Colorado Springs is a home rule municipality, the largest city by area in Colorado as well as the county seat and the most populous municipality of El Paso County, United States. It is on Fountain Creek, 60 miles south of Denver. At 6,035 feet the city stands over 1 mile above sea level, though some areas are higher and lower. Colorado Springs is near the base of Pikes Peak, which rises 14,115 feet above sea level on the eastern edge of the Southern Rocky Mountains; the United States Air Force Academy opened just north of Colorado Springs in 1958. The city is home to 24 national sports governing bodies, including the United States Olympic Committee, the United States Olympic Training Center, USA Hockey; the city had an estimated population of 472,688 in 2018, a metro population of 738,939, making it Colorado's second most populous city, behind Denver, the 39th most populous city in the United States. The Colorado Springs, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated population of 712,327 in 2016.
The city is in the Front Range Urban Corridor, an oblong region of urban population along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and Wyoming following Interstate 25. The city covers 194.9 square miles. In 2017 and 2018, Colorado Springs received several accolades. In 2018 U. S. News named it the most desirable place to live in the United States; the previous year, Colorado Springs placed second on U. S. News's list of the 125 Best Places to Live in the USA; the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings found that Colorado Springs was the fastest-growing city for millennials. Thumbtack's annual Small Business Friendliness Survey found Colorado Springs to be the fourth most business-friendly city in the country; the Ute and Cheyenne peoples were the first recorded inhabiting the area which would become Colorado Springs. Part of the territory included in the United States' 1803 Louisiana Purchase, the current city area was designated part of the 1854 Kansas Territory. In 1859, after the first local settlement was established, it became part of the Jefferson Territory on October 24 and of El Paso County on November 28.
Colorado City at the Front Range confluence of Fountain and Camp creeks was "formally organized on August 13, 1859" during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. It served as the capital of the Colorado Territory from November 5, 1861, until August 14, 1862, when the capital was moved to Denver. In 1871 the Colorado Springs Company laid out the towns of La Font and Fountain Colony and downstream of Colorado City. Within a year, Fountain Colony would be renamed "Colorado Springs", was incorporated; the El Paso County seat shifted from Colorado City in 1873 to the Town of Colorado Springs. On December 1, 1880, Colorado Springs expanded northward with two annexations; the second period of annexations was during 1889–90, included Seavey's Addition, West Colorado Springs, East End, another North End addition. In 1891 the Broadmoor Land Company built the Broadmoor suburb, which included the Broadmoor Casino, by December 12, 1895, the city had "four Mining Exchanges and 275 mining brokers." By 1898, the city was designated into quadrants by the north-south Cascade Avenue and the east-west Washington/Pike's Peak avenues.
From 1899 to 1901 Tesla Experimental Station operated on Knob Hill, aircraft flights to the Broadmoor's neighboring fields began in 1919. Alexander Airport north of the city opened in 1925, in 1927 the original Colorado Springs Municipal Airport land was purchased east of the city. In World War II the United States Army Air Forces leased land adjacent to the municipal airfield, naming it Peterson Field in December 1942; this was only one of several military presences around Colorado Springs during the war. In November 1950, Ent Air Force Base was selected as the Cold War headquarters for Air Defense Command; the former WWII Army Air Base, Peterson Field, inactivated at the end of the war, was re-opened in 1951 as a U. S. Air Force base; the 1950s through 1970s saw a continued expansion of the military presence in the area, with the establishment of NORAD's headquarters in the city, as well as the ADCOM headquarters. Between 1965 and 1968, the University of Colorado Colorado Springs, Pikes Peak Community College and Colorado Technical University were established in or near the city.
