Computer engineering is a branch of engineering that integrates several fields of computer science and electronic engineering required to develop computer hardware and software. Computer engineers have training in electronic engineering, software design, hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microcontrollers, personal computers, supercomputers, to circuit design; this field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work but how they integrate into the larger picture. Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, designing operating systems. Computer engineers are suited for robotics research, which relies on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors and sensors.
In many institutions of higher learning, computer engineering students are allowed to choose areas of in-depth study in their junior and senior year because the full breadth of knowledge used in the design and application of computers is beyond the scope of an undergraduate degree. Other institutions may require engineering students to complete one or two years of general engineering before declaring computer engineering as their primary focus. Computer engineering began in 1939 when John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry began developing the world's first electronic digital computer through physics and electrical engineering. John Vincent Atanasoff was once a physics and mathematics teacher for Iowa State University and Clifford Berry a former graduate under electrical engineering and physics. Together, they created the Atanasoff-Berry computer known as the ABC which took 5 years to complete. While the original ABC was dismantled and discarded in the 1940s a tribute was made to the late inventors, a replica of the ABC was made in 1997 where it took a team of researchers and engineers four years and $350,000 to build.
The modern personal computer emerged in the 1970s, after several breakthroughs in semiconductor technology. These include the first working transistor by William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain at Bell Labs in 1947, the silicon surface passivation process by Mohamed Atalla at Bell Labs in 1957, the monolithic integrated circuit chip by Robert Noyce at Fairchild Semiconductor in 1959, the metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor by Mohamed Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in 1959, the single-chip microprocessor by Federico Faggin, Marcian Hoff, Masatoshi Shima and Stanley Mazor at Intel in 1971; the first computer engineering degree program in the United States was established in 1971 at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. As of 2015, there were 250 ABET-accredited computer engineering programs in the U. S. In Europe, accreditation of computer engineering schools is done by a variety of agencies part of the EQANIE network. Due to increasing job requirements for engineers who can concurrently design hardware, software and manage all forms of computer systems used in industry, some tertiary institutions around the world offer a bachelor's degree called computer engineering.
Both computer engineering and electronic engineering programs include analog and digital circuit design in their curriculum. As with most engineering disciplines, having a sound knowledge of mathematics and science is necessary for computer engineers. Computer engineering is referred to as computer engineering at some universities. Most entry-level computer engineering jobs require at least a bachelor's degree in computer engineering. One must learn an array of mathematics such as calculus and trigonometry and some computer science classes. Sometimes a degree in electronic engineering is accepted, due to the similarity of the two fields; because hardware engineers work with computer software systems, a strong background in computer programming is necessary. According to BLS, "a computer engineering major is similar to electrical engineering but with some computer science courses added to the curriculum"; some large firms or specialized jobs require a master's degree. It is important for computer engineers to keep up with rapid advances in technology.
Therefore, many continue learning throughout their careers. This can be helpful when it comes to learning new skills or improving existing ones. For example, as the relative cost of fixing a bug increases the further along it is in the software development cycle, there can be greater cost savings attributed to developing and testing for quality code as soon as possible in the process, before release. There are two major specialties in computer engineering: software. According to the BLS, Job Outlook employment for computer hardware engineers, the expected ten-year growth from 2014 to 2024 for computer hardware engineering was an estimated 3% and there was a total of 77,700 jobs that same year." And is down from 7% for the 2012 to 2022 BLS estimate and is further down from 9% in the BLS 2010 to 2020 estimate." Today, computer hardware is somehow equal to electronic and computer engineering and has been divided into many subcategories. According to the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, "computer applications software engineer
Conjunctions is a biannual American literary journal based at Bard College. It was founded in 1981 and is edited by Bradford Morrow. Morrow received the PEN/Nora Magid Award for Magazine Editing in 2007; the journal publishes innovative fiction, criticism, drama and interviews by both emerging and established writers. It provides a forum for nearly 1,000 writers and artists "whose work challenges accepted forms and modes of expression, experiments with language and thought, is realized art", according to the "Letter from the Editor" on its website, it aims to maintain high editorial and production quality with the intention of attracting a large and varied audience. The project is meant to present a wide variety of individual voices; the publication is unusually thick containing about 400 pages per issue. Conjunctions' editorial approach is collaborative. Both the editor and the distinguished staff of active contributing editors — including Walter Abish, John Ashbery, Mei-mei Berssenbrugge, Mary Caponegro, Elizabeth Frank, William H. Gass, Peter Gizzi, Jorie Graham, Robert Kelly, Ann Lauterbach, Norman Manea, W.
