 7 World Trade Center tower, as well as significant damage to ten other large surrounding structures.
A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington County, which led to a partial collapse of the building's west side. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was flown toward Washington, D. C. but crashed into a field in Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, after its passengers thwarted the hijackers. 9/11 is the single deadliest terrorist attack in human history and the single deadliest incident for firefighters and law enforcement officers in the history of the United States, with 343 and 72 killed, respectively. Suspicion fell on al-Qaeda; the United States responded by launching the War on Terror and invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, which had failed to comply with U. S. demands to extradite Osama bin expel al-Qaeda from Afghanistan. Many countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded the powers of law enforcement and intelligence agencies to prevent terrorist attacks. Although Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda's leader denied any involvement, in 2004 he claimed responsibility for the attacks.
Al-Qaeda and bin Laden cited U. S. support of Israel, the presence of U. S. troops in Saudi Arabia, sanctions against Iraq as motives. After evading capture for a decade, bin Laden was located in Pakistan and killed by SEAL Team Six of the U. S. Navy in May 2011, during the Obama administration; the destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure harmed the economy of New York City and had a significant effect on global markets, which resulted in the closing of Wall Street until September 17 and the civilian airspace in the U. S. and Canada until September 13. Many closings and cancellations followed, out of respect or fear of further attacks. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, the Pentagon was repaired within a year. On November 18, 2006, construction of One World Trade Center began at the World Trade Center site; the building opened on November 3, 2014. Numerous memorials have been constructed, including the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York City, the Pentagon Memorial in Arlington County and the Flight 93 National Memorial in a field in Stonycreek Township near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
There are allegations of Saudi Arabian government involvement in the attacks. The primary evidence is the content of the 28 redacted pages of the 2002 Joint Inquiry into Intelligence Community Activities before and after the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001, conducted by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence; these 28 pages contain information regarding the material and financial assistance given to the hijackers and their affiliates leading up to the attacks by the Saudi Arabian government. As a consequence of the attacks, the United States has been in a state of national emergency since 2001; the origins of al-Qaeda can be traced to 1979. Osama bin Laden helped organize Arab mujahideen to resist the Soviets. Under the guidance of Ayman al-Zawahiri, bin Laden became more radical. In 1996, bin Laden issued his first fatwā. In a second fatwā in 1998, bin Laden outlined his objections to American foreign policy with respect to Israel, as well as the continued presence of American troops in Saudi Arabia after the Gulf War.
Bin Laden used Islamic texts to exhort Muslims to attack Americans until the stated grievances were reversed. Muslim legal scholars "have throughout Islamic history unanimously agreed that the jihad is an individual duty if the enemy destroys the Muslim countries", according to bin Laden. Bin Laden orchestrated the attacks and denied involvement but recanted his false statements. Al Jazeera broadcast a statement by bin Laden on September 16, 2001, stating, "I stress that I have not carried out this act, which appears to have been carried out by individuals with their own motivation." In November 2001, U. S. forces recovered a videotape from a destroyed house in Afghanistan. In the video, bin Laden admits foreknowledge of the attacks. On December 27, 2001, a second bin Laden video was released. In the video, he said: It has become clear that the West in general and America in particular have an unspeakable hatred for Islam.... It is the hatred of crusaders. Terrorism against America deserves to be praised because it w
Varkiza Alianthos, is a suburb of greater Athens forming part of the municipality of Vari-Voula-Vouliagmeni in southern Attica of the Megalo Daktylo. It lies 2 km south of Vari, 22 km S of Athens city centre, SW of the Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport and the Attiki Odos, NW of Cape Sounio, south of the Hymettus Ring; the locality is linked with Poseidonos Avenue, just east of Vouliagmeni. The Hymettus mountains lie to the Mesogeian plain to the north. Another mountain lies toward the northeast. Most of the area's streets take names from Greek mythology, its main street, forms a connection with the route running from Neo Faliro down toward the Glyfada boundary. Forests cover partpart of the municipality. Varkiza has a known beach, which has tennis courts and fields, taverns and other amenities; the urban sprawl sporadically covers the moves west of Varkiza. The population were rural until the 1960s while suburban housing sprang up between the 1960s and the 1990s, making most of the population urban and expanding to this day.
Housing development began in the central part of district where farmland once used to dominate its central areas and within the Saronic Gulf. Varkiza became part of the Athens Metropolitan Area, in the 1960s, the connecting highway had two lanes added; the Treaty of Varkiza was signed in 1945 in an attempt to end the Greek Civil War. It was signed at the Kanelopoulos Mansion, located at Vari. Varkiza has one school, banks, a church, bars, taverns, a post office and couple of squares. Since 2001 Varkiza has been hugely modernised. Varkiza just after the World War II was a small village for fishermen but today has developed to a small town for the rich with one of the best beaches in Attiki. In the summer the population triples as Varkiza resort is right next to the top summer clubs which are located on the "Glyfada strip". List of communities of Attica Greek Travel Pages
Johannes Flintoe was a Danish-born painter of Norwegian ancestry. He is known for costume studies and historical scenes, his works play a significant role in the transition to romantic nationalism. His family came from Hurum and his father was a metal caster. At the age of thirteen, he was apprenticed to a master decorative painter named Pader Faxøe, who became his foster father. In 1802, he began studies at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, which he completed in 1805. During this time, he took private lessons in decorative and theatrical painting. From 1807 to 1808, he served in the Napoleonic Wars and developed rheumatism, which would create health issues for the rest of his life. In 1811, he was named a master painter in the Copenhagen guild and moved to Christiania, to join his brother Jacob, who had become established there as a master mason, he worked as a decorator until he took a teaching position at the newly created Norwegian National Academy of Craft and Art Industry in 1819. During his tenure there, he travelled extensively throughout Norway, visiting Telemark, Hardanger, Trøndelag and other scenic locations, painting local costumes as well as landscapes.
He accompanied Gerhard Munthe on a mapping expedition to Aurland and, together with Wilhelm Maximilian Carpelan, made some of the first drawings of the Jotunheimen mountains. One of his most popular works is the "Fugleværelset", a waiting room at the Royal Palace, painted to give the illusion that one is looking at landscapes and the sky from an open pavilion. From 1842 to 1851, he was on the board of the National Gallery. Many of his sketches and paintings were published from 1838 to 1840 with text by Maurits Hansen. Among his best-known students were Johan Frederik Eckersberg. In 1851, he lived on a pension. By 1866, his health had deteriorated to the point that he had to be cared for by the wife of a former student, he died in 1870. Henning Alsvik, Johannes Flintoe. Gyldendal, 1940 Noss Aagot, Johannes Flintoes draktakvarellar. Samlaget, 1970 Ingrid Lydersen Lystad, Johannes Flintoe og fugleværelset. En reise. Dreyers forlag, 2015 ISBN 978-82-82651-35-6 Works by Flintoe @ the Vaering Art Gallery.
Drawings by Flintoe @ the Nasjonal Museet