In 1977 most of the former Ent AFB became a US Olympic training center. The Libertarian Party was founded within the city in the 1970s. On October 1, 1981, the Broadmoor Addition, Cheyenne Canon, Ivywild and Stratton Meadows were annexed after the Colorado Supreme Court "overturned a district court decision that voided the annexation". Further annexations expanding the city include the Nielson Addition and Vineyard Commerce Park Annexation in September 2008; the city lies in a high desert with the Southern Rocky Mountains to the west, the Palmer Divide to the north, high plains further east, high desert lands to the south when leaving Fountain and approaching Pueblo. Colorado Springs is 69 miles or one hour and five minutes south of Denver by car using I-25. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 194.6 square miles, of which 194.6 square miles is land and 0.35 square miles, or 0.19%, is water. Colorado Springs has many features of a modern urban area such as parks, bike trails, open spaces.
However, it is not exempt from problems that plague cities experiencing tremendous growth such as overcrowded roads and highways, crime and government budget issues. Many of the probl
"Arrivederci Roma" is the title and refrain of a popular Italian song, composed in 1955 by Renato Rascel, with lyrics by Pietro Garinei and Sandro Giovannini. It was published in 1957 as part of the soundtrack of the Italo-American musical film with the same title, released as Seven Hills of Rome in English. In the movie, the song is interpreted by the leading character, played by the American singer and actor Mario Lanza. Carl Sigman wrote the lyrics for the English language version of the movie. Another version of the song, with the same melody but a new set of English lyrics by Jack Fishman, was published in 1955 with the title "Arrivederci Darling". Both versions of the song, in Italian and English, enjoyed lasting and widespread success in the following years. Arrivederci, which means "until we see each other again", is a common Italian equivalent of "goodbye"; the original lyrics express the nostalgia of a Roman man for the dinners and short-lived love affairs he had with foreign tourists who came to Rome.
It recalls the popular legend associated with the Trevi Fountain: The recording of "Arrivederci Darling" by British singer Anne Shelton remained in the UK Singles Chart for four weeks. Another recording by Edna Savage was in the UK chart for one week. "Arrivederci Roma" "Arrivederci Darling"
San Francesco da Paola ai Monti is an 18th-century titular church in Rome. It is dedicated to St Francis of Paola, is located in the Monti rione, it was built in 1645–50 with funds given by Olimpia Aldobrandini Pamphili, who had roots in Calabria. It was designed by Giovanni Pietro Morandi, given to the Minim Friars, became the national church of the Calabrians; the monastery was refurbished under Father Francesco Zavaroni di Montalto, General of the order, using as an architect Luigi Berettoni. The late Baroque high altar was made by Giovanni Antonio de Rossi c. 1655. No new bell tower was built for the church - instead the 12th century Torre dei Margani was used, preserving its medieval coat-of-arms on the tower has been preserved. However, the church as a whole was not consecrated until 10 July 1728, by Pope Benedict XIII; the lower part of the façade was refinished in plaster in the 18th century, the whole church was restored in 1826 by Pope Leo XII. The present titular cardinal-deacon of the church, since 21 October 2003, is Renato Martino.
The church contains an icon of Francis said to be a copy of a portrait, along with scenes from the life and miracles of the saint which can be seen in the sacristy and examples by Giuseppe Chiari in the second chapel on the south side. The ceiling of the sacristy was painted by Sassoferrato, with a motif of "The Blessed Virgin appearing to St Francis of Paola". On the side wall is the St Francis of Paola by Francesco Cozza. By the door to the presbytery are the tombs of Lazzaro Pallavicini and Giovanni Pizzullo, both with busts by Agostino Corsini. South side chapels 1st: Altarpiece of Saint Anne and the Madonna by Filippo Luzi and ceiling frescoes by Onofrio Avellino. 2nd: Altarpiece of St Francis of Assisi 3rd: Altarpiece of Sts Francis of Paola and Francis of Sales, patrons of the Order, painted by Antonio Crecolini. North side chapels1st chapel: Altarpiece by Stefano Pozzo and ceilings frescoed by Onofrio Avellino 2nd chapel: Altarpiece of Immaculate Conception by Stefano Pozzo 3rd chapel: painting of St Michael the Archangel by Giacomo Triga and relics of Blessed Nicola of Langobardi in a porphyry urn