Commando Parachute Group

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Commando Parachute Group
Le 11e.B.P..jpg
11e bataillon parachutistes insignia
Active 1965 - present
Country France
Branch French Army
Type Force conventionnelle
Role

• Direct Action
• Special reconnaissance
• Foreign internal defense

Other Roles:
• Humanitarian missions
• Information operations
Size 19 Teams
Part of Commandement de la force d'action terrestre
Nickname(s) GCP
Insignia
French Chuteur Opérationnel Brevet of Commando Parachute Group Chuteur Opérationnel.jpg

The Commando Parachute Group (French: Groupement des Commandos Parachutistes, GCP) are the elite operational pathfinders units within the 11th Parachute Brigade of the French Army. These Commandos form within the various Paratrooper Regiments of France, elite sections of Chute opérationnelle and commando instructors, attached in general to the reconnaissance and support company (CEA) or the logistics and command company (CCL). In case of global rising conflicts, these commandos are dropped ahead of forward ground forces.

History[edit]

The GCP were founded in 1965 as << Équipes de Saut Ouverture à Grande Hauteur >>, SOGH ( High Altitude Jump Teams or HAHO Teams ). On January 1, 1982; the unit was renamed Commandos de Recherche et d'Action en Profondeur, CRAP ( Deep Action and Reconnaissance Commandos ), a designation nomination which was conserved till 1999. In 1969, the Deep Action and Reconnaissance Commandos ( CRAP ) of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment participate for the first time in Chad.

Structure[edit]

In 2007, the GCP aligns under their command 19 Teams of paratroopers commandos constituted of a dozen members, the GCP Teams are dispersed in the following French parachute regiments:

A Parachute Commando of a GCP Team from the 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment commencing airborne drop.

Selection[edit]

In order to serve in the GCP the candidate must meet the following requirements-

  • To belong to a regiment of the 11th Parachute Brigade (11e Brigade Parachutiste)
  • Several years active duty in the French Armed Forces
  • To be medically fit for parachute jump and thus acquiring the following qualifications: TAP et Chuteurs Opérationnels.

S I G Y C O P (Troupes Aéroportées)

2 1 2 3 3 2 1

S I G Y C O P (Chuteurs Opérationnels)

2 1 2 3 2 2 1

  • To be adept whilst out in the field minimum 4 month plus deployment ( More than 4 month on OPEX).
  • To have security clearance type classification (SD)
  • Minimum rank of corporal required
  • To pass Pre-Selection, which consists of:
    • 2 rope climbs carrying full opex gear and arms
    • A swim in combat fatigues that includes underwater tests and 5 meter rope climb from the water; depending on mother regiment this may be in rough winter seas.
    • An obstacle course to be completed under a set time.
    • An orientation/navigation test to be completed under a set time.
    • A 30 km TAP in full fighting order to be completed under a set time with record held by CCH PLM of 2e REP GCP in 2hrs 28 min
    • 1500m and 8000m runs in full opex gear and arms, to be completed under set times.
    • Unarmed combat skills and aggression tests including 'milling' a type of no rules boxing.
    • An interview and general skills testing with current serving members of the GCP
  • To pass the physically and mentally demanding Brevet Niveaux 1 et 2 du Centre National d'Entraînement Commando (The National Commando Training Centre) (CNEC) at Mont-Louis
    • Brevet Niveau 1 : « Commando Entrainement »
    • Brevet Niveau 2 : « Moniteur des Techniques Commandos » for senior NCOs and officers or « Moniteur des Techniques Commandos Spécialisés » for junior NCOs
    • Brevet Niveau 3 : « Instructeur des Techniques Commandos »
  • To pass the 'Chuteur Opérationnel' de l'ETAP course (stage 55 501 SOGH) that lasts three months.

Upon completion of program, candidate is integrated in GCP Teams.

See also[edit]