S. Merwin, Rick Moody, Joanna Scott, Peter Straub, William Weaver and John Edgar Wideman — rely on the advice of fellow writers across the country. Final selection of the material is made by the editor. Rick Moody's essay, "Notes on Lazarus," appeared in The Best American Essays 2018. Richard Powers' short story, "Modulation," appeared in The Best American Short Stories 2009. Joyce Carol Oates' short story, "Dear Husband," appeared in The Best American Mystery Stories 2009. Kelly Link's short story, "Stone Animals," appeared in The Best American Short Stories 2005. Rachel Blau DuPlessis's poem, "Draft 55:Quiptych", appeared in The Best American Poetry 2004. Mei-mei Berssenbrugge's poem, "Chinese Space," appeared in The Best American Poetry 1998. Conjunctions has received more Pushcart Prizes than any other literary publication in recent years with the exception of Ploughshares. List of literary magazines Conjunctions' home page
The Paris Visite is a discount travel card aimed at tourists visiting Paris for a few days. The pass can be bought for 1, 2, 3 or 5 consecutive days for public transport zones 1-3 or 1-5, it allows free travel in on the Paris Métro, the RER, the RATP and the Optile, the Montmartre funicular. Zones 1 to 3 will cover most tourists. For more out-of-town destinations, a ticket covering the banlieue may be better value; these tickets cover travel on the Roissybus and the Orlyval to and from the two main Paris airports, Paris Orly and Charles de Gaulle Airport. The local transport authority has systematically reduced the number of fare zones, from mid-July 2011 the STIF combined that with Zone 5
Campodorus is a genus of parasitic wasps in the tribe Mesoleiini. Campodorus abietinus Campodorus aemulus Campodorus aequabilis Campodorus agarcin Campodorus agilis Campodorus aglaia Campodorus alaskensis Campodorus almaatensis Campodorus alticola Campodorus amictus Campodorus aquilonaris Campodorus arctor Campodorus assiduus Campodorus astutus Campodorus atripes Campodorus atrofemorator Campodorus autumnalis Campodorus axillaris Campodorus barbator Campodorus belokobylskii Campodorus boreator Campodorus bovei Campodorus caligatus Campodorus callidulus Campodorus celator Campodorus ciliator Campodorus ciliatus Campodorus circumspectus Campodorus clypealis Campodorus clypeatus Campodorus commotus Campodorus contiguus Campodorus convexus Campodorus corrugatus Campodorus crassipes Campodorus crassitarsis Campodorus crassitarsus Campodorus curtitarsis Campodorus dauricus Campodorus deletus Campodorus difformis Campodorus dorsalis Campodorus efferus Campodorus elegans Campodorus elini Campodorus epachthoides Campodorus euurae Campodorus exiguus Campodorus facialis Campodorus fennicus Campodorus flavescens Campodorus flavicinctus Campodorus flavipes Campodorus flavomaculatus Campodorus formosus Campodorus fraudator Campodorus fuscipes Campodorus gallicator Campodorus gallicus Campodorus genator Campodorus gilvilabris Campodorus glyptus Campodorus gracilipes Campodorus haematodes Campodorus hamulus Campodorus holmgreni Campodorus humerellus Campodorus hyperboreus Campodorus ignavus Campodorus immarginatus Campodorus incidens Campodorus infidus Campodorus insularis Campodorus intermedius Campodorus kukakensis Campodorus kunashiricus Campodorus labytnangi Campodorus laevipectus Campodorus languidulus Campodorus latiscapus Campodorus liosternus Campodorus lituratus Campodorus lobatus Campodorus longicaudatus Campodorus longicornutus Campodorus lucidator Campodorus luctuosus Campodorus maculicollis Campodorus marginalis Campodorus marginator Campodorus mediosanguineus Campodorus melanogaster Campodorus melanopygus Campodorus meridionalis Campodorus micropunctatus Campodorus minutator Campodorus mixtus Campodorus modestus Campodorus molestus Campodorus mollis Campodorus monticola Campodorus mordax Campodorus nematicida Campodorus nigridens Campodorus nigriventris Campodorus nikandrovskii Campodorus nubilis Campodorus obscurator Campodorus obtusus Campodorus orientalis Campodorus patagiatus Campodorus pectinator Campodorus pequenitor Campodorus perspicuus Campodorus pervicax Campodorus picens Campodorus pictipes Campodorus pineti Campodorus polaris Campodorus riphaeus Campodorus rubens Campodorus rubidus Campodorus sakhalinator Campodorus sanguinator Campodorus savinskii Campodorus scapularis Campodorus semipunctus Campodorus sexcarinatus Campodorus signator Campodorus spurius Campodorus stenocerus Campodorus subarctor Campodorus subfasciatus Campodorus suomi Campodorus suspicax Campodorus taigator Campodorus tenebrosus Campodorus tenuitarsis Campodorus thalia Campodorus torvus Campodorus transbaikalicus Campodorus tristis Campodorus ucrainicus Campodorus ultimus Campodorus ussuriensis Campodorus variegatus Campodorus versutus Campodorus vestergreni Campodorus vicinus Campodorus viduus Campodorus yakutator Data related to Campodorus at Wikispecies "Campodorus" at the Encyclopedia of Life
