Continental crustal fragments synonymous with microcontinents, are fragments of continents that have broken off from main continental masses to form distinct islands several hundred kilometers from their place of origin. All continents are fragments, they are not known to contain a fragment of a craton. Continental fragments include underwater plateaus; some microcontinents are fragments of Gondwana or other ancient cratonic continents: these include Madagascar. Other islands, such as several in the Caribbean Sea, are composed of granitic rock as well, but all continents contain both granitic and basaltic crust, there is no clear dividing line between islands and microcontinents under such a definition; the Kerguelen Plateau is a large igneous province formed by a volcanic hot spot. Other hotspot islands such as Iceland and Hawaii are considered neither microcontinents nor continental fragments. Not all islands can be considered microcontinents: the British Isles, Sri Lanka and Newfoundland, for example, are each within the continental shelf of an adjacent continent, separated from the mainland by inland seas flooding its margins.
Several islands in the eastern Indonesian archipelago are considered continental fragments, although this designation is controversial. These include Sumba, Banggai-Sulu Islands, southern Bacan, the Buru-Seram-Ambon complex. Continental fragments Azores Plateau Bollons Seamount – A continental fragment seamount southeast of New Zealand East Tasman Plateau – A submerged microcontinent south east of Tasmania Gilbert Seamount Jan Mayen Microcontinent – A fragment of continental crust within the oceanic part of the western Eurasian Plate northeast of Iceland Madagascar – Island country in the Indian Ocean Mascarene Plateau – Submarine plateau in the Indian Ocean and east of Madagascar Mauritia – A Precambrian microcontinent that broke away as India and Madagascar separated Parts of Wallaby Plateau Possibly Sumba and other islands of eastern Indonesia.
Gayakapriya is a rāgam in Carnatic music. It is the 13th Melakarta rāgam in the 72 melakarta rāgam system of Carnatic music, it is called Geyahejjujji in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music. It is the 1st rāgam in the 3rd chakra Agni; the mnemonic name is Agni-Pa. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gu ma pa dha na, its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is as follows: ārohaṇa: S R₁ G₃ M₁ P D₁ N₁ Ṡ avarohaṇa: Ṡ N₁ D₁ P M₁ G₃ R₁ S As it is a melakarta rāgam, by definition it is a sampoorna rāgam. It is the shuddha madhyamam equivalent of Dhavalambari, the 49th melakarta. Geyahejjujji is the 13th Melakarta in the original list compiled by Venkatamakhin; the notes used in the scale are the same. It is an shadava-sampurna raga. ārohaṇa: S R₁ M₁ G₃ M₁ P D₁ Ṡ avarohaṇa: Ṡ N₁ D₁ P M₁ G₃ R₁ S Gayakapriya has a few minor janya rāgams associated with it, of which Kalagada is heard in concerts. See List of janya rāgams to see all the rāgams associated with Gayakapriya. Here are a few common compositions sung in concerts, set to Gayakapriya.
Nada nilai by Koteeswara Iyer Sri Mahavishnum by Dr. M. BalamuralikrishnaMuthuswami Dikshitar's composition Ramachandra bhakthum is set to Geyahejjujji rāgam; this section covers the scientific aspect of this rāgam. Gayakapriya's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields a minor melakarta rāgam Dhatuvardani. Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the shadjam to the next note in the rāgam. For further details and an illustration refer Graha bhedam on Gayakapriya
This is a list of second-tier open-wheel single-seater formula racing motorsport champions, including Formula 2, Formula 3000, GP2. Since 1967 there have been at least five second-tier championships sanctioned by the FIA. Additionally, various regional and national second-tier championships still exist. Only thirteen second-tier champions have won a Formula One Grand Prix. Only two have become Formula One World Drivers' Champions, namely Lewis Hamilton. Ten second-tier champions have never raced in Formula One at all, although Vincenzo Sospiri was entered in a single Grand Prix; the European Formula Two Championship was a Formula Two motor racing series, held between 1967–84. The races were held across Europe, were contested both by drivers aiming to compete in Formula One in the future as well as current Formula One drivers wishing to practice; the series was sanctioned by the FIA, motorsports world governing body. Drivers in italic have raced in Formula One; the Formula 3000 International Championship was a motor racing series created by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile in 1985 to become the final preparatory step for drivers hoping to enter Formula One.
