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Columbus, Ohio

Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in the U. S. state of Ohio. With a population of 892,533 as of 2018 estimates, it is the 14th-most populous city in the United States and one of the fastest growing large cities in the nation; this makes Columbus the second-most populous city in the Midwest. It is the core city of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses ten counties. With a population of 2,078,725, it is Ohio's second-largest metropolitan area. Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County; the municipality has annexed portions of adjoining Delaware and Fairfield counties. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812, at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, assumed the functions of state capital in 1816; the city has a diverse economy based on education, insurance, defense, food, logistics, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality and technology. The metropolitan area is home to the Battelle Memorial Institute, the world's largest private research and development foundation.

As of 2018, the city has the headquarters of five corporations in the U. S. Fortune 500: American Electric Power, Cardinal Health, L Brands and Big Lots, just out of the top 500. In 2016, Money Magazine ranked Columbus as one of "The 6 Best Big Cities", calling it the best in the Midwest, citing a educated workforce and excellent wage growth. In 2012, Columbus was ranked in BusinessWeek's 50 best cities in the United States. In 2013, Forbes gave Columbus an "A" grade as one of the top cities for business in the U. S. and that year included the city on its list of Best Places for Business and Careers. The area including modern-day Columbus once comprised the Ohio Country, under the nominal control of the French colonial empire through the Viceroyalty of New France from 1663 until 1763. In the 18th century, European traders flocked to the area, attracted by the fur trade; the area was caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests. In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory.

In the early 1750s, the Ohio Company sent George Washington to the Ohio Country to survey. Fighting for control of the territory in the French and Indian War became part of the international Seven Years' War. During this period, the region suffered turmoil and battles; the 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded the Ohio Country to the British Empire. After the American Revolution, the Virginia Military District became part of Ohio Country as a territory of Virginia. Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather than finding an empty frontier, they encountered people of the Miami, Wyandot and Mingo nations, as well as European traders; the tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States. The decisive Battle of Fallen Timbers resulted in the Treaty of Greenville, which opened the way for new settlements. By 1797, a young surveyor from Virginia named Lucas Sullivant had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River and Olentangy River. An admirer of Benjamin Franklin, Sullivant chose to name his frontier village "Franklinton".

The location was desirable for its proximity to navigable rivers—but Sullivant was foiled when, in 1798, a large flood wiped out the new settlement. He persevered, the village was rebuilt. After the Revolution land comprising parts of Franklin and adjacent counties was set aside by the United States Congress for settlement by Canadians and Nova Scotians who were sympathetic to the colonial cause and had their land and possessions seized by the British government; the Refugee Tract, consisting of over 103,000 acres, was 42 miles long and 3 to 4 1/2 miles wide, was claimed in part by 62 eligible men. The Statehouse sits on land once contained in the Refugee Tract. After Ohio achieved statehood in 1803, political infighting among prominent Ohio leaders led to the state capital moving from Chillicothe to Zanesville and back again. Desiring to settle on a location, the state legislature considered Franklinton, Dublin and Delaware before compromising on a plan to build a new city in the state's center, near major transportation routes rivers.

Named in honor of Christopher Columbus, the city was founded on February 14, 1812, on the "High Banks opposite Franklinton at the Forks of the Scioto most known as Wolf's Ridge." At the time, this area was a dense forestland, used only as a hunting ground. The "Burough of Columbus" was established on February 10, 1816. Nine people were elected to fill the various positions of Mayor and several others. In 1816-1817, Jarvis W. Pike would serve as the 1st Mayor. Although the recent War of 1812 had brought prosperity to the area, the subsequent recession and conflicting claims to the land threatened the new town's success. Early conditions were abysmal with frequent bouts of fevers and an outbreak of cholera in 1833; the National Road reached Columbus from Baltimore in 1831, which complemented the city's new link to the Ohio and Erie Canal and facilitated a population boom. A wave of European immigrants led to the creation of two ethnic enclaves on the city's outskirts. A large Irish population settled in the north along Naghten Street, while the Germans took advantage of the cheap land to the south, creating a community

Tonight (newspaper)

Tonight was a free afternoon newspaper in Toronto, Canada, founded in 2009 and acquired by Annex Business Media in 2013. Targeted at evening public transit commuters on GO Transit and TTC, its main distribution channels were through the use of newsies, newspaper boxes and PATH billboards throughout Toronto’s downtown core, through newspaper boxes across the TTC; the publication name was stylized with periods as t.o.night - a tongue-in-cheek reference to Toronto. The newspaper was unique in Canada, with its magazine size and format, making for easy transit reading. Tonight was founded by Toronto entrepreneurs John Tom Hyde; the first issue of tonight was published on Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2009, the publication was based on the successful free evening newspaper mX, published by News Limited throughout Australia. The paper was published on weekday evenings, but switched to a biweekly Tuesday and Thursday print schedule after the acquisition by Annex Business Media in January 2013, subsequent departure of the founders.

Tonight had a circulation of 102,000 with an estimated readership of 184,000 each weekday evening. The paper was a direct competitor to 24 Hours. After being operated for a year and a half by Annex Business Media, the newspaper was closed May 29, 2014. Tonight was 16 pages - though it had increased page-count up to 32 pages if the opportunity arose - focusing on the freshest news and entertainment stories that come across the newswires. Apart from Associated Press and Canadian Press content, the paper had a number of freelance journalists, along with unique content from BlogTO, National Geographic Traveler, as well as the New York Times crossword puzzle. Tonight’s stories were concise, featuring a heavy use of photos; the paper’s most popular section was the Shout Outs. The Shout Outs had grown in size from the introductory 1/5 of a page to 1-2 pages; the Shout Outs had received local and international attention due to their popularity. Around Town – Usually located on the inside front cover, featuring event listings around Toronto based on a transit map, along with weather and lowest gas prices.

