click links in text for more info

Cordelia Chase

Cordelia Chase is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Portrayed by Charisma Carpenter, the character appears as a series regular in the first three seasons of Buffy, before leaving the show and becoming a series regular during the first four seasons of Angel; the character made her last television appearance in 2004, appearing as a special guest star in Angel's 100th episode. Cordelia appears in both canonical and apocryphal Buffy and Angel material such as comic books and novels. Cordelia is introduced in "Welcome to the Hellmouth" as one of Sunnydale High's popular cheerleaders, attending school alongside vampire slayer Buffy Summers. Through her interactions with Buffy and her friends, she comes to accept the existence of supernatural forces and helps Buffy fight against them. In the television series Angel, Cordelia joins Angel, a heroic vampire with a soul, in forming a detective agency dedicated to stopping supernatural forces and helping the helpless.

After Cordelia acquires the ability to see visions of those in need, she becomes a more compassionate and heroic character. In the middle of the third season, she becomes a love interest of the protagonist Angel. In the fourth season of Angel, she appears to take on a villainous role before it is revealed that she is possessed by a malevolent deity; the character makes further canonical appearances in the comic books Buffy Season Eight and Angel: After the Fall, in a dream flashback and as a spirit guide. Created as a foil for Buffy's titular heroine, Cordelia was characterized as "shallow", "vain" and "self-centered", was used in the series to create conflict for the other characters; the character went through changes as she redeemed herself throughout the course of Buffy and Angel, has received attention in academic texts related to gender studies and social status. Cordelia Chase first appears in the premiere episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, titled "Welcome to the Hellmouth". Introduced as a potential friend for Sunnydale High's newest student, Buffy Summers, Cordelia reveals her true colors by cruelly mocking Willow whom Buffy befriends instead.

Ignorant of the supernatural, Cordelia shows up throughout the first season of Buffy to insult and ridicule the other characters. She plays a larger role in the episode "Out of Mind, Out of Sight", in which she falls victim to a social outcast who wants revenge on popular students for ignoring her so much that she turned invisible. In the season finale, Cordelia helps Buffy and her friends battle vampires coming to terms with the existence of supernatural forces. In season two, Cordelia becomes a more active ally to the "Scooby Gang" and begins a romantic relationship with Xander Harris in "Bewitched and Bewildered." Dating someone of Xander's social status causes Cordelia's ostracism from her popular peers and she reluctantly breaks up with him. However, when Xander performs a love spell to pay her back for hurting him, Cordelia realises how much he cares about her and takes him back, rejecting her superficial friends in the process. In season three's "Lovers Walk", Cordelia is heartbroken to see Xander kissing Willow and ends their relationship.

By the season three episode "The Wish", Cordelia slips back into her antagonistic persona from the first season, disassociating herself from the Scooby Gang altogether. In the episode "The Prom", she reveals that her house and her family's entire wealth has just been seized for tax fraud and both of her parents are now in prison. Cordelia attempts an unsuccessful relationship with Wesley and makes peace with Xander at the prom. In the season three finale, she rallies alongside Buffy and her friends at graduation against the demonic Mayor of Sunnydale, where Cordelia slays her first vampire. After three seasons on Buffy, Cordelia left the series to move over to star in Angel, a spin-off series focusing on Buffy's vampire ex-lover Angel; the first season of Angel sees Cordelia move to Los Angeles, in the hopes of escaping her new-found poverty by becoming an actress. After Angel saves her life in the series pilot, Cordelia helps him found the supernatural detective agency Angel Investigations, working in an administrative position.

She becomes close to half-demon co-worker Doyle, but their budding romance is ended by his death nine episodes into the series. Before dying in the episode "Hero", Doyle passes his ability to see people in distress over to Cordelia when he kisses her. Although she views the visions as a curse, in the season one finale, a demon causes Cordelia's visions to overwhelm her - causing her to experience worldwide pain - and upon her recovery she vows to help those in need. In season two's "Reunion", Cordelia and the other staff at Angel Investigations are fired by Angel, becoming obsessed with bringing down the evil law firm Wolfram & Hart. Cordelia joins Charles Gunn in re-forming the agency on their own. Angel and Cordelia reconcile in the episode "Epiphany"; as her acting career continues to flounder, Cordelia is sucked into and made princess of a medieval hell dimension called Pylea in the season two episode "Over the Rainbow". When presented with the opportunity to pass her visions over to a champion named the Groosalugg, Cordelia refuses and returns to L.

