Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each. Each player uses a tennis racket, strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court; the object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player, unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will. Tennis is played at all levels of society and at all ages; the sport can be played by anyone. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis, it had close connections both to various field games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport today called real tennis. During most of the 19th century, in fact, the term tennis referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis; the rules of modern tennis have changed little since the 1890s. Two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s.
A recent addition to professional tennis has been the adoption of electronic review technology coupled with a point-challenge system, which allows a player to contest the line call of a point, a system known as Hawk-Eye. Tennis is played by millions of recreational players and is a popular worldwide spectator sport; the four Grand Slam tournaments are popular: the Australian Open played on hard courts, the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts, the US Open played on hard courts. Historians believe that the game's ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France, where a ball was struck with the palm of the hand. Louis X of France was a keen player of jeu de paume, which evolved into real tennis, became notable as the first person to construct indoor tennis courts in the modern style. Louis was unhappy with playing tennis outdoors and accordingly had indoor, enclosed courts made in Paris "around the end of the 13th century". In due course this design spread across royal palaces all over Europe.
In June 1316 at Vincennes, Val-de-Marne and following a exhausting game, Louis drank a large quantity of cooled wine and subsequently died of either pneumonia or pleurisy, although there was suspicion of poisoning. Because of the contemporary accounts of his death, Louis X is history's first tennis player known by name. Another of the early enthusiasts of the game was King Charles V of France, who had a court set up at the Louvre Palace, it wasn't until the 16th century that rackets came into use, the game began to be called "tennis", from the French term tenez, which can be translated as "hold!", "receive!" or "take!", an interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. It was popular in England and France, although the game was only played indoors where the ball could be hit off the wall. Henry VIII of England was a big fan of this game, now known as real tennis. During the 18th and early 19th centuries, as real tennis declined, new racket sports emerged in England. Further, the patenting of the first lawn mower in 1830, in Britain, is believed to have been the catalyst, for the preparation of modern-style grass courts, sporting ovals, playing fields, greens, etc.
This in turn led to the codification of modern rules for many sports, including lawn tennis, most football codes, lawn bowls and others. Between 1859 and 1865 Harry Gem, a solicitor and his friend Augurio Perera developed a game that combined elements of racquets and the Basque ball game pelota, which they played on Perera's croquet lawn in Birmingham, United Kingdom. In 1872, along with two local doctors, they founded the world's first tennis club on Avenue Road, Leamington Spa; this is. After Leamington, the second club to take up the game of lawn tennis appears to have been the Edgbaston Archery and Croquet Society in Birmingham. In Tennis: A Cultural History, Heiner Gillmeister reveals that on December 8, 1874, British army officer Walter Clopton Wingfield wrote to Harry Gem, commenting that he had been experimenting with his version of lawn tennis “for a year and a half”. In December 1873, Wingfield designed and patented a game which he called sphairistikè, was soon known as "sticky" – for the amusement of guests at a garden party on his friend's estate of Nantclwyd Hall, in Llanelidan, Wales.
According to R. D. C. Evans, turfgrass agronomist, "Sports historians all agree that deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis." According to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield "popularized this game enormously. He produced a boxed set which included a net, rackets, balls for playing the game – and most you had his rules, he was terrific at marketing and he sent his game all over the world. He had good connections with the clergy, the law profession, the aristocracy and he sent thousands of sets out in the first year or so, in 1874." The world's oldest annual tennis tournament took place at Leamington Lawn Tennis Club in Birmingham in 1874. This was three years before the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club would hold its first championships at Wimbledon, in 1877; the first Championships culminated a significant debate on. In the U. S. in 1874 Mary Ewing Outerbridge, a young socialite, returned from Bermuda with a sphairistikè set. She became fascin
Karolína Plíšková is a Czech professional tennis player. She is a former world No. 1 and is ranked No. 5 in the world by the Women's Tennis Association. Plíšková has won twelve singles and five doubles titles on the WTA tour, as well as 10 singles and six doubles titles on the ITF circuit in her career. On 31 October 2016, she peaked at world No. 11 in the doubles rankings. She reached her first Grand Slam final at the 2016 US Open, where she was runner-up to Angelique Kerber in three sets; as a junior, Plíšková won the girls' singles event at the 2010 Australian Open, defeating Laura Robson in the final. She has played for the Czech Republic in Fed Cup competition. Plíšková was born in Louny to Radek Plíšek and Martina Plíšková, has an identical twin sister, Kristýna, two minutes older and is a tennis player, she lives in Monte Carlo. In 2018 she married her boyfriend Michal Hrdlička. Karolína Plíšková won 2010 Australian Open junior title. Plíšková played her first senior Grand Slam tournament main draw at the 2012 French Open.
