The Combined Cadet Force is a youth organisation in the United Kingdom, sponsored by the Ministry of Defence, which operates in schools, includes Army, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force sections. Its aim is to "provide a disciplined organisation in a school so that pupils may develop powers of leadership by means of training to promote the qualities of responsibility, self reliance, resourcefulness and perseverance". One of its objectives is "to encourage those who have an interest in the services to become Officers of the Regular or Reserve Forces", a significant number of British military officers have had experience in the CCF. Before 1948 cadet forces in schools existed as the junior division of the Officers' Training Corps framework, but in 1948 Combined Cadet Force was formed covering cadets affiliated to all three services; as of 2019 there were 3,370 Adult Volunteers. The MOD provides £28M per year of funding to the CCF; the CCF was created in 1948 by the amalgamation of the Junior Training Corps and the school contingents of the Sea Cadet Corps and Air Training Corps.
CCFs are still referred to as "The Corps". On 12 May 1859, the Secretary of State for War, Jonathan Peel, sent out a circular letter to the public schools and universities inviting them to form units of the Volunteer Corps; the first school cadet corps was established at Rossall School in February 1860 as an army contingent only. Felsted had an armed drill contingent at the time of the War Office letter under the command of Sgt. Major Rogers RM. In February 1861 the Oxford City Rifle Cadet Corps was founded, with five companies, the first of, composed of pupils of the Linden House School, a private school in Headington, the second composed of pupils from Magdalen College School. In 1908, the units were re-titled the Officer Training Corps. A school contingent may have any combination of Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and sometimes Royal Marines sections, the army section is invariably the largest; the CCF movement is dominated by the independent sector with 200 contingents still being based in independent schools with only around 60 in state schools.
It was reported in 2008 that some private school CCF detachments would be opened to pupils of local state schools One case of a private school allowing state school pupils to join the cadet force was Aldenham School in Watford, Hertfordshire linking its Cadet Force with the nearby State school Queen's to form a joint Cadet force. Unlike established CCFs, the MoD's model to expand cadet forces into schools require new schools with cadet units to either sponsor their own cadets or find a third party sponsor who can meet some of the cost to the MoD of funding and training Cadet Forces. Therefore, costs to schools involved are considerable, at over £200 per cadet per year and many thousands of pounds more for a cadet force to become an independent unit. In 2012 payouts made to victims of sexual abuse across all Cadet Forces, including the CCF, totaled £1,475,844. In 2013 payouts totaled £64,782, in 2014 payouts totaled £544,213. CCF Contingents are part of the CCF, but are part of their own school and as such are semi-autonomous organisations, run by internal school or school-related staff, supported by armed forces personnel.
Army sections may wear their own capbadge, this might consist of the school or college logo or crest. However, Army headgear is worn with this capbadge. Royal Navy and Royal Air Force sections wear the appropriate RN/RAF other rank and officer capbadges, they may be issued with combat uniform if required and some schools have No 1 uniform for senior cadets. Number 3 uniform is the parade uniform for the CCF and consists of a white Shirt, black tie, blue trousers, blue heavy wool jersey, worn with plain black shoes, a Brassard should be worn on the right arm, displaying qualification badges. Number 4 uniform is the standard working uniform of the Royal Navy, in one form or another it has been in existence for over 60 years; this uniform is fire retardant and consists of a blue shirt, blue trousers, blue heavy wool jersey, with CCF badge and black boots. Royal Marines sections wear the bronzed Royal Marines badge with a red "tombstone" backing on a blue beret with MTP clothing, either brown or black boots.
They may wear a version of No.1 Ceremonial Uniform with Cadet insignia for special occasion. Working uniform. Army Section Cadets wear a Multi-terrain Pattern uniform for most occasions. A contingent badge may be worn on the left blanking plate underneath the Union Flag. All cadets wear a rank slide with the word "CADET" in embroidered red capital letters at the top, any rank is shown underneath in black. Cadets may be given permission to wear a stable belt of CCF, school, or affiliated unit pattern. Ceremonial uniform No. 2 Dress/Future Army Dress may be worn for ceremonial or other relevant uses and is to be worn in accordance with the dress regulations mentioned above. RAF cadets wear a version of the No.2 dress. This consists of either light blue shirt and tie or a dark "working" blue shirt, blue-grey trousers or skirt/slacks, a blue-grey jumper: V-neck or round neck version, an RAF blue beret with the RAF cap badge, they wear a brassard to distinguish themselves as cadets. Except for the cap badge, this is identical to the uniform of the ATC and regulations for its wear can be found in AP1358C.
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The brittle-ductile transition zone is the strongest part of the Earth's crust. For quartz and feldspar rich rocks in continental crust this occurs at an approximate depth of 13–18 km. At this depth rock becomes less to fracture, more to deform ductilely by creep; this happens because the brittle strength of a material is increased by the confining pressure, whilst the ductile strength of a material decreases with increasing temperature. The transition zone occurs at the level in the crust where the downwards increasing brittle strength equals the upwards increasing ductile strength, giving a characteristic "saw-tooth" crustal strength profile; this zone is, the strongest part of the crust and the depth at which many earthquakes occur. The level of the transition zone depends on both strain rate and temperature gradient, being shallower for slow deformation and/or high heat flow and deeper for fast deformation and/or low heat flow. Crustal composition will affect the depth at which this zone occurs.
