A commando is a combatant, or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force using dedicated operation techniques. "a commando" was a type of combat unit, as opposed to an individual in that unit. In other languages and kommando denote a "command", including the sense of a military or an elite special operations unit. In the militaries and governments of most countries, commandos are distinctive in that they specialize in assault on unconventional high-value targets. However, the term commando is sometimes used in relation to units carrying out the latter tasks. Commandos differ from other types of special forces in that they operate in overt combat, front-line reconnaissance, raiding, rather than long range reconnaissance and unconventional warfare. In English to distinguish between an individual commando and a commando unit, the unit is capitalized. From an ancient lingual perspective the term commando derives from latin commendare. From perspective of late history the word stems from the Dutch word kommando, which translates as "a command or order" and roughly to "mobile infantry regiment".
This term referred to mounted infantry regiments, who fought against the British Army in the first and second Boer Wars. It is possible the word was adopted into Afrikaans from interactions with Portuguese colonies. Less it is a High German loan word, borrowed from Italian in the 17th century, from the sizable minority of German settlers in the initial European colonization of South Africa; the officer commanding an Afrikaans kommando is called a kommandant, a regimental commander equivalent to a lieutenant-colonel or a colonel. The Oxford English Dictionary ties the English use of the word meaning " member of a body of picked men..." directly into its Afrikaans' origins: 1943 Combined Operations i. Lt. Lieutenant-Colonel D. W. Clarke... produced the outline of a scheme.... The men for this type of irregular warfare should, he suggested, be formed into units to be known as Commandos.... Nor was the historical parallel far-fetched. After the victories of Roberts and Kitchener had scattered the Boer army, the guerrilla tactics of its individual units... prevented decisive victory....
His ideas were accepted. During World War II, newspaper reports of the deeds of "the commandos" only in the plural led to readers thinking that the singular meant one man rather than one military unit, this new usage became established. After the Dutch Cape Colony was established in 1652, the word was used to describe bands of militia; the first "Commando Law" was instated by the original Dutch East India Company chartered settlements and similar laws were maintained through the independent Boer Orange Free State and South African Republic. The law compelled burghers to equip themselves with firearms when required in defense; the implementation of these laws was called the "Commando System". A group of mounted militiamen were organized in a unit known as a commando and headed by a commandant, elected from inside the unit. Men called up to serve were said to be "on commando". British experience with this system led to the widespread adoption of the word "commandeer" into English in the 1880s. During the "Great Trek", conflicts with Southern African peoples such as the Xhosa and the Zulu caused the Boers to retain the commando system despite being free of colonial laws.
The word became used to describe any armed raid. During this period, the Boers developed guerrilla techniques for use against numerically superior but less mobile bands of natives such as the Zulu, who fought in large, complex formations. In the First Boer War, Boer commandos were able to use superior marksmanship, fieldcraft and mobility to expel an occupying British force from the Transvaal; these tactics were continued throughout the Second Boer War. In the final phase of the war, 25,000 Boers carried out asymmetric warfare against the 450,000-strong British Imperial forces for two years after the British had captured the capital cities of the two Boer republics. During these conflicts the word entered English, retaining its general Afrikaans meaning of a "militia unit" or a "raid". Robert Baden-Powell recognised the importance of fieldcraft and was inspired to form the scouting movement. In 1941, Lieutenant-Colonel D. W. Clarke of the British Imperial General Staff, suggested the name commando for specialized raiding units of the British Army Special Service in evocation of the effectiveness and tactics of the Boer commandos.
