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Colorado Avalanche

The Colorado Avalanche are a professional ice hockey team based in Denver. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Central Division of the Western Conference; the Avalanche are the only team in their division not based in the Central Time Zone. Their home arena is Pepsi Center, which they share with the Denver Nuggets of the National Basketball Association, their general manager is Joe Sakic. The Avalanche were founded in 1972 as the Quebec Nordiques and were one of the charter franchises of the World Hockey Association; the franchise joined the NHL in 1979 as a result of the NHL–WHA merger. Following the 1994–95 season, they were sold to the COMSAT Entertainment Group and relocated to Denver. In the club's first season in Denver, the Avalanche won the Pacific Division and went on to sweep the Florida Panthers in the 1996 Stanley Cup Finals, becoming the first NHL team to win the Stanley Cup in the season following a relocation. Among teams in the major North American professional sports leagues, only the National Football League's Washington Redskins have accomplished the feat.

This was the first major professional sports championship. In the 2001 Stanley Cup Finals, the Avalanche defeated the New Jersey Devils 4–3 to win their second and most recent championship; as a result, they are the only active NHL team that has won all of its Stanley Cup Final appearances. The Avalanche have won nine division titles and qualified for the playoffs in each of their first ten seasons in Denver; the Quebec Nordiques were one of the World Hockey Association's original teams when the league began play in 1972. Though first awarded to a group in San Francisco, the team moved to Quebec City when the California deal soured because of financial and arena problems. During their seven WHA seasons, the Nordiques won the Avco World Trophy once, in 1977 and lost the finals once, in 1975. In 1979, the franchise entered the NHL, along with the WHA's Edmonton Oilers, Hartford Whalers and Winnipeg Jets. After making the postseason for seven consecutive years, from 1981 to 1987, the Nordiques started to decline.

From 1987–88 to 1991–92, the team finished last in their division every season, three of those times they finished last in the league. This included a dreadful 12-win season in 1989–90, still the worst in franchise history; as a result, the team earned three consecutive first overall draft picks, used to select Mats Sundin, Owen Nolan and Eric Lindros. Lindros made it clear he did not wish to play for the Nordiques, to the extent he did not wear the team's jersey for the press photographs, only holding it when it was presented to him. On advice from his mother, he refused to sign a contract and began a holdout that lasted over a year. On June 30, 1992, he was traded to the Philadelphia Flyers in exchange for five players, the rights to Swedish prospect Peter Forsberg, two first-round draft picks and US$15 million; the Eric Lindros trade turned the moribund Nordiques into a Stanley Cup contender overnight, in hindsight is seen as one of the most one-sided deals in sports history. In the first season after the trade, 1992–93, the Nordiques reached the playoffs for the first time in six years.

Two years they won the Northeast Division and had the second best regular-season record during the lockout-shortened season. While the team experienced on-ice success, it spent most of its first 23 years struggling financially. Quebec City was by far the smallest market in the NHL, the second-smallest, behind Green Bay, Wisconsin to host a team in the four major sports; the changing financial environment in the NHL made things more difficult. In 1995, team owner Marcel Aubut asked for a bailout from Quebec's provincial government as well as a new publicly funded arena; the bailout fell through, Aubut subsequently began talks with COMSAT Entertainment Group in Denver, which owned the National Basketball Association's Denver Nuggets. In May 1995, COMSAT announced an agreement in principle to purchase the team; the deal became official on July 1, 1995, 12,000 season tickets were sold in the 37 days after the announcement of the move to Denver. Though the team was losing money, it was sold so that outgoing owner Marcel Aubut could make a profit off the franchise.

COMSAT considered several names for the team, including Extreme and Black Bears. It debated whether to brand the team as a Denver team or as a regional franchise representing either Colorado or the entire Rocky Mountain region. COMSAT filed copyright protection for "Black Bears", but decided to name the team Rocky Mountain Extreme. However, when The Denver Post leaked the new name, fan reaction was so negative that COMSAT reversed course and decided to name the team the "Colorado Avalanche." The new name was revealed on August 10, 1995. With the move, the newly relocated team transferred to the Pacific Division of the Western Conference. After buying the team, COMSAT organized its Denver sports franchises under a separate subsidiary, Ascent Entertainment Group Inc. which went public in 1995. COMSAT retained an 80% controlling interest, with the other 20% available on NASDAQ; the Avalanche played their first game in the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver on October 6, 1995, winning 3–2 against the Detroit Red Wings.