To qualify, she defeated Tamaryn Hendler and Laura Robson. She lost in the first round to world number 8 Marion Bartoli in straight sets. Plíšková started the year in Brisbane International, she however lost to Olga Puchkova in the first round in two sets. In her next tournament in Sydney she qualified, beating Alexandra Panova, Irina Falconi and Estrella Cabeza Candela. In the first round she lost to Sara Errani. Plíšková won her maiden WTA title at the 2013 Malaysian Open, she defeated several seeded players to reach the final against the American Bethanie Mattek-Sands, defeating her in three sets. At the Generali Ladies Linz in October, Plíšková won her first WTA title in doubles alongside sister Kristýna, becoming the first set of twins in history to win a doubles title together on the tour. 2014 was a breakthrough year for Plíšková. After consecutive second-round finishes in Auckland and at the Australian Open, she reached her second career WTA tour final in Pattaya City, defeating top-50 players Bethanie Mattek-Sands and Sorana Cîrstea before losing to Ekaterina Makarova in the final.
She reached the third round of Indian Wells, the quarterfinals of the Monterrey Open and the semifinals in Kuala Lumpur between March and April. In May, she reached her third career final in Nuremberg, losing to second seed Eugenie Bouchard in three sets, she broke into the top-50 in July and defeated world number 9 Ana Ivanovic in the second round of the US Open. After playing in America, she reached two finals in two consecutive weeks – in Hong Kong, where she lost to Sabine Lisicki, in Seoul, which she won, defeating Varvara Lepchenko in the final to take her second career title. A third overall title in Linz ensured Plíšková finished the year ranked world number 24; as an alternate, Plíšková made a round-robin appearance at the season-closing Tournament of Champions, in lieu of top seed Ekaterina Makarova, losing her sole match against Flavia Pennetta of Italy. After reaching five finals and winning two of them, appearing to a broader public at the US Open with a big win over a former world No.
1, 2014 was a breakthrough year for Plíšková. She leaped from world No. 67 to 24. Plíšková began her year at the 2015 Brisbane International where she defeated former world number 1 and two-time Grand Slam champion Victoria Azarenka in the first round before losing in the second, she reached her first WTA Premier-level final at the 2015 Apia International Sydney, defeating Carla Suárez Navarro and Angelique Kerber before losing to fellow Czech Petra Kvitová in two tie-breaking sets. As a consequence of this run, she broke into the world's top-20 for the first time in her career. At the first Grand Slam of the year in Australia, Plíšková reached the third round before losing to Russia's Ekaterina Makarova, she made her debut for the Czech Republic Fed Cup team in the first round of the 2015 Fed Cup World Group in February, winning both of her rubbers against Françoise Abanda and Gabriela Dabrowski of Canada to help the Czechs to a 4–0 win in Quebec. As the 8th seed, Plíšková reached semifinal at Diamond Games Antwerp, before losing to eventual runner-up Carla Suárez Navarro.
She played at the 2015 Dubai Duty Free Championships and reached the final as the 17th seed, along the way beating number 4 seed Ana Ivanovic, fellow Czech Lucie Šafářová, the rising Spaniard Garbiñe Muguruza. She lost in the final against the top seed Simona Halep. Plíšková played in Indian Wells, where she won a rematch with Muguruza in the third round before losing again to Halep. In Miami, Plíšková reached the quarterfinals. Plíšková was the top seed in her home tournament in Prague, she reached the final by defeating Annika Beck, Tsvetana Pironkova, Denisa Allertová and Yanina Wickmayer, going to a third set in three of her four matches. In the final she defeated fellow Czech Lucie Hradecká in another three-set battle to claim her fourth WTA title. At the Madrid Open she beat Sílvia Soler Espinosa in the first round, but lost to Caroline Garcia in the second. At the Rome Open she lost in the first round to Timea Bacsinszky in straight sets, she lost in the second round of French Open as 12th seed to unseeded Andreea Mitu in straight sets after beating Zhang Shuai in the first round.