Formula Two had become too expensive, was dominated by works-run cars with factory engines. The series began as an open specification tyres were standardized from 1986 onwards, followed by engines and chassis in 1996; the series ran annually until 2004, was replaced in 2005 by the GP2 Series. Drivers in italic have raced in Formula One; the GP2 Series was a form of open wheel motor racing introduced in 2005 following the discontinuation of the long-term Formula One feeder series, Formula 3000. The GP2 format was conceived by Bernie Ecclestone and Flavio Briatore, while Ecclestone has the rights to the name GP1. In 2010, the GP3 Series class was launched, as a feeder class for the GP2 series. In 2017, the series was rebranded as the FIA Formula 2 Championship. Drivers in italic have raced in Formula One; the FIA Formula Two Championship was a one-make class of auto racing for Formula Two open wheeled single seater racing cars. The championship was contested each year from 2009 to 2012; the FIA Formula 2 Championship is a second-tier single-seater racing championship organised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile.
The championship was introduced in 2017, following the rebranding of the long-term Formula One feeder series GP2. Drivers in italic have raced in Formula One. In the same periode, there have been various national and regional second-tier formula racing championships, including: Trophées de France Australian Formula 2 Tasman Series Japanese Super Formula Championship Mexican Formula Two British Formula 3000 Euro Formula 3000 Formula Renault 3.5 / Formula V8 3.5 GP2 Asia European Formula Two Championship International Formula 3000 GP2 Series Formula Two Championship Formula 2 Championship
InspecVision Ltd. is a UK company based in Mallusk, Northern Ireland. The company was established in 2003. A manufacturer of computer vision inspection systems, it is one of several local hi-tech companies created as spinoffs or inspired by research conducted at the Queen's University of Belfast. InspecVision specialises in the design manufacture of computer vision based measurement systems for industrial applications, their product range include the Planar 2D systems, the Opti-Scan 3D, the Opti-Probe and the SurfScan. While there are many manufacturers of 3D computer vision systems, these systems utilize either 3D scanning technologies or a moving camera to measure an object or scene. InspecVision Ltd. produces 2D or 2&1/2D as well as 3D computer vision systems and its customers are manufacturers of 2D and 3D components such as sheet metal components or gaskets or plastic mouldings. Furthermore, unlike other 3D or 2D computer vision systems InspecVision Ltd. have developed a technology which requires no moving parts, rather a single fixed ultra-high resolution digital camera is used to measure the entire object with a single image.
These systems perform measurement times that are much less than a second. A static system precludes the rigorous recalibration requirements of other moving camera or computer vision systems. In 2017 InspecVision re The InspecVision 2D inspection system Planar is the world's fastest, using only a table, lights and a PC hundreds of thousands of measurements are taken in 0.2 seconds. There are no moving components and the measurements are taken using a high resolution camera, which scans parts placed on a backlit glass surface, it can reverse engineering of flat opaque and semi-transparent parts. The Planar system has been designed for speed and ease of use; the 2D process can measure every feature completely. Planar can produce multiple report types automatically with minimal input from the operator. To inspect, the operator places the part on the measurement surface and with a single click or scan of a barcode; this patented technology has been the recipient of several international awards, including "Best Quality Control System" at the MACH 2006 MWP Awards and 2 SMART Awards.
The SurfScan integrates with the Planar 2D automatic inspection software to allow inspection of both the parts 2D shape and its 2 ½D features with a single click. The high-resolution digital camera of the measurement system captures more than 20 million data points in one second with a single scan; the Opti-Scan 3D is non-contact white light scanning system. The system consists of a projector and a high resolution camera mounted side by side. Scans are achieved by projecting a series of stripes onto the part, the projected stripes are captured with the camera and the images analysed to produce a 3D point cloud of the scanned surface; because the system measures every visible surface every time it scans the part, it is to detect minuscule and extra features. In addition, because the optical CMM produces a measurement at every pixel in the camera, it can process the ordered data much more than the disordered point clouds from laser scanners mounted on traditional CMM devices; the InspecVision Opti-Scan systems use patented technology to create both surface and edge measurements achieving unprecedented levels of accuracy.
