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Computer mouse

A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface. This motion is translated into the motion of a pointer on a display, which allows a smooth control of the graphical user interface of a computer; the first public demonstration of a mouse controlling a computer system was in 1968. Mice used a ball rolling on a surface to detect motion, but modern mice have optical sensors that have no moving parts. Wired to a computer, many modern mice are cordless, relying on short-range radio communication with the connected system. In addition to moving a cursor, computer mice have one or more buttons to allow operations such as selection of a menu item on a display. Mice also feature other elements, such as touch surfaces and scroll wheels, which enable additional control and dimensional input; the earliest known publication of the term mouse as referring to a computer pointing device is in Bill English's July 1965 publication, "Computer-Aided Display Control" originating from its resemblance to the shape and size of a mouse, a rodent, with the cord resembling its tail.

The plural for the small rodent is always "mice" in modern usage. The plural of a computer mouse is either "mouses" or "mice" according to most dictionaries, with "mice" being more common; the first recorded plural usage is "mice". The term computer mouses may be used informally in some cases. Although the plural of a mouse is mice, the two words have undergone a differentiation through usage; the trackball, a related pointing device, was invented in 1946 by Ralph Benjamin as part of a post-World War II-era fire-control radar plotting system called Comprehensive Display System. Benjamin was working for the British Royal Navy Scientific Service. Benjamin's project used analog computers to calculate the future position of target aircraft based on several initial input points provided by a user with a joystick. Benjamin felt that a more elegant input device was needed and invented what they called a "roller ball" for this purpose; the device was patented in 1947, but only a prototype using a metal ball rolling on two rubber-coated wheels was built, the device was kept as a military secret.

Another early trackball was built by Kenyon Taylor, a British electrical engineer working in collaboration with Tom Cranston and Fred Longstaff. Taylor was part of the original Ferranti Canada, working on the Royal Canadian Navy's DATAR system in 1952. DATAR was similar in concept to Benjamin's display; the trackball used four disks to pick up two each for the X and Y directions. Several rollers provided mechanical support; when the ball was rolled, the pickup discs spun and contacts on their outer rim made periodic contact with wires, producing pulses of output with each movement of the ball. By counting the pulses, the physical movement of the ball could be determined. A digital computer calculated the tracks and sent the resulting data to other ships in a task force using pulse-code modulation radio signals; this trackball used a standard Canadian five-pin bowling ball. It was not patented. Douglas Engelbart of the Stanford Research Institute has been credited in published books by Thierry Bardini, Paul Ceruzzi, Howard Rheingold, several others as the inventor of the computer mouse.

Engelbart was recognized as such in various obituary titles after his death in July 2013. By 1963, Engelbart had established a research lab at SRI, the Augmentation Research Center, to pursue his objective of developing both hardware and software computer technology to "augment" human intelligence; that November, while attending a conference on computer graphics in Reno, Engelbart began to ponder how to adapt the underlying principles of the planimeter to X-Y coordinate input. On November 14, 1963, he first recorded his thoughts in his personal notebook about something he called a "bug," which in a "3-point" form could have a "drop point and 2 orthogonal wheels." He wrote that the "bug" would be "easier" and "more natural" to use, unlike a stylus, it would stay still when let go, which meant it would be "much better for coordination with the keyboard."In 1964, Bill English joined ARC, where he helped Engelbart build the first mouse prototype. They christened the device the mouse as early models had a cord attached to the rear part of the device which looked like a tail, in turn resembled the common mouse.

As noted above, this "mouse" was first mentioned in print in a July 1965 report, on which English was the lead author. On 9 December 1968, Engelbart publicly demonstrated the mouse at what would come to be known as The Mother of All Demos. Engelbart never received any royalties for it, as his employer SRI held the patent, which expired before the mouse became used in personal computers. In any event, the invention of the mouse was just a small part of Engelbart's much larger project of augmenting human intellect. Several other experimental pointing-devices developed for Engelbart's oN-Line System exploited different body movements – for example, head-mounted devices attached to the chin or nose – but the mouse won out because of its speed and convenience; the first mouse, a bulky device used two potentiometers perpendicular to each other and connected to wheels: the rotation of each wheel translated into motion along one axis. At the time of the "Mother of All Demos", Engelbart's group had been using their second generation, 3-button mouse for about a year.

