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Convex Computer

Convex Computer Corporation was a company that developed and marketed vector minisupercomputers and supercomputers for small-to-medium-sized businesses. Their Exemplar series of parallel computing machines were based on the Hewlett-Packard PA-RISC microprocessors, in 1995, HP bought the company. Exemplar machines were offered for sale by HP for some time, Exemplar technology was used in HP's V-Class machines. Convex was formed in 1982 by Steve Wallach in Richardson, Texas, it was named Parsec and early prototype and production boards bear that name. They planned on producing a machine similar in architecture to the Cray Research vector processor machines, with a somewhat lower performance, but with a much better price/performance ratio. In order to lower costs, the Convex designs were not as technologically aggressive as Cray's, were based on more mainstream chip technology, attempting to make up for the loss in performance in other ways, their first machine was the C1, released in 1985. The C1 was similar to the Cray-1 in general design, but its CPU and main memory was implemented with slower but less expensive CMOS technology.

They offset this by increasing the capabilities of the vector units, including doubling the vector registers' length to 128 64-bit elements each. It used virtual memory as opposed to the static memory system of the Cray machines, which improved programming, it was rated at 20 MFLOPS peak for double precision, 40 MFLOPS peak for single precision, about one fifth the normal speed of the Cray-1. They invested in advanced automatic vectorizing compilers in order to gain performance when existing programs were ported to their systems; the machines ran a BSD version of Unix known as Convex Unix later as ConvexOS due to trademark and licensing issues. ConvexOS has DEC VMS compatibility features as well as Cray Fortran features, their Fortran compiler went on to be licensed to other computers such as Ardent Computer and Stellar. The C2 was a crossbar-interconnected multiprocessor version of the C1, with up to four CPUs, released in 1988, it used newer 20,000-gate CMOS and 10,000-gate emitter-coupled logic gate arrays for a boost in clock speed from 10 MHz to 25 MHz, rated at 50 MFLOPS peak for double precision per CPU.

It was Convex's most successful product. The C2 was followed by the C3 in 1991, being similar to the C2 but with a faster clock and support for up to eight CPUs implemented with low-density GaAs FPGAs. Various configurations of the C3 were offered, with 50 to 240 MFLOPS per CPU. However, the C3 and the Convex business model were overtaken by changes in the computer industry; the arrival of RISC microprocessors meant that it was no longer possible to develop cost-effective high-performance computing as a standalone small low-volume company. While the C3 was delivered late, which resulted in lost sales, it was still not going to be able to compete with commodity high-performance computing in the long run. Another speed boost used in the C3 and C4, which moved the hardware implementation to GaAs-based chips, following an evolution identical to that of the Cray machines, but the effort was too little, too late; some considered the whole C4 program to be nothing more than chasing a business in decline.

By this time though Convex was the first vendor to ship a GaAs based product, they were losing money. In 1994, Convex introduced an new design, known as the Exemplar. Unlike the C-series vector computer, the Exemplar was a parallel-computing machine that used HP PA-7200 microprocessors, connected together using SCI. First dubbed MPP, these machines were called SPP and Exemplar and sold under the SPP-1600 moniker; the expectation was that a software programming model for parallel computing could draw in customers. But the type of customers Convex attracted believed in Fortran and brute force rather than sophisticated technology; the operating system had terrible performance problems which could not be fixed. Convex established a working partnership with HP's hardware and software divisions, it was intended that the Exemplar would be binary-compatible with HP's HP-UX operating system but it was decided to port HP-UX to the platform and sell the platform as standalone servers. In 1995, Hewlett-Packard bought Convex.

HP sold Convex Exemplar machines under the S-Class and X-Class titles, incorporated some of Exemplar's technology into the V-Class machine, released running the HP-UX 11.0 release instead of the SPP-UX version, sold with the S- and X-Class products. According to most former employees, Convex was a fun place at which to work. For some time, there were beer parties every Friday, an annual Convex Beach Party. There was other recreational facilities on-site. Convex had a clear and compelling mission statement: "The Fastest Computers Possible for Under $1M". Convex had an unusually thorough interview process, for technical positions, included a grilling by a group of engineers; the extensive interview process carried over to other departments as well, where the key people who would be working with the prospective employee each interviewed the candidate met in roundtable to discuss whether or not to hire. Convex lasted longer than most minisupercomputer companies, to celebrate this and more so to remind themselves of the difficulties of the market, Convex had a graveyard of former competitor companies on its property.

