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Come On Eileen

"Come On Eileen" is a song by English group Dexys Midnight Runners, released in the United Kingdom on 25 June 1982 as a single from their album Too-Rye-Ay. It reached number one in the United States, was their second number one hit in the UK, following 1980's "Geno"; the song was written by Kevin Rowland, Jim Paterson and Billy Adams, was produced by Clive Langer and Alan Winstanley. "Come On Eileen" won Best British Single at the 1983 Brit Awards and in 2015 the song was voted by the British public as the nation's sixth favourite 1980s number one in a poll for ITV. It was ranked number 18 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the'80s. There are various versions of the song, some in addition to the main section featuring either an intro of a Celtic fiddle solo, or an a cappella coda both based on Thomas Moore's Irish folk song "Believe Me, if All Those Endearing Young Charms"; the main section begins with a Celtic-style fiddle played over a drum beat, with the bass guitar and piano providing accompaniment.

The lyrics of the song begin with the lines: The phrase "Come on Eileen" is used as the chorus to the song, loosely inspired by the song "A Man Like Me" by the 1960s British soul group Jimmy James and the Vagabonds. The bridge of "Come On Eileen" features an improvised counter-melody which begins in a slow tempo and gets faster and faster over an accelerando vocal backing; the chord sequence of the bridge is the same as the verses, but transposed up by a whole tone. Throughout the song, there are numerous tempo changes and key changes: Although believed to have been inspired by a childhood friend with whom Kevin Rowland had a romantic, sexual, relationship in his teens, there was no real Eileen. "In fact she was composite, to make a point about Catholic repression." The 1982 music video was filmed in the inner south London suburb of Kennington in the vicinity of the corner of Brook Drive and Hayles Street Austral Street and Holyoak Road. The character of "Eileen" in the music video, as well as on the single cover, is played by Máire Fahey, sister of Siobhan Fahey from Bananarama.

Archival footage of Johnnie Ray arriving at London Heathrow Airport in 1954 was featured in the video. In a poll by Channel 4, a UK TV channel, the song was placed at number 38 in the 100 greatest number one singles of all time. Similar polls by the music channel VH1 placed the song at number three in the 100 Greatest One-hit Wonders of all time, number 18 in VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the 1980's and number one in the 100 Greatest One Hit Wonders of the 80s. "Come on Eileen" has sold 1.33 million copies in the UK as of June 2013. The song reached number one in the United States on the Billboard Hot 100 charts during the week ending 23 April 1983. "Come on Eileen" prevented Michael Jackson from having back-to-back number one hits in the US: "Billie Jean" was the number one single the previous seven weeks, while "Beat It" was the number one song the ensuing three. In 1997, ska band Save Ferris released a cover of the song as a single from album It Means Everything. In 2004, the band 4-4-2 was formed to cover the song as "Come On England" with altered lyrics to support the England national football team during their appearance in the 2004 European Championships.

On 7 August 2005, the song was used to wake the astronauts of Space Shuttle Discovery on the final day of STS-114 in reference to commander Eileen Collins. The song was featured in the films Tommy Boy, Take Me Home Tonight, The Perks of Being a Wallflower. Kevin Rowland – lead vocals Billy Adams – banjo, backing vocals Giorgio Kilkenny – bass, backing vocals Seb Sheltondrums, backing vocals Mickey Billingham – piano, backing vocals Helen O'Hara – fiddle Steve Brennan – fiddle Jennifer Tobis – fiddle Roger MacDuff – fiddle "Big" Jim Patersontrombone Paul Spearetenor saxophone, flute Brian Maurice – alto saxophone List of number-one singles in Australia during the 1980s List of best-selling singles by year in the United Kingdom List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 1983 List of Cash Box Top 100 number-one singles of 1983 List of number-one singles of 1982 List of number-one singles from the 1980s List of number-one singles of the 1980s List of UK Singles Chart number ones of the 1980s Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

William Gardner (English coin designer)

William Maving Gardner was an English coin designer, engraver and writer who worked for the Royal Mint over a 30-year period. He is notable for designing coins such as the British 20 Pence Coin and some of the coins of Cyprus, New Zealand, Guyana, Dominican Republic, Sri Lanka and the Falkland Islands. After having studied calligraphy and letter design at the Hampstead Garden Suburb Institute in his teens, Gardner enrolled at The Royal College of Art studying, at the Central School of Arts and Crafts under George Friend, J. H. Mason, Barry Hart and Martin Travers. In 1939 his studies were rewarded with a diploma and The Travelling Scholarship from the Royal College of Art. Gardner was most well known for his designs for the reverses of the 1953 three penny piece and Scottish shillings and the decimal 20p reverse of 1982 still in use today; the artist engraved the coins himself. He designed the British Privy Council Seal, the HM Greater and Lesser Signets as well as the seals of the British Medical Association and the Royal Society of Arts.