News – Concise local and international news stories from the Associated Press and The Canadian Press. Business – Latest local and international business news stories. Entertainment/Gossip – Heavy celebrity and television coverage, with the latest gossip, TV listings and late-night television guests. Sports – Sports news provided by AP and The Canadian Press, along with exclusive columns by Sportsnet. BlogTO – Local news and restaurant reviews by the popular BlogTO website. Shout Outs – Popular transit message board, in the form of social media in print, featuring missed connections and opinions by Toronto commuters. Distractions – Crossword, New York Times Crossword and Celebrity Birthday game. Additional Sections – Lifestyle, National Geographic Traveler, Your Home, Movies. Tonight Newspaper website Annex Business Media

The Siege

The Siege is a 1998 American action thriller film directed by Edward Zwick. The film is about a fictional situation in which terrorist cells have made several attacks in New York City; the film stars Denzel Washington, Annette Bening, Tony Shalhoub, Bruce Willis. FBI Special Agent Anthony Hubbard and his Lebanese American partner, Frank Haddad, intervene at the hijacking of a bus loaded with passengers, which contains an explosive device; the bomb turns out to be the terrorists escape. The FBI receives demands to release Sheikh Ahmed bin Talal, a radical Iraqi cleric, suspected to have ordered the earlier bombing at the American embassy in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, captured and extracted while going to Lebanon by a group of American covert operators of Lebanese - American ancestry in the introductory scene of the film, imprisoned in an undisclosed location after being extracted while the U. S. Government prepared to prosecute him for his role in the barracks bombing. Hubbard comes into conflict with Central Intelligence Agency agent Elise Kraft, as he takes a terrorist suspect into custody and arrests Kraft.

Another terrorist threat is made and a Metropolitan Transportation Authority bus is bombed. The feds captures a man named Samir Nazhde, who admits to signing the visa application of one of the suicide bombers in the course of signing many applications for student visas in his job as a lecturer. However, Kraft insists that Samir is not a terrorist and that his continued freedom is vital to the investigation; the terrorist incidents escalate, including the bombing of a bus and a crowded theater, a hostage-taking at an elementary school, the destruction of One Federal Plaza, the location of the FBI's New York City field office, with over 600 casualties. In spite of objections, the President of the United States declares martial law and the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division, under the command of Major General William Devereaux and seals off Brooklyn in an effort to find the remaining terrorist cells. Subsequently, all young men of Arab descent, including Haddad's son Frank Jr. are rounded up and detained in Downing Stadium.

Haddad resigns in outrage. New Yorkers stage the profiling of the Arabs. There are reports of Army killings. Hubbard and Kraft, now revealed to be an agent named Sharon Bridger, continue their investigation and capture a suspect, Tariq Husseini. Devereaux's men kill Husseini in the course of the interrogation. Afterward, Bridger tells Hubbard that Husseini revealed nothing of value because of the principle of compartmentalized information. Sickened, Bridger admits that she provided training and support to militants opposed to Saddam Hussein's regime, working with Samir to recruit and train the followers of the Sheikh. After the U. S. cut their funding and left them exposed, she took pity on the few of them who had not yet been slaughtered by Hussein's forces, arranged for them to escape to the United States leading to the present situation as they turn their bomb making and covert skills on the country that now holds their leader. Sharon and Hubbard compel Samir to arrange a meeting with the final terrorist cell.

Hubbard convinces Haddad to return to the FBI. A multi-ethnic peace march demonstrates against the occupation of Brooklyn; as the march is getting under way Hubbard and Haddad arrive at the meeting place, but Bridger and Samir have left. Samir reveals to Bridger that he constitutes the final cell while in another sense he says, "there will never be a last cell." He straps a bomb to his body. Hubbard and Haddad arrive in time to prevent him leaving but Samir shoots Bridger in the abdomen as she struggles to stop him. Hubbard and Haddad kill Samir but despite their best efforts the pair can only watch as Bridger succumbs to her wound after managing to recite certain lines of the second half of the Lord's Prayer and concluding with "Inshallah" – the Arabic phrase "God Willing". Hubbard and their team raid Devereaux's headquarters to make an arrest for the torture and murder of Husseini. Deveraux insists that under the War Powers Resolution the authority vested in himself by the President supersedes that of the court which issued the arrest warrant.

Deveraux commands his soldiers to aim their assault rifles at the agents, resulting in a Mexican standoff. Hubbard reminds Devereaux that the civil liberties and human rights which he took from Husseini are what all of his predecessors have fought and perished for. Devereaux submits and gets arrested. Martial law ends and the detainees, including Haddad's son, are given their freedom. Denzel Washington as FBI Assistant Special Agent in Charge Anthony "Hub" Hubbard Annette Bening as CIA officer Elise Kraft / Sharon Bridger Bruce Willis as U. S. Army Major General William Devereaux Tony Shalhoub as FBI Special Agent Frank Haddad Aasif Mandvi as Khalil Saleh Amro Salama as Tariq Husseini Sami Bouajila as Samir Nazhde Ahmed Ben Larby as Sheik Akhmed bin Talal Lianna Pai as FBI Agent Tina Osu Mark Valley as FBI Agent Mike Johanssen David Proval as FBI Agent Danny Sussman Lance Reddick as FBI Agent Floyd Rose Lisa Lynn Masters as Reporter The film received mixed reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes awards the film a score of 44% based on 62 reviews.

Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B-" on an A+ to F scale. Roger Ebert gave the film 2​1⁄2 stars out of four, writing that director Edward Zwick does a good job with crowd scenes, but criticizing it as clumsy. Bruce Willis won the Golden Ras