SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Comic Book Resources

CBR, known as Comic Book Resources until August 2016, is a website dedicated to the coverage of comic book-related news and discussion. Comic Book Resources was founded by Jonah Weiland in 1995 as a development of the Kingdom Come Message Board, a message forum that Weiland created to discuss DC Comics's then-new mini-series of the same name. Comic Book Resources features columns written by industry professionals that have included Robert Kirkman, Gail Simone, Mark Millar. Other columns are published by comic book historians and critics such as George Khoury and Timothy Callahan. On April 4, 2016, Jonah Weiland announced that Comic Book Resources had been sold to Valnet Inc. a company, known for its acquisition and ownership of other media properties such as Screen Rant. The site was relaunched as CBR.com on August 2016 with the blogs integrated into the site. The company has hosted a YouTube channel since 2008, with 1.3 million subscribers as of September 12, 2018. Comic Book Idol known as CBI, is an amateur comic book art competition created and hosted by comics writer J. Torres, sponsored by Comic Book Resources and its participating advertisers.

Inspired by the singing contest American Idol, CBI is a five-week and five-round competition in which each contestant is given one week to draw a script provided by guest judges. These invited comic book professionals comment on the artists' work in each round; the contestants to move on to subsequent rounds are selected by fans. Patrick Scherberger won CBI1 and has since worked on a number of Marvel Comics titles like Marvel Adventures: Spider-Man, Marvel Adventures: Hulk and GeNext. Jonathan Hickman was the runner-up in CBI1 and went on to work for Virgin Comics, Image Comics and Marvel Comics. Carlos Rodríguez won CBI2 and went on to work on Shadowhawk for Image and Batman and the Outsiders for DC Comics. Billy Penn competed in CBI2 and went on to work on Savage Dragon. Joe Infurnari, another CBI2 contestant, went on a couple of titles from Oni Press, including Wasteland and Borrowed Time, as well as on the back-up feature of Jersey Gods with Mark Waid. Dan McDaid and artist on various Doctor Who comics for Panini and IDW and Jersey Gods for Image Comics, as well as strips for DC Comics, competed in CBI3.

Nick Pitarra competed in CBI3 and went on to do work for Marvel Comics on books such as Astonishing Tales. Charles Paul Wilson III, artist on The Stuff of Legend, competed in CBI3; the University at Buffalo's research library described Comic Book Resources as "the premiere comics-related site on the Web."In April 2013, comics writer Mark Millar said he read the site every morning after reading the Financial Times. 1999: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2000: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2001: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2004: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2005: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2006: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2007: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics Related Website" Eagle Award. 2008: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2009: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award.

2010: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2011: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2011: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. 2013: Won the "Best Biographical, Historical or Journalistic Presentation" Harvey Award for its Robot 6 blog. 2014: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. In 2014, the site found itself at the center of a debate around the harassment of women trying to participate in the online comics community; the debate was sparked by the community's reactions to an article by guest author Janelle Asselin, which criticized the cover of DC Comics's Teen Titans. Following harassment and personal threats against Asselin, Jonah Weiland issued a statement where he apologized for the incident, condemning the way that some community members had reacted and rebooted the community forums in order to establish new ground rules. Official website

Dune short stories

A series of Dune short stories have been written that relate to the Dune novels by Frank Herbert, Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson; some of these stories were available for download from the official Dune website, released in a promotional capacity in conjunction with the Brian Herbert/Kevin J. Anderson novels. "Dune: A Whisper of Caladan Seas'," "Dune: Hunting Harkonnens," "Dune: Whipping Mek" and "Dune: The Faces of a Martyr" were published as part of the collection The Road to Dune released in September 2005. "Dune: Sea Child" was published in Elemental, a 2006 benefit anthology for children who survived the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, was made available as part of the paperback edition of The Road to Dune. "Dune: Treasure in the Sand" was published online in 2006 at Jim Baen's Universe, was made available as part of the paperback edition of Hunters of Dune. "Dune: Wedding Silk" was released June 12, 2011 in the Dune e-book short story collection Tales of Dune, which included published stories "Dune: Sea Child" and "Dune: Treasure in the Sand."

