The Napoléon class was a late type of 90-gun ships of the line of the French Navy, the first type of ship of the line designed from the start to incorporate a steam engine. Designed by Henri Dupuy de Lôme, the prototype Napoléon displayed such outstanding performances during her trials that a production series was ordered, yielding the Algésiras sub-class. Furthermore, construction of the two Bretagne class 130-gun ships was interrupted: Desaix, whose construction had only just started, was cancelled altogether and replaced with Arcole, while Bretagne was dismantled and rebuilt on principles heralded by Napoléon. Further improvements to the Algésiras type yielded the Ville de Nantes sub-class; the "swift ships of the line" of the Napoléon class were considered of the 3rd rank, behind the 120-gun first rank ships of the Océan class and Valmy and the 2nd rank 100-gun ships of the Hercule-class, on par with the 90-gun Suffren class. The Napoléon class was thus promoted to 2nd-rank ships reflecting the status provided by their nautical performances.
Napoléon 90 – Stricken 1876Algésiras sub-class Algésiras 90 – Transport 1869 Arcole 90 – Stricken 1870 Redoutable 90 – Stricken 1869 Impérial 90 – Hulked 1869 Intrépide 90 – Stricken 1889Ville de Nantes sub-class Ville de Nantes 90 – Stricken 1872 Ville de Bordeaux 90 – Stricken 1879 Ville de Lyon 90 – Stricken 1883 Roche, Jean-Michel. Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671–1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922
M. I. U. Album is the 22nd studio album by The Beach Boys, released on October 1978 on Brother/Reprise. Recorded during a fraught time for the band, only Mike Love, Al Jardine, Brian Wilson appear throughout the album, with Carl and Dennis Wilson audible on only a few tracks. Produced by Al Jardine and songwriter Ron Altbach, the album's title stems from Maharishi International University in Fairfield, where the majority of the album was recorded. After the release of The Beach Boys Love You, the band fell into dispute over their musical direction, were close to breaking up. Brian Wilson began regressing back into drug mental illness. Dennis was readying Pacific Ocean Blue. Intended as a follow-up to The Beach Boys Love You and mixing for a new album called Adult/Child were completed by the Beach Boys with Brian Wilson as producer, it would have included "Hey Little Tomboy", which can be found on M. I. U. Album; the album was subsequently rejected by Reprise Records for not being commercially viable, although some of its tracks would reappear on archival releases.
Dennis was unavailable for the new project, of which he and brother Carl were not in favor. The idea, by staunch Transcendental Meditation follower Mike Love, was to record another new album—initially intended as a Christmas release—at the Maharishi International University in Fairfield, Iowa; when it was time to record the album in September 1977, only Love and Brian Wilson showed up. The original intention was for Brian Wilson to produce the album, but it soon became clear he was unable to function in that role; the production credit on the album was given to Al Jardine and songwriting partner Ron Altbach, with Brian billed as "executive producer", though the exact nature of this role was never clarified. The group submitted the Christmas-themed Merry Christmas from the Beach Boys in late 1977, but it was rejected by the record company, which demanded the band submit a regular studio album instead. New lyrics were overdubbed on to some of the original Christmas tracks the following spring, together with penned new material, formed the basis of a new album entitled California Feeling, named after an original song recorded in 1975 which Brian refused to include on the album.
The track listing was revised a final time in 1978, when the LP was now called M. I. U. Album, the band's last for Reprise Records before embarking on their CBS Records contract. A Brian Wilson produced cover of Buddy Holly's "Peggy Sue" recorded on April 15, 1976, for potential inclusion on 15 Big Ones, was tweaked by Al Jardine in 1978 for M. I. U. Album. Released as a single it charted at No. 59 in the United States. The original Brian Wilson version was accidentally issued in place of the Jardine version when M. I. U. Album was re-issued by Sony Music in 1991, but was soon discontinued. Although M. I. U. Album peaked at No. 151 in the US and became their first since 1964 to miss the UK chart "Come Go with Me" would become a top 20 hit in late 1981 when it was released as a single from the Ten Years of Harmony compilation. Music critic Nick Kent called the album "dreadful", he said. Upon its initial release, Rolling Stone stated, "M. I. U. Album seems artificial right from the start; the tracks strive to recapture the dreamy, adolescent innocence of the Beach Boys' earliest hits, fail not so much because the concepts are dated but because the group can't infuse the new material with the same sense of grandeur that made the old songs such archetypal triumphs.
