click links in text for more info


Conon was an Athenian general at the end of the Peloponnesian War, who led the Athenian naval forces when they were defeated by a Peloponnesian fleet in the crucial Battle of Aegospotami. Conon had been sent out to lead the Athenian forces following the recall of Alcibiades in 406 BC, in 405 BC pursued the Peloponnesian fleet under Lysander to the Hellespont. Once there, the Peloponnesian took up a strong defensive position at Lampsacus and as they could not lure them out, the Athenians retreated to Aegospotami. Alcibiades came to warn them of the danger of their position, as they were based on an open beach without harbours, advised them to move to Sestos about two miles away from where they were retrieving supplies, it seems that Alcibiades' advice was ignored and ridiculed. On the fifth day of the stand-off, Lysander sent out scouts to spy on the Athenians, they signalled the main army. Thus when Lysander attacked the entire Athenian navy was caught unprepared and captured without resistance, all the men taken were put to death.

It was believed that some kind of treachery was involved, but Conon himself was never implicated. His ship was one of nine which escaped the disaster, boldly rushing to Lampsacus where the Spartans had left their fleet's sails and so preventing any effective means of pursuit. One of the nine Athenian ships to escape, the Paralus, returned to Athens, while Conon, with the other eight ships, fled to Evagoras of Cyprus, fearing the judgement of the Athenian people; as a result of this victory, Sparta defeated the Athenians and so attempted to carve out her own empire in the Aegean. Her relationship with Persia deteriorated, she began raiding the satrapies of Pharnabazus and Tissaphernes in Anatolia. By 397 BC, Pharnabazus had persuaded the Persian king Artaxerxes to prosecute the war by sea, raised a fleet of 300 Phoenician and Cypriot ships. In sheer numbers they would be overwhelming, but they needed an experienced commander, so they found Conon at Cyprus, only too happy for a chance to take revenge upon the Peloponnesians.

First Conon moved up to Caria with a small portion of the fleet, where he was for a time blockaded but rescued by Pharnabazus and Tissaphernes. He proceeded to Rhodes, where the pro-Spartan oligarchy was replaced by a democracy, managed to capture food supplies being sent up from Egypt. In response to this, the Spartans decided to send out their navy, but made the mistake of entrusting it to Peisander, who had no experience; the battle took place at Cnidus in 394 BC, was an easy and overwhelming Persian success. The Aegean cities expelled accepted Persian rule. After this success, Conon felt. Pharnabazus allowed him to retain part of the fleet, supplied money for the fortification of Piraeus and the reconstruction of the long walls joining it to Athens; these actions meant that some of the main results of the Peloponnesian War were undone - Athens regained her position as a major power in Greece, though she had still lost her empire, Sparta had been prevented from taking it over. The next year the Spartans had opened negotiations with the Persians, in order to secure their position in Greece offered to hand over all the cities in Anatolia to them.

The Athenians sent delegates to announce this as unacceptable, which Tiribazus understood to mean that they still hoped to recover their empire and, outraged by this about-face, threw them in prison, Conon among them. Ancient writers give conflicting accounts of his end: some claim that he was sent into the interior of Asia and put to death, his son Timotheus became another prominent general. Schmitt, Rüdiger. "CONON OF ATHENS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VI, Fasc. 2. Pp. 133–134. Strauss, Barry S.. "Thrasybulus and Conon: A Rivalry in Athens in the 390s B. C.". American Journal of Philology; the American Journal of Philology, Vol. 105, No. 1. 105: 37–48. Doi:10.2307/294624. JSTOR 294624. Duane A. March, "Konon and the Great King's Fleet," Historia vol. 46, no. 3, 257-269

Three Forks Group

The Three Forks Group is a stratigraphical unit of Famennian age in the Williston Basin. It takes the name from the city of Three Forks and was first described in outcrop near the city by A. C. Peale in 1893; the Three Forks Group is composed of Dolomite and bituminous shale. In the subsurface of the Williston Basin, the Three Forks is referred to as the Three Forks Formation, which lies between the Birdbear Formation below, the Bakken Formation above. Oil produced from the Three Forks Formation in the Williston Basin of North Dakota and south-eastern Saskatchewan is included in production statistics with the overlying Bakken Formation. For instance, the Three Forks and Bakken were combined in estimates of potential production released by the United States Geological Survey on April 30, 2013; the estimate by the USGS projects that 7.4 billion barrels of oil can be recovered from the Bakken and Three Forks formations and 6.7 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and 530 million barrels of natural gas liquids using current technology.