With the outbreak of World War II, Gardner was soon posted to the Army Camouflage Development and Training Centre at Farnham, where he became involved in the training of 7,000 men of all ranks. Before D-Day he was in the air to advise on camouflaging the build-up of forces. In November 1944 together with a colleague, he set up and ran a new camouflage training school at Scottish Command, Edinburgh. For the next few years after demobilisation, he spent much of his time as a visiting lecturer in lettering, heraldic design and penmanship at Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, The Central School of Arts and Crafts and Hampstead Garden Suburb Institute. During this period Rolls of Honour commissioned by King George VI for the Household Cavalry were inscribed. A considerable variety of commissions in coin design and lettering were completed and in 1955 he became a fellow of the RSA, subsequently serving on the jury of its Industrial Design Bursary scheme, he reviewed books over a long period for the RSA Journal.

He was an examiner for The City and Guilds of London Institute in craft subjects and the definitive Jersey stamp was designed in 1958 and the Tercentenary stained glass window for the Royal Society in 1960. In 1963 Gardner was visiting professor and fine art program lecturer at Colorado State University and in the years following he travelled to research art and crafts of the United States, New Zealand and Nepal. A calligraphic volume for Eton College was completed in 1990. William Gardner was a Fellow of the Society of Scribes and Illuminators and a Fellow of the Society of Numismatic Artists and Designers. Alphabet at Work, 1982, ISBN 978-0-312-02139-9 William Gardner's Book of Calligraphy, 1988, ISBN 0-7045-3101-1

Box Hill Town Hall

The Box Hill Town Hall is a landmark civic building located on Whitehorse Road, Box Hill, Australia. Designed in the Neo-Grec style by architects JS Gawler and JCA Isbett, the town hall was built between 1934 and 1935, it was the administrative and community headquarters of the City of Box Hill prior to that city’s amalgamation with the City of Nunawading to form the new City of Whitehorse in 1994. The town hall is described as having "regional architectural and social importance" by the National Trust of Australia, its imposing façade has been utilised by the television series Neighbours as the external setting for the court house in the fictional town of Erinsborough. The interior includes other community and meeting spaces. There are two dates engraved on the town hall’s portico – 1927, the year Box Hill was proclaimed a city, 1994, the year of amalgamation; the crest of the former City of Box Hill is featured on the portico. In 2006, the town hall underwent a $6.5 million redevelopment as a hub for community-based services and programs and a home for the City of Whitehorse arts and historical collections.

List of Town Halls in Melbourne Box Hill Town Hall

Richard Kingsland

Sir Richard Kingsland, was an Australian RAAF pilot known for being the youngest Australian group captain at age 29. He became a senior public servant, heading the Departments of the Interior and Veterans' Affairs. Julius Cohen was born in 1916, he changed his name to Richard Kingsland, to avoid anti-semitism. He was sent to Morocco in 1940 to rescue two of Britain's most senior WWII leaders, Duff Cooper and John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort. Kingsland managed to rescue them from French headquarters with only two other men and managed to flee in a Seaplane; the same year and his crew were sent to bomb a major Japanese headquarters established in Rabaul, New Guinea. For his invaluable service, he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in September 1940. In June 2010 he published his autobiography, Into the Midst of Things. During his public service career, rising to become Secretary of the Departments of Interior and Veterans' Affairs, Kingsland served 12 ministers and built a reputation as a trusted and experienced departmental head.