She reached another final at Aegon Classic. She lost to Agnieszka Radwańska at Aegon International in the third round. At Wimbledon, Plíšková defeated Irina Falconi in three sets before losing to CoCo Vandeweghe in the second round, she made another final at Stanford Classic, losing once again to Angelique Kerber
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating; the Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart. Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896; the IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games; some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games, the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
The Deaflympics and Special Olympics are endorsed by the IOC. The IOC has had to adapt to a variety of economic and technological advancements; the abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes. The growing importance of mass media created the issue of corporate sponsorship and commercialisation of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, 1944 Games. Large boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Games; the Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations, National Olympic Committees, organising committees for each specific Olympic Games. As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Games, organises and funds the Games according to the Olympic Charter; the IOC determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.
Over 13,000 athletes compete at the Summer and Winter Olympic Games in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. The first and third-place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold and bronze, respectively; the Games have grown so much. This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, bribery, a terrorist attack in 1972; every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide athletes with the chance to attain national and sometimes international fame. The Games constitute an opportunity for the host city and country to showcase themselves to the world; the Ancient Olympic Games were religious and athletic festivals held every four years at the sanctuary of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. Competition was among representatives of several kingdoms of Ancient Greece; these Games featured athletic but combat sports such as wrestling and the pankration and chariot racing events. It has been written that during the Games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the Games were finished.
This cessation of hostilities was known as truce. This idea is a modern myth; the truce did allow those religious pilgrims who were travelling to Olympia to pass through warring territories unmolested because they were protected by Zeus. The origin of the Olympics is shrouded in legend. According to legend, it was Heracles who first called the Games "Olympic" and established the custom of holding them every four years; the myth continues that after Heracles completed his twelve labours, he built the Olympic Stadium as an honour to Zeus. Following its completion, he walked in a straight line for 200 steps and called this distance a "stadion", which became a unit of distance; the most accepted inception date for the Ancient Olympics is 776 BC. The Ancient Games featured running events, a pentathlon, wrestling and equestrian events. Tradition has it that a cook from the city of Elis, was the first Olympic champion; the Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, featuring sporting events alongside ritual sacrifices honouring both Zeus and Pelops, divine hero and mythical king of Olympia.
Pelops was famous for his chariot race with King Oenomaus of Pisatis. The winners of the events were immortalised in poems and statues; the Games were held every four years, this period, known as an Olympiad, was used by Greeks as one of their units of time measurement. The Games were part of a cycle known as the Panhellenic Games, which included the Pythian Games, the Nemean Games, the Isthmian Games; the Olympic Games reached their zenith in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Gr
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Aránzazu Isabel María "Arantxa" Sánchez Vicario is a Spanish former World No. 1 retired professional tennis player. She won four Grand Slam singles titles, six Grand Slam women's doubles titles, four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. In 1994 she was crowned the ITF World Champion for the year. Arantxa Sánchez Vicario started playing tennis at the age of four, when she followed her older brothers Emilio Sánchez and Javier Sánchez to the court and hit balls against the wall with her first racquet; as a 17-year-old, she became the youngest winner of the women's singles title at the 1989 French Open, defeating World No. 1 Steffi Graf in the final. Sánchez Vicario developed a reputation on the tour for her tenacity and refusal to concede a point. Commentator Bud Collins described her as "unceasing in determined pursuit of tennis balls, none seeming too distant to be retrieved in some manner and returned again and again to demoralize opponents" and nicknamed her the "Barcelona Bumblebee", she won six women's doubles Grand Slam titles, including the US Open in 1993 and Wimbledon in 1995.
