Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union. The CPSU was the sole governing party of the Soviet Union until 1990, when the Congress of People's Deputies modified Article 6 of the most recent 1977 Soviet constitution, which had granted the CPSU a monopoly over the political system; the party was founded in 1912 by the Bolsheviks, a majority faction detached from the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, who seized power in the October Revolution of 1917. After 74 years, it was dissolved on 29 August 1991 on Soviet territory, soon after a failed coup d'état by hard-line CPSU leaders against Soviet president and party general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, it was outlawed three months on 6 November 1991 on Russian territory. The CPSU was a Communist party, organized on the basis of democratic centralism; this principle, conceived by Lenin, entails democratic and open discussion of policy issues within the party followed by the requirement of total unity in upholding the agreed policies.

The highest body within the CPSU was the Party Congress. When the Congress was not in session, the Central Committee was the highest body; because the Central Committee met twice a year, most day-to-day duties and responsibilities were vested in the Politburo, the Secretariat and the Orgburo. The party leader was the head of government and held the office of either General Secretary, Premier or head of state, or some of the three offices concurrently—but never all three at the same time; the party leader was the de facto chairman of the CPSU Politburo and chief executive of the Soviet Union. The tension between the party and the state for the shifting focus of power was never formally resolved, but in reality the party dominated and a paramount leader always existed. After the founding of the Soviet Union in 1922, Lenin had introduced a mixed economy referred to as the New Economic Policy, which allowed for capitalist practices to resume under the Communist Party dictation in order to develop the necessary conditions for socialism to become a practical pursuit in the economically undeveloped country.

In 1929, as Joseph Stalin became the leader of the party, Marxism–Leninism, a fusion of the original ideas of German philosopher and economic theorist Karl Marx, Lenin, became formalized as the party's guiding ideology and would remain so throughout the rest of its existence. The party pursued state socialism, under which all industries were nationalized and a command economy was implemented. After recovering from the Second World War, reforms were implemented which decentralized economic planning and liberalized Soviet society in general under Nikita Khrushchev. By 1980, various factors, including the continuing Cold War, ongoing nuclear arms race with the United States and other Western European powers and unaddressed inefficiencies in the economy, led to stagnant economic growth under Alexei Kosygin, further with Leonid Brezhnev and a growing disillusionment. After the younger, vigorous Mikhail Gorbachev, assumed leadership in 1985, rapid steps were taken to transform the tottering Soviet economic system in the direction of a market economy once again.

Gorbachev and his allies envisioned the introduction of an economy similar to Lenin's earlier New Economic Policy through a program of "perestroika", or restructuring, but their reforms, along with the institution of free multi-candidate elections led to a decline in the party's power, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the banning of the party by last RSFSR President Boris Yeltsin and subsequent first President of an evolving democratic and free market economy of the successor Russian Federation. A number of causes contributed to CPSU's loss of control and the dissolution of the Soviet Union during the early 1990s; some historians have written that Gorbachev's policy of "glasnost" was the root cause, noting that it weakened the party's control over society. Gorbachev maintained. Others have blamed the economic stagnation and subsequent loss of faith by the general populace in communist ideology. In the final years of the CPSU's existence, the Communist Parties of the federal subjects of Russia were united into the Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

After the CPSU's demise, the Communist Parties of the Union Republics became independent and underwent various separate paths of reform. In Russia, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation emerged and has been regarded as the inheritor of the CPSU's old Bolshevik legacy into the present day. 1912–18:Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party 1918–25:Russian Communist Party 1925–52:All-Union Communist Party 1952–91:Communist Party of the Soviet Union The origin of the CPSU was in the Bolshevik majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, left the party in January 1912 to form a new one at the Prague Party Conference, called the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party – or RSDLP. Prior to the February Revolution, the first phase of the Russian Revolutions of 1917, the party worked underground as organized anti-Tsarist groups. By the time of the revolution, many of the party's central leaders, including Lenin, were in exile. With Emperor Nicholas II, deposed in February 1917, a republic was established and administered by a provisio

Cristian Díaz (footballer, born 1989)

Cristian Hernán Díaz is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a defender for Central Córdoba. Díaz's career began with Newell's Old Boys, with the defender's first professional appearance arriving on 3 July 2009 during a defeat to Racing Club. Fifty-five further appearances followed for the Argentine Primera División club, prior to Díaz scoring his opening senior goal in a home win over Vélez Sarsfield in March 2014. A year in February 2015, Díaz was loaned out to fellow Primera División side Banfield, he returned to his parent club eleven months after being selected twice by Banfield. On 9 January 2016, Díaz joined Primera B Nacional's Gimnasia y Esgrima, he scored two goals across thirty-eight appearances for them. Torneo Federal A side Central Córdoba completed the signing of Díaz in 2017, he scored goals against Douglas Haig, Defensores de Pronunciamiento, Defensores de Belgrano and Chaco For Ever as the club won promotion as champions to the second tier in his first season. As of 4 December 2018.

Newell's Old BoysArgentine Primera División: 2012–13 Torneo FinalCentral CórdobaTorneo Federal A: 2017–18 Cristian Díaz at Soccerway

Tribe (band)

Tribe was an American alternative rock band from Boston, United States, active in the late 1980s and early 1990s. They released two on Slash Records/Warner Bros.. Records, but did not translate their local appeal into national fame and disbanded in 1994. Greg LoPiccolo stated that "When Warner Bros didn’t pick up our option for the third album, they would become founding members of Guitar Hero developer Harmonix."Outside", a song from Here at the Home, was featured in the 2007 music video game Rock Band. Terri Brosius helped form Boston band The Vivs, where she is the keyboard player and backing vocalist, they released their debut album, "Mouth to Mouth", in 2009. Eric Brosius is a member of the Boston band Eddie Japan, which features Greg LoPiccolo's brother Bart on guitar. Janet LaValley has a song called "Jube" on the soundtrack for the movie, That's. Tribe Here at the Home Abort Sleeper "Jakpot" "Easter Dinner" "Payphone" "Joyride" "Supercollider" "Red Rover" Janet LaValley: vocals, rhythm guitar Terri Barous: keyboard, backing vocals Eric Brosius: lead guitar, backing vocals Greg LoPiccolo: bass, backing vocals David Penzo: drums, percussion Mike Levesque: drums, percussion The Lost Bands: Searching for... Tribe The Lost Bands: Searching for...

Follow Up ( A Tribe fansite with content provided by members of the band