Compton is a city in southern Los Angeles County, United States, situated south of downtown Los Angeles. Compton is one of the oldest cities in the county and, on May 11, 1888, was the eighth city in California to incorporate; as of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 96,456. It is known as the "Hub City" due to its geographic centrality in Los Angeles County. Neighborhoods in Compton include Sunny Cove, Downtown Compton, Richland Farms; the city is a working class community, with some middle-class neighborhoods and poor neighborhoods, is home to a young population, at an average 25 years of age, compared to the American median age of 38. In 1784, the Spanish Crown deeded a tract of over 75,000 acres to Juan Jose Dominguez in this area; the tract was named Rancho San Pedro. Dominguez's name was applied to the Dominguez Hills area south of Compton; the tree that marked the original northern boundary of the rancho still stands at the corner of Poppy and Short streets.
The rancho was subdivided and parcels were sold within the Californios of Alta California until the lands were ceded after the Mexican-American war in 1848. American immigrants acquired most of the rancho lands after 1848. In 1867, Griffith Dickenson Compton led a group of 30 pioneers to the area; these families had traveled by wagon train south from Stockton, California, in search of ways to earn a living other than the rapid exhaustion of gold fields. Named Gibsonville, after one of the tract owners, it was called Comptonville. However, to avoid confusion with the Comptonville located in Yuba County, the name was shortened to Compton. Compton's earliest settlers were faced with terrible hardships as they farmed the land in bleak weather to get by with just the barest subsistence; the weather continued to be harsh and cold, fuel was difficult to find. To gather firewood it was necessary to travel to mountains close to Pasadena; the round trip took a week. Many in the Compton party wanted to relocate to a friendlier climate and settle down, but as there were two general stores within traveling distance—one in the pueblo of Los Angeles, the other in Wilmington—they decided to stay put.
By 1887, the settlers realized. A series of town meetings were held to discuss incorporation of their little town. Griffith D. Compton donated his land to incorporate and create the city of Compton in 1889, but he did stipulate that a certain acreage be zoned for agriculture and named Richland Farms. In January 1888, a petition supporting the incorporation of Compton was forwarded to the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, who in turn forwarded the petition to the State Legislature. On May 11, 1888 the city of Compton was incorporated with a population of 500 people; the first City Council meeting was held on May 14, 1888. The ample residential lots of Richland Farms gave residents enough space to raise a family, food to feed them, along with building a barn, caring for livestock; the farms attracted the black families who had begun migrating from the rural South in the 1950s, there they found their'home away from home'. Compton could not support large-scale agricultural business, but it did give the residents the opportunity to work the land for their families.
The 1920s saw the opening of the Compton Airport. Compton Junior College was founded and city officials moved to a new City Hall on Alameda Street. On March 10, 1933, a destructive earthquake caused many casualties: schools were destroyed and there was major damage to the central business district. While it would be home to a large black population, in 1930 there was only one black resident. From the 1920s through the early 1940s, the Compton area was home to a sizable Japanese American population, a large proportion of whom were farmers. Shortly after President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 in February 1942, Compton residents of Japanese descent were forcibly removed from their homes and incarcerated for the duration of World War II. Most were detained at the Santa Anita Assembly Center. Compton grew throughout the decade. One reason for this was Compton; the eastern side of the city was predominately white until the 1970s. Despite being located in the middle of a major metropolitan area, thanks to the legacy of Griffith D. Compton, there still remains one small pocket of agriculture from its earliest years.
During the 1950s and 1960s, after the Supreme Court declared all racially exclusive housing covenants unconstitutional in the case Shelley v. Kraemer, the first black families moved to the area. Compton's growing black population was still ignored and neglected by the city's elected officials. Centennial High School was built to accommodate a burgeoning student population. At one time, the City Council discussed dismantling the Compton Police Department in favor of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department in an attempt to exclude blacks from law enforcement jobs. A black man first ran for City Council in 1958, the first black councilman was elected in 1961. In 1969, Douglas Dollarhide became the mayor, the first black man elected mayor of any metropolitan city in California. Two blacks and one Mexican-American were elected to the local school board. Four years in 1973, Doris A. Davis defeated Dollarhide's bid for re-election to become the first female black mayor of a metropolitan American
Oliver Gyles Longley CBE MC was a British Army officer of the Second World War who won the Military Cross in 1943 for his actions in Italy while commanding a squadron of 44th Reconnaissance Regiment near Battipaglia. Longley had a number of narrow escapes during his military service, including stepping on a mine that failed to explode. Longley was born in the London district of Streatham, the son of an officer in the Honourable Artillery Company who in the First World War was awarded the Military Cross. After demobilisation in 1946, Longley returned to his pre-war employers Gestetner. In 1965, he became managing director of Gestetner France, in 1976 he was made a director of Gestetner Holdings Ltd with responsibility for Continental Europe, Africa and Sri Lanka. To Hell with That! or the Life of Oliver Gyles Longley, C. B. E. M. C. Grimsay Press, 2012. ISBN 978-1845301279
Flip This House is an American television series that airs on the A&E television network as well as the Bio network. Each episode spotlights the renovation of a single unit. All episodes included listing the price of the purchase, the cost of renovation, the market value of the "flipped" property. In season one, the series followed the activities surrounding the Charleston-based Trademark Properties, founded by Richard C. Davis. Charleston TeamRichard C. Davis – Founder and head of the company. Ginger Alexander – Davis' right-hand associate who assists with the flipping of houses Dawn Nosal – Project coordinator Kevin Molony – Head of construction during the flipping process Vance Sudano – One of the real estate brokers who sells the finished housesDue to a contractual disagreement Trademark decided not to return for season two of the show. Davis created the show in 2003, took it to A&E to partner, claims that he has yet to receive any payment. In July 2006, Trademark Properties filed a lawsuit against A&E alleging breach of contract and fraud.
