Corfu or Kerkyra is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea. It is the second largest of the Ionian Islands, including its small satellite islands, forms the margin of the northwestern frontier of Greece; the island is part of the Corfu regional unit, is administered by three municipalities with the islands of Othonoi and Mathraki. The principal city of the island is named Corfu. Corfu is home to the Ionian University; the island is bound up with the history of Greece from the beginnings of Greek mythology. Its history is full of conquests. Ancient Korkyra took part in the Battle of Sybota, a catalyst for the Peloponnesian War, according to Thucydides, the largest naval battle between Greek city states until that time. Thucydides reports that Korkyra was one of the three great naval powers of fifth century BC Greece, along with Athens and Corinth. Ruins of ancient Greek temples and other archaeological sites of the ancient city of Korkyra are found in Palaiopolis. Medieval castles punctuating strategic locations across the island are a legacy of struggles in the Middle Ages against invasions by pirates and the Ottomans.
Two of these castles enclose its capital, the only city in Greece to be surrounded in such a way. As a result, Corfu's capital has been declared a Kastropolis by the Greek government. From medieval times and into the 17th century, the island, having repulsed the Ottomans during several sieges, was recognised as a bulwark of the European States against the Ottoman Empire and became one of the most fortified places in Europe; the fortifications of the island were used by the Venetians to defend against Ottoman intrusion into the Adriatic. Corfu fell under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars, was ceded to Greece by the British Empire along with the remaining islands of the United States of the Ionian Islands. Unification with modern Greece was concluded in 1864 under the Treaty of London. Corfu is the origin of the Ionian Academy, the first university of the modern Greek state, the Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù, the first Greek theatre and opera house of modern Greece; the first governor of independent Greece after the revolution of 1821, founder of the modern Greek state, distinguished European diplomat Ioannis Kapodistrias was born in Corfu.
In 2007, the city's old town was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List, following a recommendation by ICOMOS. The 1994 European Union summit was held in Corfu; the island is a popular tourist destination. The Greek name, Kerkyra or Korkyra, is related to two powerful water deities: Poseidon, god of the sea, Asopos, an important Greek mainland river. According to myth, Poseidon fell in love with the beautiful nymph Korkyra, daughter of Asopos and river nymph Metope, abducted her. Poseidon brought Korkyra to the hitherto unnamed island and, in marital bliss, offered her name to the place: Korkyra, which evolved to Kerkyra, they had a child they called Phaiax, after whom the inhabitants of the island were named Phaiakes, in Latin Phaeaciani. Corfu's nickname is the island of the Phaeacians; the name Corfù, an Italian version of the Byzantine Κορυφώ, meaning "city of the peaks", derives from the Byzantine Greek Κορυφαί, denoting the two peaks of Palaio Frourio. The northeastern edge of Corfu lies off the coast of Sarandë, separated by straits varying in width from 3 to 23 km.
The southeast side of the island lies off the coast of Greece. Its shape resembles a sickle, to which it was compared by the ancients: the concave side, with the city and harbour of Corfu in the centre, lies toward the Albanian coast. With the island's area estimated at 592.9 square kilometres, it runs 64 km long, with greatest breadth at around 32 km. Two high and well-defined ranges divide the island into three districts, of which the northern is mountainous, the central undulating, the southern low-lying; the more important of the two ranges, that of Pantokrator stretches east and west from Cape Falacro to Cape Psaromita, attains its greatest elevation in the summit of the same name. The second range culminates in the mountain of Santi Jeca, or Santa Decca, as it is called by misinterpretation of the Greek designation Άγιοι Δέκα, or the Ten Saints; the whole island, composed as it is of various limestone formations, presents great diversity of surface. Beaches are found in Agios Gordis, the Korission Lagoon, Agios Georgios, Kassiopi, Sidari and many others.
Corfu is located near the Kefalonia geological fault formation. Corfu's coastline spans 217 kilometres including capes; the full extent of capes and promontories take in Agia Aikaterini, Drastis to the north and Asprokavos to the southeast, Megachoro to the south. Two islands are to be found at a middle point of Gouvia and Corfu Bay, which extends across much of the eastern shore of the island; the Diapontia Islands are located in the northwest of Corfu, about 40 km from the Italian coast. The main islands are Othonoi and Mathraki. Lazaretto Island known as Aghios Dimitrios, is located two nautical miles northeast of Corfu.