Sections of fault zones once active in the transition zone, now exposed at the surface have a complex overprinting of brittle and ductile rock types. Cataclasites or pseudotachylite breccias with mylonite clasts are common, as are ductilely deformed cataclasites and pseudotachylites. Ductile Brittle Transition Temperature in materials science – Material ability to undergo significant plastic deformation before rupture Seismogenic layer A. G. Duba; the Brittle-Ductile Transition in Rocks: The Heard Volume. American Geophysical Union. ISBN 978-0-87590-025-4. Rolandone, F.. "The evolution of the seismic-aseismic transition during the earthquake cycle: Constraints from the time-dependent depth distribution of aftershocks", Geophysical Research Letters, 31: L23610, Bibcode:2004GeoRL..3123610R, doi:10.1029/2004GL021379
John Thomas Krol was an American coach and manager in Major League Baseball. A second baseman and shortstop, the right-handed hitting and throwing Krol never reached the Major Leagues during his playing career; the native of Chicago, spent most of that period in the St. Louis Cardinals farm system, became a playing manager in 1966 with the Rock Hill, South Carolina, franchise of the Class A Western Carolinas League. By 1972 he was managing at the Triple-A level in the St. Louis system, received his Major League baptism as a Cardinals coach in 1977, working on the Redbirds' staff through 1980 and twice served as interim manager, winning one game and losing two. Krol joined the San Diego Padres as a Major League coach and was a member of the staff of Dick Williams when the 1984 Padres won the National League pennant. Next, Krol was a minor league manager in the San Diego organization. Krol returned to the Cardinals as manager of the Triple-A Louisville Redbirds in 1992–93. Over his 17-year minor league managerial career, he won 1,160 games and lost 1,139 and won three championships.
He died at age 57 due to cancer in North Carolina. In his memory, the Padres created The Jack Krol Award, which annually honors the club's top player development personnel. List of St. Louis Cardinals coaches ed; the Baseball Register, 1980 edition. St. Louis: The Sporting News
The 2015 Humboldt State Lumberjacks football team represented Humboldt State University during the 2015 NCAA Division II football season. Humboldt State competed in the Great Northwest Athletic Conference; the 2015 Lumberjacks were led by eighth-year head coach Rob Smith. They played home games at the Redwood Bowl in California. Humboldt State finished the regular season ranked #11 in the Division II poll, as GNAC champion, with a record of nine wins and one loss. Humboldt State was invited to play in the postseason for the first time since 1968, they played the first game of the Division II playoffs in their home stadium, defeating #24 Augustana University by a score of 45–31. In the second round, they were defeated by eventual champion, #1 Northwest Missouri State in Maryville, Missouri by a score of 7–54; this brought the teams final record to two losses. The postseason ranking for the team was #16; the ten wins ties is one short of the team's all-time mark, set in 1960 with 11 victories. The Lumberjacks outscored their opponents 468–238 for the 2015 season, with an average score of 45–14 in their ten wins.
No Humboldt State players were selected in the 2016 NFL Draft
Robert J. Humphreys is a Judge of the Virginia Court of Appeals. Humphreys was born in 1950 in California, he received his Bachelor of Arts from Washington and Lee University and his Juris Doctor from Widener University School of Law. Prior to becoming a judge he served as an Assistant Attorney General for the State of Delaware, Assistant Commonwealth’s Attorney in Norfolk and Chief Deputy Commonwealth’s Attorney in Virginia Beach, as a partner in the law firm of McCardell, Benson, Strickler & Humphreys, P. C. in Virginia Beach and he served as Commonwealth's Attorney of Virginia Beach from 1990–2000. He was first elected by the General Assembly on March 9, 2000, to an eight-year term beginning April 16, 2000, he was subsequently elected to a second eight-year term in 2008. He is a past president of the Virginia Association of Commonwealth’s Attorneys and past Chairman of the Commonwealth’s Attorneys Services Council, he chaired the Virginia State Bar Task Force on Revisions to Rule 4.2, Rules of Professional Responsibility.
Incarnate is a compilation album released by doom metal band The Obsessed. It consists of tracks taken from a number of rare and unreleased sources, namely: their Sodden Jackal and Altamont Nation 7"s, the Hellhound Records What the Hell! compilation, some unreleased demos. There are two cover songs: "On the Hunt" and "Inside-Looking Out"; the track "Streetside" is a video clip. "Yen Sleep" – 4:26 "Concrete Cancer" – 3:05 "Peckerwood Stomp" – 2:12 "Inside-Looking Out" – 6:17 "Mental Kingdom" – 2:55 "Sodden Jackal" – 4:15 "Iron & Stone" – 2:58 "Indestroy" – 1:29 "Streetside" – 4:24 "Mourning" – 3:54 "Spirit Caravan" – 3:09 "Skybone" – 4:09 "On the Hunt" – 5:00 "River of Soul" – 4:30 "Climate of Despair" – 3:04 "Decimation" – 4:18 "Fears Machine" – 3:40 "Field of Hours" – 8:09 "Streetside" – 7:32 Scott Weinrich – vocals & guitar Scott Reeder – bass Guy Pinhas – bass Greg Rogers – drums Mark Laue – bass Dale Crover – drums & background vocals Ed Gulli – drums