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Colorado Springs, Colorado

Colorado Springs is a home rule municipality, the largest city by area in Colorado as well as the county seat and the most populous municipality of El Paso County, United States. It is on Fountain Creek, 60 miles south of Denver. At 6,035 feet the city stands over 1 mile above sea level, though some areas are higher and lower. Colorado Springs is near the base of Pikes Peak, which rises 14,115 feet above sea level on the eastern edge of the Southern Rocky Mountains; the United States Air Force Academy opened just north of Colorado Springs in 1958. The city is home to 24 national sports governing bodies, including the United States Olympic Committee, the United States Olympic Training Center, USA Hockey; the city had an estimated population of 472,688 in 2018, a metro population of 738,939, making it Colorado's second most populous city, behind Denver, the 39th most populous city in the United States. The Colorado Springs, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an estimated population of 712,327 in 2016.

The city is in the Front Range Urban Corridor, an oblong region of urban population along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and Wyoming following Interstate 25. The city covers 194.9 square miles. In 2017 and 2018, Colorado Springs received several accolades. In 2018 U. S. News named it the most desirable place to live in the United States; the previous year, Colorado Springs placed second on U. S. News's list of the 125 Best Places to Live in the USA; the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings found that Colorado Springs was the fastest-growing city for millennials. Thumbtack's annual Small Business Friendliness Survey found Colorado Springs to be the fourth most business-friendly city in the country; the Ute and Cheyenne peoples were the first recorded inhabiting the area which would become Colorado Springs. Part of the territory included in the United States' 1803 Louisiana Purchase, the current city area was designated part of the 1854 Kansas Territory. In 1859, after the first local settlement was established, it became part of the Jefferson Territory on October 24 and of El Paso County on November 28.

Colorado City at the Front Range confluence of Fountain and Camp creeks was "formally organized on August 13, 1859" during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush. It served as the capital of the Colorado Territory from November 5, 1861, until August 14, 1862, when the capital was moved to Denver. In 1871 the Colorado Springs Company laid out the towns of La Font and Fountain Colony and downstream of Colorado City. Within a year, Fountain Colony would be renamed "Colorado Springs", was incorporated; the El Paso County seat shifted from Colorado City in 1873 to the Town of Colorado Springs. On December 1, 1880, Colorado Springs expanded northward with two annexations; the second period of annexations was during 1889–90, included Seavey's Addition, West Colorado Springs, East End, another North End addition. In 1891 the Broadmoor Land Company built the Broadmoor suburb, which included the Broadmoor Casino, by December 12, 1895, the city had "four Mining Exchanges and 275 mining brokers." By 1898, the city was designated into quadrants by the north-south Cascade Avenue and the east-west Washington/Pike's Peak avenues.

From 1899 to 1901 Tesla Experimental Station operated on Knob Hill, aircraft flights to the Broadmoor's neighboring fields began in 1919. Alexander Airport north of the city opened in 1925, in 1927 the original Colorado Springs Municipal Airport land was purchased east of the city. In World War II the United States Army Air Forces leased land adjacent to the municipal airfield, naming it Peterson Field in December 1942; this was only one of several military presences around Colorado Springs during the war. In November 1950, Ent Air Force Base was selected as the Cold War headquarters for Air Defense Command; the former WWII Army Air Base, Peterson Field, inactivated at the end of the war, was re-opened in 1951 as a U. S. Air Force base; the 1950s through 1970s saw a continued expansion of the military presence in the area, with the establishment of NORAD's headquarters in the city, as well as the ADCOM headquarters. Between 1965 and 1968, the University of Colorado Colorado Springs, Pikes Peak Community College and Colorado Technical University were established in or near the city.