Ex-employees of Convex jokingly refer to themselves as ex-cons

Thomas Van Scoy

Thomas Van Scoy was an American minister and educator in Indiana and Montana. A Methodist, he served as the sixth president of Willamette University and as president of the now defunct Portland University, he was president of Montana Wesleyan University and served in the militia at the end of the American Civil War. Thomas Van Scoy was born in White County, Indiana, to William Van Scoy and his wife Mary on February 13, 1848. Thomas was the youngest of fourteen children in the family, their father was a farmer from. In 1855, the family moved to Iowa. Van Scoy's parents and the three youngest children in the family returned to the Indiana farm in 1860 after difficult times in Iowa. In Indiana, Van Scoy received his education in the local schools before joining the militia in 1865 during the American Civil War, he served one year in Company I of the Indiana Volunteers, posted as a guard in the Shenandoah Valley. After leaving the infantry in 1866, he enrolled at a school in Brookston, for a few months and at the Battle Ground Collegiate Institute.

Van Scoy spent two years at the institute and while in school was a school teacher. He enrolled at Brookston Academy where he spent one year before entering Northwestern University in neighboring Illinois where he was a member of Phi Gamma Delta. Following two-years of study, he left to take the position of principal at Brookston, but resigned there three years to return to college. In 1875, he graduated from Northwestern and began working as a minister in Rensselaer, for the Methodist Episcopal Church. On September 22, 1875, he married Jennie E. Thomas. After three years he left to continue his education at the Garrett Biblical Institute in Evanston, where he graduated in 1879. In 1879, he was hired by Willamette University in Salem, Oregon, to be chairman of the Greek department and to teach ancient languages. Part of the reason for the move was to attempt to improve the health of his wife, but this was unsuccessful and she died in 1883. After he was hired at Willamette, Charles E. Lambert resigned as president of the institution and Van Scoy was hired as the sixth president of Willamette University in 1880.

At Willamette he purchased the former home of the first graduate of the school for use as a school for women in 1880. He purchased the home with his own money and remodeled the home, with the building moved to the campus and renamed as Lausanne Hall. In 1884, Van Scoy was granted a doctor of divinity degree by the University of the Pacific. Van Scoy remarried in 1885 to Jessie Eastham, they had one son named Paul, while he had a daughter named Lena with his first wife. In February 1887, he purchased the desks that were at the Oregon State Capital across the street from the school. Van Scoy resigned from Willamette in June 1891 to become dean at the new Methodist school in Portland, Portland University, he served as president of that school, due to financial difficulties moved the school to East Portland, though some classes were held in Downtown Portland. The school closed in 1900 and the campus overlooking the Willamette River and Swan Island was sold; the campus included West Hall, was sold to the Catholic Church becoming the University of Portland.

Van Scoy was the first minister at the Montavilla Methodist Church in Southeast Portland, dedicating a new building on October 19, 1893. In 1898, Van Scoy left Oregon for Montana in order to be the new president of Montana Wesleyan University near Helena; as president he moved the school to the city in 1900. Though he never held political office, he was a supporter of the Republican Party. Thomas Van Scoy died on February 11, 1901, in Helena at the age of 52 and was buried in that city

Michael Luwoye

Michael Luwoye is an American actor of Nigerian descent, known for playing the title role in the Broadway musical Hamilton. Michael Luwoye was born in Huntsville, the youngest of four children born to immigrants from Nigeria who settled in Alabama in the 1980s, his mother was an engineer, his father became the owner of a wholesale ice cream distribution business. An artistic child, Luwoye drew and wrote journals, learned to play guitar, he learned music composition while attending Lee High School in Huntsville. He became interested in theatre during his junior year at the University of Alabama. While in college, he played Queequeg in Moby Dick, the title role in Othello, Hud in Hair, Joe in Show Boat. Luwoye received his B. A. from the University of Alabama in 2013, moved to New York in September that year. In regional theatre, Luwoye has performed in Cardboard Piano, Witness Uganda, Tick... Boom!, The Three Musketeers and Once on This Island. Luwoye's off-Broadway stage debut was in the Second Stage Theater production of Invisible Thread, for which he received a 2016 Lucille Lortel Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Musical.