A. with her friends in the season two finale. In season three's "Birthday", Cordelia learns from the demon Skip that her visions are killing he

The Mark News

The Mark News is an independent news website, which publishes opinion pieces on Canadian and international current events. The site offers multimedia commentary by Canadian professionals on politics, business and technology, sports and the arts; the Mark News was launched in May 2009 by CEO Jeff Anders and Ali Rahnema, now a Senior Executive at Torstar and former Vice President of Strategy and Marketing at The Globe and Mail. The current Editor is Jonathan Sas, former Politics editor at the Gargoyle, an alternative arts and culture magazine published by University College at University of Toronto; the Mark News has over 1800 contributors, from politicians and celebrities to business leaders and scientists who reflect all points of view. The Mark News recruits its contributors based on two criteria: professional credibility and a connection to Canada; the Mark News is not anchored to one ideology, but encourages its contributors to express their political bias. Contributors to the site include Bob Rae, Paul Martin, Melissa Auf der Maur, David Suzuki, Ken Lum, Laura Calder, Michael Geist, Alan Broadbent, Arjun Basu, Arik Segal Adam Chapnick, Gabor Maté, Arlene Dickinson, Dominic Denny, Hadani Ditmars, Tarek Fahta, David Eaves, Avi Friedman, Jack Layton, James Hrynyshyn, Jim Flaherty, Niels Veldhuis, Roger Mooking, Charles Pachter, Garry Breitkreuz, Cadence Weapon, Ken Lewenza, Eugene Lang, Tara Hunt, Lisa Hrabluk, Yoni Freedhoff, Jordan Banks, Kevin Bartus, Chris Arsenault, Françoise Baylis, Daryl Copeland, Deborah Coyne, David Crow, Stockwell Day, Cam Di Prata, April Dunford, Mark Evans, Michael Geist, Shaun Francis, Robert Gold, Kunal Gupta, David Herle, Mitch Joel, Paul Kedrosky, Craig Kielburger, Marc Kielburger, Tony Lacavera, Mark Leslie Lefebvre, Errol Mendes, Sarah Prevette, Mark Skapinker, Niels Veldhuis, Mia Wedgbury, others.

A comprehensive list of contributors to The Mark News can be found in its alphabetical Contributor Index. The Mark News advisory board is composed of David Ceolin, Managing Director of Investment Grade Capital and founder of Digital Cement; the Mark News offers multimedia news coverage through written articles, video interviews, a radio show, debates, live chats and live video conferences between readers and contributors. The Mark News distributes its proprietary content through their website as well as through partnerships with other media outlets including:, Yahoo!, MSN, Canwest News Service and Citytv. In February, 2010, The Mark News announced the close of a round of funding; the round was led by David Ceolin, Managing Director of Investment Grade Capital and founder of Digital Cement. Investors include Jordan Banks, managing director of Facebook Canada, former CEO of JumpTV and former managing director of eBay Canada. National Observer Official website

Liberal internationalism

Liberal internationalism is a foreign policy doctrine that argues that liberal states should intervene in other sovereign states in order to pursue liberal objectives. Such intervention can include humanitarian aid; this view is contrasted to realist, or non-interventionist foreign policy doctrines. Liberal internationalism emerged during the nineteenth century, notably under the auspices of British Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister Lord Palmerston, was developed in the second decade of the 20th century under U. S. President Woodrow Wilson. In this form it became known as Wilsonianism; the goal of liberal internationalism is to achieve global structures within the international system that are inclined towards promoting a liberal world order. To that extent, global free trade, liberal economics and liberal political systems are all encouraged. In addition, liberal internationalists are dedicated towards encouraging democracy to emerge globally. Once realized, it will result in a'peace dividend', as liberal states have relations that are characterized by non-violence, that relations between democracies is characterized by the democratic peace theory.

Liberal internationalism states that, through multilateral organizations such as the United Nations, it is possible to avoid the worst excesses of "power politics" in relations between nations. Examples of liberal internationalists include former British Prime Minister Tony Blair. In the US, it is associated with the American Democratic Party. Others argue that neoconservatism and liberal internationalism are distinctly different foreign policy philosophies and neoconservatives may only employ rhetoric similar to a liberal internationalist but with far different goals and methods of foreign policy intervention. Cited examples of liberal interventionism in action include NATO's intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina. City upon a Hill Cold War liberal Cosmopolitan democracy Empire of Liberty Humanitarian intervention Idealism Internationalism Liberal hawk Nation-building Neoconservatism Perpetual peace

Partition of Quebec

The partition of Quebec refers to the secession of regions of the province of Quebec, rather than to partitions in a strict political sense. It is discussed as a possibility in the event of Quebec secession from Canada, it was not a key issue in either the 1980 Referendum on Quebec Sovereignty or the 1995 Referendum on Quebec Sovereignty, but dominated the politics of national unity for about two years in the aftermath of the second referendum. Since the issue has resurfaced. What area would an independent Quebec occupy? That of the Province as it is today without any territorial waters? That of 1867 i.e. the territory without the 1898 and 1912 annexes? That of 1984 with the addition of Newfoundland's Labrador? Broadly speaking, partition proposals have tended to fall into three categories: 1. New borders based on a return to historical boundaries that predate the Confederation of 1867; the logic here is that the separation of Quebec would represent an end to a constitutional deal in which Quebec was granted stewardship over certain lands which would revert to their former sovereign owners if Quebec were to leave Canada.