During World War II, American and British publications, confused over the use of the plural "commandos" for that type of British military units, gave rise to the modern common habit of using "a commando" to mean one member of such a unit, or one man engaged on a raiding-type operation. Since the 20th century and World War II in particular, commandos have been set apart from other military units by virtue of their extreme training regimes; the British Commandos were instrumental in founding many other international commando units during World War II. Some international commando units were formed from members who served as part of or alongside British Commandos, such as the Dutch Korps Commandotroepen, the Belgian 5th Special Air Service, or Gr
Andrea Belicchi is an Italian professional racing driver. He has competed in such series as the Porsche Supercup, Le Mans Series and FIA World Endurance Championship, he won the Russian Formula Three Championship in 2002 and Finnish Formula Three Championship in 2003 with Lukoil Racing and the Renault Sport Spider Elf Trophy in 1998. He competed in Italian Formula 3000 and Formula Renault V6 Eurocup before switching to sports car racing, he was the GTS class champion in 2006 International GT Open along with Stefano Zonca. In 2006 he got a GT2 class win at the 2006 1000 km of Nürburgring on a GPC Ferrari. In 2007 he drove a Spyker at the Le Mans Series. In 2008 he switched to the LMP2 class. In 2009 he progressed to the LMP1 class, where he took a 2nd overall finish at the 1000 km of Silverstone. For the 2010 Le Mans Series, Belicchi switched to Rebellion Racing. Driving a Lola-Judd, he finished third overall at the 2010 8 Hours of Castellet. After several teams defected to the Intercontinental Le Mans Cup, Belicchi took two second-place finishes in the Le Mans Series with Jean-Christophe Boullion as partner, was runner-up in the LMP1 class.
As the LMP1 class was dropped from the 2012 Le Mans Series program, Belicchi stayed with Rebellion at the new FIA World Endurance Championship, driving a Lola-Toyota with Harold Primat. With two fourth-place finishes at Silverstone and Shanghai, he was 16th in the drivers standings. In 2013, he continued with Rebellion at the LMP1 class, finishing third at Fuji and fourth at Shanghai. In 2014 he finished eighth at Shanghai. With three class wins, he ended as LMP1 Private Teams runner-up behind his teammates. In 2015, Belicchi switched to touring cars, as he joined the TCR International Series with a SEAT León. * Season still in progress. † Driver was classified as he completed over 75 % of the race distance. Official website Andrea Belicchi career summary at DriverDB.com
The Palestro-class ironclad floating batteries were four floating batteries built for the French Navy in 1859-62 to replace the Crimean War-built vessels because of fears that the 1855 ships would deteriorate because they had been built hurriedly with poor wood. Bibliographyde Balincourt, Captain. "French Floating Batteries". F. P. D. S. Newsletter. Akron, OH: F. P. D. S. I: 13–20. OCLC 41554533. Caruana, J.. B.. "Question 7/95: French Ironclad Floating Batteries". Warship International. Toledo, Ohio: International Naval Research Organization. XXXIII: 416–18. ISSN 0043-0374. Gardiner, Robert, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4
"Where Is Everybody?" is the first episode of the American anthology television series The Twilight Zone. It was broadcast on October 2, 1959 on CBS; this narration was used for the original pilot of "Where is Everybody", where it was narrated by Westbrook Van Voorhis, as it is written in the original script for the episode. The following narration was used in the later-released versions of the episode, dubbed over by Rod Serling as narrator, where the phrase "the sixth dimension" is replaced with "the fifth dimension" to fall in line with episodes of The Twilight Zone. A man dressed in a U. S. Air Force flight suit finds himself alone on a dirt road, with no memory of who he is or how he got there, he walks in to find a jukebox playing loudly. He heads into the kitchen where he finds a hot pot of coffee on the stove and freshly made pies, but there are no other people besides himself, he accidentally breaks a clock, at which point the jukebox stops playing. The man walks to a nearby town. Like the diner, the rest of the town seems deserted, but the man feels he is being watched and that there is someone around.
The phone rings in a telephone booth and he dashes to answer it. There is nobody on the line and he can only raise a recorded message when he tried to call the operator, he grows unsettled as he wanders through the empty town anxious to find someone to talk to. Inside the police station, he uses the radio; this prods him to check the jail cells in back. In one cell, there is evidence that someone had been there shaving, he declares that he wants to "wake up now". The man makes his way to the soda shop where, as he makes himself a sundae, he considers this dream he must be having and marvels at how detailed it is, he sees an entire rack of paperback books titled The Last Man on Earth, Feb. 1959. This spooks him and he leaves; as night falls, lights turn on and the man is drawn to the illuminated movie theater marquee. The advertised film is Battle Hymn and this causes him to remember that he is in the Air Force, he runs inside shouting, "I'm in the Air Force." Inside the theater he sits down to ponder this discovery and what could have happened that resulted in him being in this situation.