It marked a return of the NHL to Denver after an absence of 13 years, when the Colorado Rockies moved to New Jersey to become the New Jersey Devils. Valeri Kamensky scored

Simeon Bankoff

Simeon Bankoff is a notable New York City preservation activist. He has served as Executive Director of the Historic Districts Council, a New York City, USA, not-for-profit organization, since November 2000. During his tenure, he positioned the Historic Districts Council at the forefront of numerous historic preservation campaigns, including the drive to save the industrial neighborhoods of Brooklyn’s waterfront, the protection of Lower Manhattan’s unprotected historic buildings, fighting out-of-scale development along Central Park and advocating for the preservation of low-density historic neighborhoods in Queens, he led HDC's involvement in campaigns to preserve a number of individual buildings, such as the Trylon Theater in Queens, 2 Columbus Circle in Manhattan and the Lady Moody House in Brooklyn. In addition to helping communities throughout the five boroughs, he has helped HDC promote legislation to help preserve New York’s unprotected historic buildings as well as producing regular educational programs on history and preservation in New York City.

Previous to becoming Executive Director of the Historic Districts Council, Bankoff worked for a number of other historic preservation organizations in New York City, including the Historic House Trust where he worked to acquire 18th and 19th Century farmhouses for the city, the New York Landmarks Preservation Foundation, where he helped initiate the Cultural Medallions plaque program which commemorate the residences of notable New Yorkers such as Jack Kerouac, Frank O'Hara, George Gershwin and Edna St. Vincent Millay. A lifelong resident of Brooklyn, Bankoff holds a BA from Sarah Lawrence College and a MS in Historic Preservation from Pratt Institute. "Answers About Preserving New York’s Neighborhoods, Part 3", THE NEW YORK TIMES, March 27, 2009

Malea ringens

Malea ringens, common name the grinning tun, is a species of large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Tonnidae, the tun shells. This species occurs in the Pacific Ocean from Mexico off Galapagos Islands; the size of the shell of Malea ringens varies between 60 mm and 270 mm, with an average diameter of about 100 mm. It is one of the largest of Panamic shells; these shells are white and delicately spotted with yellow under the thin periostracum. The pretty thick shell is ventricose; the pointed spire is formed of six whorls, the upper of which are convex, but little developed, having three or four transverse striae apparent, spotted with brown blotches. The body whorl is much inflated surrounded by from fifteen to twenty equal ribs, but rounded; these ribs are separated from each other by a shallow furrow, which becomes wider between the first two or three upper ribs, by the disappearance of the intermediate ribs. The longitudinal striae of growth are numerous fine, apparent; the aperture is narrow, for it is much contracted by two protuberances situated upon the two lower thirds of the columella.

The outer lip is arched, widened within, having a wide longitudinal ridge outside of it. It has, on the inside, the whole length, from sixteen to eighteen ridges, or strongly prominent teeth; the edge is denticulated. The inner lip is thin, spreading upon the body of the shell, to which it adheres, except towards the base, where it becomes free and thicker; the columella is twisted, presents a deep emargination, above, seen a wide, furrowed tubercle, which appears as if suspended over this hollow. Another tubercle projects near the base, separated from the first by the cavity just spoken of, it is furnished with wrinkles and numerous furrows of a brilliant white, which imperceptibly diminish in size at the base, above the emargination, turned out like a gutter, smooth. The color of this shell is whitish blended with a dull yellow; the interior is red. The periostracum is yellowish. Swainson, W. Appendix: Description of several new shells, remarks on others, contained in the collection of the late Mrs. Bligh.

In: A catalogue of the rare and valuable shells, which formed the celebrated collection of the late Mrs. Bligh; the sale of this collection... 20 May 1822. C. Dubois, London: appendix, pp. 1–20 page: 4 "Malea ringens". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019

Spanish Guinea

Spanish Guinea was a set of insular and continental territories controlled by Spain since 1778 in the Gulf of Guinea and on the Bight of Bonny, in Central Africa. It is known as Equatorial Guinea; the Spanish colony in the Guinea region was established in 1778, by the Treaty of El Pardo between the Spanish Empire and the Kingdom of Portugal. Between 1778 and 1810, Spain administered the territory of Equatorial Guinea via its colonial Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, based in Buenos Aires. From 1827 to 1843, the United Kingdom had a base on Bioko to combat the continuing Atlantic slave trade conducted by Spain and illegal traders. Based on an agreement with Spain in 1843, Britain moved its base to its own colony of Sierra Leone in West Africa. In 1844, on restoration of Spanish sovereignty, it became known as the "Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea". Spain had never undertaken colonial settlement of the large area in the Bight of Biafra to which it had treaty rights; the French expanded their occupation at the expense of the area claimed by Spain.

