CompuServe was the first major commercial online service provider in the United States - described in 1994 as "the oldest of the Big Three information services."It dominated the field during the 1980s and remained a major influence through the mid-1990s. At its peak in the early 1990s, CIS was known for its online chat system, message forums covering a variety of topics, extensive software libraries for most computer platforms, a series of popular online games, notably MegaWars III and Island of Kesmai, it was known for its introduction of the GIF format for pictures, as a GIF exchange mechanism. In 1997, 17 years after H & R Block had acquired CIS, the parent announced its desire to sell the company. A complex deal was worked out with WorldCom acting as a broker, resulting in CIS being sold to AOL. In 2015 Verizon acquired AOL, including its CompuServe division. In 2017 after Verizon completed its acquisition of Yahoo, CompuServe became part of Verizon's newly formed Oath Inc. subsidiary. CompuServe was founded in 1969 as Compu-Serv Network, Inc. in Columbus, Ohio, as a subsidiary of Golden United Life Insurance.
Their focus was on business customers. Though Golden United founder Harry Gard Sr.'s son-in-law Jeffrey Wilkins is miscredited as the first president of CompuServe, its first president was John R. Goltz. Wilkins replaced Goltz as CEO within the first year of operation. Goltz and Wilkins were both graduate students in electrical engineering at the University of Arizona. Other early recruits from the University included Sandy Trevor, Doug Chinnock, Larry Shelley; the company's objectives were twofold: to provide in-house computer processing support to Golden United Life Insurance. It was spun off as a separate company in 1975, trading on the NASDAQ under the symbol CMPU. Concurrently, the company recruited executives who shifted the focus from offering time-sharing services, in which customers wrote their own applications, to one, focused on packaged applications; the first of these new executives was Robert Tillson, who left Service Bureau Corporation to become CompuServe's Executive Vice President of Marketing.
He recruited Charles McCall, Maury Cox, Robert Massey. In 1977, CompuServe's board changed the company's name to CompuServe Incorporated. In 1979, it began "offering a dial-up online information service to consumers." In 1980, H&R Block acquired CompuServe. The original 1969 dial-up technology was simple—the local phone number in Cleveland, for example, was a line connected to a time-division multiplexer that connected via a leased line to a matched multiplexer in Columbus, connected to a time-sharing host system. In the earliest buildups, each line terminated on a single machine at CompuServe's host, so different numbers had to be used to reach different computers; the central multiplexers in Columbus were replaced with PDP-8 minicomputers, the PDP-8s were connected to a DEC PDP-15 minicomputer that acted as switches so a phone number was not tied to a particular destination host. CompuServe developed its own packet switching network, implemented on DEC PDP-11 minicomputers acting as network nodes that were installed throughout the US and interconnected.
Over time, the CompuServe network evolved into a complicated multi-tiered network incorporating asynchronous transfer mode, frame relay, Internet Protocol and X.25 technologies. In 1981, The Times explained CompuServe's technology in one sentence: CompuServe is offering a video-text-like service permitting personal computer users to retrieve software from the mainframe computer over telephone lines; the New York Times described them as "the most international of the Big Three" and noted that "it can be reached by a local phone call in more than 700 cities". CompuServe was a world leader in other commercial services. One of these was the Financial Services group, which collected and consolidated financial data from myriad data feeds, including CompuStat, Disclosure, I/B/E/S as well as the price/quote feeds from the major exchanges. CompuServe developed extensive screening and reporting tools that were used by many investment banks on Wall Street. In 1979, Radio Shack marketed the residential information service MicroNET, in which home users accessed the computers during evening hours, when the CompuServe computers were otherwise idle.
Its success prompted CompuServe to drop the MicroNET name in favor of its own. CompuServe's origin was concurrent with that of The Source. Both services were operating in early 1979. MicroNet was made popular through the Issue 2 of Commodore Disk User, which included instructions on how to connect and run MicroNet programs. By the mid-1980s, CompuServe was one of the largest information and networking services companies, it was the largest consumer information service, it operated commercial branches in more than 30 US cities, selling network services to major corporations throughout the United States. Consumer accounts could be bought in most computer stores and awareness of this service was high. By 1987, the consumer side would be 50% of CompuServe revenues; the corp
Wilson Park is a small community in northeast Baltimore and one of the first African-American communities in the city. Its bounded on the south by the east by The Alameda. Two community associations serve the area: the Kimberleigh Road Community Association and the Wilson Park Improvement Association; the homes range from large single-family homes to semi-detached and townhouses in a number of different styles. A majority of homes are owner-occupied. According to the 2000 US Census, 1,355 people live in Wilson Park with 97.8% African-American and.7% White. The median family income is $45,208. 86% of the houses are occupied and 78.5% of those are occupied by the home's owner. Wilson Park has one public K-8 school: Guilford Elementary/Middle. There is one public elementary school: Walter P. Carter Elementary; the area is served by Winston Middle School and Chinquapin Middle School. High school students attend nearby Mervo, City, DuBois or Lewis high schools. Wilson Park is the first community in Baltimore built for black people.