For example, in his 1991 book Who Gets Ungava?, David Varty notes that the northern two-thirds of Quebec’s current territory had been a part of the lands owned by the Hudson's Bay Company, that it had been transferred to Quebec by means of two Acts of the Canadian Parliament, in 1898 and 1912 respectively. For this reason, if Quebec were to secede, the transfer would be void: Quebec was a province of Canada at the time that the Ungava territory was transferred to Quebec’s jurisdiction... Had Quebec been moving to become an independent country, the transfer of jurisdiction would not have taken place. There was an implied condition. Any attempt to move to independence would constitute a breach of that implied condition attached to the transfer.2. New borders that would create a ‘land bridge’ between New Brunswick and Ontario This could be set up to prevent Canada’s remaining nine provinces from being split into two non-contiguous chunks of territory separated by about 300 miles of foreign soil.

The term sometimes used for this eventuality is "Pakistanisation", in reference to the way in which East Pakistan and West Pakistan were separated by hundreds of miles of foreign soil, following independence in 1947, with East Pakistan separating and becoming its own country, Bangladesh, in 1971. The fear is that Canada would be unworkable if its four Atlantic provinces were to become an exclave. 3. New borders based on the preferences of local populations; the logic of this approach is that, if Quebecers as a whole have the right to determine by majority vote whether to separate from Canada by extension the residents of regions within Quebec ought to be accorded the same right to separate from Quebec and to remain within Canada. The areas of Quebec that have been mentioned as to choose to remain in Canada include predominantly English-speaking municipalities on the western part of the Island of Montreal, Northern Quebec, the Eastern Townships and the Pontiac region in the Outaouais. In his 1992 book Canada Remapped: How the Partition of Quebec Will Reshape the Nation, Scott Reid argues in favour of partition as determined by local populations and dismisses the first two lines of thought on partition listed above.

The partition movement dates from May 1976, when William Shaw, a candidate for the leadership of the Union Nationale, proposed the idea in a series of interviews with journalists. Writing several years Shaw recounted one of these interviews: "I said to the journalist at that time, ‘I want to introduce a new word into the lexicon of Canadian politics—PARTITION; the threat of partition will prevent separation.’"In December 1976, an organization called the "Preparatory Committee for an Eleventh Province" was formed in Montreal. This group contained some individuals who believed, along with Shaw, that the threat of a partition in which some parts of Quebec would remain within Canada would weaken support for separation. Other members of the Preparatory Committee sought to create a new province out of the linguistically mixed parts of Quebec if Quebec were to remain in Canada, in order to create a new, bilingual province; this faction within the early partition movement bears some resemblance to the movements that have arisen from time to time in parts of some Canadian provinces to break away and form new provinces.

For example in the 1970s, there was a movement, led by the Parti Acadien, to create a new Acadian province out of northern New Brunswick. Shortly before the 1980 referendum on Quebec secession, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau remarked, "Si le Canada est divisible, le Québec doit être aussi divisible." Taking their inspiration from this statement, Shaw and co-author Lionel Albert had published a book on the subject by the end of the year. Partition: The Price of Quebec’s Independence outlined a plan for the excision of three slices of territory from a newly independent Quebec republic: The northern two-thirds of the province would be retained by Canada following independence, on the basis that the territory had been assigned to the Province of Quebec in two steps, in 1898 and 1912. La

Amanda Ruter Dufour

Amanda Ruter Dufour was a 19th-century American poet. A good many of her productions were of a devotional character and included mingled piety and charity, traits she inherited from her father. Many of her fugitive pieces were published by the Louisville Journal, the Odd Fellows' Ark, at Columbus and other periodicals. Amanda Louise Ruter was born in Jeffersonville, February 26, 1822, she was the oldest daughter of Rev. Calvin Washington Ruter, one of the pioneers of Methodism in Indiana. With his brother, the Rev. Dr. Martin Ruter, the two men were among the most educated and eminent ministers of the Methodist Church, who, at an early day, brought the foundations of that religion to the valley of the Mississippi River, her mother was Harriet De Haas Ruter. The father was of Vermont and Puritan ancestry, the mother was of Virginia and Huguenot ancestry. One of her siblings was Rebecca Ruter Springer; the years of her earliest childhood were spent on a farm near Indiana. Adjacent to the house was a beautiful woodland pasture, in, rudely constructed a rustic bower.