Throughout, the lackluster playing and singing has a melancholy edge as if the Beach Boys are aware that they've outgrown this kind of teen fantasy, but can't think of anyplace else to go."Paired with L. A. M. I. U. Album was reissued on CD in 2002. Upon the album's re-release, The A. V. Club stated, "M. I. U. is competent enough, but it's the sound of a group buying into its own mythology, a retrograde salute to the pinstripes and sunshine image it had abandoned years before." AllMusic issued a more negative review, stating, "The mainstream late-'70s production techniques are predictable and cloying. M. I. U. Album included several of the worst Beach Boys songs to make it to vinyl. Compared with what had come before, M. I. U. Album was a pathetic attempt at music making. I. U. Album in the British press, Dennis Wilson said that he " believe in that album" and that it was "an embarrassment to my life, it should self-destruct... I hope that the karma will fuck up Mike Love's meditation forever." Reflecting on the album in 1992, Mike Love noted, "It was too democratic.
Everybody coming into it with their song, okay. It's like if you have an album and have a hit song on it, it's commercially viable. Doesn't it make sense to have another song that would be commercially viable? And a third and a fourth." In 1995, Brian said that he could not remember making the album, claiming that he had gone through a "mental blank-out" during this period. Track details per 2000 CD liner notes. Per 2000 CD liner notes; the Beach BoysAl Jardine – vocals, bass guitar, vocal arrangements Mike Love – vocals Carl Wilson – vocals, guitar Brian Wilson – vocals, electric piano and horn arrangements Dennis Wilson – vocals.
Los Tigres del Norte are a norteño band from San José, United States. The band was started by Rosa Morada, Sinaloa, Mexico natives Jorge Hernández, his brothers, their cousins, they began recording after moving to San Jose, California in the late 1960s, when all the members were still in their teens. They were sponsored by a local record company, Discos Fama, owned by an Englishman named Art Walker, who took them under his wing and helped them find jobs and material, as well as recording all of their early albums; the Tigres were at first only locally popular, but took off after Jorge and Art Walker heard a Los Angeles mariachi singer perform a song in the early 1971 about a couple of drug runners, Emilio Varela and Camelia la Texana. There had been occasional ballads about the cross-border drug trade since Prohibition in the 1920s, but never a song as cinematic as this, featuring a woman smuggler who shoots the man and takes off with the money. After getting permission to record this song, Los Tigres del Norte released "Contrabando y traición" in 1974.
The song hit on both sides of the border, inspired a series of movies, kicked off one of the most remarkable careers in Spanish-language music. In norteño form, Los Tigres del Norte have been able to portray "real life" in a manner that strikes a chord with people across the Americas. Many of their most popular songs consist of tales or corridos about life and the struggle to survive in an imperfect world, they touch on the subject of narcotics and illegal immigration, but they have shared stories of love and betrayal between a man and a woman. Together, the band and its public has turned norteño music into an international genre; the band has modernized the music, infusing it with bolero, rock rhythms, waltzes. They prominently incorporate a saxophone into some of their songs; as a result, it can be said that they perform norteño-sax in addition to traditional accordion-led norteño. On January 9, 2007, Los Tigres del Norte was honored as a BMI Icon at the 14th annual BMI Latin Awards. Los Tigres, who were saluted that evening with an all-star musical tribute, were being honored as BMI Icons for their "unique and indelible influence on generations of music makers."
They joined an elite list that includes such Latin music giants as Juan Luis Guerra and Carlos Santana. On October 16, 2009, Los Tigres del Norte held a Concert in Guadalupe, Nuevo León at the Annual Expo Guadalupe that lasted 12 hours, breaking their own record of 9 hours from previous year, it ended on Sunday at 9 a.m. not uncommon for Los Tigres del Norte. They are known for having encores at their concerts that can last more than an hour after the scheduled ending of the concert, they have performed before the United States Armed Forces in South Korea. In 2010, the band made headlines by joining in a massive international boycott of the U. S. state of Arizona, in response to the Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act. On October 8, 2013, Los Tigres del Norte played at an immigration reform rally on the National Mall in Washington, D. C, their setlist included songs that underscored the themes the rally would address including “La Puerta Negra,” “De Paisano a Paisano,” and “Mis Dos Patrias.”