It was developed by Harry Wilson, an African American who began building houses as early as 1917. In addition to some of the neighborhoods being culturally historic, several are architecturally significant. Wilson's family began to sell large tracts of land in the early 1950s to developers who built dozens of new homes on St. Georges Ave. and Coldspring Lane. Kimberleigh Road was created in 1953 as part of the development; these homes were bought by a variety of upwardly mobile African-American families including those of steelworkers from the Sparrows Point Shipyard, postal workers and Morgan State College administrators
Giggleswick railway station serves the village of Giggleswick and the town of Settle in North Yorkshire, England. The station is 41 1⁄4 miles north-west of Leeds on the Leeds to Morecambe Line towards Lancaster and Morecambe, it is operated by Northern, who provide all passenger train services. Opened by the "little" North Western Railway in 1849, the station was known as "Settle", as it was the first station to serve the town, although situated some distance west of its centre; when the Settle-Carlisle Railway opened on 1 May 1876, the name was changed to "Settle Old" to distinguish it from Settle New on the line a mile to the east. The station did have more substantial buildings in the past, along with a goods yard, water tower and signal box; these were all demolished/removed after the station closed to goods traffic and was downgraded to unmanned halt status in 1970. The only buildings now provided here are standard waiting shelters - a new bespoke one was opened on the westbound platform in November 2016.
The two platforms are of differing construction - the westbound is wooden, whilst the eastbound equivalent is stone/concrete. They are linked by a barrow crossing, so the station is step free. Train running information provision is limited to information posters and a telephone link to the signal box at Settle Junction. Tickets can only be bought on the train. On Monday to Saturdays, five trains a day headed from Giggleswick southbound to Skipton and Leeds and westbound to Lancaster. All but the first westbound service of the day continue to Morecambe and there used to be a single through train to and from Heysham Port to connect with the sailing to the Isle of Man. Four trains ran each way on Sundays throughout the year since the May 2011 timetable change. From the start of the May 2018 summer timetable, additional services have been introduced. Eight trains each way now run to Lancaster and Skipton, with five of the former continuing to Morecambe and seven of the latter to Leeds. One additional train each way runs on Sundays.
One additional train each way was introduced from 20 May 2019 on weekdays and Saturdays, with two additional trains running to and from Morecambe. The winter 2019 timetable update has seen all five departures extended from Lancaster through to Morecambe, with one running right through to/from Heysham. A video of the station added Photo of the station in 1968
Thomas Osborn Perry was a mechanical engineer and the original innovator of the all-metal windmill. Perry made significant contributions to the field of wind powered turbines and was an early pioneer of modern wind power technology. Thomas Osborn Perry was born in Franklin, Michigan on February 28, 1847. In 1882 and 1883, while working for the U. S. Wind Engine and Pump Company, Perry conducted a series of over five thousand experiments on windmill rotors and rotor blades, his experiments resulted in a windmill design, 87% more efficient than other windmills manufactured at that time. Perry's main improvements were the use of concave windmill blades made from steel, rather than flat wooden blades. In order to conduct his experiments, Perry had designed and built an enclosed wind tunnel, a research tool, not in common use at this time. In 1888, Thomas Perry and LaVerne Noyes started the Aermotor Windmill Company and began manufacturing Aermotor windmills; the Aermotor was used for pumping water for livestock and became indispensable to midwestern farmers and ranchers in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Selling only 45 windmills in its first year, Aermotor sales increased and by the turn of the century had sold hundreds of thousands of windmills. Perry made many other refinements to windmill designs and published several windmill design patents pertaining to maintainability and efficiency. Perry died on January 25, 1927, was interred in Tecumseh, Michigan. Http://www.ironmanwindmill.com/windmill%20history.htm
Reach is a small village and civil parish on the edge of the fenland in East Cambridgeshire, England at the north end of Devil's Dyke, about 1.5 miles west of Burwell. Reach was an important economic centre in early Viking times. Goods were loaded at its common hythe for transport into the fen waterway system from at least 1100. Reach was a significant producer of a chalky stone. Reach's use as a port continued until about 200 years ago; when the Anglo-Saxons built Devil's Dyke around the 6th century, the northern end of the dyke split the settlement in two until part of it was refilled to create the current fair green in the 18th century. East Reach has since filled in by arable land. In medieval times, Reach was a hamlet sitting on the border of the parishes of Burwell and Swaffham Prior, it was not until 1961. The parish covers an area of 1,044 acres. For ecclesiastical purposes it is part of the parish of'Burwell with Reach'. Reach Lode, a Roman canal, still exists, remains navigable; the village church Holy Trinity School Church and latterly called St Etheldreda's, was built in 1860, on the site of the former chapel of St John.
The ruined perpendicular arch of the old chapel is visible behind the new church. On village signs, the name of the village is spelled Reche; the name itself derives from rece. The village is the scene of one of England's oldest festivals; the Fair was held annually at Rogationtide, is now held every May Day Bank Holiday. Run by the Cambridge Corporation, opened annually by the Mayor of Cambridge, it has been an annual event for over 800 years since receiving its charter in 1201 from King John. Reach Fair was a grand regional occasion, hosting feasting and parades over three days; the Fair is held on the central fair green, extended down further to Reach Lode in its earlier days. In 2001, on the 800th anniversary of the fair, a plaque commemorating the charter was unveiled on Hill Farm, one of the fair green's older buildings. A custom in the fair is for the mayor and other councillors to throw pennies into the crowd for the young people. Since 1201, the Bank Holiday Monday fair has been cancelled only twice, in the 17th century due to the English Civil War.
The village is home to "The Dyke's End", a public house, saved from closure by the villagers, and, visited by Prince Charles at that time. Primary school children attend Swaffham Prior primary school whilst secondary pupils go to Bottisham Village College. Reach Village – including Reach Fair Dyke's End Pub
The 1999–2000 Duke Blue Devils men's basketball team represented Duke University. The head coach was Mike Krzyzewski; the team played its home games in Cameron Indoor Stadium in Durham, North Carolina, was a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. East Duke 82, Lamar 55 Duke 69, Kansas 64 Florida 87, Duke 78 Mike Krzyzewski, ACC Coach of the Year Mike Krzyzewski, Legends of Coaching Award Chris Carrawell, ACC Player of the Year Statistical Database- Duke Blue Devils Basketball Statistical Database