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Cooper Creek

For other uses see Cooper Creek or Coopers Creek The Cooper Creek is one of the most famous rivers in Australia because it was the site of the death of the explorers Burke and Wills in 1861. It is sometimes known as the Barcoo River from one of its tributaries and is one of three major Queensland river systems that flow into the Lake Eyre basin; the flow of the creek depends on monsoonal rains falling months earlier and many hundreds of kilometres away in eastern Queensland. At 1,300 kilometres in length it is the second longest inland river system in Australia after the Murray-Darling system. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the area for at least 50,000 years, with over 25 tribal groups living in the Channel Country area alone. A vast trade network had been established running from north to south with goods such as ochre sent north with shells and pituri moved south. Birdsville was once a major meeting place for conducting ceremonies and trade. Charles Sturt named the river in 1845 after the Chief Justice of South Australia.

It was along Cooper Creek that the explorers Burke and Wills died in 1861. John King survived the expedition with the assistance of friendly Aborigines. Only ten years after the explorers' deaths, homesteads were being established on the watercourse. A station at Innamincka was the first permanent settlement in the area. By 1880 the reliable water source had attracted more settlers to the point where the whole area was taken up and stocked with cattle; this led to the displacement of local Aborigines from their traditional lands. By 1900 the population had reduced to 30 survivors, just 10% of the original number, as influenza and measles took their toll; the waterway does not experience regular seasonal floods. Being ephemeral the creek is still prone to occasional flooding, in 1940 a vast area surrounding the Cooper was underwater with the creek being measured at over 27 miles wide in places, it rises west of the Great Dividing Range on low ground as two central Queensland rivers, the Thomson between Longreach and Charters Towers, the Barcoo in the area east of Tambo.

Cooper Creek spreads out into a vast area of anastomosing ephemeral channels, making its way south into the far south-west corner of Queensland before turning due west into South Australia towards Lake Eyre. In most years, it is absorbed into the earth, goes to fill channels and the many permanent waterholes and lakes such as Lake Yamma Yamma, or evaporates without reaching Lake Eyre. In wet years, however, it manages to flood the entire Channel Country and reaches Lake Eyre after flowing through the dry areas of Strzelecki Desert, Sturt Stony Desert and the Tirari Desert. Studies have shown that, although with a mean annual flow of around 2.3 cubic kilometres the Cooper carries twice as much runoff as the Diamantina and three times as much as the Georgina, over the past ten thousand years it has reached Lake Eyre much less than those rivers. This is because much more water is absorbed along its course than with the Diamantina or Georgina, but may be because of centennial or multicentennial wet and dry cycles in those basins causing them to reach the lake during wet periods.

During a flooding event the river upstream of Windorah may be as wide as 40 kilometres. Most of the basin of the Cooper is used for sheep and cattle grazing on natural grasslands: although the extreme east of the basin is wet with averages of over 500 mm at Blackall, the rainfall is much too erratic for cropping; the soils are Vertisols or Vertic Torrifluvents and are quite fertile, though heavy in texture with a strong tendency to crack due to the erratic rainfall. Cooper Creek catfish Cooper Floodplain below Windorah List of rivers of Australia Yapunyah waterhole Aerial Video of the Cooper Creek at Innamincka Australian Society for Limnology Primary Industries and Resources SA - Cooper and Diamantina Floods of Lake Eyre Gerald Nanson Channel Country Department of the Environment and Heritage

Saranga Disasekara

Saranga Disasekara is a Sri Lankan actor, model and a host by profession. Saranga was awarded the most popular television actor in sri lanka award at Sumathi Awards, Raigam Tele'es and SLIM Nielson People's Awards in several times. Saranga made his acting debut with Irasma Saranga Disasekara was born in Kalubowila, Sri Lanka, to singer Narada Disasekara, Tileka Ranasinghe, he completed school life in Colombo. He married Sri Lankan actress Umali Thilakarathne, they divorced in 2016. Now He has a relationship with popular Sri Lankan Actress Dinakshie Priyasad, his debut film was Nil Diya Yahana along with Chathurika Peiris, Tony Ranasinghe, Chandani Seneviratne, Roshan Pilapitiya, Sanath Gunathilake, directed by the Dayaratne Ratagedara. However, he acted in a minor role in 2003 film Irasma, he has acted many popular teledramas in all genre from drama, tragedy and comedy. His most notable acting came through plays like Sulanga Matha Mohothak, Bonda Meedum, Kalu Kurulla, Wassane Premaya, Haara Kotiya and Wes.

