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Cook Islands

The Cook Islands is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It comprises 15 islands; the Cook Islands' Exclusive Economic Zone covers 1,800,000 square kilometres of ocean. New Zealand is responsible for the Cook Islands' defence and foreign affairs, but these responsibilities are exercised in consultation with the Cook Islands. In recent times, the Cook Islands have adopted an independent foreign policy. Cook Islanders are citizens of New Zealand, but they have the status of Cook Islands nationals, not given to other New Zealand citizens; the Cook Islands has been an active member of the Pacific Community since 1980. The Cook Islands' main population centres are on the island of Rarotonga, where there is an international airport. There is a larger population of Cook Islanders in New Zealand itself: in the 2013 census, 61,839 people said they were Cook Islanders, or of Cook Islands descent. With over 168,000 visitors travelling to the islands in 2018, tourism is the country's main industry, the leading element of the economy, ahead of offshore banking and marine and fruit exports.

The latest carbon-dating evidence reveals that the Cook Islands were first settled by around AD 1000 by Polynesian people who are thought to have migrated from Tahiti, an island 1,154 kilometres to the northeast of the main island of Rarotonga. Spanish ships visited the islands in the 16th century; the first written record came in 1595 when the island of Pukapuka was sighted by Spanish sailor Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, who gave it the name San Bernardo. Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, a Portuguese captain working for the Spanish crown, made the first recorded European landing in the islands when he set foot on Rakahanga in 1606, calling the island Gente Hermosa. British navigator Captain James Cook arrived in 1773 and again in 1777 giving the island of Manuae the name Hervey Island; the Hervey Islands came to be applied to the entire southern group. The name "Cook Islands", in honour of Cook, first appeared on a Russian naval chart published in the 1820s. In 1813 John Williams, a missionary on the Endeavour made the first recorded sighting of Rarotonga.

The first recorded landing on Rarotonga by Europeans was in 1814 by the Cumberland. The islands saw no more Europeans until English missionaries arrived in 1821. Christianity took hold in the culture and many islanders are Christians today; the islands were a popular stop in the 19th century for whaling ships from the United States and Australia. They visited, from at least 1826, to obtain water and firewood, their favourite islands were Rarotonga, Aitutaki and Penrhyn. The Cook Islands became a British protectorate in 1888 because of community fears that France might occupy the islands as it had Tahiti. On 6 September 1900, the islanders' leaders presented a petition asking that the islands be annexed as British territory. On 8 and 9 October 1900, seven instruments of cession of Rarotonga and other islands were signed by their chiefs and people. A British Proclamation was issued, stating that the cessions were accepted and the islands declared parts of Her Britannic Majesty's dominions. However, it did not include Aitutaki.

Though the inhabitants regarded themselves as British subjects, the Crown's title was unclear until the island was formally annexed by that Proclamation. In 1901 the islands were included within the boundaries of the Colony of New Zealand by Order in Council under the Colonial Boundaries Act, 1895 of the United Kingdom; the boundary change became effective on 11 June 1901, the Cook Islands have had a formal relationship with New Zealand since that time. When the British Nationality and New Zealand Citizenship Act 1948 came into effect on 1 January 1949, Cook Islanders who were British subjects automatically gained New Zealand citizenship; the islands remained a New Zealand dependent territory until the New Zealand Government decided to grant them self-governing status. On 4 August 1965, a constitution was promulgated; the first Monday in August is celebrated each year as Constitution Day. Albert Henry of the Cook Islands Party was elected as the first Premier. Henry led the nation until 1978, when he resigned.

He was succeeded by Tom Davis of the Democratic Party. In March 2019, it was reported that the Cook Islands had plans to change its name and remove the reference to Captain James Cook in favour of "a title that reflects its'Polynesian nature'", it was reported in May 2019 that the proposed name change had been poorly received by the Cook Islands diaspora. As a compromise, it was decided that the English name of the islands would not be altered, but that a new Cook Islands Māori name would be adopted to replace the current name, a transliteration from English; the Cook Islands are in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia and American Samoa. There are 15 major islands spread over 2,200,000 km2 of ocean, divided into two distinct groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands of coral atolls; the islands were formed by volcanic activity. The climate is moderate to tropical; the Cook Islands consist of two reefs. The table is ordered from north to south.

