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Colony of Vancouver Island

The Colony of Vancouver Island known as the Island of Vancouver and its Dependencies, was a Crown colony of British North America from 1849 to 1866, after which it was united with the mainland to form the Colony of British Columbia. The united colony joined Canadian Confederation, thus becoming part of Canada, in 1871; the colony comprised the Gulf Islands of the Strait of Georgia. Captain James Cook was the first European to set foot on the Island at Nootka Sound in 1778, during his third voyage, he spent a month in the area. Cook claimed it for Great Britain. Fur trader John Meares arrived in 1786 and set up a single-building trading post near the native village of Yuquot, at the entrance to Nootka Sound in 1788; the fur trade began expanding across the island. Spain explored the area. Esteban Jose Martinezand built a fort at Friendly Cove on Vancouver Island in 1789 and sized some British ships, claiming sovereignty; the fort was re-established in 1790 by Francisco de Eliza and a small community was built around it.

Ownership of the island remained in dispute between the Britain. The two countries nearly began a war over the issue, the confrontation became known as the Nootka Crisis; that was averted when both agreed to accept the other's claims in the first Nootka Convention in 1790. In 1792 Captain George Vancouver arrived to meet with Spanish commander Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra but their lengthy negotiations failed to produce a decision. Ownership of the island remained in dispute between the Spain; the two countries nearly began a war over the issue. That was averted when both agreed to recognize the other's rights to the area in the first Nootka Convention in 1790, a first step to peace; the two countries signed the second Nootka Convention in 1793 and the third Convention in 1794. As per that final agreement, the Spanish dismantled their fort at Nootka and left the area, giving the British sovereignty over Vancouver Island and the adjoining islands, it was not until 1843 that Britain – under the auspices of the Hudson's Bay Company – established a settlement on Vancouver Island.

In March of that year, James Douglas of the Hudson's Bay Company and a missionary had arrived and selected an area for settlement. Construction of the fort began in June of that year; this settlement was a fur trading post named Fort Albert. The fort was located at the Songhees settlement of Camosack, 200 metres northwest of the present-day Empress Hotel on Victoria's Inner Harbour. In 1846, the Oregon Treaty was signed by the British and the U. S. to settle the question of the U. S. Oregon Territory borders; the Treaty made the 49th parallel latitude north the official border between the two countries. In order to ensure that Britain retained all of Vancouver Island and the southern Gulf Islands, however, it was agreed that the border would swing south around that area. In 1849, the Colony of Vancouver Island was established; the Colony was leased to the Hudson’s Bay Company for ten years, at an annual fee of seven shillings. Thus in 1849, HBC moved its western headquarters from Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River to Fort Victoria.

Chief Factor James Douglas, was relocated from Fort Vancouver to Fort Victoria to oversee the Company's operations west of the Rockies. The British colonial office designated the territory a Crown colony on 13 January 1849. Douglas was charged with encouraging British settlement. Richard Blanshard was named the colony's governor. Blanshard discovered that the hold of the HBC over the affairs of the new colony was all but absolute, that it was Douglas who held all practical authority in the territory. There was no civil service, no police, no militia, every British colonist was an employee of the HBC. Frustrated, Blanshard abandoned his post a year returning to England. In 1851, his resignation was finalised, the colonial office appointed Douglas as governor. Douglas's situation as both the local chief executive of the Hudson's Bay Company as well as the civil governor of the colony from whom the company had leased all rights, was tenable from the outset. Douglas performed the delicate balancing act well, raising a domestic militia and encouraging settlement.

By the mid-1850s, the colony's non-aboriginal population was approaching 500, sawmill and coal mining operations had been established at Fort Nanaimo and Fort Rupert. Douglas assisted the British government in establishing a naval base at present-day Esquimalt to check Russian and American expansionism. Douglas's efforts at encouraging settlement were hampered by colonial officials in London who were given incentives to bring out labourers with them to work the landholdings; the result was that emigration was slow, the landless labourers fled the colony either to obtain free land grants in the United States, or work the newly discovered goldfields of California. A secondary result was the replication of the British class system, with the attendant resistance to non-parochial education, land reform, representative government. At the time of the establishment of the colony, Vancouver Island had a large and varied First Nations population of upwards of 30,000. Douglas completed fourteen separate treaties with tribes.

Under the terms of these treaties, known today as the Douglas Treaties, the nations were obliged to surrender title to all land within a

Tateishi Fourth File Rook

Tateishi Fourth File Rook is a Fourth File Rook strategy that incorporates characteristics of the Ishida opening. It was named after an amateur player named Tateishi 立石. However, the opening has been used by professional players as well as amateurs. Tateishi received the Special Kōzō Masuda Award in 2004 as a recognition to its development. Starting from Black's turn, the rook will move to R-68, hence making a Fourth File Rook formation, push the vanguard pawn with P-75, P-65. From there the rook can move to R-66 and R-76, so in the end it settles into an Ishida opening. From the opening, the major pieces can move a lot, but since the bishops can be exchanged at any point, with such a formation the side playing Ishida will end up with golds and silvers being separated. Since the golds and silvers in the Static Rook side's formation would lean towards one side, the other side can aim for a rook exchange on the Static Rook's unprepared gaps; this opening attracted attention as a countermeasure for Static Rook Anaguma, was played by many Ranging Rook professional players.