"Dune: Red Plague" was released on November 1, 2016, followed by "Dune: The Waters of Kanly" in the short story collection Infinite Stars on October 17, 2017. "The Road to Dune" is a short story written by Frank Herbert published in 1985 in the short story collection EyeIt takes the form of a guidebook for pilgrims to Arrakis, illustrated by Welsh artist Jim Burns. The work takes place after the fall of Padishah Emperor Shaddam IV and the ascension of Paul Atreides to the throne in the original novel Dune; the short story discusses the major sites in the capital city, including the Grand Palace and Temple of Alia. It features images of some of the devices and characters seen in the novels, including Paul's personal ornithopter, an Ixian glowglobe, Princess Irulan, Duncan Idaho and Reverend Mother Mohiam. "Dune: A Whisper of Caladan Seas", by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson, was published in 2001 in the short story collection Dogged Persistence, re-released September 2005 in the collection The Road to Dune.

The story takes place during the Harkonnen attack on Arrakis during the course of the original Dune by Frank Herbert. It depicts a group of Atreides soldiers trapped in a cave in the Shield Wall outside Arrakeen. One of the soldiers, a master story teller, recounts tales of Caladan, the sea-covered ancestral homeworld of House Atreides. A group of Fremen warriors find the soldiers shortly after, discover that the soldiers have all magically drowned — a fate that has never happened on the desert planet of Arrakis. "Dune: Hunting Harkonnens", by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson, was first released online in 2002 prior to the release of the first Legends of Dune novel, Dune: The Butlerian Jihad. In the short story and Katarina Harkonnen and their son Piers are travelling to Salusa Secundus when they are attacked by thinking machines under the command of General Agamemnon, a cymek; the Harkonnen ship is damaged and the 20-year-old Piers is ejected in an escape pod. He lands on the planet Caladan and meets a band of primitives who assist him in taking vengeance against the cymeks.

"Dune: Whipping Mek", by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson, appeared online in 2003 prior to the release of the second Legends of Dune novel, Dune: The Machine Crusade. In the story, young Vergyl Tantor is serving in the Army of the Jihad on Giedi Prime during the Butlerian Jihad when his mentor and adopted brother Xavier Harkonnen arrives for repairs to be done to his battered fleet of warships. Vergyl, eager to fight the Thinking Machines, is pleased to encounter a mercenary from Ginaz who uses a captured machine for training purposes. "Dune: The Faces of a Martyr", by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson, was first released online in 2004 prior to the release of the third Legends of Dune novel, Dune: The Battle of Corrin. By the time of this short story, Leaders Xavier Harkonnen, Iblis Ginjo and Serena Butler are dead, but the Butlerian Jihad continues; the Army of the Jihad attack the Tlulaxa homeworld as vengeance for their actions in The Machine Crusade. There he offers his services to the evermind Omnius, sets about creating a clone of Serena.

Meanwhile, in the League of Nobles, Vorian Atreides attempts to combat the slurs on Xavier's name by confronting Ginjo's wife. "Dune: Sea Child", by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson, was published on May 16, 2006 in the tsunami benefit anthology Elemental, it takes place during the events of Chapterhouse: Dune, focuses on the Honored Matre invasion of the Bene Gesserit planet Buzzell, the only source of precious soostones. Corysta is a banished Reverend Mother, sent to Buzzell for the crime of loving her child and refusing to give it up to the Bene Gesserit's Breeding Mistresses. On Buzzell, under Honored Matre oppression, Corysta comes across a Phibian baby outcast from the main group. Phibians have been brought to Buzzell by the Matres to harvest the soostones for them. After Corysta raises the child for months, the Matres find out and attempt to use Corysta's attachment to coerce her into revealing the location of the Bene Gesseri

Al-Fatat

Al-Fatat or the Young Arab Society was an underground Arab nationalist organization in the Ottoman Empire. Its aims were to gain independence and unify various Arab territories that were under Ottoman rule, it found adherents in areas such as Syria. The organization maintained contacts with the reform movement in the Ottoman Empire and included many radicals and revolutionaries, such as Abd al-Mirzai, they were linked to the Al-Ahd, or Covenant Society, who had members in positions within the military, most were dismissed after Enver Pasha gained control in Turkey. This organization's parallel in activism were the Young Turks, who had a similar agenda that pertained to Turkish nationalism. Al-Fatat was formed in the aftermath of the Young Turk Revolution in 1908; the original founders of the movement were Arab students who felt offended by what they perceived as the Young Turks' Turkish nationalist agenda and Turkish domination over ethnic groups within the Ottoman Empire. The three Arab students were Ahmad Qadri of Damascus, Awni Abd al-Hadi of Jenin and Rustum Haidar of Baalbek.