In 2016, Luwoye auditioned for the role of Hercules Mulligan in the Broadway production of Hamilton, but unexpectedly was offered the title role. He began rehearsals June 14, 2016, took over on August 2, 2016 as the alternate to Javier Muñoz for the role of Alexander Hamilton, following Lin-Manuel Miranda's departure from the show. Luwoye became the first black actor to take on the role of Hamilton, he was the understudy for the role of Aaron Burr, which he first performed two months on October 4, 2016. On November 16, 2016, Luwoye notably played Hamilton at a matinee and Burr in the evening on the same day. Luwoye was given the title role in Hamilton's national touring company, beginning in March 2017 with a 21-week engagement in San Francisco, followed by 21 weeks in Los Angeles, concluding at the Pantages Theatre on December 30, 2017. Luwoye returned to Broadway in the title role of Hamilton on January 16, 2018, his last performance was February 17, 2019. In November 2017, Luwoye appeared in an episode of Curb Your Enthusiasm called "The Shucker", in which he was shown playing the role of Alexander Hamilton in Hamilton.

Additionally, he played Hades in an episode of The Magicians on SYFY. In September 2018, he was signed for a guest voice role in the third season of Disney Junior's animated series The Lion Guard as Askari, the founder and original leader of the Lion Guard in ancient times. In 2019, he was cast in a supporting role on NBC's Bluff City Law. Michael Luwoye on IMDb

Leo Rodriguez (singer)

Leo Rodriguez is a Brazilian singer and songwriter most famous for his version of "Bara Bará Bere Berê" that charted in Belgium and Netherlands charts. "Bara Bará Bere Berê" popular in Brazil for a long time, was recorded by Rodriguez in February 2012 and released on Brazilian Sony label Sony Edições accompanied by a music video. His version contains additional lyrics in Portuguese co-written by Rodríguez himself with Silvio Rodrígues, his version was released in Europe on June 19, 2012 and has charted in the Netherlands to Alex Ferrari version charting in France. The Rodríguez version was released on Spinnin label in the Netherlands making it to No. 61 on chart dated August 18, 2012. Rodriguez had his first break in 2009, when he sang live alongside João Carreiro & Capataz in Maringá, he released his own album titled Atmosfera. AtmosferaTrack list "Vou salvar seu coração" "Fantasma do passado" "Atmosfera" "Segredo" "Sofri, chorei" "Quem vai chorar? "Meu anjo lindo" "Poemas e versos" "O cara certo" "Não esqueço" "Bombeou" "Paparazzi" "Minha história" "Rio que naveguei" "Náufrago" Others2013: "Vai de Cavalinho" Official website

Battle of the Bzura

The Battle of the Bzura was the largest battle of the 1939 German invasion of Poland, fought between 9 and 19 September 1939, between Polish and German forces. It began as a Polish counter-offensive, but the Germans outflanked the Polish forces and took all of western Poland; the Battle of the Bzura took place near the Bzura River. A Polish breakout attack gained initial success but faltered after a concentrated German counterattack, it has been described as "the major Polish counterattack of the campaign" and "the bloodiest and most bitter battle of the entire Polish campaign". The Polish plan for defense against the German invasion, Plan West, called for the defense of the borders; this was dictated more by political than military concerns, as Poles feared that the Germans, after taking over territories they lost in the Treaty of Versailles, would try to end the war and keep those territories. While defending the borders was riskier, the Poles were counting on the British and French counteroffensive.

Due to this, Army Pomorze under general Władysław Bortnowski found itself in the Polish Corridor, surrounded by German forces on two fronts, Army Poznań under general Tadeusz Kutrzeba was pushed to the westernmost fringes of the Second Polish Republic, separated both from its primary defensive positions, from other Polish Armies. The German offensive proved the folly of the border defense plan in the first days of the war. Army Pomorze was defeated in the battle of Bory Tucholskie, forced to retreat towards the south-east. Army Poznań, although not facing heavy German assaults, was forced to retreat east due to defeats of its neighbours. On 4 September, Army Poznań moved through Poznań and abandoned it to the enemy, although at this point it was not in contact with any significant German forces. By 6 September, Armies Pomorze and Poznań had linked, forming the strongest Polish operational unit in the campaign, general Bortkowski accepted the command of general Kutrzeba. On 7 September, Polish forces became aware of the German push towards Łęczyca, which if successful could cut off the retreat route of Polish forces.