The Three Forks Group can be as thin as 35 metres. The Three Forks Group conformably overlies the Saskatchewan Group and is disconformably overlain by the Madison Group, it is equivalent to the sum of the Wabamun Group and Exshaw Formation in Alberta

Kokiri Tramway

The Kokiri Tramway was at least from 1895 to the 1902 a forest railway with a gauge of 1,067 mm near Kokiri on the Arnold River in the west of New Zealand's South Island. William James Butler and his brother Joseph Butler had by 1892 become so wealthy that they could purchase a large saw mill at Kokiri, from which they began exporting to Australia. At Kokiri they pioneered the use of a steam-powered log hauler in New Zealand, in 1895 introduced a steam locomotive running on a wooden tramway; the use of the steam hauler resulted in great economy in hauling heavy logs from the bush. In fact, so powerful was the steam hauler that timber, which at one time had to be left in the bush, was taken out with but little trouble, their well-known sawmill, one of the largest in Westland and ranked amongst the leading sawmill businesses in the South Island, was a complete one, capable of turning out 40,000 feet of timber per week. The machinery was of the latest pattern, had been imported from England and America.

The mill was kept working full time around 1906, to supply a brisk trade in New Zealand and Australia. In the sister colonies the name of Butler Brothers has been familiar to all users of New Zealand timbers; the firm's bush in Westland covered an area of 2000 acres, consisted principally of red and silver pine. It shipped white pine in large quantities direct to Melbourne, where it was used in the manufacture of butter boxes. Acting on the advice of a Government expert, the firm at one time exported, with other merchants, large quantities of timber to London, but the results were not encouraging. Between thirty and forty men were employed in connection with the mills of the Butler Brothers, while in Westland, gained a high reputation for bridge building; the brothers sold their Kokiri mill in 1902 and subsequently focussed on a new business that they had set up as the White Pine Company of New Zealand to mill kauri and kahikatea at Naumai on the Wairoa River, which they exported to Australia

Peach Lake, New York

Peach Lake is a hamlet located in the town of Southeast in Putnam County, New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,629; the community of Peach Lake is located on the northeast side of a lake with the same name. The lake itself is in two counties; the community is south of Interstate 84. There are five communities. Starting on the northern shore of the lake is Ryder Farm, an Organic Farm still owned by the original family from the 1700's; the large area of Peach lake shoreline they own is the way. Going clockwise around the lake is the Starr Ridge Homeowners Association, they only have several homes on the lake, Vails Grove Cooperative 176 homes, Pietch Garden Cooperative 95 homes, Northern Westchester County Club NWCC aka "Hotel Property" 85 homes and Bloomwerside Cooperative, 99 homes. Working with the Homeowner Associations and Cooperatives around the lake and with support from the Peach Lake Environmental Committee, the Towns of Southeast and North Salem worked to improve water quality in the lake targeting the reduction of phosphorus loading.

To improve the lake's water quality the following items were finished between 2012 and 2019: The Towns of North Salem and Southeast worked with other Government agencies to fund a $31,500,000 sewer project to provide sewers to homes around the lake. The distribution system and the sewer plant on the north end of Peach Lake was finished and all 484 homes and businesses hooked up by the spring of 2013. In 2016 the Town of North Salem with a $815,000 grant from the NYS DEC and The East of Hudson Watershed Corporation installed 8 Contech "Jellyfish" catch basins around the lake to remove additional phosphorus. In the April of 2019, as part of the NYS HAB focus, Peach Lake became one of two lakes in NYS to be part of a study using Alum to lock the existing phosphorus into the sediment to further limit phosphorus loading in the lake. Continuing education of the residences is an ongoing project. Peach Lake is in two counties. Peach Lake was farmed by several families. On the west side of the lake were the Bloomer and Palmer families, on the north side the Ryder family in the town of Southeast, the Vail family were on the east side of the lake.