When the film begins onscreen, he sprints to the projection booth and finds nobody there becomes more paranoid that he is being watched. Panicked, he runs downstairs and headfirst into a wall-length mirror; when he recovers from this shock, he gives in to terror and races through the streets, stumbling and startled by everything. He comes upon a pedestrian call button and pushes it over and over, begging for help; the call button is revealed to be a panic button: the man, whose name is given as Sgt. Mike Ferris, is in an isolation booth being observed by a group of uniformed servicemen, he has been undergoing tests to determine his fitness as an astronaut and whether he can handle a prolonged trip to the Moon alone. The officiating general warns Ferris that while his basic needs will be provided for in space travel, he will not have companionship: "next time be alone"; as Ferris is carried from the hangar on a stretcher, he looks into the sky and tells the Moon, "don't go away up there" and, "we'll be up there in a little while".
Earl Holliman as Mike Ferris James Gregory as General Garry Walberg as Colonel Serling's original pilot for The Twilight Zone was "The Happy Place", which revolved around a society in which people were executed upon reaching the age of 60, being considered no longer useful. CBS executive William Self rejected the story, feeling it was too dark. Unlike other episodes, which were filmed at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, "Where is Everybody?" was filmed at Universal Studios, using Courthouse Square as the episode's Oakwood town. The episode featured Westbrook Van Voorhis as narrator; when Voorhis was unavailable for episodes, Serling re-recorded the narration himself for consistency. Serling notably changed the opening narration to place the Twilight Zone within the fifth dimension, among other alterations. Serling adapted "Where is Everybody?" for a novelization titled Stories From the Twilight Zone. Serling grew dissatisfied with the lack of science fiction content and changed the story to include Ferris discovering a movie ticket in his pocket while on the stretcher.
A variation on this plotline was used in the episode "King Nine Will Not Return". The New York Times praised the episode, saying that Serling proved "that science cannot foretell what may be the effect of total isolation on a human being", though " resolution... seemed trite and anticlimactic. In the desultory field of filmed half-hour drama, however, Mr. Serling should not have much trouble in making his mark. At least his series promises to be different. Charles Beaumont praised the episode in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science-Fiction, writing that he "read Serling's first script... Old stuff? Of course. I thought so at the time... but there was one element in the story which kept me from my customary bitterness. The element was quality. Quality shone on every page, it shone in the scene set-ups. And because of this, the story seemed new and powerful. There was one compromise, but it was made for the purpose of selling the
Domingo Antonio Acevedo is a Dominican professional baseball pitcher for the New York Yankees organization. Acevedo signed with the New York Yankees as an international free agent in 2012 for a $7,500 signing bonus, he made his professional debut in 2013 with the Dominican Summer League Yankees where he had a 1–2 win–loss record and a 2.63 earned run average in 11 games and spent 2014 with the Gulf Coast Yankees where he pitched to a 0–1 record and 4.11 ERA in only five starts. Acevedo started 2015 with the Charleston RiverDogs, making one start before going on the disabled list; when he returned from injury he was sent to the Staten Island Yankees. In 12 starts between the two teams he compiled a 3–0 record, 1.81 ERA, 1.11 WHIP. He started 2016 with Charleston, joined the Tampa Yankees, he finished 2016 with a 5 -- a 2.61 ERA in 18 combined starts between the two teams. Acevedo began the 2017 season with Tampa and was promoted to the Trenton Thunder and Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders throughout the season.
He appeared in the 2017 All-Star Futures Game. In 23 combined starts between Tampa and Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Acevedo was 6–6 with a 3.25 ERA. The Yankees added him to their 40-man roster after the season. In 2018, Acevedo began the season with Trenton, he spent six weeks on the disabled list due to a blister. The Yankees promoted him to the major leagues on July 21, but in only a few hours, he was optioned back to Double-A. Acevedo was released by the Yankees organization on August 23, 2019, he re-signed on a minor league deal on August 26. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference
Malappuram State assembly constituency is one of the 140 state legislative assembly constituencies in Kerala state in southern India. It is one of the 7 state legislative assembly constituencies included in the Malappuram Lok Sabha constituency. Malappuram Niyama Sabha constituency is composed of the following local self governed segments: The following list contains all members of Kerala legislative assembly who have represented Malappuram Niyama Sabha Constituency during the period of various assemblies:Key IUML Percentage change denotes the change in the number of votes from the immediate previous election. There were 1,93,761 registered voters in Malappuram Constituency for the 2016 Kerala Niyama Sabha Election. Malappuram Malappuram district List of constituencies of the Kerala Legislative Assembly 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election Remaining Date for Malappuram Municipality Election 2020