In 1977 most of the former Ent AFB became a US Olympic training center. The Libertarian Party was founded within the city in the 1970s. On October 1, 1981, the Broadmoor Addition, Cheyenne Canon, Ivywild and Stratton Meadows were annexed after the Colorado Supreme Court "overturned a district court decision that voided the annexation". Further annexations expanding the city include the Nielson Addition and Vineyard Commerce Park Annexation in September 2008; the city lies in a high desert with the Southern Rocky Mountains to the west, the Palmer Divide to the north, high plains further east, high desert lands to the south when leaving Fountain and approaching Pueblo. Colorado Springs is 69 miles or one hour and five minutes south of Denver by car using I-25. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 194.6 square miles, of which 194.6 square miles is land and 0.35 square miles, or 0.19%, is water. Colorado Springs has many features of a modern urban area such as parks, bike trails, open spaces.

However, it is not exempt from problems that plague cities experiencing tremendous growth such as overcrowded roads and highways, crime and government budget issues. Many of the probl

Arrivederci Roma

"Arrivederci Roma" is the title and refrain of a popular Italian song, composed in 1955 by Renato Rascel, with lyrics by Pietro Garinei and Sandro Giovannini. It was published in 1957 as part of the soundtrack of the Italo-American musical film with the same title, released as Seven Hills of Rome in English. In the movie, the song is interpreted by the leading character, played by the American singer and actor Mario Lanza. Carl Sigman wrote the lyrics for the English language version of the movie. Another version of the song, with the same melody but a new set of English lyrics by Jack Fishman, was published in 1955 with the title "Arrivederci Darling". Both versions of the song, in Italian and English, enjoyed lasting and widespread success in the following years. Arrivederci, which means "until we see each other again", is a common Italian equivalent of "goodbye"; the original lyrics express the nostalgia of a Roman man for the dinners and short-lived love affairs he had with foreign tourists who came to Rome.

It recalls the popular legend associated with the Trevi Fountain: The recording of "Arrivederci Darling" by British singer Anne Shelton remained in the UK Singles Chart for four weeks. Another recording by Edna Savage was in the UK chart for one week. "Arrivederci Roma" "Arrivederci Darling"

San Francesco di Paola ai Monti

San Francesco da Paola ai Monti is an 18th-century titular church in Rome. It is dedicated to St Francis of Paola, is located in the Monti rione, it was built in 1645–50 with funds given by Olimpia Aldobrandini Pamphili, who had roots in Calabria. It was designed by Giovanni Pietro Morandi, given to the Minim Friars, became the national church of the Calabrians; the monastery was refurbished under Father Francesco Zavaroni di Montalto, General of the order, using as an architect Luigi Berettoni. The late Baroque high altar was made by Giovanni Antonio de Rossi c. 1655. No new bell tower was built for the church - instead the 12th century Torre dei Margani was used, preserving its medieval coat-of-arms on the tower has been preserved. However, the church as a whole was not consecrated until 10 July 1728, by Pope Benedict XIII; the lower part of the façade was refinished in plaster in the 18th century, the whole church was restored in 1826 by Pope Leo XII. The present titular cardinal-deacon of the church, since 21 October 2003, is Renato Martino.

The church contains an icon of Francis said to be a copy of a portrait, along with scenes from the life and miracles of the saint which can be seen in the sacristy and examples by Giuseppe Chiari in the second chapel on the south side. The ceiling of the sacristy was painted by Sassoferrato, with a motif of "The Blessed Virgin appearing to St Francis of Paola". On the side wall is the St Francis of Paola by Francesco Cozza. By the door to the presbytery are the tombs of Lazzaro Pallavicini and Giovanni Pizzullo, both with busts by Agostino Corsini. South side chapels 1st: Altarpiece of Saint Anne and the Madonna by Filippo Luzi and ceiling frescoes by Onofrio Avellino. 2nd: Altarpiece of St Francis of Assisi 3rd: Altarpiece of Sts Francis of Paola and Francis of Sales, patrons of the Order, painted by Antonio Crecolini. North side chapels1st chapel: Altarpiece by Stefano Pozzo and ceilings frescoed by Onofrio Avellino 2nd chapel: Altarpiece of Immaculate Conception by Stefano Pozzo 3rd chapel: painting of St Michael the Archangel by Giacomo Triga and relics of Blessed Nicola of Langobardi in a porphyry urn

