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Copa América

CONMEBOL Copa América, known until 1975 as the South American Football Championship, is the main men's football tournament contested among national teams from CONMEBOL. It is the oldest international football competition; the competition determines the champion of South America. Since the 1990s, teams from North America and Asia have been invited to participate. Since 1993, the tournament has featured 12 teams – all 10 CONMEBOL teams and two additional teams from other confederations. Mexico participated in every tournament between 1993 and 2016, with one additional team drawn from CONCACAF, except for 1999, when AFC team Japan filled out the 12-team roster, 2019, which featured Japan and Qatar; the 2016 version of the event, Copa América Centenario, featured sixteen teams, with six teams from CONCACAF in addition to the 10 from CONMEBOL. Mexico's two runner-up finishes are the highest for a non-CONMEBOL side. Eight of the ten CONMEBOL national teams have won the tournament at least once in its 46 stagings since the event's inauguration in 1916, with only Ecuador and Venezuela yet to win.

Uruguay has the most championships in the tournament's history, with 15 cups, while the current champion, has nine cups. Argentina, which hosted the inaugural edition in 1916, has hosted the tournament the most times; the United States is the only non-CONMEBOL country to host, having hosted the event in 2016. On four occasions, the tournament will be held in multiple South American countries; the first football team in South America, Lima Cricket and Football Club, was established in Peru in 1859, the Argentine Football Association was founded in 1893. By the early 20th century, football was growing in popularity, the first international competition held among national teams of the continent occurred in 1910 when Argentina organized an event to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. Chile and Uruguay participated, but this event is not considered official by CONMEBOL. For the centennial celebration of its independence, Argentina held a tournament between 2 and 17 July 1916 with Argentina, Chile and Brazil being the first participants of the tournament.

This so-called Campeonato Sudamericano de Football would be the first edition of what is known as Copa América. Seeing the success of the tournament, a boardmember of the Uruguayan Football Association, Héctor Rivadavia, proposed the establishment of a confederation of the associations of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, on 9 July, independence day in Argentina, CONMEBOL was founded; the following year, the competition was played again, this time in Uruguay. Uruguay would win the title again to win their bicampeonato after defeating Argentina 1–0 in the last match of the tournament; the success of the tournament on Charrúan soil would help consolidate the tournament. After a flu outbreak in Rio de Janeiro canceled the tournament in 1918, Brazil hosted the tournament in 1919 and was crowned champion for the first time after defeating the defending champions 1–0 in a playoff match to decide the title, while the Chilean city of Viña del Mar would host the 1920 event, won by Uruguay. For the 1921 event, Paraguay participated for the first time after its football association affiliated to CONMEBOL earlier that same year.

Argentina won the competition for the first time thanks to the goals of Julio Libonatti. In subsequent years, Uruguay would dominate the tournament, which at that time was the largest football tournament in the world. Argentina, would not be far behind and disputed the supremacy with the Charruas. After losing the 1928 final at the 1928 Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam, Argentina would gain revenge in the 1929 South American Championship by defeating the Uruguayans in the last, decisive match. During this period, both Bolivia and Peru debuted in the tournament in 1927, respectively. After the first World Cup held in Uruguay in 1930, the enmity between the football federations of Uruguay and Argentina prevented the competition from being played for a number of years. Only in 1935 was it possible to dispute a special edition of the event to be reinstated in 1939. Peru won the competition for the first time. Ecuador made their debut at that tournament. In 1941, Chile hosted that year's edition in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the founding of Santiago for which the capacity of the newly built Estadio Nacional was expanded from 30,000 to 70,000 spectators.

Despite the large investment and initial success of the team, the Chileans would be defeated in the last match by eventual champions Argentina. Uruguay won the 1942 edition. Chile would host again in 1945, came close to playing for the title against Argentina. However, Brazil spoiled that possibility, Argentina would win the tournament once again on Chilean soil; the event entered a period of great disruption. The championship was not played on a regular basis and many editions would be deemed unofficial, only to be considered valid on by CONMEBOL. For example, Argentina would be the first team to win three consecutive titles by winning the championships of 1945, 1946 and 1947. After those three annual tournaments, the competition returned to being held every two years three and four. There were two tournaments held in 1959, one in Argentina and a second in Ecuador. During this period, some of the national teams were indifferent to the tournament

George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

George Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach was Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth, as well as Regent of Prussia. He was Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and a member of the House of Hohenzollern, he married firstly, in 1559, Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin. He married secondly, in 1579, Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, daughter of William of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Dorothea of Denmark. George Frederick reigned in his native Ansbach, Franconia and Jägerndorf, Upper Silesia since 1556 and, after the death of his cousin Albert Alcibiades in 1557 in Kulmbach, he took over the administration of the Duchy of Prussia in 1577, when the then-reigning Duke Albert Frederick became ill. He was the last of the older Franconia line of the House of Hohenzollern. Upon his death Ansbach and Kulmbach were inherited by younger princes of the Brandenburg line according to the House Treaty of Gera of 1598. George Frederick rebuilt the palace and fortress Plassenburg, destroyed after the second margravian war, as one of the most impressive residences of the renaissance in the German empire.

He built the fortress Wülzburg and the old palace in Bayreuth. During his reign between 1557 and 1603 in the Franconian territories of the Hohenzollern he kept peace, rebuilt cities and Castles, founded several schools and a University

Member of parliament, Rajya Sabha

A Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha is the representative of the Indian states to the upper house of the Parliament of India. Rajya Sabha MPs are elected by the electoral college of the elected members of the State Assembly with a system of proportional representation by a single transferable vote. Parliament of India is bicameral with two houses; the total number of members of Rajya Sabha are lesser than the Members of Parliament in the Lok Sabha and have more restricted power than the lower house. Unlike membership to the Lok Sabha, membership to the Rajya Sabha is permanent for a term of six years and cannot be dissolved at any time. Broad responsibilities of the members of parliament of Rajya Sabha are: Legislative responsibility: To pass Laws of India in the Rajya Sabha. Oversight responsibility: To ensure that the executive performs its duties satisfactorily. Representative responsibility: To represent the views and aspirations of the people of their constituency in the Parliament of India.

Power of the purse responsibility: To approve and oversee the revenues and expenditures proposed by the government. The Union Council of Ministers, who are members of parliament have an additional responsibility of the executive as compared to those who are not in the Council of Ministers. Members of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha enjoy special powers and responsibilities with regard to: Making laws on any subject in the State List. Unlike membership to the Lok Sabha, membership to the Rajya Sabha is permanent for a term of six years cannot be dissolved at any time. A person must satisfy all following conditions to be qualified to become a member of parliament of the Rajya Sabha: Must be a citizen of India 30 Year age A person would be ineligible for being a Member of the Rajya Sabha if the person: Holds any office of profit under the Government of India. Is of unsound mind. Is an undischarged insolvent. Has ceased to be a citizen of India. Is so disqualified by any law made by the Indian Parliament.

Is so disqualified on the ground of defection. Has been convicted, for promoting enmity between different groups. Has been convicted for offence of bribery. Has been punished for preaching and practicing social crimes such as untouchability, dowry,sati. Has sentenced to imprisonment. Has for disloyalty to the State. "Strength of Member of parliament in Rajya Sabha as defined in Article 80 of the Constitution of India" List of current members of the Rajya Sabha Constitution of India Lok Sabha Member of parliament, Lok Sabha Parliament of India