Population figures from the 2016 census. The Cook Islands is a representative dem

List of firearms (S)

This is a list of small arms—including pistols, sniper rifles, submachine guns, personal defense weapons, assault rifles, battle rifles, designated marksman rifles, machine guns, multiple barrel firearms, grenade launchers, anti-tank rifles—that includes variants. Sarsılmaz Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques de Cholet Pistols SCAM modèle 1935A Safir Arms Rifles Safir T-15 Safir T-16 Safir T-17 Shotguns Safir T-14 Shooters Arms SAS-12 Smith & Wesson Pistols S&W.45 Limited S&W.45 Recon S&W Bodyguard.380 S&W M&P S&W M&P9 Bodyguard 380 S&W M&P Compact S&W M&P Full Size S&W M&P Mid-Size S&W M&P Shield S&W M&P9 S&W M&P9 Pro Series S&W M&P9 Pro Series 5" S&W M&P9L S&W M&P22 S&W M&P40 S&W M&P40 Pro Series S&W M&P40 Pro Series 5" S&W M&P45 S&W M&P45 Full Size S&W M&P45 Mid-Size S&W M&P45c S&W Model 22A S&W Model 22S S&W Model 39 S&W Model 3566 S&W Model 41 S&W Model 46 S&W Model 44 S&W Model 52 S&W Model 52A S&W Model 59 S&W Model 459 S&W Model 62 S&W Model 147A S&W Model 410 S&W Model 411 S&W Model 422 S&W Model 61 S&W Model 622 S&W Model 2206 S&W Model 2213 S&W Model 2214 S&W Model 439 S&W Model 457 S&W Model 469 S&W Model 539 S&W Model 559 S&W Model 639 S&W Model 645 S&W Model 745 S&W Model 659 S&W Model 669 S&W Model 845 S&W Model 910 S&W Model 908 S&W Model 909 S&W Model 915 S&W Model 945 S&W Model 952 S&W Model 1006 S&W Model 1026 S&W Model 1046 S&W Model 1066 S&W Model 1076 S&W Model 1086 S&W Model 3904 S&W Model 3906 S&W Model 3913 S&W Model 3913TSW S&W Model 3914 S&W Model 3953 S&W Model 3953TSW S&W Model 3954 S&W Model 3958 S&W Model 4003 S&W Model 4003TSW S&W Model 4004 S&W Model 4006 S&W Model 4006TSW S&W Model 4013 S&W Model 4013TSW S&W Model 4014 S&W Model 4026 S&W Model 4040 S&W Model 4043 (US - Semi-Autom

The Real Milli Vanilli

The Real Milli Vanilli was a pop music group that consisted of some of the original singers from Milli Vanilli, as well as new singers and several "special guests," including Tammy T, Icy Bro and B-Sho'-Rockin'. The group's only album, The Moment of Truth, was meant to be Milli Vanilli's second album, but the news about Rob Pilatus and Fab Morvan not having sung on the first album and lip syncing during live performances broke before it could be released. Frank Farian reformed the group under the name "The Real Milli Vanilli," changing the cover of the album to feature singers Brad Howell, Icy Bro, Ray Horton, Gina Mohammed and John Davis; the original proposed title of the album was Keep on Running, the title of the first single released from the album. The Moment of Truth was released only in Brazil, Europe and New Zealand and reached the top 20 in Germany; the Real Milli Vanilli released three singles, one of which made it to #4 in the German charts. Seven of the songs from The Moment of Truth were reworked and released under the name Try'n' B on their self-titled debut album, with the addition of Tracy Ganser and Kevin Weatherspoon on vocals.

The album contained three additional recordings: "Ding Dong," "Who Do You Love" and a cover of Dr. Hook's "Sexy Eyes." The group's "When I Die" achieved more exposure when German eurodance group No Mercy covered it for their 1996 debut album My Promise. The song was released as the third single from the album in November 1996 and reached #1 in Austria and the Netherlands; the Moment of Truth "Keep on Running" "Tell Me Where It Hurts" "Too Late" "Nice'n' Easy" Milli Vanilli'The Moment of Truth' at Crap from the Past The Real Milli Vanilli Discography at DiscogsThe Real Milli Vanilli website