She won four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. In 1991, she helped Spain win its first-ever Fed Cup title, helped Spain win the Fed Cup in 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998. Sanchez Vicario holds the records for the most matches won by a player in Fed Cup competition and for most ties played, she was ITF world champion in 1994 in singles. Sánchez Vicario was a member of the Spanish teams that won the Hopman Cup in 1990 and 2002. Over the course of her career, Sánchez Vicario won 29 singles titles and 69 doubles titles before retiring in November 2002, she came out of retirement in 2004 to play doubles in a few select tournaments as well as the 2004 Summer Olympics, where she became the only tennis player to play in five Olympics in the Games history. Sanchez Vicario is the most decorated Olympian in Spanish history with four medals – two silver and two bronze. In 2005, TENNIS Magazine put her in 27th place in its list of 40 Greatest Players of the TENNIS era and in 2007, she was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
She was only the third Spanish player to be inducted. In 2009, Sánchez Vicario was present at the opening ceremony of Madrid's Caja Mágica, the new venue for the Madrid Masters; the second show court is named Court Arantxa Sánchez Vicario in her honour. In 2015 Sanchez Vicario went into professional coaching, she got involved in training Danish player Caroline Wozniacki. She has been married twice: her first marriage to the sports writer Juan Vehils on July 21, 2000 ended in 2001, she married the businessman Josep Santacana in September 2008. Their first child, a girl named Arantxa, was born on 27 February 2009. Sánchez Vicario gave birth to their second child, a boy named Leo, on 28 October 2011. In 2012 it was reported that, despite Sánchez Vicario having earned $60 million over the course of her career, her parents had lost all of her money, she become poor and that she was in debt to Spanish tax authorities. Arantxa Sánchez Vicario lost in the semi-finals to Jennifer Capriati 3–6, 6–3, 1–6. In 1992, there was no bronze medal play-off match, both beaten semi-final players received bronze medals NH = tournament not held.
A = did not participate in the tournament. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played. * As of 17 January 2010. WTA Awards World number one women tennis players Arantxa Sánchez Vicario at the Women's Tennis Association Arantxa Sánchez Vicario at the International Tennis Federation Arantxa Sánchez Vicario at the Fed Cup Arantxa Sánchez Vicario at the International Tennis Hall of Fame sportec.com: Tax evasion issue of Arantxa Sanchez Vicario Arantxa Sanchez Vicario's induction speech to the Hall of Fame Golden Heart Award 1997 granted by Spanish Heart Foundation
Fed Cup is the premier international team competition in women's tennis, launched in 1963 to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the International Tennis Federation. The competition was known as the Federation Cup until 1995; the Fed Cup is the world's largest annual women's international team sports competition in terms of the number of nations that compete. The current Fed Cup Chairperson is Katrina Adams; the men's equivalent of the Fed Cup is the Davis Cup. Australia, Czech Republic and the United States are the only countries that have held both the Fed Cup and Davis Cup at the same time. Dating back to 1919, Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman came up with the idea for a women's team tennis competition. Although rejected, she went ahead and presented a trophy at the 1923 annual contest between the United States and Great Britain, named the Wightman Cup. Nell Hopman, wife of the legendary Australian Davis Cup Captain Harry Hopman took up Mrs. Wightman's original idea; however it was in 1962, when a British resident of the United States, Mary Hardwick Hare, presented a dossier proving that support for such an event was overwhelming, persuading the ITF that it was a'good idea' to have a team championship played over one week in a different venue each year.
40 years after Wightman's idea of a women's Davis Cup, it become a reality. In 1963, the ITF launched the Federation Cup to celebrate its 50th anniversary. Open to all nations the competition became a resounding success; the inaugural event attracted 16 countries. The competition was supported by the top players right from the start. Held at the Queen's Club, in London, the first contest was between the United States. Grand Slam champions Darlene Hard, Billie Jean King, Margaret Smith and Lesley Turner all proudly representing their country on court; the United States would emerged the champion nation in the opening year, however it was to be Australia in the early years, winning seven of the next eleven championships. Around 1980 the United States was able to establish some significant mark on the competition setting in future years a high standard for others to compete against; the first Federation Cup had attracted 16 entry teams, despite no prize money and teams having to meet their own expenses.
When sponsorship became available, the number of teams expanded first by the Colgate Group in 1976, from 1981 to 1994 by the Japanese communications and computer giant NEC. In 1994, there were 73 nations competing, with the host nation of a Federation Cup week was now being required to build a special tennis complex, giving rise to what became known as the Federation Cup "legacy." The additional costs of each event could be offset with the host nations viewing their involvement as providing an opportunity to boost their national game. Regional qualifying competitions emerged in time for the 1992 and, in 1995, the Federation Cup used a new format and shortened its name to the Fed Cup; the home-and-away format trialled by the Davis Cup was adopted for the Fed Cup so that women could play for their country in their own country. There have been a number of smaller changes to the format since 1995, the current format, introduced in 2005, incorporates an eight Nation World Group I and eight nation World Group II both playing home-and-away over three weekends throughout the year.
