Constitution of the United States

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. The Constitution comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government, its first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress. Articles Four and Six embody concepts of federalism, describing the rights and responsibilities of state governments, the states in relationship to the federal government, the shared process of constitutional amendment. Article Seven establishes the procedure subsequently used by the thirteen States to ratify it, it is regarded as the oldest codified national constitution in force. Since the Constitution came into force in 1789, it has been amended 27 times, including one amendment that repealed a previous one, in order to meet the needs of a nation that has profoundly changed since the eighteenth century. In general, the first ten amendments, known collectively as the Bill of Rights, offer specific protections of individual liberty and justice and place restrictions on the powers of government.

The majority of the seventeen amendments expand individual civil rights protections. Others modify government processes and procedures. Amendments to the United States Constitution, unlike ones made to many constitutions worldwide, are appended to the document. All four pages of the original U. S. Constitution are written on parchment. According to the United States Senate: "The Constitution's first three words—We the People—affirm that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens. For over two centuries the Constitution has remained in force because its framers wisely separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality, of the federal and state governments." The first permanent constitution of its kind, adopted by the people's representatives for an expansive nation, it is interpreted and implemented by a large body of constitutional law, has influenced the constitutions of other nations. From September 5, 1774, to March 1, 1781, the Continental Congress functioned as the provisional government of the United States.

Delegates to the First and the Second Continental Congress were chosen through the action of committees of correspondence in various colonies rather than through the colonial or state legislatures. In no formal sense was it a gathering representative of existing colonial governments; the process of selecting the delegates for the First and Second Continental Congresses underscores the revolutionary role of the people of the colonies in establishing a central governing body. Endowed by the people collectively, the Continental Congress alone possessed those attributes of external sovereignty which entitled it to be called a state in the international sense, while the separate states, exercising a limited or internal sovereignty, may rightly be considered a creation of the Continental Congress, which preceded them and brought them into being; the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first constitution of the United States. It was drafted by the Second Continental Congress from mid-1776 through late 1777, ratification by all 13 states was completed by early 1781.

The Articles of Confederation gave little power to the central government. The Confederation Congress lacked enforcement powers. Implementation of most decisions, including modifications to the Articles, required unanimous approval of all thirteen state legislatures. Although, in a way, the Congressional powers in Article 9 made the "league of states as cohesive and strong as any similar sort of republican confederation in history", the chief problem was, in the words of George Washington, "no money"; the Continental Congress could print money but it was worthless. Congress couldn't pay it back. No state paid all their U. S. taxes. Some few paid an amount equal to interest on the national debt no more. No interest was paid on debt owed foreign governments. By 1786, the United States would default on outstanding debts. Internationally, the United States had little ability to defend its sovereignty. Most of the troops in the 625-man United States Army were deployed facing – but not threatening – British forts on American soil.

They had not been paid. Spain closed New Orleans to American commerce. S. officials protested, but to no effect. Barbary pirates began seizing American ships of commerce. If any military crisis required action, the Congress had no credit or taxing power to finance a response. Domestically, the Articles of Confederation was failing to bring unity to the diverse sentiments and interests of the various states. Although the Treaty of Paris was signed between Great Britain and the U. S. and named each of the American states, various states proceeded blithely to violate it. New York and South Carolina prosecuted Loyalists for wartime activity and redistributed their lands. Individual state legislatures independently laid embargoes, negotiated directly with foreign authori

Nacho Abeledo

Ignacio "Nacho" de Loyola Abeledo Rute is a Spanish footballer who plays for Deportivo Fabril on loan from Gimnàstic de Tarragona as a left winger. Born in Huelva, Abeledo joined Real Betis' youth setup in 2011, aged 15. On 15 April 2013 he signed a professional contract with the club. On 28 November 2013, while still a junior, Abeledo appeared on the bench in a 0–1 away loss against Lyon, in that season's UEFA Europa League. In January of the following year he made his senior debuts with the reserves in the Tercera División. On 6 June 2016 Abeledo signed a three-year deal with another reserve team, FC Barcelona B playing in the third tier. On 2 September of the following year, he joined Málaga CF and was assigned to the B-team in the fourth division. On 4 August 2018, after scoring a career-best 19 goals, Abeledo signed a two-year contract with Gimnàstic de Tarragona of the Segunda División, after terminating his contract with Málaga; the following 8 January, after being used, he was loaned to Deportivo Fabril until June.

