Constantine Lascaris

Constantine Lascaris was a Greek scholar and grammarian, one of the promoters of the revival of Greek learning in Italy during the Renaissance, born in Constantinople. Constantine Lascaris was born in Byzantium, where was educated by the scholar John Argyropoulos, Gemistus Pletho's friend and pupil. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, he took refuge in Rhodes and in Italy, where Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, appointed him Greek tutor to his daughter Hippolyta. Here was published his Grammatica Graeca, sive compendium octo orationis partium, remarkable as being the first book in Greek issued from the printing press, in 1476. After leaving Milan in 1465, Lascaris taught in Rome and in Naples, to which he had been summoned by Ferdinand I to deliver a course of lectures on Greece. In the following year, on the invitation of the inhabitants, of Ludovico Saccano, he settled in Messina, Sicily. On the recommendation of Cardinal Bessarion, he was appointed to succeed Andronikos Galaziotes to teach Greek to the Basilian monks of the island.

He continued to work in Messina until his death, teaching to many pupils who came in Sicily from all over Italy. Among his numerous pupils in Milan was Giorgio Valla and, in Messina, Pietro Bembo, Angelo Gabrieli, Urbano Valeriani, Cola Bruno, Bernardino Rizzo, Francesco Faraone, Antonio Maurolico, Francesco Giannelli and Cristóbal Escobar. Lascaris bequeathed his library of valuable manuscripts of philosophy and magic to the Senate of Messina. In the second half of the sixteenth century his tomb in Messina was destroyed during the repression of the Counter-Reformation, he was a typical Renaissance humanist, with polymathic interests, but in Neoplatonism combined with Pythagoreanism. Through his pupils Antonio Maurolico, Francesco Faraone and Giacomo Notese-Genovese his knowledge reached to the scientist Francesco Maurolico. Lascaris died at Messina in 1501; the Grammatica, reprinted, is the most valuable work produced by Lascaris. In 1499 at Messina he published the Vitae illustrium philosophorum siculorum et calabrorum, with the first Renaissance biography of Pythagoras.

Some of his letters are given by Johannes Iriarte in the Regiae Bibliothecae Matritensis codices Graeci manuscripti. His name was known to readers in the romance of Abel-Francois Villemain, Lascaris, ou les Grecs du quinzieme siècle. See John Edwin Sandys, Hist. Class. Schol. Ed. 2, vol. ii, pp. 76 foll. Byzantine scholars in Renaissance Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Lascaris, Constantine". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16. Cambridge University Press. Lejay, Paul. "Constantine Lascaris". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Fernandez Pomar, J. M.. La coleccion de Uceda y los manuscritos griegos de Constantino Lascaris, "Emerita", 34, 1966, 211-88. Harris, Jonathan. Greek Émigrés in the West, 1400-1520, Camberley UK: Porphyrogenitus, 1995. ISBN 1-871328-11-X Martínez Manzano, Teresa. Konstantinos Laskaris. Humanist, Lehrer, Hamburg, 1994. Russo, Attilio. Costantino Lascaris tra fama e oblio nel Cinquecento messinese, "Archivio Storico Messinese", vol.

84-85, Messina 2003-2004, 5-87. ISSN 0392-0240 Fotis Vassileiou & Barbara Saribalidou, Short Biographical Lexicon of Byzantine Academics Immigrants in Western Europe, 2007. Wilson, N. G.. From Byzantium to Italy. Greek Studies in the Italian Renaissance, London, 1992. ISBN 0-7156-2418-0 Excerpt from one of his works - on Diodorus Siculus


WCER was an commercial radio station, licensed to Canton, Ohio at 900 AM, serving the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Area. The station broadcast from 1947 to 2011, ceasing operations when the owners voluntarily allowed their license to expire, the Federal Communications Commission cancelled it; the station began in 1947 as WAND. It became WCNS and WNYN in the 1960s. WNYN, along with sister station WNYN-FM 106.9, was purchased in 1965 by Don Keyes, who had made his mark as a national programmer for legendary station owner Gordon McLendon. He sold the AM station sometime after 1971; the FM station became WHLQ WOOS, is now WRQK-FM. After Keyes sold the AM station, it was known as "Country 9" in the early 80's to North Shore Communications, Inc. an Ohio Corporation created by Stephen Bloomfield, Frank Pintur, both University of Akron graduates, acolytes of former WNYN station manager, Dr. William B. Sties, it featured a country music format in the 1980s and was affiliated with ABC's "Direction" news network.

The station was purchased by Mortenson Broadcasting, then-owners of WTOF-FM, accordingly changed call letters to WTOF on March 15, 1985. After Mortenson sold the AM station, the call sign was changed to WBXT on March 1, 1988 to WCER on September 29, 1992; the WCER call letters stood for "Canton's Entertainment Radio," but have taken on different meanings with the station's Christian and religious-leaning format. Owned by Melodynamic Broadcasting Corp. whose shareholders include Jack Ambrozic and former Cuyahoga County Judge Leodis Harris, WCER featured programming such as Alex Jones, Christian Teaching/Preaching, Derry Brownfield, Dave Ramsey, Dr. Laura, "The Patriot News Hour", "The Flip Side" with Robby Noel, it carried Walsh University football and high school football games. On March 31, 2011, early reports began to surface that WCER would permanently cease operations by the end of that day. However, such plans were rescinded for undisclosed reasons, WCER continued broadcasting. A lease agreement with Curtis A. Perry III, former programmer for WINW, took effect on July 8, 2011, WCER dropped all existing talk programming for a revival of WINW's gospel music format.