Davis was awarded $4 million by the jury in the case, an amount equal to more than half of the profit generated by the first season of the show. The A&E network responded through its spokesman, Michael Feeney, by saying, "We are disappointed in the jury's decision, we will follow the appropriate steps to have the verdict reversed."Davis signed a series deal with TLC, the new series titled The Real Deal and now named The Real Estate Pros, began airing April 21, 2007. In season two, the show was recast with a team from San Antonio, another from Atlanta. San Antonio TeamArmando Montelongo – Montelongo House Buyers co-founder, David's brother Veronica Montelongo – Armando's wife, the company's sales executive David Montelongo – Co-Founder Melina Montelongo – David's wife, the company Marketing DirectorAtlanta TeamSam Leccima – Founder of Leccima Real Estate, accused of fraud in May 2007. Shanni Leccima – Sam's wife and partner Lamont Martin – Sam's right-hand man and construction manager Angela Wilford – Works for Keller-Williams Realty and collaborates with the Leccimas to sell the flipped houses.
In May 2007, television station WAGA in Atlanta exposed the Season Two episodes starring local developer Sam Leccima to be staged and fraudulent. This same report revealed that Leccima has been the subject of numerous legal actions stemming from fraudulent real estate solicitations, some of which were related to his activity on the show. A&E has stopped producing episodes; these episodes are no longer aired. In season three, a new team from New Haven was introduced. Additionally, the team from Atlanta recast with a new group of people. Only the Montelongo team from San Antonio continued their roles from the prior season. New Haven TeamThan Merrill Paul Esajian JD Esajian Jeremy Black Lori ParksAtlanta TeamNote: the Atlanta cast has changed since last season. Angela Wilford Harris Wilford Scott Tremmel Danielle Anderson Peter Pasternack Brian TrowSan Antonio TeamArmando Montelongo – Founder of Armando Montelongo Companies Veronica Montelongo – Armando's wife, who sells houses and is V. P. of Armando Montelongo Comp.
Randy – Contractor who works on the houses Christopher Mendoza – Armando Montelongo Companies intern David Montelongo – Co-Founder of Armando Montelongo Companies Melina Montelongo – David's wife, the company Marketing Director In season four, a new team from Los Angeles was introduced. Additionally, the team from Atlanta was recast again keeping only Brian Trow and Peter Pasternack from Season 3. New Haven TeamThan Merrill Paul Esajian JD Esajian Jeremy Black Lori ParksAtlanta TeamNote: the Atlanta cast has changed since last season. Peter Pasternack Brian Trow Candice PoseySan Antonio TeamArmando Montelongo – Founder & CEO of Armando Montelongo Companies Veronica Montelongo – Armando's wife, who sells houses and is V. P. of Armando Montelongo Companies Randy Burch – Contractor who works on the houses Brent Holt – Project ManagerLos Angeles TeamRudy Martinez Carlos Vazquez Mary O'Grady New Haven TeamThan Merrill Paul Esajian JD Esajian Jeremy Black Lori ParksAtlanta TeamPeter Pasternack Brian Trow Candice PoseySan Antonio TeamRandy Burch – Contractor who works on the houses Brent HoltLos Angeles TeamRudy Martinez Carlos Vazquez Mary O'Grady In 2007, Flip This House was the subject of a breach of contract and fraud lawsuit brought by Trademark Properties, a South Carolina real estate company that starred in the show's first season.
In the several million dollar civil lawsuit, Flip This House's original executive producer and star, Richard C. Davis, charged A&E and the show's Departure Films production company with breach of contract and seven other charges. In the lawsuit Davis claimed to have not received any financial compensation from A&E or Departure for Flip This House's first season and alleged that they had created the show themselves, but they called it Worst To First, he claimed that he pitched the show to A&E, which agreed to produce and televise 13 episodes of the series. Davis alleged that A&E agreed that although A&E would pay all the show's production costs, the parties would be 50/50 partners in any profits generated from the project and agreed to prepare a written agreement stating such. Instead, according to Davis, A&E aired the program, using his likeness without his permission, changing the name of the show from Worst to First to Flip This House so as not to arouse suspicion that they were going to use the show concept and had no intention of paying Davis for the use of his show title and show concept.