On 14 January 2013 Abeledo was called up for the Spain under-17's, Nine days he appeared as a second-half substitute of a 1–0 success over Italy. Nacho Abeledo – UEFA competition record Nacho Abeledo at BDFutbol Beticopedia profile Nacho Abeledo at Soccerway

Special routes of U.S. Route 2

There are a number of special routes of U. S. Route 2; these special routes connect U. S. Route 2 to downtown areas, provide alternate routes around an area. U. S. Highway 2 Business in Williston, North Dakota, is a route that goes into the downtown area of Williston; this was also signed as U. S. Route 85 Business. U. S. Highway 2 Business in Minot begins at US 2 and US 52. US 2 is a bypass of the downtown area while US 2 Bus. goes through the downtown area. It intersects US 83 and a connector leading to US 52 before returning to US 2 east of downtown Minot. U. S. Highway 2 Business begins at US 2 near US 2's intersection with US 81 Bus. US 2 Bus. continues to the southeast, passing through the town square of Grand Forks and intersecting ND 297. US 2 Bus. enters Minnesota before terminating at US 2 in East Grand Forks. Business US Highway 2 is a 1.27-mile business route running through Ironwood, Michigan, to the Wisconsin state line on the Montreal River. The western terminus of Bus. US 2 is at the Wisconsin state line between Ironwood on Silver Street.

The eastern terminus is at the intersection with US 2 at the corner of Cloverland Drive and Douglas Street north of downtown. The business route was created in August 1942 when former M‑54 in Ironwood was renumbered as a business loop of US 2, it was a bi-state business connection before the Wisconsin Department of Transportation decommissioned Bus. US 2 in Hurley westward along State Trunk Highway 77 and northward along US 51 in 2002. U. S. Route 2 Business is a 0.687-mile business route of US 2 located in Vermont. The route is co-extensive with the lower half of Main Street; the road begins. By following US 2 Bus. one will pass by the majority of the State Offices, including the Vermont State House. However, this road is signed as being "US 2 Bus." and is less referred to as such. U. S. Route 2A known as U. S. Route 2 Alternate, in Orono and Old Town, Maine, is a five-mile alternate route of US 2; the southernmost terminus of the route is at US 2 in Orono. The northern terminus is at US 2 in Old Town.

US 2A connects US 2 to the University of Maine. U. S. Route 2A known as U. S. Route 2 Alternate, is a 44-mile alternate route that runs from US 2 in Macwahoc Plantation to US 2 and US 1 in Houlton. Unlike US 2, which runs north from Macwahoc Plantation and parallels Interstate 95 from Sherman to Houlton, US 2A veers to the south and east to serve an isolated area of the state, it is the Haynesville Woods road made famous by country music singer Dick Curless in his song "A Tombstone Every Mile". Truck US Highway 2 is a 2.5-mile-long truck route used to divert heavy truck traffic out of downtown Superior, Wisconsin. It begins at a roundabout on US 2 and follows local streets bypassing downtown Superior to the north before meeting US 53 at an intersection, it runs concurrently with US 53 until the route meets back up with US 2. Major intersections The entire route is in Douglas County. U. S. Route 2 Truck is a 7.0-mile-long truck route used to divert heavy truck traffic around the town of St. Johnsbury, Vermont.

It begins at US 2 in St. Johnsbury, it travels in the southern part of the city. The two routes have an interchange with US 5, they cross over the Passumpsic River and leave the city limits of St. Johnsbury, they reach an interchange with I-93. At this interchange, US 2 Truck ends its concurrency with I-91, begins one with I-93 to the northeast. I-93/US 2 Truck travel concurrently for one exit, an interchange with Vermont Route 18. At this interchange, US 2 Truck ends its concurrency with I-93, begins a brief one with VT 18; the two highways have an intersection with US 2 on the northeastern edge of the city limits of St. Johnsbury. At this intersection, both US 2 Truck and VT 18 terminate. Navigating a semi-trailer truck through downtown St. Johnsbury via US 2 is tricky at best and dangerous at worst, with several sharp turns on narrow, downtown streets with one steep grade involved on Eastern Avenue; the truck route was designated in an attempt to alleviate the truck traffic in the congested downtown area, which includes the campus of St. Johnsbury Academy, a private secondary school.

"St. Johnsbury officials still hope to persuade the state to increase weight limits on Interstates in an effort to keep 18-wheelers away from St. Johnsbury Academy. Selectmen contend heavy trucks passing through the Academy campus present a danger to students, a nuisance for drivers."Since the truck route utilizes two Interstate Highways, the maximum weight limit allowed was the same as the Interstates in Vermont, 80,000 pounds. This posed a problem for local trucks loaded with wood chips, their weight exceeds Interstate limits, but is still within the limits for state and U. S. highways. This created a situation where the most dangerous and difficult-to-handle trucks were forced to use the main US 2 route through downtown St. Johnsbury. Signs at the junctions of Truck Route 2 and US 2 warned commercial drivers that the weight limits were limited to those on the Interstate Highway System. Federal legislation authored by U. S. Senator Patrick Leahy included Vermont in a pilot program to allow Interstate weight limits to be increased for a period of one year, with evaluation of the program to follow.

Vermont's state legislature authored a measure to allow the heavier limits, signed into law by the governo