The band was introduced by Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi Mexican-American singer-songwriter and actress, Lila Downs accompanied the group in a series of duets. In 2014 Los Tigres del Norte released the album Realidades, which contains the song “Era Diferente” about a lesbian teenager who falls in love with her best friend; the band had sold 32 million records as of 2007. As of 2015, they had won 7 Grammy Awards, 6 Latin Grammy Awards, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, they received the Special Recognition Award at the 26th annual GLAAD Media Awards in 2015, for their song "Era Diferente". The band ranked at number 15 in the list for "The 30 Most Influential Latin Artists of All Time" by Billboard magazine. All group members are naturalized American citizens; the group's lyrics have been cited as examples of Leftist sentiment in popular music. In May 2000, Los Tigres del Norte founded the Los Tigres del Norte Foundation, committed to fostering appreciation and preservation of Mexican and Mexican-American folklore.
The Los Tigres del Norte Foundation donated $500,000 to the UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center, used to digitize over 32,000 Spanish language recordings contained in the Strachwitz Frontera Collection. Jorge Hernández – director, lead vocals, accordion Hernán Hernández – bass, vocals Eduardo Hernández – accordion, alto saxophone, bajo sexto, vocals Luis Hernández – bajo sexto, vocals Óscar Lara – drummer Raúl Hernández – bajo sexto, vocals Lupe Olivo - saxophone, accordion Freddy Hernández - percussion 1968: Juana La Traicionera/Por El Amor A Mis Hijo1970: Si,Si,Si/Chayo Chaires 1971: Cuquita 1972: El Cheque 1974: Contrabando Y Traición 1975: La Banda Del Carro Rojo 1976: Pueblo Querido 1976: Grandes Exitos De... 1977: Vivan Los Mojados 1978: Nu
Gonzalo Vial Correa was a Chilean historian and journalist. He was the Council on Ethics in Social Media. In addition he was president of the Barnechea Foundation for Education, which he founded with his wife, María Luisa Vial Cox. In 2005, Vial was voted the most influential intellectual in Chile by 112 Chilean scholars and politicians. In August 2010 the Faculty of History at Finis Terrae University instituted a prize bearing his name. Despite this recognition, Gonzalo Vial has been criticized for his work White Book on the Change of Government in Chile, written after the 1973 Chilean coup d'état and supervised by Admiral Patricio Carvajal, which described the so-called "Plan Zeta". Plan Zeta disseminated the false idea that left-wing elements were organizing a self-coup against President Salvador Allende and the Unidad Popular, for years this was the main justification of the coup and subsequent establishment of a military government. Under the pretense of countering Plan Zeta, the DINA arrested and murdered many people.
Gonzalo Vial Correa was the fourth child of six born of Wenceslao Vial Ovalle and Ana Correa Sánchez, his brother was the doctor Juan de Dios Vial Correa. He went to school at Sacred Hearts School and after this he studied law at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, graduating in 1957 and receiving the Tocornal Prize, awarded to the best law student from each graduating class. At the same time he studied the history of education and some of his mentors in this field were Jaime Eyzaguirre, Mario Góngora and Ricardo Krebs. Vial taught in the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile's Faculty of Law and in its Faculty of Sociology, he had served as Dean of History and Arts at the Metropolitan University of Educational Sciences and Dean of the Faculty of Education at Finis Terrae University. During the second administration of President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Vial was private secretary to Finance Minister Jorge Prat. Vial was a full member of the Royal Academy of History and of the Chilean Academy of History, which had awarded him the Miguel Cruchaga Prize.
A disciple of Jaime Eyzaguirre, Vial was an exponent of conservative historiography and his work was criticized by leftist historians such as the new social historians who accused him of being excessively supportive of Chilean governments and of only telling the story of the elites. Vial's masterpiece is his History of Chile, an attempt to continue the history of Chile written by Francisco Antonio Encina which concluded in the year 1891, he begins this work with a criticism of the development of Chile and of the total incompetence of the whole political class the legislature, in the era between the suicide of two presidents. His final book notes; the work never received the National Prize for History. Vial was a professional journalist, he was co-founder of the magazines Qué Pasa. As a columnist for the daily newspaper La Segunda he criticized the governments of the Concertación for their educational policies and their so-called "agenda of values". For years he supported increasing educational grants for the country's poorest people.