Charles Barry Jackson is an English former footballer. Jackson started his career as a forward, he turned professional in December. His first game for the club was a pre-season practice match in August 1956. Jackson spent his first two seasons at the club in the reserve side and made his debut for the first team in a 1–0 win against Oldham Athletic on the opening day of the 1958–59 season, he helped the club to promotion for the 1958 -- 59 and 1964 -- 65 seasons. During the 1969–70 season, in three games against Cardiff City in the FA Cup, he snuffed out the young John Toshack, he was given an eight-week suspension after being sent off against Scunthorpe United in January 1970. Jackson was given a testimonial against Hull City in February 1970, he was released by the club at the end of that season. Jackson joined Scarborough for a short period, after which worked for the electricity board before retiring, he bought a sweet shop across from Bootham Crescent. Jackson holds the record for York City appearances, having played in 539 matches in all competitions.
He was named as York City's greatest player by the PFA
Hunter Luke Harvey is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles of Major League Baseball. Harvey attended Bandys High School in North Carolina; the Baltimore Orioles selected him in the first round of the 2013 Major League Baseball draft. He signed with the Orioles on June 20, 2013, made his professional debut that season for the Gulf Coast Orioles of the Rookie-level Gulf Coast League. In August he was promoted to the Aberdeen IronBirds of the Class A-Short Season New York-Penn League. Overall, he started eight games, pitching to a 0–1 win–loss record with a 1.78 earned run average with 33 strikeouts in 25 1⁄3 innings pitched. Prior to the 2014 season, Harvey was ranked by Baseball Prospectus as the 58th-best prospect in baseball, he spent the season with the Delmarva Shorebirds of the Class A South Atlantic League where he pitched to a 7-5 record and 3.18 ERA in 17 starts. On May 12, 2015, Harvey was shut down for six weeks due to tightness in his elbow, he did not pitch for a minor league team in 2015.
Harvey threw in an instructional league in September 2015. He began the 2016 season on the disabled list and underwent Tommy John surgery in July which ended his season. In 2017, Harvey pitched for Aberdeen and Delmarva, along with three rehab games with the Gulf Coast Orioles, pitching to an 0-1 record and 0.96 ERA with 30 strikeouts in 18 2⁄3 total innings pitched between the three teams. The Orioles added Harvey to their 40-man roster after the 2017 season, they assigned him to the Bowie Baysox of the Class AA Eastern League to begin the 2018 season, but promoted him to the major leagues on April 9, to provide a fresh player for the relief corps. However, he did not make his major league debut and was optioned back to Bowie two days and spent the remainder of the year there. In nine starts, he compiled a 1-2 record with a 5.57 ERA. On August 17, 2019, Harvey was promoted to the major leagues, he made his major league debut that night versus the Boston Red Sox, striking out two batters over one scoreless inning.
He was credited with his first major-league win in a 4–1 victory over the Kansas City Royals in his Camden Yards debut three nights on August 20. After he kept the game tied at 1–1 by retiring all three batters he faced in his only inning of work, Hanser Alberto's three run homer in the bottom of the eighth gave the Orioles its eventual winning margin. Harvey is the son of former Major League Baseball pitcher Bryan Harvey, his brother Kris Harvey, played in Minor League Baseball from 2005 to 2012. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference Hunter Harvey on Twitter