Opti-Scan 3D can offer you single click inspection, mobile large volume scanning and is the world's only system that can measure edges in 3D. The Opti-Probe is an Optical CMM system; the Opti-Probe is compatible with other InspecVision systems. In 2017 InspecVision launched the Accuity system, an automated, large field of view, telecentric gauging system that can scan in both 2D and 3D. InspecVision Belfast Telegraph Article, UK Invest Northern Ireland Article, UK Metal Forming Magazine, Ohio, USA InvestIn Magazine, Page 18, UK Ferret, Australia Page 10, EuroBlech, Germany Page 7, FABTECH Chicago, USA MACH Birmingham, UK Metal Working Production Awards, UK The Fabricator Article, USA QZ-online.de Article, Germany Metrology News Article
Picway Power Plant was a 220 megawatt coal power plant located west of Lockbourne in Pickaway County, Ohio. The plant generated electricity from 1926 until its closure in 2015, it was operated by American Electric Power. Picway began operations in September 1926; the plant was operated by the Columbus Railway Power and Light Company, a forerunner of AEP. The two units had a combined capacity of 60 MW. Construction of Unit 3 was temporarily halted in 1942 by the War Production Board as the building of new non-essential electricity production was suspended for the war effort. Unit 3 came online in 1943 with capacity of 30 MW. Unit 4 began commercial operations in 1949 after more than two years of construction at a cost of $5 million; the unit generated 30 MW. The final unit, Unit 5, began commercial operations in 1955 after two years of construction at a cost of $15 million; the unit generated 100 MW and gave Picway a maximum nameplate capacity of 220 MW. Rail service to supply coal for Picway was transported by the Scioto Valley Railway and Power Company, renamed the Ohio-Midland Light and Power Company in 1932.
The trackage to the plant was powered using third rail, but became dieselized in 1955. It was the last railroad in Ohio to be powered by third rail; the conversion to diesel allowed coal to be shipped by rail at Lockbourne, instead of Obetz or Groveport previously. Coal deliveries for Picway were switched from rail to truck beginning in 1972, but rail service temporarily resumed during the Blizzard of 1978 when truck deliveries could not get through the snow. Electrostatic precipitators, which are used to prevent fly ash from being released into the atmosphere, were installed at Picway in 1974. A LO-NOx burner was added to Picway in 1995. Picway began generating electricity with biomass and biodiesel in 2010 as a way to lower operating costs and produce renewable energy. Units 1 and 2 were retired in 1972. Units 3 and 4 ceased operations in October 1980 in order for Columbus & Southern Ohio Electric to attain pollution reductions from the Ohio's State Implementation Plan; the Ohio Environmental Council had argued for an expedited shut down before October 1980, but this was rejected by the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals.
By 2010, Picway generated electricity only during the peak summer months as a cost-cutting measure. With changes in federal clean air rules by the Environmental Protect Agency on the horizon, AEP announced in 2011 they would retire Picway. AEP cited the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule and Mercury and Air Toxics Standards for the retirement of Picway; the power plant closed in May 2015. The facility and land were sold to a real estate company specializing in brownfield redevelopment in 2016. A worker died in 1948 from electrocution after accidentally touching a switch while replacing an oil circuit breaker. List of power stations in Ohio
The Zastava M77 B1 is a battle rifle developed and manufactured by Zastava Arms in Serbia. It was introduced in 1977, it is a derivative of the Zastava M70 and modified copy of the Soviet AKM chambered in 7.62×51mm with an enlarged receiver, a Western-style flash suppressor. It is air-cooled, magazine-fed, selective fire battle rifle with a fixed wooden stock; the M77 AB1 has a folding stock. The M77PS, a semiautomatic variant of this rifle was imported by Century Arms into the U. S. in 2014 and 2015, chambered in.308/762.51 NATO. It has a 10rd magazine; the receiver is a heavy 1.5 mm RPK type with an optics rail. The barrel is of medium profile and not; the bolt and bolt carrier are polished. It came with a muzzle nut and threaded in M14-1.0LH. It was sold by several distributors for about $550, increased in price over time, due to its rarity; the rifle can be converted back to its original military configuration by changing the polymer furniture to wood and adding a pistol grip. The rear of the receiver has a proprietary slant cut making it necessary for the wood stock to be modified or the use of an adapter plate for proper fitting.
One of the unique features of this rifle is that it has an adjustable gas system with 3 settings, aiding suppressor use. The M77B1 is used by the Cyprus Army, it is known in Serbian as Automatska puška M77 B1. It was designated M77B1, or Automatska puška M.1977B1. It is sometimes confused with the similar Zastava M77. Cyprus Mali Yugoslavia Zastava Arms. "Assault Rifle M77 B1". Zastava Arms. Zastava Arms. "Automatska puška M77 B1". Zastava Arms. "YUG - Zastava M77 B1". Valka. "Automatic Zastava M64 / M70 / M77 / M92". Tonnel-ufo