He has acted three stage dramas, such as Mee Harak and Pirimiyekgen Paminillak. Ahankara Nagare Batahira Ahasa Bonda Meedum Ganga Addara Haara Kotiya Kalu Kurulla Kotipathiyo Mini Gan Dela Pipi Piyum Sasara Bendi Bemi Smarana Samapthi Sooriya Kusuma Sulanga Matha Mohothak Wassane Premaya Wes සාරංග ඩිනක්ෂි එක්ව පොලීසියට පැමිණිල්ලක්

1988 Big East Men's Basketball Tournament

The 1988 Big East Men's Basketball Tournament took place at Madison Square Garden in New York City, from March 10 to March 13, 1988. Its winner received the Big East Conference's automatic bid to the 1988 NCAA Tournament, it is a single-elimination tournament with four rounds. Pittsburgh received the # 1 seed. Syracuse defeated Villanova in the championship game 85–68, to claim its second Big East Tournament championship. Most Valuable Player: Sherman Douglas, Syracuse All Tournament Team Sherman Douglas, Syracuse Jerome Lane, Pittsburgh Mark Plansky, Villanova Ramón Ramos, Seton Hall Stephen Thompson, Syracuse Doug West, Villanova "2008-09 Big East Media Guide". Pp. 136–138. Archived from the original on 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2009-05-28

Ligia Gargallo

Ligia Gargallo is a Chilean chemist and university professor of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. She works at the University of Tarapacá and at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, in Santiago, she received a bachelor's degree in chemical pharmaceutical at the University of Chile in 1959, degrees in chemistry from Paris Dauphine University and Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, a doctorate in chemical sciences at the University of Liège in Belgium in 1972, a doctorate in chemistry from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Her areas of investigation are focused in Macromolecules, her work has aided drug designers. She is the winner of the Prize L'Oréal-UNESCO to Women in Science 2007 and Chile's National Prize for Natural Sciences in 2014 because of the "pioneering work in the development of the chemistry of polymers and macromolecules". Chemical-Physical of Macromolecules in the interface air-water, Macromolecules. Spanish Academic publisher 265 publications until the 2014. 2007, Prize L'Oréal UNESCO to Women in Science 2014, National Prize of Natural Sciences of Chile Pontifical Catholic University of Chile page on Ligia Gargallo

The Dark Circle

The Dark Circle is the seventh novel by English novelist and journalist Linda Grant. Published in November 2016, it tells the story of tubercular east London twins and Miriam Lynskey, sent to convalesce in a post-World War II sanitorium in Kent shortly after the formation of the National Health Service; the Dark Circle was shortlisted for the Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction in May 2017. Eighteen-year-old twins Lenny and Miriam Lynskey enjoy life in post-World War II London, having spent an austere period in Wales as refugees. Lenny plans to become involved in the criminal world of their Uncle Manny, a former black-marketeer, now attempting to build a more legitimate property empire, whilst Miriam has gained employment in a respectable florist's shop in Mayfair; when Lenny is conscripted for national service, Uncle Manny pays a bribe to ensure that his nephew is rejected on medical grounds. However, the military's tests reveal that Lenny genuinely has tuberculosis and shortly afterwards Miriam is found to have the disease.

They are both sent to the Gwendolyn Downie Memorial Hospital, known colloquially as the Gwendo, a recently-built sanatorium in rural Kent where they are the institution's first Jewish patients. Whereas such institutions only served well-to-do private patients, the recent advent of the NHS means that a wider section of British society is treated there for free. An additional bonus for the twins is that food for the patients is unrationed, unlike in the rest of post-war Britain; however and Lenny are rebellious patients from the outset, not least after they hear rumours of a miracle cure, which promises an alternative to the Gwendo's harsh surgical and cold air remedies. They are aided in their defiance by fellow resident Arthur Persky, a merchant seaman from the United States, with whom Miriam falls in love. Miriam and Lenny both form a friendship with another patient, who uses her Oxford University learning to help educate them. Miriam is rendered deaf as a result of the side-effects of Persky injecting her with a batch of streptomycin stolen at the behest of Uncle Manny.

The Gwendo is shut down shortly afterwards, following an unrelated government inspection. Persky attempts to meet Miriam in Spain – where she is holidaying with Lenny and other friends – but is caught stealing her a Paris gown belonging to a passenger of the cruise liner he is working on, he is detained on board and returned to the US. In life, Lenny has forged a successful media career and married Valerie. Despite Miriam's deafness he calls her by telephone every day for over sixty years, on the basis that "As long as I hear her breathing at the other end, I know not to worry". Lenny and Valerie retire to the Côte d'Azur, where Miriam joins her brother after the death of his wife. Writing in the London Evening Standard, Rosamund Irwin stated, "A Grant novel is always a treat — packed with'I wish I had said that' observations — but The Dark Circle feels personal to me. Both my father's father and my mother's mother had TB", before adding, "Grant meticulously conveys the horrors of the disease".