When she was eight years of age, her father removed to New Albany, Indiana where her youth was passed. Conflicting circumstances conspired materially to influence her character. On the one hand her father, a man of melancholy temperament and studious habits, required absolute quiet in his household, she began to commit her own thoughts to paper, these assumed a poetical form. She possessed herself of some elementary Latin works from her father's library, sought to teach herself that language, but her mother's health failing, so that many of the domestic duties devolved on her child, she was forced to stay away from books and writing materials, lest the household chores should be neglected. After a time the daughter was sent to such a school, she persevered, until she had acquired all that her teachers could communicate, had herself mastered the usual qualifications of a teacher. Of these, as her father's flock was poor and his means limited, she subsequently availed herself, keeping school at Rising Sun, in order to aid her parents and to procure, for herself, the means of purchasing the books she craved.

Dufour had an early and earnest desire to travel. But her wishes were not destined to be gratified, she grew up to adult age without having once left her native State. In 1842, she married Oliver Dufour of New Albany, but of Vevay, Indiana, her husband was the son of John Francis Dufour, from Montreux near Switzerland. This gentleman came to the West in 1801. In 1809, he settled on the spot where Vevay now stands a dense, unbroken forest, he was the first settler west of the mountains who made wine. He sent a sample of the first vintage to Thomas Jefferson President, it so happened that about the same time, someone had sent to the President a bottle of water from the Mississippi River. The water and wine, both from the Western wilderness, were united, were drank together. Oliver Dufour was elected to the Indiana Legislature in 1853, he was a prominent member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, having been Grand Master of the State of Indiana, Grand Representative from that State and from the District of Columbia for eight consecutive years.

He died in November, 1891. In 1854, he received from President Franklin Pierce an appointment in the General Land Office,in Washington, D. C. to which place he removed with his family. Until the removal to Washington, consequent upon this appointment, Amanda Dufour had remained a resident of Indiana, she was, therefore, a woman of the West, by birth, by education, by marriage, by residence, her poetical talents were of Western culture. Still, under every discouragement, she wrote, "Out of the fullness of the heart the mouth speaketh." Dufour composed verses from a young age. Her peculiarly sensitive temperament long kept her talents from being appreciated. Having no confidence in her own abilities, she shrank from criticism, she was fond of writing for children, published many poems adapted to their comprehension. In 1848, Hon. Joseph A. Wright governor of the State, sent from Indiana, for the Washington monument, a block of marble, on, inscribed the motto: "No North, No South, Nothing but the Union."

This incident suggested to Dufour her poem entitled "The Ark of the Union." It was first published in the Washington Union, was afterward, without her knowledge, set to music. Some months before the death of the scientist, Baron Von Humboldt, Mrs. Dufour wrote a poem on his distinction as "King of Science." She contributed to the Ladies' Repository, the Masonic Review, the School Day Visitor, the Republican, of Springfield, the Louisville Journal, whose editor was the author and poet, George D. Prentice, the Louisville Democrat. Contemporaries in time and similar in style and sentiment expressed were Julia Louisa Dumont and Mary Louisa Chitwood. In years, owing chiefly to ill health, she was less conspicuous in the literary world. Dufour died in Washington, D. C. May 29, 1899, was buried at that city's

Peter Bruinvels

Peter Nigel Edward Bruinvels is a former Conservative MP. Surrey-born, he was educated at Leatherhead, an independent school. Bruinvels held various voluntary offices in the Conservative Party in Dorking and at regional level in South East England. Bruinvels was elected to the Commons for the constituency of Leicester East at the 1983 general election, by the narrow margin of 933 votes; the constituency was projected to be a safe seat for the Labour Party after boundary changes, but at the height of Labour's unpopularity he defeated Patricia Hewitt. He was defeated at the 1987 general election by the Labour candidate Keith Vaz; as a supporter of the death penalty, Bruinvels put his name forward for the position of official executioner if capital punishment was restored. As an MP, Bruinvels was opposed to equal rights for the LGBT community and was a strong supporter of Section 28 saying: "I do not agree with homosexuality. I think that Clause 28 will help outlaw it and the rest will be done by AIDS, with a substantial number of homosexuals dying of AIDS.

I think that's the best way."In 1997 as a member of the Church of England's General Synod Bruinvels said he would be spearheading moves to stop the ordination of known homosexuals: "Bishops have a moral responsibility to safeguard marriage and family life and by ordaining known homosexuals, they are sending out the wrong signals." Despite standing for The Wrekin in 1997, he was defeated by Labour's Peter Bradley and has not returned to Parliament. Bruinvels is a governor of the Church Commissioners, a member of the General Synod of the Church of England, a former director of the Church Army, Senior Inspector of Anglican Schools and is a Lay Canon of Guildford Cathedral, he has carried out work for the Royal British Legion as County Field Manager for Surrey. He now runs his own media management company. In 2017, Bruinvels was awarded the Canterbury Cross for Services to the Church of England "for sustained and outstanding work in support of the Church of England". Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Peter Bruinvels