By the treaty of Paris in 1900, Spain was left with the continental enclave of Río Muni, 26,000 km2 of the 300,000 stretching east to the Ubangi river, which the Spaniards had claimed. Toward the end of the 19th century Spanish, Portuguese and Fernandino planters started developing large cacao plantations on the island of Fernando Po. With the indigenous Bubi population decimated by disease and forced labour, the island's economy came to depend on imported agricultural contract workers. A labour treaty was signed with the Republic of Liberia in 1914. In 1930 an International Labour Organization commission discovered that Liberian contract workers had ‘‘been recruited under conditions of criminal compulsion scarcely distinguishable from slave raiding and slave trading’’; the government prohibited recruiting of Liberian workers for Spanish Guinea. The persisting labour shortage in the cacao and logging industries led to a booming trade in illegal canoe-based smuggling of Igbo and Ibibio workers from the Eastern Provinces of Nigeria.

The number of clandestine contract workers on the island of Fernando Po grew to 20,000 in 1942. A labour treaty was signed with the British Crown in the same year; this led to a continuous stream of Nigerian workers going to Spanish Guinea. By 1968 at the time of independence 100,000 ethnic Nigerians were living and working in Spanish Guinea. Between 1926 and 1959, the Crown united Bioko and Río Muni as the "colony of Spanish Guinea"; the economy was based on the exploitation of the commodity crops of cacao and coffee, produced at large plantations, in addition to logging concessions. Owners of these companies hired immigrant contract labour from Liberia and Cameroon. Spain mounted military campaigns in the 1920s to subdue the indigenous Fang people, as Liberia was trying to reduce recruiting of its workers; the Crown established garrisons of the Colonial Guard throughout the enclave by 1926, the whole colony was considered'pacified' by 1929. Río Muni had a small population put at a little over 100,000 in the 1930s.

Its people could escape over the borders into Cameroon or Gabon. Moreover, the timber companies needed growing amounts of labour, the spread of coffee cultivation offered an alternative means of paying taxes; the island of Fernando Po continued to suffer from labour shortages. The French only permitted recruitment in Cameroon. Planters began to recruit Igbo laborers, who were smuggled in canoes from Nigeria. Fernando Po was developed after the Second World War as one of Africa's most productive agricultural areas; the post-war political history of Spanish Guinea had three distinct phases. From 1946 to 1959, it had the status of a "province", having been raised from "colony", after the Portuguese Empire made overtures to take it over. From 1960 to 1968, Spain tried a system of partial decolonisation to keep the province within the Spanish territorial system, which failed due to continued anti-colonial activity by Guineans. On 12 October 1968, Spain conceded the independence of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.

Francisco Macías Nguema was elected as president. The population of the Colony of Spanish Guinea was stratified; the system was somewhat similar to the one operating in the French and Portuguese colonies in the rest of Africa: Peninsulares — White Spanish population, whose immigration was regulated by the Spanish government. EmancipadosBlack African population, assimilated into the Peninsulares' culture via Spanish Catholic educations; some were descended from freed Cuban slaves, repatriated to Africa after emancipation and abolition of slavery by the Spanish Royal Orders of 13 September 1845, of 20 June 1861. The latter group included mestizos and mulattoes, mixed-race descendants, acknowledged by a white Peninsular father. Fernandinos — Creole peoples, multi-ethnic or multi-race populations speaking the local Pidgin English of Spanish Guinea's island of Fernando Po. "Individuals of colour" under patronage — included the majority of the indigenous Black African people, those mestizos−mulattoes who were not acknowledged by white fathers and were being deported from the Americas.

Of the indigenous ethnic groups in Guinea, most were Bubi and Bantu peoples such as the Fang of Rio Muni. Others — Nigerian, Han Chinese, Indian peoples who were hired as contract laborers under types of indentures. Spanish Sah

Zale (moth)

Zale is a genus of moths in the family Erebidae erected by Jacob Hübner in 1818. Palpi with second joint reaching vertex of head, short third joint. Antennae of male with short fasciculate cilia. Metathorax with a slight tuft. Abdomen with prominent dorsal tufts. Tibia of male hairy. Mid tibia spined. Larva with four pairs of abdominal prolegs, where the first two pairs aborted or rudimentary. Zale aeruginosa Guenée, 1852 – green-dusted zale moth Zale bethunei J. B. Smith, 1908 – Bethune's zale moth Zale buchholzi McDunnough, 1943 – Buchholz's zale moth Zale calycantha J. E. Smith, 1797 – double-banded zale moth Zale chisosensis Blanchard & Franclemont, 1982 Zale colorado J. B. Smith, 1908 Zale confusa McDunnough, 1940 Zale curema J. B. Smith, 1908 – black-eyed zale moth or northeastern pine zale moth Zale declarans Walker, 1858 Zale duplicata Bethune, 1865 – pine false looper moth, banded similar-wing moth, or grey similar-wing moth Zale edusina Harvey, 1875 Zale exhausta Guenée, 1852 Zale fictilis Guenée, 1852 Zale galbanata Morrison, 1876 – maple zale moth Zale helata J. B.