Irwin went on to find that, "For a novel set amid such sterility, The Dark Circle is remarkably lively and well-paced. My one tiny niggle is the beginning, where Miriam implausibly rescues Lenny, who has thrown a sandwich at the fascist Jeffrey Hamm", she concluded by saying, "Grant captures the stigma. With the rise of multi-drug-resistant TB, the white plague hasn’t quite left us; the Dark Circle shows us why it was once so feared."The Jewish Chronicle's Bryan Cheyette observed, "The more mature Grant becomes as a novelist, the smaller her canvas. Not that Grant's concerns are in any way trifling, her cast of characters is nothing less than a portrayal of post-war, class-riven Britain from the indolent aristocracy, to Oxford-educated blue stockings, from car salesmen to the bottom of the pile, German émigrés and East End Jewish lowlifes." Overall, he decided that, "Grant writes well about illness as all who have read Remind Me Who I Am, Again can testify. This is a novel, above all, about trauma caused by the'dark circle' of tuberculosis, results in a'tight circle' of comradeship.

The ambitious reach of the novel is wisely held in check by its focus on a time when Lenny and Miriam had to discover for themselves what it was to be human."In UK daily newspaper The Guardian, Christobel Kent called the book "Linda Grant’s exhilaratingly good new novel", adding that, "From Dickens to Camus to Solzhenitsyn and cure have been so well used as metaphors that careful handling by Grant of the enclosed world of the sanatorium is imperative, if it is not to seem stale. But she is far too subtle a novelist to miss this, from the outset The Dark Circle dispels such anxieties; this is a novel whose engine is flesh and blood, not cold ideas: my single quibble is about the use of such a gloomy title for a book so drenched in colour and light." He found Grant to be "pervasively intelligent, but she does not intellectualise: there is a marvellous supple instinctiveness to her physical descriptions", concluding that, "It is the involving physical reality of the Lynskeys’ confinement that draws us in effortlessly to the narrative Grant brings the 1950s – that odd, fertile decade between war and sexual liberation – into sharp, heartbreaking focus."For The Observer, Hannah Beckerman found the book to be "a fascinating portrayal of the authoritarianism inherent in postwar British healthcare.

Some of the treatments are both brutal and unproved, yet there is a dictatorial assumption that doctors’ orders should never be questioned. Despite its historical setting, Grant's novel is shot through with contempora

Helen Vincent, Viscountess D'Abernon

Helen Venetia Vincent, Viscountess D'Abernon was a British noblewoman and diarist. Lady Helen was born at 20 Grosvenor Square, London, the daughter of William Duncombe and Mabel Violet Graham; the family seat was at Duncombe Park in North Yorkshire, England. Her father was elevated to the peerage as Baron Feversham in 1867 and again as Earl of Feversham in 1868, she and her sister, Duchess of Leinster, were renowned as leading beauties in their circle. Helen married Sir Edgar Vincent a governor of the Imperial Ottoman Bank in Constantinople on 24 September 1890. In 1899 he was elected a Member of Parliament for Exeter. Lady Helen, in that period, was "the most celebrated hostess of her age and was'by reason of her outstanding beauty and charm, one of the most resplendent figures'". Helen was associated with "the Souls", a salon of noted intellectuals of the day which included Arthur Balfour, George Curzon, Henry James and Edith Wharton, she is believed to have been the model for the characters of Lady Thisbe Crowborough in Max Beerbohm's story Hilary Maltby and Stephen Braxton in Seven Men and for Lady Irene Silvester in Maurice Baring's story "A Luncheon Party".

In 1904 during an extended visit to Venice, Lady Helen's portrait was painted by John Singer Sargent. That work is now part of the permanent collection of the Birmingham Museum of Art in Birmingham, United States. During World War I Lady Helen treated thousands of patients. Many letters describing her war work were sent to her friend Teresa Hulton the 8th Lady Berwick of Attingham Park. Lady Helen accompanied her husband as he served on the Interallied Mission to Poland and as the British Ambassador to the Weimar Republic in the early 1920s. During this time the Baroness kept a diary of her experiences, parts of which were published in 1946 as Red Cross and Berlin Embassy, 1915-1926: Extracts from the Diaries of Viscountess D'Abernon. At the end of his diplomatic mission, Sir Edgar was elevated to 1st Viscount D'Abernon on 1 January 1926, also succeeded his brother, Francis, as 16th Baronet of Stoke d'Abernon; the Vincents did not have children and Sir Edgar's titles died with him in 1941. Lady D'Abernon died at age 84 on 16 May 1954