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Elise Broach

Elise Broach is an American writer. Her publications include the acclaimed novels Shakespeare's Secret, Desert Crossing, Masterpiece, she holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in history from Yale University and lives in Easton, Connecticut. Broach's book When Dinosaurs Came with Everything was a 2008 ALA Notable Children's Book, earned an Illinois Monarch Award nomination and an E. B. White Read Aloud Award, was listed as the #1 Children's Books of 2007 by TIME. Shakespeare's Secret was 2006 Edgar Award Juvenile Mystery finalist. Masterpiece, illustrated by Kelly Murphy, was a 2008 Publishers Weekly Best Book of the Year in Children's Fiction, a 2009 ALA Notable Children's Book, is the winner of the 2009 E. B. White Read Aloud a New York Times Best Seller. Shakespeare's Secret, Henry Holt and Co. 2005 Desert Crossing, Henry Holt and Co. 2006 The Wolf Keepers, Illustrated by Alice Ratterree, Henry Holt and Co. 2016 Missing on Superstition Mountain, Henry Holt and Co. 2011 Treasure on Superstition Mountain, Henry Holt and Co. 2013 Revenge of Superstition Mountain, Henry Holt and Co. 2014 Masterpiece, Illustrated by Kelly Murphy, Henry Holt and Co. 2008 The Miniature World of Marvin & James, Henry Holt and Co. 2014 James to the Rescue, Henry Holt and Co. 2015 Trouble at School for Marvin & James, Henry Holt and Co. 2017 Marvin and James Save the Day and Elaine Helps!, 2019 A Trip to the Country for Marvin & James, 2020 What the No-Good Baby is Good For, Illustrated by Abby Carter, G.

P. Putnam's Sons, 2005 Hiding Hoover, Illustrated by Laura Juliska-Beith, Dial Books for Young Readers, 2005 Wet Dog, Illustrated by David Catrow, Dial Books for Young Readers, 2005 Cousin John is Coming!, Illustrated by Nate Lilly, Dial Books for Young Readers, 2006 When Dinosaurs Came With Everything, Illustrated by David Small, Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2007 Gumption!, Illustrated by Richard Egielski, Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2010 Seashore Baby, Illustrated by Cori Doerrfeld, Brown, 2010 Snowflake Baby, Illustrated by Cori Doerrfeld, Brown, 2011 My Pet Wants a Pet, Illustrated by Eric Barclay, Henry Holt and Co, 2018 Bedtime for Little Bulldozer, Illustrated by Barry E. Jackson, Henry Holt and Co, 2019 "Children's Book Reviews: Gumption!". Publishers Weekly. March 8, 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2011. Official website Elise Broach at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database

Lately (Macy Gray song)

"Lately" is a song by the American soul singer Macy Gray. It is the first UK single from her fifth album The Sellout; the song was released on June 14, 2010 in the UK and the remixes EP followed on June 17, 2010. "Lately" was a success on the US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart, reaching the top ten. Gray performed the song on Later... with Jools Holland on May 26, 2010. Entertainment Weekly's Simon Vozick-Levinson noted the song as one of its parent album's highlights, describing it as a "sleek disco cut." Remixes EP"Lately" – 6:49 "Lately" – 6:40 "Lately" – 4:12 "Lately" – 4:48 "Lately" – 3:01 "Lately" – 5:59 " Lately" DJ Alexia v- 3:40 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Israel Cruz