By 8 September, advanced German troops reached Warsaw, marking the beginning of the 1939 siege of Warsaw. At the same time, German forces had lost contact with Army Poznań, German command assumed that the army must have been transported by rail to aid Warsaw's defense. On 8 September the Germans were certain that they had eliminated major Polish resistance west of Vistula and were preparing to cross it and engage the Polish forces on the other side. Meanwhile, general Kutrzeba and his staff officers had suspected before the German invasion, that it would be the neighbouring Armies that would bear the German attack, had developed plans at an offensive towards the south, to relieve Army Łódź. In the first week of the campaign, those plans, were rejected by the Polish commander-in-chief, Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły. By 8 September Kutrzeba had lost contact with Rydz-Śmigły, who had relocated his command center from Warsaw to Brest, his situation was dire, as German forces were close to surrounding his units: the German 8th Army had secured the southern bank of the Bzura river and the German 4th Army had secured the northern bank of Vistula, from Włocławek to Wyszogród, its elements were attacking the rear of the Armies Pomorze and Poznań from the direction of Inowrocław and crossing the Vistula river near Płock.

Polish forces consisted of Army Pomorze. German forces included the 8th Army under Johannes Blaskowitz and 10th Army under Walther von Reichenau of Army Group South, elements of the 4th Army under Günther von Kluge of the Army Group North and air support; the battle can be divided into 3 phases: Phase I — Polish offensive towards Stryków, aiming at the flank of the German 10th Army Phase IIPolish offensive towards Łowicz Phase III — German counterattack and eventual defeat of the Poles, with the latter's withdrawal towards Warsaw andModlin On the night of 9 September, the Polish Poznań Army commenced a counterattack from the south of the Bzura river, its target being the German forces from the 8th Army advancing between Łęczyca and Łowicz, towards Stryków. The commander of Poznań Army, Tadeusz Kutrzeba noticed that the German 8th Army, commanded by general Johannes Blaskowitz, was weakly secured from the north by only the 30th Infantry Division stretched over a 30 kilometre defensive line while the rest of the army was advancing towards Warsaw.

The main thrust of the Polish offensive were the units under general Edmund Knoll-Kownacki, known as the Knoll-Kownacki Operational Group. The right wing of the offensive, in the area Łęczyce, included the Podolska Cavalry Brigade under Col. L. Strzelecki, on the left, advancing from Łowicz to the area of Głowno, the Wielkopolska Cavalry Brigade under general Roman Abraham; these groups inflicted considerable losses on the German defenders from the 30th Infantry Division and the 24th Infantry Division, with some 1,500 German soldiers killed or wounded and an additional 3,000 lost as prisoners during the initial push. The cavalry brigades supplemented with TKS and TK-3 reconnaissance tanks moved to th


Bödexen is a quarter of Höxter, in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The village is 203 metres above sea level. In the north of Bödexen is the Köterberg the highest mountain in Weser Uplands with 495 metres; the brook Saumer flows through Bödexen. With an expanse of 21,58 km² and 960 residents Bödexen is the third smallest urban district of Höxter. One suggests a grave mound on the autumn mountain originating stone axe that the residence existed Bödexen since the Stone Age. Documented Bödexen was first mentioned in the Corvey traditions, it says under number 117: Marcbodo and Giki and son Hunwardi in place of the father transferred / donated four farms, two in Bodikeshus and two located elsewhere for the salvation of the Hoger and his father Marc Ward and mother Ricsuit. Witnesses Beuo, Anulo, Wulfger and twenty others; the donation was before the year 836, because of the additional ad reliquias sanctorum martirum Stephani atque Viti.. is missing. This saint was the Abbey Church at Corvey dedicated to 840th.

The name Bödexen is Saxon origin. In the 9th century was the name still Bodikeshusun. After two centuries, Bodikessen fact, the Tithe Bishop of Paderborn, Corvey gave the monastery. In 1700 was from Bodikessen at a population and building census Böx; this led to the passage of time the present name Bödexen