Three regional groups compete and there are promotions and demotions based on results. While many nations enter the Fed Cup each year, only 16 countries qualify for the elite World Group and World Group II each year, they reach World Group and World Group II as follows: World Group - the four nations that win their World Group first round tie remain in the World Group for the following year. First round losers contest the World Group Play-offs against the four winning nations from World Group II to determine relegation/promotion for the following year's competition. World Group II - the four nations that win their World Group II ties will compete in the World Group I Play-Offs to determine relegation/promotion for the following year, as described above; the four nations that lose their World Group II ties will face winning nations from Group I Zonal competitions, in the World Group II Play-offs, to determine relegation/promotion. Once in the World Group or World Group II, four nations will be seeded in each.
The decision as to which nations will be seeded is made by the Fed Cup Committee, according to the ITF Fed Cup Nations Ranking. At the levels below the World Group and World Group II, the Fed Cup nations compete in Zonal Competition events, which are split into three zones: The Americas Zone, the Asia/Oceania Zone and the Europe/Africa Zone. In each zone there are two groups, Group I being the higher and Group II the lower, except for the Europe/Africa Zone, which has a Group III. Within the Group zonal regions, teams are split into pools and play against each other in a round robin format; the exact format of each Group event, promotion and relegation between them, varies according to the number of participating teams. Two teams are always promoted from Europe/Africa Group I to that year's World Group II Play-Offs, while one team each go to the World Group II Play-Offs from Americas Group I and Asia/Oceania Zone Group I; this structure has been implemented since 2016. In World Group and World Group II, World Group and World Group II Play-Off ties, each tie is contested in a best of five matches format, i
Province of Huesca
Huesca Huesca/Uesca, is a province of northeastern Spain, in northern Aragon. The capital is Huesca. Positioned just south of the central Pyrenees, Huesca borders France and the French Departments of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Hautes-Pyrénées. Within Spain, Huesca's neighboring provinces are Navarre and Lleida. Covering a mountainous area of 15626 km², the province of Huesca has a total population of 219345 in 2018, with a quarter of its people living in the capital city of Huesca; the low population density, 14.62/km², has meant that Huesca's lush valleys and lofty mountain ranges have remained pristine and unspoiled by progress. Home to majestic scenery, the tallest mountain in the Pyrenees, the Aneto. Popular with mountaineers, spelunkers and white water rafters it is a popular snow skiing destination with notable resorts in Candanchú, Astún, Panticosa and Cerler; the Romans colonised the province of Huesca, which formed the northern part of Hispania Tarraconensis, continued to live there well into the 5th century until the arrival of the Visigoths.
As a mountainous frontier region, it was difficult to dominate. The northern counties had at one time belonged to the Kingdom of Navarre but split off and managed to stem early Moorish invasions in the Middle Ages by forming alliances between themselves and with the Franks, to become Frankish feudal marches; the imperative of sovereignty, or independence, for the northern border counts, gave rise to the Kingdom of Aragon, the precursor to the Empire or Crown of Aragon, the Kingdom of Spain. The modern day province comprises 202 municipalities; the following comarcas having their capital in Huesca Province include municipal terms within Zaragoza Province: Bajo Cinca: Mequinenza. Hoya de Huesca: Murillo de Gállego and Santa Eulalia de Gállego. Jacetania: Artieda, Salvatierra de Esca and Sigüés. Monegros: La Almolda, Farlete, Leciñena and Perdiguera. Spanish is the primary language in the province. However, the local linguistic varieties in the center and north of the province belong to the Aragonese language, which now survives in the northernmost comarcas, such as the Aragon Valley in Jacetania, the Alto Gallego and Ribagorza, where hitherto landlocked and isolated villages have helped the language to thrive into the 21st century.