Israel Cruz is an Australian singer-songwriter and record producer. Cruz was born in Quezon City, Philippines and at the age of 3 moved to Melbourne, Australia with his family, he lives in Sydney, Australia with friends and has written and performed with Australian singer Stan Walker. His single, "Party Up", was released as an extended play, it peaked at number 33 on the Australian Singles Chart, becoming Cruz's highest-charting single since 2004's "Old Skool Luv". "Party Up" was certified Gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association for shipping 35,000 copies. Regarding the song's reception, Cruz stated in an interview with Dominic Di Francesco of Rhyme and Reason: "I feel like it’s been good. For me, it’s not about having a No.1 record. I focus on making good music. I've seen, but I haven’t needed a job since about 2004. I've learnt. I just love putting out records and I love the response “Party Up” has been getting. I feel. One day, if it crosses over, thank God, but my thing is making music I like, putting it out and if the people love it – great!"

Elen Levon "Naughty" Jessica Mauboy "Been Waiting" "What Happened to Us" Ricki-Lee Coulter "Wiggle It" Stan Walker "All I Need" "One Thing" Scarlett Belle "Lover Boy" Tinchy Stryder "Famous"

Underworld (Symphony X album)

Underworld is the ninth studio album by American progressive metal band Symphony X. It was released on July 24, 2015 through Nuclear Blast, released in Japan on August 24; the album's first single, "Nevermore", premiered on May 22, 2015, followed by "Without You" on June 19. They were both released on July 22, 2015; the band's guitarist and main songwriter, Michael Romeo, said he was against releasing separated tracks of the album, since it was written to be "a whole". Commenting on whether the album would revisit elements from previous records while exploring new sounds and main songwriter Michael Romeo said: On another opportunity, he commented: According to Romeo, not as many people enjoy concept records as they used to, but he expects to make an album "worth listening to as a whole record. It's what I love about great individual songs, but still an album experience."The album is inspired by Dante's Inferno and Orpheus in the Underworld. While Romeo does not consider Underworld to be a concept album, he admits that there is a common theme: The usage of the number three by Dante is referenced in the album.

The opening track, "Nevermore", has three syllables, a three-note melodic phrase, its verses contain three references to three songs from the band's third album, The Divine Wings of Tragedy. The album cover was created by Warren Flanagan; the art includes different symbols for each of the nine circles of hell mentioned in Dante's work. All music is composed except where noted. Credits per album booklet: Russell Allenvocals Michael Romeo − guitars Michael Pinnellakeyboards Michael Lepondbass Jason Rullo – drumsTechnical personnel Michael Romeo – production and engineering Jens Bogren – mixing and mastering at Fascination Street Warren Flanagan and Milena Zdravkovic – artwork Patrick Zahorodniuk – graphic design Danny Sanchez – band photography Eric Rachel – guitar reamping at Trax East

GĂ©rard Bertrand

Gérard Bertrand is a former rugby union player who represented France, RC Narbonne, the Stade Français and retired from rugby to take over the family estate after the accidental death of his father to become a renowned winemaker of Languedoc-Roussillon. Born on January 27, 1965 in Narbonne, Bertrand was provided by his father Georges Bertrand his first experience in harvesting and winemaking at Domaine of Villemajou in Boutenac, in the Corbières region. In 1983, Gérard received his Baccalauréat diploma and started his undergraduate studies in business administration and sport in Toulouse. Bertrand practiced rugby at the highest level. In 1984 he started his career with RC Narbonne, he finished his career in 1994 as captain of the Stade Français. During that season, the club was promoted. From 1987 to 1994, Bertrand was both rugby wine grower. After his retirement, Bertrand became president of the RC Narbonne. Gérard Bertrand owns or manages 13 estates in the Languedoc Roussillon Region: Château de Villemajou, Domaine de Cigalus, Château Laville Bertrou, Château l'Hospitalet, Château Aigues Vives, Domaine de l'Aigle, Château la Sauvageonne, Château de la Soujeole, Clos d'Ora, Château des Karantes, Château de Tarailhan, Château des 2 Rocs, Domaine du Temple.

In 2013, Gérard Bertrand is awarded the title of Red Winemaker of the Year 2012 in the International Wine Challenge