Janet Cumbrae-Stewart

Janet Agnes Cumbrae Stewart was an Australian painter. She spent the 1920s and 1930s painting in Britain and Italy, she was a member of the Melbourne Society of Women Sculptors. Cumbrae-Stewart was born in Melbourne, Australia on 23 December 1883, her birth name was Janet Agnes Cumbrae Stewart. She added the hyphen Cumbrae-Stewart in the early 1900s and dispensed with the hyphen to sign her work. From 1901 though 1907 Cumbrae-Stewart studied at the Melbourne National Gallery School, where she was taught by Lindsay Bernard Hall and Frederick McCubbin. From 1909 through 1919 she exhibited with the Victorian Artists Society. In 1922 she spent the next decades painting and exhibiting in Europe, she returned to Australia in 1939. Cumbrae-Stewart died 8 September 1960 in Melbourne. In 2003 the Mornington Peninsula Regional Gallery held a retrospective of Cumbrae-Stewart's work entitled The Perfect Touch. In 2017-2018 Cumbrae-Stewart was included in the Australian National Trust show Intrepid Women – Australian women artists in Paris 1900-1950.

Images of Janet Cumbrae-Stewart's work at the National Gallery of Victoria

Peter Kirk (English politician)

Sir Peter Michael Kirk, was a British writer, Conservative politician, minister in the governments of Alec Douglas-Home and Edward Heath, leading European Parliamentarian. The elder son and fourth child of Kenneth Escott Kirk, he was educated at Marlborough and at Trinity College, where he obtained an MA in modern history having first studied languages, he attended the congress in the Hague in 1948 from which the European Movement sprang, was President of the Oxford Union Society in 1949. In the early 1950s he was diplomatic correspondent on the Kemsley Newspapers, after his election to Parliament he continued to write freelance with regular contributions to the Telegraph, the National and English Review, Blackwood's, the Spectator, the Berkshire Chronicle, the Trenton Times, from 1961 German press and television, he made documentary films for J. Arthur Rank and broadcast on British radio and television. At the 1955 general election, he was elected as Member of Parliament for Gravesend, defeating outgoing MP Sir Richard Acland, who had left the Labour Party to stand as an independent candidate.

Kirk was re-elected in Gravesend at the 1959 election, but lost his seat at the 1964 general election to Labour's Albert Murray. In February 1965, the former Conservative Chancellor and Deputy Prime Minister Rab Butler was elevated to the peerage and thereby gave up his parliamentary seat in Saffron Walden. Kirk was the successful candidate at the March 1965 by-election, retained the seat until his death. Under Alec Douglas-Home's premiership, Kirk was Under-Secretary of State for War from 1963 to 1964; when the Conservatives regained power in 1970, Prime Minister Edward Heath appointed him as Under-Secretary for Defence for the Royal Navy from 1970 to 1973, during which time he visited every British naval establishment both at home and abroad. He led the first Tory delegation to the European Parliament in 1973, a mixed team of peers and MPs who retained their Parliamentary seats and workload on a dual mandate. Kirk's main interests were in foreign affairs and defence, being a British Parliamentary representative on the Council of Europe from 1956 - 1963 and again from 1966 - 1970.

He served on the British-American Parliamentary delegation and various committees of the Western European Union. Having been too young to fight in World War II, he heard Winston Churchill's call for a United States of Europe in September 1946, devoted much of his career to bringing this about, he was opposed to the British intervention in Suez in 1956, but a strong supporter of Britain's entry into the Common Market in 1973,and a leading campaigner to keep the country there in the 1975 referendum. A fluent German and French speaker, he admired the way that the Germans had reconstructed their country and developed a peaceful and well-run political system in the aftermath of 1945. At home he campaigned vigorously for the abolition of the death penalty, he detested dictatorships of any kind and lamented the loss of eastern Europe to communism. Kirk was knighted in 1976. After his death in 1977 at 48, the by-election for his Saffron Walden seat was won by the Conservative candidate Alan Haselhurst.