According to Davis, the network never provided an agreement that reflected the terms of their alleged ve
A preannouncement occurs when a company or individual announces something either prior to the time that they do it or prior to the time that they would announce it. Preannouncements can take the form of a press release, filing a form with the government, a conference call, or a webcast; the most common use of the term in the U. S. investing community is for a statement about earnings that are materially different from the expectation of financial analysts or from prior guidance given by the company. These preannouncements seem to have become more frequent in the U. S. since the effective date of Regulation FD. On average, they are made about 20 calendar days before the scheduled announcement or Earnings Call. There are now a few hundred such preannouncements every quarter; the period during which preannouncements tend to be made is sometimes called the "confessional season" because so many of them are bad news. It has been argued that in the U. S. a preannouncement of earnings during a quarter does not need to be furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission on a Form 8-K, but that a preannouncement after the quarter ends must be.
It has been suggested that potential litigation costs are one reason for announcing bad news early - the company may be at risk of being sued for having known the bad information, not having revealed it, causing a loss to those who bought stock after the company knew. There are indeed more preannoucements of bad news than of good news, the number of preannouncements increased in the mid-1990s in the wake of an increased threat of shareholder lawsuits. Firms in industries more subject to litigation are more to preannounce; the more analysts cover a stock, the more the firm is to preannounce, good preannouncements average releasing half the good news while bad preannouncements average releasing all of the bad news. The first article here is an example of an unusual preannouncement of bad news about expected government action. Companies trading in the U. S. are required to preannounce stock buyback programs before they begin buying shares, to report on such programs in their quarterly and annual filings.
There have been proposals. They are required to preannounce certain types of stock trades
William Chester Lankford was an American politician and lawyer. Lankford was born in the Camp Creek Community of Clinch County, Georgia in 1874 and graduated from the Jasper Normal Institute in Jasper, Florida, in 1897 and the Georgia Normal College and Business Institute in Abbeville, Georgia, in 1900, he studied law at the University of Georgia School of Law and graduated with a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1901. After moving to Douglas, Georgia, in 1901, Lankford began the practice of law. In 1906, he was elected Mayor of Douglas and became a member of the city Board of Education the following year, he remained on the board until 1918. On January 1, 1908, Lankford became a judge of the city court, he resigned that post on May 1, 1916, to run an unsuccessful campaign that year for the United States House of Representatives. Lankford ran again for the 66th United States Congress in 1918 and was elected as a Democrat to represent Georgia's 11th congressional district, he won reelection to that seat six additional terms before losing in 1932.
Following his congressional service, Lankford returned to practicing law. He worked in the General Accounting Office in Washington, D. C. from January 1935 through October 1942. On December 10, 1964, he died in Twin Lakes and was buried in Douglas Cemetery in the city of Douglas. United States Congress. "William Chester Lankford". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. History of the University of Georgia, Thomas Walter Reed, Imprint: Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia, ca. 1949, p.1924
G7 Welcoming Committee Records was a Canadian independent record label based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The label released material by artists and speakers with a radical left-wing point of view. G7 Welcoming Committee Records was founded by Chris Hannah and Jord Samolesky of punk band and their friend, Regal, in 1997; the label operated out of Winnipeg's The Old Market Autonomous Zone. During its years of operation about 50 albums were released; the label ceased operations on April 1, 2008 although it did come out of hibernation in 2010 to release a 3-track EP of Propagandhi songs from 1993-1996 as a benefit for Partners In Health. In early 2015, it was announced on the G7 website that none of their previous releases were available for purchase as either physical copies or downloadable albums, but that most of their catalog was available on music streaming sites. According to the G7 website, when the label was established, the founders hoped "to create a label that politically radical bands and speakers could unflinchingly support and call home.
To this end the label incorporates the economic structure Parecon proposed by Robin Hahnel and Michael Albert. The name is a reference to the G7 which brings together the world's richest and most powerful countries in yearly summits to discuss the global political and economic society and to make collective decisions; the label's website explains, "The G7 Welcoming Committee is an idea of resistance A'Welcoming Committee' to tell them, with words and actions, what we think of their power and neo-colonialism, around the world and at home, that people are willing to fight back..." The following artists have released albums on G7: It carries spoken word material by Noam Chomsky, Ward Churchill, Ann Hansen, Howard Zinn. Return of the Read Menace Take Penacilin Now List of record labels G7 Welcoming Committee Records – Official website Propagandhi Profile and interview at Lost at Sea magazine Profile at Exclaim.ca