In particular, shogi player Kenji Kobayashi researched the system as combined with his own "Super Fourth File Rook," in which came to be called "Super Tateishi," and which allowed him to win the Speed Shogi Tournament of 1994. As a result of the developments in Static Rook countermeasures like moving a gold on the first rank, the Tateishi opening has become progressively rare among professional players. 将棋世界編集部. 立石流四間飛車. マイナビ出版. Shogi. Net's Quest of the Lost Systems: Chapter Two Furibisha: Section 5 Masuda-shiki Ishida-ryu · translation of 消えた戦法の謎 by Kiyokazu Katsumata

Glory and Gore

"Glory and Gore" is a song by New Zealand singer Lorde from her debut studio album, Pure Heroine. The song was released on 11 March 2014 as the album's fourth single by Lava Records and Republic Records; the track was written by its producer, Joel Little. "Glory and Gore" is an electropop song influenced by hip hop music. It speaks about modern society's fascination with celebrity culture; the song was met with a mixed reception from critics, reached numbers sixty-eight and nine on the United States Billboard Hot 100 and Hot Rock Songs, respectively. In 2014, "Glory and Gore" was used in an advertisement for the second season of the History television series Vikings; as with the rest of Pure Heroine, "Glory and Gore" was written by Lorde and Joel Little, recorded at Golden Age Studios and produced and engineered by Little. "Glory and Gore" is a chillwave and hip hop-influenced electropop ballad, instrumented by pulsing synthesisers. According to the sheet music published at by EMI Music Publishing, it is set in a moderate tempo of 72 beats per minute.

It is written in the key of F minor, follows the chord progression A♭–Fm–Cm–B♭m. Lorde's vocals range from E♭3 to E♭5. Throughout the song, she uses black satire to express disdain towards modern emphasis on violence, compares celebrity culture to gladiatorial combat; this is exemplified in the lyric "Glory and gore go hand-in-hand/That's why we're making headlines." It continues the preceding song on Pure Heroine. "Glory and Gore" portrays an empowerment theme. A US adult album alternative release followed on 7 April 2014. "Glory and Gore" serves as the fourth single overall from Pure Heroine, as "Tennis Court" was released outside the US in 2013. "Tennis Court" was going to be the third US single, but the record labels changed to "Glory and Gore" instead after it was featured in History's promotional campaign for the second season of its historical television series, Vikings. However, the 8 April 2014 US contemporary hit radio scheduled release of "Glory and Gore" was cancelled, "Tennis Court" impacted US CHR on 22 April 2014.

In a review of Pure Heroine, Larry Day from The 405 called the track "single-worthy". Billboard's Jason Lipshutz called Lorde's vocals during the song's hook "contagious". Jon Hadusek of Consequence of Sound wrote that "Glory and Gore" did not fit in with the minimal production found in the majority of Pure Heroine. Pitchfork's Lindsay Zoladz criticised the song for having too many lyrics forced into each line. John Murphy from musicOMH was critical of the latter half of Pure Heroine, writing "by the time'Glory and Gore' and'Still Sane' roll around, the template's starting to sound a bit tired."Following the release of Pure Heroine, "Glory and Gore" appeared at number 17 on the New Zealand Artists Singles Chart dated 7 October 2013. Prior to its single release, the song entered the United States Billboard Hot 100 chart at number 88 on the week of 8 March 2014, with sales of about 32,000 copies that week—almost double the sales of the previous week; the following week "Glory and Gore" sold 47,000 copies and became the Hot 100's "Digital Gainer" as it moved up to number 68 on the chart.

The song peaked at number 30 on the US Digital Songs chart, number seventeen on the US Alternative Songs, number nine on the main Hot Rock Songs. As of April 2014, "Glory and Gore" has sold 307,000 digital downloads in the US. On 24 September 2013, Lorde performed the track, among others, at The Fonda Theatre in Los Angeles, California. On 3 October 2013, Lorde held a concert at the Warsaw Venue in Brooklyn and performed the song among other tracks from the album. Lorde performed "Glory and Gore" at Silo Park, Auckland on 29 January 2014 as part of her make-up show for the 2014 Laneway Festival, with The New Zealand Herald's Chris Schulz calling the performance a "highlight". In 2014, Lorde opened her show at Roseland Ballroom and her Coachella Festival set with the song, performed it at Lollapalooza in São Paulo, Brazil and in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Ultramarine (band)