In the easternmost areas of the province, varieties of the Catalan language are spoken, with a few transitional dialects difficult to classify as Aragonese or Catalan. List of municipalities in Huesca Diputación Provincial de Huesca
Monzón is a small city and municipality in the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain. Its population was 17,176 as of 2014, it adjoins the rivers Cinca and Sosa. The first signs of constant human occupation in the area of Monzón come from Neolithic. There have been found some archaeological remains of that era on the deposits Sosiles Altos and Peña Lucas. Most vestiges of civilization come from the Bronze Age, where it is assumed that people settled in the area between the rivers Cinca and clamor; the ilergetes were the people occupying these areas, who were defeated in the 3rd century BC, producing the Romanization of the area from the 2nd century BC. In the hills of the Ermita de la Alegría and the cells were found remains of Roman dwellings, being this area a key point in the connections from the cities of Caesaraugusta or Osca with Italy. At the time of Muslim domination Monzón was disputed by the Banu Sabrit from Huesca and Banu Qasi from Zaragoza, it belonged to the Banu Hud in the 11th century and was taken by El Cid in 1083.
The Christians were interested to conquer Monzón in order to cut communications between the taifa]] kingdoms of Zaragoza and Lleida. The infant Pedro. Sancho Ramírez created the Kingdom of Monzón for the infant, future Pedro I, before he became king of Aragon; this situation lasted until 1126. Between 1130 and 1136 it was held by Christians, who lost the town in the period 1136-1141 to win her back. 1143 happened to belong to the Templars. The Cathedral de Santa María del Romeral, grew from the 9th century Torre del Homenaje which hosted kings and nobles. Here in 1109 Urraca of Castile married her second husband Alfonso I despite the Church's objections concerning consanguinity. During medieval times Monzón was a stronghold of the Knights Templar because of its strategic location between the Segre and Cinca valleys, it was as an important center for joint legislative sessions for the various segments of Aragon between the 13th and 17th centuries because of its location between Zaragoza and Barcelona.
During the 12th century Monzón was ruled by the infant Ramiro de Navarra, Tizón and García Ramírez before his proclamation as King of Navarre among others. When in 1143 the Knights Templar assigns its rights to the Crown of Aragon receives in exchange the Castle of Monzón among others, where the main task of the Crown of Aragon happened; the most important event in this period is the enforced residence of James I who spent part of his youth Monzón. After his father Peter II died in the Battle of Muret; when the Pope Clement V extinguishes the Knights Templar, some parcels like Monzón resisted, it was not until 1309 when it was conquested. In 1317 passes to sanjuanistas hands, although the hosts will lose its power gradually. Monzón hosted numerous times the Cortes of the Crown of Aragon, between the 13th to 17th centuries; the Cathedral of Santa María del Romeral of Romanesque and the castle with its origins in the 9th century welcomed the king and his nobles. In this town the Cardinal Richelieu and Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares signed a treaty here, ending the conflict over Valtelline in 1626.
During the Catalan Revolt Monzón was taken by the French-Catalan troops run by Philippe de La Motte Houdancourt in 1642 and, the following year, by the Castilian troops of Felipe da Silva. The Castle of Monzón is considered a strategic enclave, was occupied by the French during the War of Independence and recovered in 1814 as national cause by the troops of General Copons in a bold ploy due to the Spanish military of Flemish origins John Van Halen Lieutenant General, who had conquered Lérida and Mequinenza by the same way; the industrial tradition of Monzón began early in the 20th century with the construction of a sugar factory, moved to Jerez de la Frontera. After the Spanish Civil War, some new industries were incorporated such Hidro Nitro Spanish, Etino-Química Polidux, Monsanto-Aiscondel, among others, it appeared a factory wire and corrugated. This industrialization was possible thanks to the geographical situation of the town, an hour and a half far from the border and Zaragoza as well as by its good communications such as roads linking with Zaragoza and Lleida, the highway communicating with Pamplona and the railway line that communicates with Barcelona, northern Spain and Zaragoza and Lleida to connect with the AVE, the high speed train.
The music is represented by Grupo Folclórico de Nuestra Señora de la Alegría, Municipal Band "La Lira" the Coral Montisonense and the Conservatory of Music "Miguel Fleta" that have come new groups like Ensemble XXI. Within the panorama of rock, there are large groups such as those of black metal like Ouija, Temple Abattoir and Spellcraft. In other aspects of the culture of Monzón highlight the numerous fairs like the Aragonese book or FLA, retracts and the art fair artery. There are noteworthy various contests of painting and narrative as well as several cultural concentrations of various kinds and the feast of Saint Barbara martyr in which it is performed the traditional Bautizo del Alcalde and the festivities in honor of Saint Matthew during the week of September 21 and pilgrimage that achieves Easter Monday to the Ermita de la Alegría. Monzón has been home to sportsmen and women like Conchita Martínez