The Peter Kirk Memorial Fund was set up in his honour, to give scholarships to young people to study modern Europe and its institutions. A devout Anglican, he was a delegate to the World Council of Churches in Delhi in 1961, his publications included One Army Strong and a monograph on T. S. Eliot in Thirteen for Christ, he was married in August 1950 to Elizabeth Mary, daughter of Richard Brockbank Graham and Gertrude née Anson. They had three sons, including Matthew Kirk, the British Ambassador to Finland, his interests fell walking with his family. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Peter Kirk


Garena Speed Drifters was a massively multiplayer online racing game developed by Tencent and published by Garena. A related Chinese game from the same publisher “QQ speed” has gained enormous popularity in China since with its record number of 2 million players online at the same time. Garena has introduced GKART to 13 countries including Singapore, Australia and US. GKART has been selected into WCG Singapore and WCG China 2011; the game was shut down on 31 March 2012. GKART is a kart racing game of simplified keyboard control. Besides directional controls, the fundamental keys of GKART are Nitrous boost. In speed mode, drifting accumulates N2O, which converts into usable speed boost when a full tank is reached. In props mode, various items can be used to hinder opponents’ race. Hence GKART is designed for professional racers. GKART features a comprehensive avatar system to satisfy players’ pursuit of uniqueness. GKART has built in many features. Players gain their in-game items through purchase in shops.

The items are divided into two sections. The types of items include karts, avatar items, kart cosmetics and pets. By referring to pop culture, the shop system has become the greatest attraction in GKART game. Pit stop functions like a graphic chat room in GKART; the purpose of the pit stop is for players to exchange thoughts, related to the game or not. Players can perform actions including flying, sleeping and PK. Pit stop will give experience to the players proportional to the length of their stay. Border races allows players to put their skills to real test. Players need to pay a certain amount of in-game coupons to enter the race. System will match up players with similar level; the winners of the border races will be rewarded. They will be rewarded honour points which would give them superior titles. By fulfilling certain requirements, players are able to gain experience and virtual currency through various missions; this includes items not buyable in shops and are signs of prestige. GKART encourages players to race together with their friends by creating the concept of intimacy.

Players who are in-game friends will gain intimacy point through racing together or gifting each other. Higher intimacy will give higher experience bonus. GKART allows players to get married in-game. Married couple will have higher experience bonus compared to normal friends. In-game clan system is another way for players to race together. Clans are self-organized player group which targets at competitive racing. Players find joining a clan helpful in training up skills and seeking in-game buddies. Clan ranking will recognize their triumphs in competitive racing. Pet is a special kind of avatar item in GKART. Pet has its own levelling system. Different pets offer different benefits to the players, they become potent as they level up. GKART has a unique in-game music system, whereby players are able to add songs of their own choice into the playlist; some Of This Songs Are From Asia. As players level up in GKART, they can earn the right to take higher level license tests; the license is not only an indication of their skills and experience in the game, but opens up more tracks and items for the players.

Kart mod is an option for senior players to do intricate adjustments to their kart. The kart mod offers 5 kinds of upgrades to the kart, affecting kart nitrous boost and handling etc. Players will manoeuvre their kart around corners with drifts to accumulate N2O, use Nitrous boost on straight roads. Speed matters most. In team speed mode, the players will be given score for the respective position they finish in, the winning team will have the higher total score. In Props mode, players cannot drift to build up N2O. Instead, players will pick up special items; the items include: Angel – Protect against other items Banana Peel – Kart speeding over it will spin out of control Devil – Cause opponents to invert directions Fog – Obstruct the view of players driving through Kubi Bomb – A homing missile which suspends opponent in air Magnet – Slowing target while accelerating own kart Missile – Blows target into the air N2O – Give speed boost Tornado – Suspends all opponents trapped inside Tortoise – Slows down the first playerIn team props mode, first player passing through the finishing line will earn victory for the whole team.

In battle arena, players’ target is to collect as much “kubi” as possible, while using items to attack others to reduce their “kubi” counts. The players with least “kubis” will be eliminated periodically; the last one standing will be the winner of the arena. The story mode consists of series of missions with different kinds of challenges. Players will role play the mature and determined Matt or the energetic and flamboyant Ken, to race against the legendary Blizzard Clan. Garena Kart Racing GKART official website