Richard Kingsland was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1967. He was knighted in 1978, appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in 1989. In 2013, a street in the Canberra suburb of Casey was named Kingsland Parade in Richard Kingsland's honour. Richard Kingsland died in August 2012, aged 95, he was survived by his wife of 68 years, Kathleen Kingsland, two daughters and a son

Mykola Semena

Mykola Semena is a Ukrainian journalist who worked for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in the mid-2010s. In 2016 he was tried in the following year, he was found guilty of separatism, was barred from working as a journalist. The court sentence was criticized by a number of Western governments and nongovernmental organizations. Semena worked for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in the mid-2010s. In April 2016 he was arrested by Russian authorities in Crimea, was charged with acting "against the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation." The charge was based on Article 280.1 of the Russian Criminal Code, adopted shortly after Russia's 2014 annexation of Crimea. Article 280.1 criminalized the questioning of Russia's sovereignty over Crimea as Russian territory. In September 2017, he was found guilty of "separatism" and was given a suspended sentence of two and a half years, he was barred for three years from "public activities", including journalism, was forbidden to leave Russia. His sentence was criticized as "politically motivated" by a number of Western governments and by over two dozens NGOs, many affiliated with the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights.

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe declared that "The case of Semena reminds us all of the arbitrary practice of silencing critical voices in Crimea." RFE/RL described the verdict as "part of an orchestrated effort by Russian authorities in Crimea to silence independent voices." The European Union called Semena's sentencing "a clear violation of the freedom of expression and of the media" and demanded his immediate release, along with that of several other journalists it deemed to have been unjustly imprisoned by Russia. Semena himself called the sentence, imposed on him "a sentence against journalism in Russia."Shortly after his 2016 arrest, Semena had received the inaugurative Eastern Partnership Pavel Sheremet Award "in recognition of the fact that he was not afraid to risk his freedom and security, defending free speech in Crimea." He was not allowed to leave Russia to accept the award in person. In February 2019, the Ukrainian Ministry of Information Policy and Ministry of Foreign Affairs nominated Semena and another Ukrainian journalist, Roman Sushchenko—who had been arrested and sentenced by Russia, in the Ukrainian government's view illegally—for the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize.

In 2019 Semena published a book, The Crimean Report, about Russia's 2014 annexation of Crimea

Fossil word

A fossil word is a word, broadly obsolete but remains in current use due to its presence within an idiom. Fossil status can occur for word senses and for phrases. An example for a word sense is'navy' in'merchant navy', which means'commercial fleet'. An example for a phrase is'in point', retained in the larger phrases'case in point' and'in point of fact', but is used outside of a legal context. Ado, as in "without further ado" or "much ado about nothing", although the homologous form "to-do" remains attested bandy, as in "bandy about" or "bandy-legged" bated, as in "wait with bated breath", although the derived term "abate" remains in nonidiom-specific use beck, as in "at one's beck and call", although the verb form "beckon" is still used in nonidiom-specific use behest, as in "at one's behest" bygones, as in "let bygones be bygones" coign, as in "coign of vantage" champing, as in "champing at the bit," where "champ" is an obsolete precursor to "chomp," in current use. Deserts, as in "just deserts", although singular "desert" in the sense of "state of deserving" occurs in nonidiom-specific contexts including law and philosophy.

The common usage of "dessert", meaning a sweet dish at the end of a meal, may have meant what you deserved after eating the savory part of the meal. Dint, as in "by dint of" dudgeon, as in "in high dudgeon" eke, as in "eke out" fettle, as in "in fine fettle" fro, as in "to and fro" hark, as in "hark back to" or "hark at you" helter skelter, as in "scattered helter skelter about the office", Middle English skelten to hasten hither, as in "come hither", "hither and thither", "hither and yon" immemorial, as in "time immemorial" jetsam, as in "flotsam and jetsam", except in legal contexts kith, as in "kith and kin" loggerheads as in "at loggerheads" or loggerhead turtle neap, as in "neap tide" offing, as in "in the offing" petard, as in "hoist by own petard" riddance, as in "good riddance" shebang, as in "the whole shebang", but the word can be used as a common noun in programmers' jargon. Shrive, preserved only in inflected forms occurring only as part of fixed phrases:'shrift' in "short shrift" and'shrove' in "Shrove Tuesday" spick, as in "spick and span" turpitude, as in "moral turpitude" wedlock, as in "out of wedlock" wreak, as in "wreak havoc," "wreak damage," and "wreak vengeance" wrought, as in "what hath God wrought" and wrought iron vim, as in "vim and vigor" yore, as in "of yore" "days of yore" These words were formed from other languages, by elision, or by mincing of other fixed phrases.

Caboodle, as in "kit and caboodle" druthers, as in "if I had my druthers..." tarnation, as in "what in tarnation...?" Bound morpheme Collocation — tendency of one word to occur near another Cranberry morpheme — morpheme which has no independent meaning in a lexeme Fossilization Siamese twins