Prior to 1731, the eastern edge of the Bloomer farm was the border of Connecticut. The area from there to the current state border was given to New York as part of the OBLONG, EQUIVALENCY or Connecticut's Panhandle agreement; the area was a strong dairy community from the 1850s through 1915, when the Borden Condensed Milk factory was in production in Brewster, New York. By 1915, the factory closed after New York City condemned much of the property along the rivers and lakes in the area to protect the water quality flowing into the newly created Croton Reservoir system; the Bloomer family from Rye, New York, started farming the property on the west side of the lake prior to 1760. In 1762 they purchased the land and built, along with the Palmer family, the Peach Lake Meeting House at the southeast corner of the Lake; this Peach Lake meeting house, like many others starting at Long Island Sound and heading north, was built in the disputed area between the Connecticut and New York colonies called the Oblong.

The Vails family ran the dairy farm on the east side of the lake. The Ryder family, who have for generations controlled the Putnam County National Bank, have farmed land on the northern end of Peach Lake since the 18th century. North Salem was part of the tribal land of a Wappinger Indian band known as the Kitawonks, who laid claim to all the lands bordering the Kitchewan or Croton River that separates North Salem from present-day Somers; the lake and surrounding area was called Pechquenakonck by the Indian population. Dutch documents, such as Van der Donck’s 1656 History of New Netherland, mention the area. Other maps from Dutch archives, circa 1685, show the "Indian Tribes of the New World" and locations of Indian villages, including Pechquenakonck at Peach Lake. During 1600 and 1700s the lake was called Lake Pehquenakonck, it was called Peach Pond, a derivation of the Indian Pech-Quen. By the mid-1800s, the name was changed again to Peach Lake; the local elementary school is called Pequenakonck, the Country Club at Bloomerside Cooperative is called Pehquenakonck Country Club.

There are four large residential communities around Peach Lake. There are three cooperatives: Bloomerside and Vails after the original farming families, Pietsch Gardens Cooperative owned by the Pietsch family and Northern Westchester Country Club owned by the Palmer family in the early 19th century; these four communities comprise 460 homes which started as summer homes and communities about 1914. From 2011-2015 Vails Grove, a 9 hole municipal golf course in Peach Lake was the host of the RumHam Invitational. Peach Lake is located at 41°21′49″N 73°34′28″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.1 square miles, of which 2.7 square miles is land and 0.4 square miles, or 11.76%, is water. Spring fed Peach Lake is located in the towns of North Southeast; the lake is 1.5 miles long, 0.5 miles wide at its center, reaches a maximum depth of about 24 feet. Its western side is deeper than the unequally scalloped by glacial gouging. A sharp ther

Daniel Opare

Daniel Tawiah Opare is a Ghanaian professional footballer who plays as a right-back for Antwerp and the Ghana national team. In November 2007, Opare was recognized by World Soccer as one of the "50 Most Exciting Teenagers on the Planet", he received rave reviews for using his incredible footspeed and precision crossing to great effect for the Ghana national under-17 team, the Black Starlets, at the 2007 U-17 World Cup. On 3 July 2010, Opare left Real Madrid Castilla to sign for Belgian club Standard Liège. On 20 May 2014, just before the 2014 FIFA World Cup, it was announced Opare had signed for Portuguese club Porto after a successful four-year stint with Standard Liège. On 13 August 2015, Opare signed a three-year contract with German club FC Augsburg for an undisclosed transfer fee. In July 2018 Opare signed a contract with Belgian Club Royal Antwerp as a free agent after his contract with his previous team had run out. 2007 FIFA U-17 World CupA converted midfielder and skillful lateral defender, Opare initiated the Black Starlets attacking moves with surging runs and was responsible for supplying the forwards Ransford Osei and Sadick Adams with precise crosses from wide areas.