WCER filed a "notification of silent operation" on September 27, 2011, stating that the station went off the air thirteen days earlier. Because the owners did not file an application to renew WCER's license, it expired on October 1, 2012, was cancelled that October 5th by the Federal Communications Commission. FCC History Cards for WCER

John S. Jacobs

John S. Jacobs was an African American author and abolitionist. After escaping from slavery he published his autobiography entitled A True Tale of Slavery in the four consecutive editions of the London weekly The Leisure Hour in February 1861, he features prominently in the classic Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, authored by his sister Harriet Jacobs. John Jacobs was born in Edenton, North Carolina in 1815, his mother was a slave of the Horniblow family who owned a local tavern. The father of John and his sister Harriet was Elijah Knox. Elijah Knox, although enslaved, was in some ways privileged, he died in 1826. John's mother died, he was allowed to continue living with his father, until at age nine he was hired out to Dr. James Norcom, the deceased tavern keeper's son-in-law, his sister Harriet, whom her former owner had willed to Norcom's three-year-old daughter, was living with Norcom. After the death of Horniblow's widow, her slaves were sold at New Year's Day auction 1828, among them John, his grandmother Molly and Molly's son Mark.

Being sold at public auction was a traumatic experience for 12-year old John. He was bought by continued living in the same house as his sister. While enslaved by Norcom, John Jacobs learned basic health care and succeeded in teaching himself to read, but when he escaped from slavery as a young adult he was not able to write. Soon Norcom started to harass John's sister Harriet sexually. Hoping to escape his constant harassment, she started a relationship with Samuel Sawyer, a white lawyer, who would be elected to the House of Representatives. In June 1835, Harriet's situation as Norcom's slave had become unbearable and she decided to escape. Furious, Norcom sold John Jacobs together with Harriet's two children to a slave trader, hoping he would transport them outside the state, thus separating them for from their mother and sister, but the trader had been secretly in league with Sawyer, the children's father, to whom he sold all three of them. In 1838, John accompanied his new owner Sawyer as his personal servant on his honeymoon trip through the North and got his freedom by leaving Sawyer in New York where slavery had been abolished.

Both he himself and his sister make a point of mentioning in their respective memoirs, that John fulfilled his servant's duties to the last, leaving everything in good order and not stealing any money from his master. After unsuccessfully trying to work for his living by day and to attend school at night, in August 1839 he went on a whaling voyage, taking with him all the books he wanted to study. After returning after three and a half years, John S. Jacobs, as he called himself after his escape to freedom, became more and more involved with the abolitionists led by William Lloyd Garrison. In November 1847, he went on a four-and-a-half-month lecturing tour together with captain Jonathan Walker. Walker, a white man, showed his hand as proof of the slaveholders' barbaric brutality; the hand had been branded with the letters SS. After that, Jacobs undertook other lecture tours for the abolitionist cause on his own. Early in 1849, he went on a sixteen-day tour together with Frederick Douglass, who had made his escape from slavery in 1838 only weeks before Jacobs had made his.

For a short period in 1849, with the help of his sister Harriet, took over the management of the „Anti-Slavery Office and Reading Room“ in Rochester, New York, situated in the same building as Douglass's newspaper The North Star. In 1850, Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law which made it easier for slaveholders to force fugitives back into slavery. John S. Jacobs was one of the speakers on rallies protesting against that law. At the end of that year, he went to California to try his luck as a gold miner, he went on to Australia together with Harriet's son Joseph, again searching for gold. It is not clear, whether his decision to go to California and on to Australia was caused by the Fugitive Slave Law, his sister explicitly states that the law did not apply to John S. because he didn't come to the free states as fugitive, but was brought there by his master. On the other hand, Garrison wrote many years on occasion of John Jacobs's funeral, that he stayed on in the North until the Fugitive Slave Law was passed and left the county "knowing that there was no longer any safety for him on our soil."He didn't have much success either in California or in Australia, so went on to England, going to sea from there.

When his sister went to Great Britain in 1858 and again in 1867/68, the siblings failed to meet, because on both occasions John was at sea - in 1858, he was in the Middle East, ten years in India. Still, John S. and Harriet Jacobs always kept in touch by mail. The idea to write down their experiences as slaves cannot have been new to the Jacobs siblings; as early as 1845 Frederick Douglass had written A Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. John S. himself was the one to urge his sister to write down her story. Abolitionist and feminist Amy Post whom Harriet Jacobs had come to know through John was the person to convince Harriet, who in 1853 started working on her Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, published in January 1861. John Jacobs' own narrative is much shorter, it was published in the four February editions of the London weekly The Leisure Hour in 1861, entitled A True Tale of Slavery. The first three parts narrate his life up to his escaping and going on the whaling voyage, the fourth part relates cruelties against other slaves he had witnessed.

Both siblings relate in their respecti