Smith, 1908 – brown-spotted zale moth Zale horrida Hübner, 1818 – horrid zale moth Zale insuda J. B. Smith, 1908 Zale intenta Zale lunata Drury, 1773 – lunate zale moth Zale lunifera Hübner, 1818 – bold-based zale moth Zale meriata Zale metata J. B. Smith, 1908 Zale metatoides McDunnough, 1943 – washed-out zale moth or jack pine false looper Zale minerea Guenée, 1852 – colorful zale moth Zale obliqua Guenée, 1952 – oblique zale moth Zale obsita Zale perculta Franclemont, 1964 – Okefenokee zale moth Zale peruncta Zale phaeocapna Franclemont, 1950 Zale rubi H. Edwards, 1881 Zale rubiata J. B. Smith, 1908 Zale rufosa Hampson, 1913 Zale sabena Schaus, 1901 Zale smithi Haimbach, 1928 Zale squamularis Drury, 1773 – gray-banded zale moth Zale strigimacula Guenée, 1852 Zale submediana Strand, 1917– gray spring zale moth Zale termina Grote, 1883 Zale undularis Drury, 1773 – black zale moth Zale unilineata Grote, 1876 – one-lined zale moth Zale viridans Guenée, 1852 Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul. "Search results Family: Noctuidae".

Butterflies and Moths of the World. Natural History Museum, London. Savela, Markku. "Zale Hübner, 1818". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved January 23, 2019

Nzanga Mobutu

François-Joseph Mobutu Nzanga Ngbangawe is a Congolese politician. A son of the long-time President Mobutu Sese Seko, he served in the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo under President Joseph Kabila from 2007 to 2011 as Minister of State for Agriculture and subsequently as Deputy Prime Minister for Basic Social Needs, he was dismissed from the government in March 2011. In 2008, he founded the Union of Mobutist Democrats as the successor to his father's Popular Movement of the Revolution and has led the party since. Nzanga Mobutu is the eldest son of Mobutu Sese Seko by Bobi Ladawa. Nzanga studied in Belgium and Canada before returning to Congo in the mid-1990s, he worked as communications adviser to his father, but fled into exile in Morocco along with his father when rebel leader Laurent-Désiré Kabila captured Kinshasa in May 1997. He launched a political career as leader of the Union of Mobutist Democrats, a party advocating the restoration of peace, national unity and territorial integrity.

He is most popular in the northwestern province of Équateur, whence. In the 2006 presidential election, he ran as a candidate and placed fourth, with about 4.8% of the vote. Following the first round of voting, Mobutu entered into a platform political coalition with incumbent president Joseph Kabila to try to rally votes from the Equateur region where Jean-Pierre Bemba was favored to win; the coalition involved the political party PALU of Antoine Gizenga. His younger brother, Giala Mobutu, eight other UDEMO candidates were elected to the National Assembly in the 2006 election. Gizenga became Prime Minister in December 2006, Mobutu was named Minister of State for Agriculture when Gizenga's government was announced on February 5, 2007, ranking second in the government after Gizenga; when Gizenga was succeeded by Adolphe Muzito, Mobutu was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister for Basic Social Needs in Muzito's government, named on October 26, 2008. In March 2011 President Kabila dismissed Mobutu from the government for inactivity.

Explaining the move, government spokesman Lambert Mende accused Mobutu of "abandonment of service" for staying in Europe since November 2010 "without any explanation". Mende stressed that the move was not his party. Kabila had tried to cultivate a good relationship with Mobutu, but the latter neglected his work and seemed uninterested in it. Following his dismissal, he again ran for office in the 2011 presidential elections against the incumbent president. In subsequent years he lived in the United States, with his brother Giala leading UDEMO, he is married to Catherine Bemba, a daughter of businessman Bemba Saolona and sister of Jean-Pierre Bemba, with whom he has three children: Njiwa and Sese. Personal website