At the back, he looks comfortable and composed. He assisted on many of Ghana's goals at the 2007 African Under-17 Championship in Togo in March 2007, as well as in the U-17 World Cup, where he was a standout in all seven matches he played in. 2009 FIFA U-20 World CupIn September 2009, Opare was included in the Ghana national under-20 team for the 2009 U-20 World Cup in Egypt, in which Opare had helped the Ghana team win for the first time by defeating Brazil in the finals at the Cairo International Stadium on 16 October 2009. On 13 November 2007, three weeks after his 17th birthday, he received his first senior International call-up from Ghana's coach, Claude Le Roy for a FIFA international friendly match against Togo at the Ohene Djan Stadium in Accra, Ghana, on 18 November 2007, after another excellent display, assisting twice on a superb hat-trick by Ransford Osei against Togo's U-17 team in a junior international friendly at the same venue on Sunday, 11 November 2007. 2008 African Cup of NationsThe U-17 World Cup star was part of Ghana's squad for the 2008 African Cup of Nations.

However, on 10 January 2008, Ghana's team doctor, Martin Engmann, told the media Opare had not recovered from an ankle injury he sustained in the Pre-Tournament Training Camp at the Jebel Ali Hotel Resort and Spa in Dubai, was excluded from the squad together alongside injured teammates Matthew Amoah and captain Stephen Appiah. 2012 African Cup of NationsIn December 2011, Opare was named to the Ghana's provisional 25-man squad for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations. In January 2012, he was selected for the tournament's 23-man squad. Opare was never given an opportunity by the head coach of Ghana, Goran Stevanović, to feature in any of the six matches the Ghana national team played at the 2012 African Cup of Nations. 2014 FIFA World CupOn 2 June 2014, Opare was named in Ghana's squad for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. In the team's opening match, he started at right-back against the United States in a 2–1 defeat, however he did not appear in their other two matches as Ghana failed to advance past the group stage.

As of match played on 18 May 2014.1Includes other competitive competitions, including the CAF Super Cup: 2008, the Taça da Liga. As of match played on 8 September 2018. CS SfaxienCAF Confederation Cup: 2008 CAF Super Cup Runner-up: 2008Standard LiègeBelgian Cup: 2011 Belgian Super Cup Runner-up: 2011 Belgian Pro League Runner-up: 2014 Opare was regarded as the best defender at the 2007 FIFA U17 World Cup. Ghana U-20 FIFA U-20 World Cup Champion: 2009 Daniel Opare – FIFA competition record Daniel Opare at Soccerway

Cornplanter Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania

Cornplanter Township is a township in Venango County, United States. The population was 2,687 at the 2000 census. McClintocksville was a small community in Cornplanter Township in Pennsylvania. In 1861, it was the site of Wamsutta Oil Refinery, the first business venture of Henry Huttleston Rogers, who became a leading United States capitalist, industrialist and philanthropist. Rogers and his young wife Abbie Palmer Gifford Rogers lived in a one-room shack there along Oil Creek for several years. Shortly Rogers met oil pioneer Charles Pratt who purchased the entire output of the tiny Wamsutta Oil Refinery. In 1867, Rogers joined Pratt in forming Charles Pratt and Company, purchased by Standard Oil in 1874. Rogers became one of the key men in John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust. After joining Standard Oil, Rogers invested in various industries, including copper, steel and railways; the Virginian Railway is considered his final life's achievement. Rogers amassed a great fortune, estimated at over $100 million, became one of the wealthiest men in the United States.

He was a generous philanthropist, providing many public works for his hometown of Fairhaven and financially assisting helping such notables as Mark Twain, Helen Keller, Booker T. Washington; the Pithole Stone Arch Bridge and Site of Pithole City are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 37.8 square miles, of which, 37.3 square miles of it is land and 0.5 square miles of it is water. Part of the Oil Creek State Park is located here; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,687 people, 1,034 households, 767 families residing in the township. The population density was 72.0 people per square mile. There were 1,179 housing units at an average density of 31.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.81% White, 0.41% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.04% from other races, 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population. There were 1,034 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families.

23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91. In the township the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $36,066, the median income for a family was $48,259. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $23,182 for females; the per capita income for the township was $18,532. About 7.5% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over