Ultramarine are an English electronic music duo, formed in 1989 by Ian Cooper and Paul Hammond. They are best known for their 1991 album Every Man and Woman is a Star, their work blended elements of techno and ambient music with folk instrumentation, the influence of the 1970s Canterbury scene, other eclectic sources. Cooper and Hammond first worked together in A Primary Industry, during the mid-1980s. Following the split of that band, they formed Ultramarine and released their debut album Folk in April 1990 on the Belgian label Les Disques du Crépuscule; the duo's second long player, Every Man and Woman Is a Star, as described by music writer Simon Reynolds in his book Energy Flash as "Perhaps the first and best stab at that seeming contradiction-in-terms, pastoral techno... all sun-ripened, meandering lassitude and undulant dub-sway tempos... Like acid-house suffused with the folky-jazzy ambience of the Canterbury scene." Live appearances during this period included a US tour in 1992 with Meat Beat Manifesto and Orbital and US and European tours in 1993 supporting Björk.

The group's collaborative work has included a songwriting and recording partnership with Robert Wyatt, recordings with Kevin Ayers and David McAlmont, plus numerous live and studio sessions with members of the London jazz scene, including Lol Coxhill, Iain Ballamy, Elton Dean, Dave Green, Roger Beaujolais, Greg Heath and Jimmy Hastings. Every Man and Woman Is a Star was followed by the albums United Kingdoms, which features an extensive collaboration with Robert Wyatt, Bel Air and A User's Guide. After a long sabbatical, Ultramarine released two new singles in 2011, their sixth album, This Time Last Year, was released on 30 September 2013. Every Man and Woman Is a Star was reissued by Rough Trade in 2014 as a triple vinyl set, including a unreleased 1992 John Peel BBC Radio 1 session. Ian Harvey Cooper Paul John Hammond Folk Every Man and Woman Is a Star United Kingdoms Bel Air A User's Guide This Time Last Year Signals Into Space Meditations Companion Wyndham Lewis Stella Stella Weird Gear / British Summertime Saratoga / Nova Scotia Nightfall In Sweetleaf Kingdom Barefoot First Air Sketches Hymn Hymn Remixes On The Brink Carl Craig Remixes Find A Way Acid / Butch Passwords Peel Session 1992 Blackwaterside Breathing Official website Full discography at Discogs Biography at LTM Ultramarine article by Kevin Pearce, Your Heart Out, July 2013

Patapol Ngernsrisuk

Patapol Ngernsrisuk is a male badminton player from Thailand. He competed in badminton at the 2004 Summer Olympics in men's doubles with partner Sudket Prapakamol, they were defeated in the round of 32 by Nathan Robertson of the United Kingdom. In 2007, he won the gold medals at the Summer Universiade in the men's mixed team event. Ngernsrisuk is Ratchanok Narissapat Lam's coach. Men's doubles Men's doubles Boys' doubles Boys' doubles The World Badminton Grand Prix sanctioned by International Badminton Federation since 1983. Men's doubles Grand Prix Gold Tournament Grand Prix Tournament Men's doubles Media related to Patapol Ngernsrisuk at Wikimedia Commons


Albaching is a municipality in the district of Rosenheim in Bavaria in Germany. Albaching lies in the Alpine foothills 45 km east of Munich, 30 km south of Erding, 40 km south-west of Mühldorf am Inn, 12 km north-east of Wasserburg am Inn, 38 km north of Rosenheim und 13 km north-east of Ebersberg; the next railway station is in Forsting, a part of Pfaffing, where the railroad line Wasserburg – Grafing bei München can be reached. The municipality Albaching has altogether 32 districts, amongst them the towns of Albaching, Kalteneck and Stetten. Within its domain there are the hamlets Zell, Schönanger, Utzenbichl, Gröben, Aign, Thal, Ödenau and Schacha as well as several isolated farms; the municipality was documented for the first time in 808 as Alpicha. In the 12th century the spellings "Albachingen" and "Alchingen" were documented. Since 1415 the parochial village was called "Albaching". There were no successful. Explanations include the name of the river "Albach", derived from the Indo-German "albh" and the Old-German "aha" but the river was called "Mühlbach" until the 19th century.

Another theory cites the Roman nomen gentile "Albius" as the source for the name, which would imply a early settling. Both theories are yet to be proven scientifically. Albaching was part of the free "Grafschaft Haag" until 1804, in turn part of the Wittelsbach domain. In 1818 during an administrative reform in Bavaria Albaching was made an independent political entity. On May 1, 1978, the municipality Albaching was dissolved and integrated in the municipality of Pfaffing. After years of resistance and several negotiations Albaching received its independence again on January 1, 1994, is since in an administrative collective with Pfaffing