After the military coup of 1973, Vial participated in writing the White Book on the Change of Government in Chile, which denounced the alleged existence of the so-called "Plan Zeta", a fabrication by the military of a plan made by leftist groups prior to the military coup to launch a self-coup and to exterminate opposition leaders and high-ranking commanders of the Chilean Armed Forces. The existence of Plan Zeta was called into question and Gonzalo Vial was criticized for having helped to write the White Book. According to the Valech Report, the contents of the White Book were pure political propaganda and an excuse to justify the coup. Vial, on the other hand, insisted that documents relating to Plan Zeta were genuine, pointing out that the Revolutionary Left Movement itself had publicly proposed a coup d'état and a dictatorship of the proletariat with the support of willing factions within the military. Vial stated that the military itself did not agree to make the existence of the plan public on the grounds that they were still investigating it, which indicates that the military did not intend for it to be propaganda.
Between 1978 and 1979 he was Education Minister in the military government led by Augusto Pinochet, though he was dismissed from his post abruptly. Some suspected freemasons of being behind his sudden replacement, due to his Catholic faith and his connections with the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. During Pinochet's dictatorship, Vial publicly criticized the human rights situation in the country. After Chile made the transition to democracy, Vial joined the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which would produce the Rettig Report, in order to counterbalance the leftist-leaning members of the Commission, he took part in the Round-Table Discussion of 1999 to 2000, but did not sign the final declaration because he felt that it did nothing to further the objective of the undertaking, to find the bodies of people, "disappeared" by the regime. Historia de Chile, 6 volumes published: La sociedad chilena en el cambio de siglo ISBN 956-12-1168-8 Triunfo y decadencia de la oligarquía ISBN 956-12-1169-6 Arturo Alessandri y los golpes militares ISBN 956-12-1170-X La dictadura de Ibáñez ISBN 956-12-1201-3 De la república socialista al frente popular ISBN 956-12-1403-2 Pinochet, la biografía ISBN 956-239-233-3 Arturo Prat ISBN 956-13-1306-5 Salvador Allende: El fraca
The Lieutenant Joseph Patrick Kennedy Junior Memorial Skating Rink was an ice skating rink in the town of Barnstable, Massachusetts. It was named after the late Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., killed when his B-24 Liberator exploded during a bombing mission. The facility doubled as an ice hockey rink for Barnstable High School; the last public skate occurred on March 22, 2009. It was replaced by the Hyannis Community Center; the Lt. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Memorial Skating Centre rink opened in 1957 as an open-air skating rink, it was built with funds from the Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. foundation. In 1960, the rink was extended in length from 185 to 215 feet, with its official 85 foot hockey width. At the time, this made it the second largest in the northeastern United States, behind one in West Point, New York; this was alright for skating during calm weather. Early skaters had to shovel the ice after a snowfall; this led to it being enclosed in 1965. Although the rink was enclosed, it was open to the outside warm air.
This led to fog forming on some nights. It was unable to be used during the summer, a thing that most modern rinks do not have to do; this shortcomings led to replacement plans. For many years, the rink was home to Barnstable High School's after prom celebration; the rink was used until 2008, when it was temporarily relocated to the high school because of the demolition of the rink. In the early 2000s, there were plans to replace the rink with one rink next door in the Hyannis Youth and Community Center; the original plans for the center consisted of an adjacent youth center. The plan was scrapped and new plans incorporated the usage of two rinks, one gymnasium, a youth center, a raised jogging track around the gymnasium; the rink held its last public skate on March 22, 2009. This brought to an end 52 years of skating at the rink; the rink was torn down, with a marker was placed in the spot of the former rinks center ice. One of the rinks will carry on the name of Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. while the other was posthumously named after Patrick Butler, a local resident, involved in the project.
Cape Cod Coliseum Back when the Kennedy Rink was brand-new The Hyannis Youth & Community Center