The Visayan leopard cat is a Sunda leopard cat population in the Philippine Islands of Negros and Panay. It has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List in 2008 under its former scientific name P. bengalensis rabori as its range is estimated to be less than 20,000 km2. Prionailurus bengalensis rabori was proposed in 1997 by Colin Groves on the basis of morphological analysis of a skin and skull, he considered it a leopard cat subspecies. Results of phylogeographic research show that Sunda leopard cats from Borneo and the Philippine islands are genetically similar; the Sunda leopard cat reached the Philippine islands from Borneo after the eruption of Toba Volcano during the late Pleistocene glaciation. It has therefore been subsumed to P. javanensis sumatranus in 2017. The fur of the Visayan leopard cat is dark ochre to buffy fawn with dark spots, its skull is a little narrower leopard cat and Bornean leopard cat. The Visayan leopard cat occurs on the Philippine islands of Panay and Negros where it inhabits remnant forest fragments.
This page is about the concert hall. Metro is a concert hall in Chicago, Illinois that plays host to a variety of local and national emerging bands and musicians; the Metro was first opened in 1982. The capacity is 1,100, divided between the balcony; the building housing Metro houses Smart Bar underneath the main venue. In the late 1970s, Joe Shanahan, having experienced the art and dance culture in New York City, created a club to host creative acts in Chicago. Shanahan was directed to the Northside Auditorium Building; the building was built in 1927 as a Swedish Community Center. When Shanahan came across it, it was home to Stages. Shanahan opened "Smart Bar" in July 1982 as a dance club, mixing a variety of the new genres of the time. Smart Bar was on the fourth floor of the building. DJs Frankie Knuckles and Joe Smooth performed regularly. Ministry and similar bands performed their new industrial music by playing tapes of newly recorded songs. In August 1982, through his production company Latest Creations and promoted a concert for the little-known band from Athens, Georgia, R.
E. M.. The show was a success and Shanahan began booking the club's weekend slots taking over the main floor of Stages, he moved Smart Bar from the fourth floor to the basement of the building. Metro called "Stages Music Hall", was re-opened as a live music venue in its current space. Metro at first booked local bands, including Naked Raygun and Big Black, brought in bands from out of town, including New York's Sonic Youth, Glenn Danzig's Samhain and the Ramones, Athens for R. E. M. and Pylon. Minneapolis for The Replacements, Hüsker Dü and Soul Asylum. Texas for the Butthole Surfers, California for X and The Bangles. In Metro's first year of business, it hosted New Order, Depeche Mode, Killing Joke, Billy Idol and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. Metro booked many early industrial bands, including Cabaret Voltaire, KMFDM, Einstürzende Neubauten. During this time, Metro began a long-standing relationship with Chicago's Jam Productions. In the 1990s the club booked alternative music. Urge Overkill, Liz Phair and Veruca Salt began their careers in Metro.
Seattle bands included Nirvana and Mudhoney, Los Angeles bands included Jane's Addiction and Perry Farrell. Seattle-based Pearl Jam recorded a live album at Metro on March 28, 1992. Bands from Britain, such as Oasis and the Manic Street Preachers, played their early US gigs at the Metro. Smashing Pumpkins played their first and last gig, before their reunification seven years at the Metro; the Metro hosted one of the last Blind Melon shows with Shannon Hoon on September 27, 1995. Hoon died of a drug overdose less than a month later. Additionally, Jeff Buckley filmed his only concert DVD at the Metro before dying. Other artists and bands that performed at the venue included Metallica, James Brown, Iggy Pop, George Clinton, Joe Strummer and Prince, The White Stripes, Alkaline Trio, The Killers, No Doubt, They Might Be Giants, Disturbed, Travis, Jimmy Eat World, The Frames, Jack Johnson, Kanye West, Pearl Jam, Aesop Rock, The Faint, Fatboy Slim, Arctic Monkeys, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, The Brian Jonestown Massacre, The Academy Is...
Chance the Rapper, Fall Out Boy, Kill Hannah. Local bands can get booked at Metro through the same method used in the club's earliest days, sending a demo. Bob Dylan performed two shows at Metro to celebrate the club's 15th Anniversary. Chicago favourites Alkaline trio celebrated playing 30 sold out shows at the venue On July 22, 2007, Metro celebrated its 25th Anniversary, with a free public concert at Millennium Park's Jay Pritzker Pavilion with the Decemberists backed by the Grant Park Orchestra. On July 21, 2007, Metro held an employee reunion and public party to count down the hours to the official anniversary at midnight on July 22, 2007. On October 11, 2007, Metro's owner Joe Shanahan was awarded a Recording Academy Honors from the Chicago Chapter of the Recording Academy in recognition of Metro's 25 years. Official website Metro's Official Myspace Concerts50 - Metro Chicago Metromix Profile of Metro 43things - Metro Chicago Interview with Metro owner Joe Shanahan on Centerstage Chicago