The trio decided to form an underground organization based on the Young Turks' model but with the purpose of protecting Arab rights. While in Paris, the trio was expanded by two Arab students from Beirut, Tawfiq al-Natur and Muhammad al-Mihmisani and another student from Nablus, Rafiq al-Tamimi. Together, the students founded the "Society of Dad Speakers" on 14 November 1909. "Dad Speakers" was a reference to the Arabs, whose alphabet contains the consonant dad, a feature unique to the Arabic language. The name of their organization was changed to "Society of the Young Arab Nation" and shortened to "Young Arab Society". Wary that the word "Arab" could attract the Ottoman government's attention, the organization shortened its name further to "al-Fatat"; the Administrative Committee, in effect the supreme body of al-Fatat's hierarchy, was established in Paris in 1911 by the organization's original members with the addition of Sabri al-Khawja of Iraq. Al-Fatat continued to expand and by early 1913, the Administrative Committee was joined by Sayf al-Din al-Khatib, Subhi al-Hasibi, Jamil Mardam, Mustafa al-Shihabi of Damascus, Ibrahim Haidar and Yusuf Mukhaibar Haidar of Baalbek, Rafiq Rizq Sallum, a Greek Orthodox Christian from Homs, Tawfiq Fa'id and Abd al-Ghani al-Uraysi of Beirut.

The latter owned and edited the Al Mufid newspaper and provided al-Fatat with a mode for public expression, while Sayf al-Din, Yusuf Mukhaibar and Rafiq Rizq were members of the Istanbul-based Literary Society. Other members to join prior to 1913 were Tawfiq al-Suwaydi of Iraq, Arif al-Shihabi and Tawfiq al-Basat of Damascus, Umar Hamad of Beirut, Muhibb al-Din al-Khatib of Cairo and Rashid al-Husami, a judiciary official from al-Karak. In early 1913, some of al-Fatat's high-ranking members decided that a congress of Arab societies should be held in Paris and through one of their members, Muhibb al-Din, a deputy leader of the Cairo-based Ottoman Party for Administrative Decentralization, the latter party agreed to participate; the purpose of the congress was to disseminate al-Fatat's ideas. None of al-Fatat's seven delegates identified themselves as members of the organization. Most delegates to the congress, who were divided between Muslims and Christians from Ottoman Syria, came from the Decentralization Party, one of whose members, Abd al-Karim al-Zahrawi, chaired the summit.

The resolution of the Arab Congress in June centered on the administrative autonomy of the Arab provinces, Arabic's adoption as an official language in the empire and the institution of democracy to save the Ottoman Empire from "decay". Following the conclusion of the Arab Congress, negotiations began between the Decentralization Party and the Committee of Union and Progress in July. In a bid to undermine the efforts of the Arab reformist movement, the CUP secretly agreed to adopt the teaching of Arabic in primary and secondary schools and allow the Arab provinces a degree of autonomy; the CUP's offer was rescinded. According to Palestinian historian Muhammad Y. Muslih, the CUP used the public disclosure of the offer as a pretext to end the negotiations; the breakdown of the talks was followed by the CUP's attempts to co-opt various Arab reformers by offering Ottoman parliamentary seats to those who defected from their respective Arab reformist society. Following the 1913 congress, most of al-Fatat's student founders returned to their homes in Ottoman Syria and the headquarters of the organization was moved to Beirut, with a branch in Damascus.

Al-Mihmisani was elected secretary-general of the movement, while Qadri became head of the Damascus branch. The movement expanded further with the addition of Shukri al-Quwatli and Muslim scholar and secondary school teacher Kamal al-Qassab of Damascus, as a result of the merger between al-Fatat and al-Ikhwan al-Ashara; the name of the Ten Brothers Society referred to the first ten sahaba of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The group was led by its founder Muhammad al-Shurayqi and had branches in Latakia, Tripoli and Beirut; the core members of the Beirut headquarters of al-Fatat met weekly and al-Mihmisani composed documents containing details of the meetings which were sent out to members based in places outside of Beirut. The members based outside of Beirut were not given an indication of the location from which the letters originated from with "The Desert" being named by al-Mihmisani as the address of origin. In March 1914, the Beirut headquarters decided to adopt a flag for al-Fatat consisting of the colors white and green which symbolized the Ara